21 FEBRUARY 1941

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The Spectator

HE African campaign maintains its record of unbroken success. In East Africa the Italians are being relentlessly ressed in the north in Eritrea, in the south in Italian...

ropaganda in Abyssinia

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Nothing in the African campaign is of greater interest and ignificance than the rising of Abyssinia against the conquerors tho have oppressed it these last five years. Somewhere...

Japan's Intentions

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At least three interpretations of Japan's present attitude are possible. She may have been trying a bluff and be now in process of retreating, impressed by the obvious readiness...

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The Neglect of Canals

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The Minister of Transport has at length done what he might advantageously have done far sooner—he has appointed -that brilliant traffic organiser, Mr. Frank Pick, " to...

Scholarships for Dartmouth

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A serious effort is being made to bring the Navy into line with the Army and Royal Air Force by insuring that future officers are drawn from all classes of the community,...

Change at Vichy

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Stability has clearly not been reached at Vichy yet. The resignation of the Minister of the Interior, M. Peyrouton, and the assumption of the vacant post by Admiral Darlan,...

The Lease-and-Lend Bill's Progress

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The Lease-and-Lend Bill is expected to be approved by the United States Senate by the end of next week. Its safe passage was never in doubt, but there was always the possibility...

Propaganda Specialists

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An ingenious argument concerning propaganda is advanced by Mr. Peter Cromwell in Horizon. He states that Gcebbels conscripted most of the leading commercial advertising men in...

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Whenever a coal debate occurs it is worth listening to

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some of the speeches, if only to be reassured that the dialects of Britain still survive. It was a delight to hear Mr. Ritson, of Durham, Mr. Tom Smith from Yorkshire, and Mr....

An interesting debate on the work of the British Council

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gave Mr. Butler a chance to show that where it has been most active, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus and Malta, there we have received greatest support in the war. I am afraid that this...

The debate on the Means Test was turned into a

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demonstra- tion by the amendment. It is significant that the list of dissentients included Mr. Ellis Smith and Mr. Davidson, of Glasgow, both of them wholehearted supporters of...

arachute Prerogative

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The German wireless was almost plaintive about the dropping f British parachutists in Italy. Parachuting, it was intimated, as a purely German speciality, and for Great Britain...

ative Labour ProblemS

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The Commission appointed to enquire into the disturbances the Copper Belt in Northern Rhodesia last April has made report. Its findings, which have in all essentials been ac-...

Parlia,itentary Notes

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Our Parliamentary correspondent writes : —There can be little doubt that the Prime Minister intends to raise the prestige of the post of High Commissioners. No other explanation...

ood Supplies

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The most critical of the questions which were put to Lord oolton in the course of a debate in the House of Lords last uesday on food supplies concerned not the quantity of food...

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The Spectator

I N the art of war as practised by the Germans the I psychological factor is always studied as closely as the military, and nowhere have they exploited it more than in the...

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Mr. J. L. Garvin's initials are so essentially a part

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of his personality that it is quite a shock to find him described as " Mr. James Garvin " in the report of the recent investiture at which he received the insignia of Companion...

* * * * I am very glad to see

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that Planning, the admirable broadsheet issued by P.E.P. (Political and Economic Planning) has made a reappearance after some eight months' suspension. It will, I gather, be...

Mr. Harry Hopkins has lost no time in putting President

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oosevelt in possession of all the facts and impressions he cquired during his stay in this country. What his dominant pression was is certain. Like Mr. Wendell Willkie, he...


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EWS which has to go from France to the United States by mail, and then come to England in the American review in iiich it is printed, tends to be rather belated on arrival. But...

What General Wavell really is stands revealed almost as convincingly

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by his remarkable lectures on leadership, which The Times has printed this week (and is to reprint, I am very glad to see, in pamphlet form), as by his incomparable campaign in...

Coincidences are always interesting. I am told that the ecember

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issue of the monthly journal Horizon appeared on he day that Sidi Barrani fell. It contained a review, by Mr. eorge Orwell, of General Sir Archibald Wavell's biography f I - Ord...

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By STRATEGICUS T HE most reassuring feature of the Balkan situation is what at first sight seems most threatening, the German attempt to involve not only Bulgaria but also...

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By C. S. ORWIN* IKE many other people, I suppose, I am becoming more and more concerned about the reconstruction of society hich will be necessary after the war, whatever its...

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By KENNETH LINDSAY, M.P. I T is no use pretending that the controversy underlying the 1 future of the Public School, Colonel Bingham's letter to The Times, religious education,...

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By SIR EVELYN WRENCH COUPLE of weeks' holiday on the delectable Californian sea-coast, where the mimosa trees are a mass of old and arum lilies, and larkspur and roses are in...

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By W. H. MURRAY WALTON J APAN is a country of Three Religions, and over a hundred more besides. Ever since the close of the last Great War the making of new religions has been...

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By MAJOR MARTIN LINDSAY F OR four days there had been a strong wind. For four. days I had felt as if my skin had been cleaned every morning with ether, in preparation for the...


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Readers who have placed a definite order for " The Spectator " with a newsagent and experience difficulty in obtaining copies, are urged to communicate with the Sales Manager, "...

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THE THEATRE Revudeville" (141st Edition). At the Strike Up the Music." At the Coliseum. THE Windmill Theatre, alone of London theatres, can proudly boast that the blitz has...


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44 The Road to Frisco." At Warner's Theatre.--“ The Min I Married." At the New Gallery. To present the opening sequences of a picture against a strong'? realistic background...


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. 4 The Marriage of Figaro " How delightful to hear once again the flurry of violins and the buzz-buzz of the bassoon announcing that the actors are come, that in two minutes...

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In the Garden There are at least half a dozen

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substitutes for the onion. Of these leeks are, of course, best known, and have been celebrated as a vegetable for centuries. For flavouring, chives have all the taste but none...

Poultry Rationing A very aggrieved poultry farmer reports a farcical

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state of affairs under the new poultry-food rationing scheme. After obey- ing the original Government suggestion that poultry-keepers should kill off most of their older laying...

Bird Facts I cannot resist a lucky dip into some

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of the facts given for the general reader in Watching Birds. Like flowers, birds interest the most unexpected people; and so " Among those I know are a Prime Minister, a...


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Bird Watching If anyone should have been surprised to hear that curiosity about birds was something of a modern phenomenon I would advise him to spend sixpence on a new Pelican,...


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Wm) of the eternal future will read Of the dead when they were prepossessed with death Will judge by what they did not what they said The hour the minute the moment the last...

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Wonersh Hollow,' Wonersh, Guildford. Sne,—Mr. Wiener's letter demands a short

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reply, which I hope re will print. Even if Mr. Wiener's statement that he could prodoc. e 3,000 quotations from famous German men and women showing tbor despise of the German...

Snt,—I read with greatest interest the Duke of Bedford's article

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about " Life under a Tyranny " in The Spectator of February 7th, but I feel I have to write to you specially as to the last paragraph of that article. Being a German refugee...


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Sne,—Having read Miss E. Amy Buller's letter 1, a German from Czecho-Slovakia, cannot agree with her point of view. We need not fear that Sir Robert's broadcast talks will...


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[In view of the paper shortage it is essential that letters on these pages should be brief. We are anxious not to reduce the number of letters, but unless they are shorter they...

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have read with great interest and complete agreement the article by Archdeacon Fosbrooke on the Church and the Parish. May I add to it one point which he does not make, namely,...

Sat,—I do not wish to enter very deeply into the

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controversy which Black Record has provoked. But on .• one passage I should like to comment. Speaking of the English attitude to the Germans in 1918 and 1919, Sir Robert...


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Sat—The two articles by the Headmaster of Rugby have stirred me to write a few lines on this subject. I can't claim to have had lately any close touch with our public schools,...

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SIR,—With nine-tenths of the Archdeacon of Lancaster's article I heartily

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agree, but the other tenth needs some comment. He refers rather mournfully to the Church Assembly Commission on Parochial Endowments because it seemed unable to do very much...


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SIR,—By way of conclusion to an edifying discussion, I present my compliments to Mr. Piper and those who are concerned to defend him against the charge of heresy, and would...


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Sm,—Is not the most ominous feature of the collapse of France that it came as a surprise to our diplomacy? From books recently reviewed in your columns it appears that French...


The Spectator

Sir,—Much has been written lately about the desirability of a new approach to the problem of future Indian Government. But not no much, apparently, has been written to suggest a...


The Spectator

SIR,—Mr. Lyon Clark's letter expressing disappointment that the golf-courses of the country have made no move to join in the food- growing campaign is a little unfair to the...

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Franc-Tireur M.P.

The Spectator

Memoirs of a Fighting Life. By Col. the Rt. Hon. J. C. Wedgwood, D.S.O., M.P. (Hutchinson. as.) COLONEL WEDGWOOD brings to the writing of his autobiography a candour that comes...

Books of the Day

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The Terrible David The Philosophy of David Hume. By Norman Kemp Smith. (Mac- millan. ergs.) THE first two volumes of Hume's Treatise of Human Nature were published in 1739,...

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Invasion ?

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Can Britain be Invaded ? By " Strate g icus.' (Dent. Is. : WHATEVER we may think about the possibility of a successful German invasion of this country, it is well that we should...

Prophet out of U.S.A.

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Faith for Living. By Lewis Mumford. (Secker and Warburg. 7s.6d.) IT is a pleasure to call attention to this book, which comes to us from America but sounds a trumpet call of...

James I Comes Into His Own

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A Jacobean Journal. By G. B. Harrison. (Routled g e. 16s, 64-) IN this book Dr. Harrison carries on the plan of his own which he developed with his Elizabethan journals into the...

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On Duty

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Tinned Soldier. By Alec Dixon. (Cape. los. 6d.) Tam first and second of these books are first-hand accounts of life in the British Anny. Mr. Dixon had seven years in the Royal...


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THE latter of these two books pleased me in the nostalgic, Per" sonal way of assent ; in fact it was so easy and gentle to read that I hold my reactions to it suspect and am...

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The Spectator

By CUSTOS Tins year it is not so much the possibilities of the Budget itself as the implications of the revenue-expenditure situation in the widest sense which are casting...

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I s LY A o et N A L 'N C E A p 3AugN n I Lie Rig .R SOLUTION ON The winner of Crossword No. Lao is Miss A. M. Boyd, at Claremont, Broughty Ferry, Dundee. MARCH 7th

" THE SPECTATOR" CROSSWORD No. 102 (A prize of a.Book

The Spectator

Token for one guinea will be given to the sender of the r im correct solution - of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked with the words...