22 DECEMBER 1866

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The negotiations between Italy and Rome are advancing, and it

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is believed favourably. We have analyzed the latest plan else- where, and may add here that all accounts from Rome represent the city as quiet and the Pope tranquil ; that the...

Mr. McCulloch's financial report is interesting, and we have com-

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mented on some of its marvellous figures elsewhere, but it scarcely shows the capacity of Mr. Chase's reports. Omitting the loom and repayments of debt, the account of revenue...

The explosions at the Oaks and Talke Collieries destroyed more

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than five hundred•lives, and subscriptions exceeding 4,0001. have been received for the bereaved families. It is now ascertained that the cause of the Talke explosion was the...

The Atlantic Telegraph despatch from Mr. Seward to Mr. Bigelow,

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the French Ambassador in Paris, on the delay made by the Emperor of the French in withdrawing the first detach- ment of his troops from Mexico, has been published, and is cer-...

b. _

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The heads of the plan for the new German Confederation have been published in Berlin. It is understood that the executive will be reserved to Prussia, that the subordinate...

Our New York Correspondent demonstrated last week, to his own

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complete satisfaction, that the dread of any contact between the white and black races is strong at the North in exact propor- tion to the danger of such contact, illustrating...

The President's Message is not a very important document. Mr.

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Johnson is obstinate, and says so, but he does not threaten, or pre- tend to expect that Congress will change its course, and he is right. The part of the Message referring to...


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T HE King of Italy opened his Parliament on the 15th inst., in a speech which began with the sentence, very proudly spoken,- " Our country is henceforth free from all foreign...

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The Metropolitan Board of Works has published its annual report,

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from which it appears - that the Southern sewerage and the High and Middle Levels of the sewer north of the Thames are complete, the Low Level waiting only for theprogress of...

A report is current in Paris that the Army in

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Austria cOnteta. plate raising the Archduke Maximilian to the throne. There is probably no truth in the statement, but it is certain that many of the misfortunes of the Empire...

These 'accounts sufficiently show that the boasting about a reduction

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of the debt by 40,000,0001. in last year was a mistake. It is true that the debt 'has been nominally reduced by that arriount between August, 1865, and October, 1866, about...

The week has been crowded with reports about Maximilian, most

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of them apparently intended for the benefit of the Stock Exchange. According to one, which appeared first in Paris, he has abdicated the Mexican throne ;• according to another,...

The project for the reorganization of the Army is exciting

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"great opposition" in France. The entire press not belonging to the Ministry of the Interior condemns it, individual members of the Legislative Body denounce it, and the middle...

The Moniteur of Wednesday contains what M. Fould is pleased

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to call the Budget of 1868. Zadkiel on finance is not aery pro- fitable reading, but we may note that M. Fould thinks it con- venient to prophesy a surplus of 5,000,0001. for...

M. Fould apparently believes in-the Spanish' Treasury, if not in

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the Spanish Queen. His Bank has undertaken a loan forlicidrid of 3,600,0001., and General Prim has, it is stated, eroseed the frontier into Spain. If the latter etatenient is...

For the current year Mr. McCulloch's estimates, founded on a

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quarter's actual experience, are as follows :— Customs £32,168,000 Lands 145,000 Direct Tax 68,000 Internal Revenue 57,033,000 Miscellaneous 5,596,000 x95,010;000...

Mustapha Pasha, Turkish Commissioner in Crete, himself con- firms watery,

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which has been in circulation for some time, of an act of Pagan heroism in that island. The great monastery of Arkadi was, it appears, used as a storehouse and refuge for the...

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" S. G. O" writes to the Times, explicitly charging

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D. Pusey with administering vows of celibacyin two or three cases to young ladies under his direction, and in one case refusing to absolve her at her parents' request from -a...

The English ironmasbere are complaining bitterly of the successful Belgian

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competition which is springing up against them. Two of them have gone to Belgium to inquire into the -causes, and they report that the application of " rude labour " to the...

Messrs. Vickers and Harrington, the advertising agents, have published a

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large table containing the name, address, and politics of every newspaper in Great Britain and Ireland, with the popu- lation of the borough or county in which 'it is published....

The Electric Telegraph is developing, very considerable powers of commercial

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mischief. Not to speak of the manufacture of political telegrams, it seems. open to anybodyle send in a 'false name a statement that such and such a person 'had failed, and he...

The death is recorded this week of descendant of Columbus,

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a grandee of Spain, Duke of Veragua, Marquis of Jamaica, and Admiral of the Indies. Those titles, granted to Columbus with the viceroyalty of Veragua, were ultimately, on the...

We have another long letter from " A Friend of

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the College " on the subject of the recent dispute in University College, London, and other letters on our own aide of the question, all of which pressure on our space prevents...

The Chancellor of the diocese of Carlisle has decided that

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Burial Boards have not a final jurisdiction over the inscriptions on tombstones. They have a right to object to an inscription they do not like, and so have the rector and vicar...

The leading British Railways left off at the annexed quotations

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yesterday and on Friday week :— Great Eastern Great Nort hem .. • . Great Western.. .. • . Lanes/dike and Yorkshire .. London and Brighton London and North-Western London and...

The Consol market during the week has been very firm,

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and an important rise has taken place in prices. Yesterday, the quota- tion for money was as high as 89k, 90 ; and for account,_90 - to 901 ex. div. In railway shares there has...

The following table shows the closing prices of the leading

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Foreign Securities yesterday and on Friday week:- Mestean Spanish. Passive Do. Certificates Turkish 6 per Cents., 1868 United States 5.20a . 1862 . - Friday, Dee. 14. 18 20}...

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THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. MHE American Revolution marches fast towards its goal- 1 the change of a Federal Commonwealth into a Democratic Republic, one and indivisible....

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M R. LOWE has seized the somewhat curious occasion of the breaking-up of Merchant Taylors' School for the Christmas holidays, to deliver a rather forbidding pane- gyric on the...

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T HE project of compromise between Rome and Italy which has been circulated this week may not be " authentic " in the strict sense of that word, but it corresponds precisely...

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I f MCCULLOCH'S financial statement is one which may J. well elate American statesmen, and to some extent justify the very strong language in which their less refined orators...

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A FTER a delay which remains to be explained, but which is probably due in part to Count von Bismarck's deter- mination of blood to the head, the German Parliament is at last...

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"ipEW people think perhaps how odd a result is caused by the r suburban Railway system, in this,—that it brings the paths of so many men's lives into a brief daily coincidence,...

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T ECTURES against cheating in business, whether delivered by 1.d clergymen or editors, make, it is evident, very little impression, and one reason for the failure is, we...

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XIV.--TRE WEST DOWNS AND THE VALLEY OF THE SEVERN THE CITLES AND TOWNS. O NE of the most important of the Raman cities of Britain was that which was called variously CORINCUM,...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Siff,—Now that the Irish land question is attracting the atten- tion of the English people, I wish to submit, through you, a practical...

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more thoughtful readers in England and Ireland will thank you for that clear and able article last week, in further examination of the views of Lord Dcifferin on Ireland....


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SPECTATOR."] SIR, the belief that your article on " Compulsory Education " last week was written before you had seen the proposed Manchester Education Bill, may I venture to...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Some of our local antiquaries are astonished that your con- tributor, in his interesting and, in other cases, very minute account of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, —The controversy about prayer which spran g up in conse- quence of the cattle plague and the public prayer for its cessation has died...

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MR. GAMBART'S AND MR. WALLIS'S EXHIBITIONS.* No apology need be made for offering a few notes on some of the pictures now being exhibited by the enterprising persons whose names...

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MR. J. RUSSELL LOWELL'S NEW POEMS * EVEN Mr. Lowell's humour would never have been what it is, and what in the unequalled Biglow Papers all the world acknow- ledges it to be,...

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TILE ballad is the characteristic poetry of national childhood. Dealing, of course, with mature passions and the adventures of the heroic age,—the age when so much depends on...

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ART AND SONG.• ARTISTS who illustrate great or well known

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poems have one special difficulty to contend with. It is nearly impossible to satisfy the literary class. Accustomed to keep their imaginations active, they have a latent...

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It is a quarter of a century since Douglas Jerrold's Story of a Feather • appeared in the pages of Punch, then a fresh and youthful periodical. The original illustrator was Mr....

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Essays. By Dora Greenwell. (Alexander Strahan.)—Miss Greenwell's essays are very

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graceful, and are written with a real knowledge of their subjects. The best essays, we think, seem to be those on "Our Single Women" and on "Prayer." They are both full of...

The Book of Birthdays. {patron.)—This book is supposed to ineluda

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all the pretty things that have been said by the poets about birthdays or bo people en their birthdays. It contains much that is good, bad, and indifferent, but as a whole is...


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PorTraits of Profeskore at University College, London. Recently taken, uniform in style, by Mr. Crellin, 162 Regent Street.—The professors of University College, London, who, in...

. A Series of Portraits of Leading Actors. Photographed at

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the Alexandra Studio for the Employment of Women, 23 Great Ceram Street, Russell Square.—These photographs are taken ona gold ground, and this certainly adds very greatly to the...

Angelo Lyons. A novel. By William Platt. 3 vols. (Saunders

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and Otley.)—This novel opened very well with the history of the House of Balfour, merchants in Shiphampton and the West Indies. We thought we were going to have some genre...

Child's Play. By "E. V. B." (Sampson Low.)—A very jolly

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little picture book, with coloured engravings of a much more delicate and fanciful order than we are accustomed to see. "Little Boy Blue blow- ing his Horn, with the Sheep in...