22 AUGUST 1941

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NEWS OF THE WEEK 1 1 LL the signs are that

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the third German offensive in Russia is working to its climax. In all three sectors of the front eavy drives have been in progress in the past two days, first the Ukraine, then...

Are Supplies to Japan Stopped ?

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It is time that it was made clear without any ambiguity as to where we stand in regard to trade with Japan. When Japan entered Indo-China, fortified sea and air bases within 600...

Dominion Premiers

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News of the arrival of one Dominion Prime Minister, Mr. Mackenzie King, in London synchronises with news of a check D the plans made by another, Mr. Menzies, to return here Is°....

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Trade Agreement with Russia

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The joint message sent to M. Stalin by Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill proposing that high representatives should be sent for a conference at Moscow was quickly followed by the...

Nazis in Iran

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Mindful of the example of Iraq, where underground German intrigues enabled Raschid Ali temporarily to gain power, the Government of Iran has cogent reasons for paying heed to...

Enemy Shipping Losses

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Figures issued by the Admiralty last Tuesday show that our war upon merchant shipping at sea has taken a mica heavier toll in proportion to total tonnage than the enemy ha:...

The Milk Shortage

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The Government cannot say that it has been unwamed about the - necessity of maintaining at all costs the nation's milk-supply. Lord Dawson of Penn and every other expert on...

Mr. Bevin and the Workers

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Mr. Ernest Bevin raised a number of debatable questions his address to the Transport and General Workers' Union Monday. Though the Trades Union Congress at its ann meeting next...

Subscription 3os. a year to any part of the world.

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Postage on til ls • issue : Inland rid., Foreign and Imperial Id, Canada id.

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HE Atlantic Conference was, from the 'moment the facts regarding it were known, acclaimed by the ole of the democratic world—and beyond it, for 'let Russia is hardly to be...

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D ISCUSSION of the Eight-Point peace-aim programme must inevitably bring up the question of the future of the League of Nations—which Mr. Churchill has always supported and to...

A month ago I mentioned that in his forthcoming book,

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Poverty and Progress, Mr. Seebohm Rowntree had recorded the results of an interesting test of the validity of " sample- surveys " (questioning five or ten per cent. of a given...

The decision of the War Office to give instruction to

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troops in " Current Affairs " is admirable—so admirable no possible effort to make it a success should be omitted. is no doubt a good deal to be said for the arrangement whet...

The Air Ministry News Service, on which the B.B.C. news

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service draws so largely night after night, does the work it is there to do with great efficiency. Its detailed stories of raids over enemy territory often add a great deal that...

Presidents and Prime Ministers have no prerogative in n world-building.

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A leading firm of motor manufacturers sketched (at the cost to itself of a large display-advertisement The Times) the new world as motor-manufacturers see Oddly enough, it is a...

La France Libre (Hamish Hamilton, 2S. 6d. monthly), v . ably

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edited by M. Andre Labarthe, keeps up its stand wonderfully. In the current issue, which has just reached a fourteen-page supplement is devoted to reproductions of so of the...

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T "te War Surveyed

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BUDENNY'S CHANCES By STRATEGICUS T HE movements in the Ukraine have now passed beyond the search for territorial prizes and are designed to secure a decision. This has always...

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By BARBARA WOOTTON A FTER the lapse of over forty years Mr. Seebohm Rowntree has repeated his famous survey of the facts of working-class life in the city of York*. These York...

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By ERWIN HE Russian campaign has lessened the chances of early American entry into the war ; the Japanese advance into do-China and what is at this writing still only the threat...

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By E. B. CASTLE T HE concern for Christian education is the child of fear and shame—fear of triumphant paganism and shame of Christian failure. But the response is being made ;...

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By NIGEL HARVEY HERE was something primaeval,' or perhaps apocalyptic, about the scene, particularly in the early morning, when e light mists, hiding the kindly earth of farm...

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This may be a common, and perhaps even a salutary,

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e1 , perience in war-time, and it is fortunate that so many of of should respond to historic events with the calmness of la te Austen, to whom the arrival of a muslin-cap at...


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By HAROLD NICOLSON N O student of public opinion could deny that the result of the Atlantic meeting proved for the ordinary man and woman in this country something of an...

How are we to find a watchword which will galvanise

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beli:I? Such words as " freedom " or " democracy " have lost th currency-value, having been so thumbed in the market-pla that their image and superscription has been blurred....

* * * * The Germans fight for power and

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the Italians fight fa loot. The Russians fight to resist a tremendous outrage and to defend a great experiment which they feel to be their alone. For them the war is a personal...

It would however be superficial to attribute our disappoint- ment

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either to the absurd expectation that the meeting was the prelude to America's immediate entry into the war ; or to the technical difficulty of news-presentation. There must be...

And yet, when Mr. Attlee read out to the world

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the charter of its future liberties there must have been few people in any continent who did not feel that it had fallen flat. The causes of this disappointment are various. In...

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gg-Bound Lord Woolton's recent statement about the egg-scheme seems

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o me one of the most astounding ever made by a Minister, and imagine he can have no notion of the effect it had in the country. pply it to an engineer in an aircraft-factory,...

the Garden Gardeners, like farmers, are in despair. The coldest

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spring for hundred years, a terrific midsummer heat-wave, Christmas in uly, and finally January in August, have together destroyed many thcir hopes. Bees are not working. Beans...


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harvest Dream What is a harvest? A standing crop or a crop safely gathered? [t seems to me there is a nice distinction. When the Prime Minister spoke some time ago of our...

right Hills

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My note on the charm of late summer scabious has prompted a ellow-author to write from Scotland : " Your praise of it is just. t is very common on the riparian pastures of...


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"A Day in Soviet Russia." At the London Pavilion. A Day in Soviet Russia is a poignant film, not simply because it was photographed a year ago to celebrate the Russian...

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Set,—In regard to the urgent matter of road-deaths, one of your correspondents recently suggested that persuasion should first he tried on motorists before anything drastic is...


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MILK-SHORTAGE AND ITS CAUSE Six, — Much has recently been spoked and written on the subject of milk-production in time of war. Unfortunately, some of the ablest critics of the...


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Sta,—In a pilot's story given on the front page of the News Chronic: : of August 14th occurs this passage: " The moment we got into Germany some of the lads be g blowing off...


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Sia,—In his letter which appeared in your issue of August isth, Colonel Mozley is asking for the fruits of the Christian conscience (or a small selection from them) without the...


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sm,--If I tame up one point in your review of my book Total Vim-, it is not the grumble of the author who is complaining of criticism . In view of the fact that your reviewer...

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SIR,—Now that Lord Willingdon is no more, and tributes are

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being paid to his life-long service to India, his numerous admirers and friends will recall his promise at the last meeting of the East India Association that he was going to...


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Sut,—Sir William Barton, in his article in your issue of August 8th, would have us believe that India cannot produce a Defence Minister who is not incapable of looking at...

SIR,—Mr. G. M. Young has raised a point of the

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utmost importance. We have to educate our would-be masters, the German people: Any real defeat should be education enough for such devout believers in the last argument of Kings...


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Sus,—In vie ' of the conflicting claims as to whether the V signifies a British or a Germag victory, it would seem appropriate to call the attention of the perplexed peoples of...

" THE SOUL" OF GERMANY SIR, —May I reinforce a point

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made by Mr. G. M. Young in his admirable letter? Even if there were a uniform national character throughout Germany, it is not a constant but a variable, witness the difference...

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think Mr. Massingham must keep bees ; there is such a buzzing in his bonnet. What exactly does he want? I say that his book is excellent as far as it goes ; and he doesn't like...


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SIR, —Could the rather smelly contents of one small dustbin be a clue to possible dangerous aspects of the organisation in this country to maintain the people's health? I am...


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Sut,—In view of the - hopes which have been expressed that non. belligerent countries will subscribe to the disinterested declaration of our aims in this wgz - of " right...


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Sitt,—I am moved by a recent incident and my memory of an earlier one to ask: "Is it necessary that we should waste reams of paper and pots of paste in displaying appeals to '...


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Sm,—No one up to now appears to have considered the plight of chronic invalids, or physically disabled persons, with small fixed incomes under the present heavy scale of...


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am afraid I must disclaim the statement—made by Mesa Secker and Warburg in their letter published in your issue d August 15th—that my book, The Struggle for the Spanish Soul, no...


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Sut,—Would it not be a good idea if Lord Woolton did a little week- end visiting? And by that I don't mean a cottage-in-Sussex-with-a- hamper-from-Fortnum's kind of week - end,...

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The Neutral's Dilemma IF Germany had invaded England during the fourth Gladstone administration, and if that administration in its hypothetical exile had undergone some...

High Politics in Russia New Horizons. By J. T. Murphy.

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(Godley Head. iss.) Embittered by and full of contempt for the leaders of Labour, who had become the allies of the Governments in the war, flushed by the triumph of the Russian...

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Four Hundred Evacuees

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The Cambridge Evacuation Survey. Edited by Susan Isaacs. (Methuen. 8s. 6d.) BILLETING-OFFICERS, teachers, housewives,' parents, children—an almost random sample from every...

At the Level of the Beast

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Kabloona. By Gontran de Poncins. (Cape. I2S. 6d.) THE reviewer of today turns his eyes to the past with a certain longing, to such spectacles as Carlyle giving i8,000 words to...

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Late Arrival

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I Came Out of France. By Cicely Mackworth. (Routledge. 75.6e AMONG the many escape-from-France books that have appeared this will rank for the ordinary reader as one of the most...

The Firm. Hand

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Men Crucified. By Bruno Heilig. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 9s.) Convert to Freedom is the simple but revealing story of the evolution of a young German, who, starting as a cadet at...

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IT is curious that the western mind, so richly provided with formal and deep-based symbols to fit the whole span of human experience, shoukl seek to adapt to its purposes,...

Shorter Notices

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Miss THOMPSON'S new book is an amplification of her endearing Lark Rise, a book that stood out among the many Books-About- the-Country by its truth of tone (as in painting)....

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The Mind of the Maker. By Dorothy L. Sayers. ( Methuen.

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St, ) MISS DOROTHY SAYERS, whose detective-stories have pleased a large public, here tries to explain the nature of God, conceived in His capacity as Creator, by analogy with...

Planning the Stage Wardrobe By loyce Conyngham-Green.

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(Nelson. 2S. 6d.) THIS small book on stage-wardrobe is planned as economically as a French housewife plans her weekly housekeeping ; there is always something left over for the...


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of London) THE WINTER SESSION opens on WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1st The London Hospital remains the headquarters of the Medical SchooL The beds have been reduced from the pre-war...


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By CUSTOS IT is a striking commentary on the present mood of the stock markets that the news of a 435,000,000 call-up of Canadian sterling loans, right on the heels of the...

Magic and Divination is a baffling and superficial book. The

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author seems uncertain of what he means by magic. On one page magic is defined " as the attempt to achieve one's end by a consciously abnormal concentration of will-power."...

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DAR THINS LIMITED POSITION FURTHER STRENGTHENED DIVIDEND OF 5% HE twelfth annual ordinary general meeting of Darwins, Limited, n be held on August 22nd at Winchester House, Old...

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I E I 411 C . L L p 41111T e 4sys pl - r - le MIT u E C EiR `riOiNi E LiA4A1 T . .r..tEiLY R. .s esNA 2 '• :0 B IS itigE I I N U L U115 lEAVICIS E L 0 SOLUTION ON...

" THE• SPECTATOR" CROSSWORD No. 128 [A prize or a

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Book Token for one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked with the words...