21 FEBRUARY 1874

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Mr. Gladstone has, as usual with a retiring Premier, submitted

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the names of a small number of politicians to Her Majesty for peerages. Mr. Cardwell; of course, stands first, both in rank and claims, the only puzzle being to understand why,...

It is generally admitted that Mr. Gladstone will, for the

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present at least, retire from the leadership of the Liberal party. He has long been in need of rest, and the opportunity is new before him. Of course he will speak on the...

We give elsewhere the latest rumours as to the Tory

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Cabinet, most of which appear to us to' be almost certainly correct. The only great office left' unfilled is the Home Secretaryship, about which there may have been recent...

We commented last week on the extraordinary completeness in Durham

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and Cornwall,—the mining counties, and even in East Cornwall, we have since lost again the seat which in 1868 we won back,—there are very feweeats which the Liberals have won by...


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W E calculate the exact result of the elections, now complete, to be as follows :— ENGLAND. Liberals. Conservatives. Counties 27 145 'Universities 1 4 Boroughs 145 137...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any case.

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The Irish elections came to a close with the poll

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for Wexford county, in which Sir George Bowyer and the Chevalier Keyes O'Clery were elected in the Home-rule interest. The Chevalier is an example of quite a new class of "...

The Governing Board of Rugby decided on Thursday to appoint

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Dr. Jex-Blake, now Principal of Cheltenham College, to the Head Mastership vacant by the dismissal of Dr. Hayman. Mr. Percival, of Clifton College, was, we imagine, passed over...

The news of the Famine in Bengal is still most

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disheartening. The 'Viceroy sends little information whatever, but it appears from his telegram and other sources that exportation has stopped, and that little grain reaches...

As we apprehended, Mr. Fortescue was defeated in Louth, and

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Ireland, like Prince Schwartzenberg, may boast that it has astonished Europe by its ingratitude. That the same county which in election after election enthusiastically returned...

There have been endless rumours in Paris this week of

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some Bonapartist movement, but they appear to be based on nothing more solid than a letter -from M. .Rouher, stating that he sup- ports the Septennat provisionally, but will...

The Berlin correspondent of the Times states that the Military

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Bill reduces the time of service in-the German Army from three years to two, thus allowing the reform against which the King- of Prussia fought so fiercely up. to 1866. The...

The Emperor of Austria has this week paid a visit

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to the Czar, the first since the " sublime ingratitude " of 1854, when Austria turned against Russia in the Crimean war. It is affirmed on all hands that the fate of Turkey was...

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The fire at the Pantechnicon proved quite as disastrous as

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in a hurried paragraph on Friday we had anticipated. The building was erected in 1830, had gradually increased, and was supposed to be fire-proof, the principle of its...

The experience of the General Election has been sadly to

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confirm-our impression that promises to vote one way have been - very largely succeeded by votes given the other way, if given at all. Too many promise according to their...

Mr. Charles Reed, M.P. (provisionally) - for Hackney, and Chairman of

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the London School Board, has received, through Mr. Gladstone, the offer (which he has declared his intention to accept) of knighthood, for his great services on the School...

The nature of the mysterious faw.ination which the ledger seems

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to have for a particular English school of spiritual enthusiasts is one of those difficult problems which will hardly ever be completely solved. It must, as we suggested in a...

Our contemporary the Academy, which has suddenly sprung into a

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great literary position, and is full of instructive and interest- ing matter, published yesterday an interesting letter on the sub- ject of Dr. Livingstone's death, from the...

Mr. Rathbone, M.P. for Liverpool, and Mr. David Maclver, had

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a very interesting discussion at Liverpool last week on the proper mode of- carrying out Mr. Plimsoll's views concerning unseaworthy ships. Mr. Rathbone maintained that Mr....

Mr. Roebuck, the Tory Member for Sheffield, is curiously deficient

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in any sense of political propriety. He made a congratulatory speech to his supporters on Monday, of which these were the three points,—that Mr. Gladstone is a political...

Consols were on Friday 92i to 92i.

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P ERIIAPS the most delicious drop in the cup of Mr.. Disraeli's exultation is due to the condition in which his great triumph finds the leadership of Opposition. Mr. Gladstone...


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THE TORY CABINET. C ABINET-MAKING is not pleasant work ; there are so many of the old men wanting power, such a cry for new men to be brought in, so many jealousies to appease,...

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T HERE seems to be no duty more fascinating than the writing of political epitaphs, but the reading of them is a different matter, especially as hardly a single reader exactly...

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W HEN Prince Bismarck is not happy, the world is not at rest, and we can scarcely wonder that Prince Bismarck is not happy. With all his real defects, and all the evil qualities...

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I T is useless, we know, to argue with the public, which is unable to rid its mind of the hatred of the Gold-Coast tribes created by Sir Garnet Wolseley's despatches, officers'...

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PTO estimate has yet been formed of the losses in the great fire 1: 1 1 which destroyed the Pantechnicon, nor is it at all probable that an accurate one will speedily be...

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M R. FITZJAMES STEPHEN has added a preface to the second edition of his "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity,"* in answer to some criticisms passed upon his work by Mr. Morley and Mr....

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II R. CLIFFE LESLIE has written a paper in the current li.1. number of the Fortnightly to prove these three things :— " (1.) That the real burden imposed on the working-classes...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.") Silt,—The sympathy you always show with those we are pleased to call the " lower animals " induces me to apply to you in a diffi- culty that...


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AFRICA AND AFRICA. [TO THE EDITOR OF THIS " SPECTATOR.1 ZIE,—Sir Bartle Frere, in delivering his inaugural address recently at the Society of Arts, deplored "the inferior...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, —The Times' Calcutta telegram of the 18th inst. confirms what all well-informed persons have dreaded : — " Prices are steadily rising....


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[TO THE EDTTOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—Richard Crashaw, as Canon of Loretto, would have to recite the hymn of the Roman Breviary for the feast of the Epiphany, in which...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Six,—Your pen has slipped again, in the matter of Mr. Perry Watlington. He is not, and never was, Member for West Essex;. he sat for South...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.") SIR,—In your article of the 14th on " The Irish Vote," you say :— " The Conservative working-man has in Belfast, as in other big borough...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. ") SIR, —Your correspondent, " An Income-taxpayer," is in error. Our fathers did not pay to free the slaves, they borrowed, and left us to...


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MR. BUCHANAN'S " MASTER-SPIRITS." MR. ROBERT BUCHANAN is a prolific writer in prose as well as- verse. His range is wide, his knowledge extensive, his power of expression such...

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A QUAINT fiction is connected with the trip to the Arctic Seas which Captain Markham, R N., made on board the Arctic,' of Dundee, whose commander enjoys a reputation for " dash...

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THE disappointment we feel in reading this book is not wholly to be laid to the charge of its author, for the subject ought not to have raised in us very high expectations, and...

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PROFESSOR MASSON, in that part of his Life and Times of Milton, in which he takes a comprehensive survey of British poetry when Milton began to write, devoted three pages,...

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THE first volume of this Calendar contains two of the most important sections of the Carew Manuscripts,—namely, the " Book of Howth " and Bray's " Conquest of Ireland." The...

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Tills is a volume containing ten political essays. With the excep- tion of the first two, on "The Parliament of 1811 and the Defence of the Corn Laws," they deal with subjects...

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which might perhaps be regarded as some sort of guarantee for correct writing, Mr. Adams treats his mother-tongue in a very careless fashion. Sometimes we search in vain for a...

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lished. (Arthur Hall and Co.)—If there be any truth in

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the origin who really and truly make a home in the country of their &dep. assigned to these reminiscences—which we are inclined to believe there is not as the anecdotes have...

Nor Love, Nor Lands. By Cecil Griffith. 3 vole. (Tinsley

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Brothers.)—In this novel Mr. Griffith approaches more nearly than he has done before to the remarkable excellences of "Victory Deane." The plot is open, as indeed it was in the...


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Missionary Enterprise in the East. By Rev. R. Collins. (Henry S. King and Co.)—Mr. Collins was formerly Principal of the Syrian College, at Cottayam, near Travancore, and the...

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What Katy Did, and What Katy Did at School, by

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Susan Coblodge (the former published by Messrs. Warne, the latter by Messrs. Roberts, of Boston, U.S.), are two volumes which tell very prettily the story of a certain Katy....

Transmigration. By Mortimer Collins. 3 vols. (Hurst and Blackett.) —Mr.

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Collins having conquered one world, sighs for and finds another. The most remarkable thing about his hero is that he dies at the end of the first volume. Most novelists, if...

Animal Locomotion. By Dr. Bell Pettigrew. (Henry S. King and

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Co.)— After an introduction, in which he treats of various principles connected with his subject, as well as the nature and construction of the locomotory organs in animals, Dr....

tion, and study its history, its traditions, its archaeology, deeply

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feeling the need of a comprehension of the past of the land they live in, and a key to the significance of their surroundings. We learn from his preface that he has been in...

My Kalulu, Prince, King, and Slave: a Story of Central

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Africa. By Henry M. Stanley. (Sampson Low and Co.)—This is a speci- men of Mr. Stanley's skill in utilising the material which he picks up in his erratic and adventurous life....

Kitty's .Rival. By Sydney Moatyn. 3 vols. (S. Tinsley.)" The

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Surgeon's Secret" was Mr. Mostyn's last and, for all that we know, first novel, and was of no small merit. In some respects, Kitty's Rival is.not inferior to its predecessor. It...

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Sketches of Eton. Etchings an Vignettes by R. S. Chattock,

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and Descriptive Notes by W. W. Wood. (Seeleys.)—Mr. Chattock's etchings are, for the most part, very pleasing, "The College from the River " being one of the best ; and...

The Wonderland of the Antipodes. By J. Ernest Tinne, M.A.

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(Sampson Low.)—Mr. Tinno is a young graduate of Oxford, who, having had the good sense to spend some time in New-Zealand travel, has obliged his fellow-countrymen by giving a...

Between Two Fires. By the Author of "Not Easily Jealous."

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(Chapman and Hall.) — There are two things remarkable in this perfectly harmless and lady-like tale ; one is the sudden change—when three-quarters of the book is past—from...