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It is probable, however, that he will have another army

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to 'fight. The Chinese Government, which expected the fall of Ping-Yang, despatched seven steam transports fall of troops —mostly the fierce natives of Hunan—under convoy of...


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T HE Japanese have won the first great battle with the Chinese. The latter, twenty thousand strong, commanded by the celebrated General Tso, who crushed Yakoob Beg in Kashgar,...

By far the most serious result of the Japanese victory

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is its effect on Chinese opinion. The people of Pekin and Shanghai are, it is said, in consternation, and there is a kind of anarchy in the Palace, the young Emperor blaming his...

The battle off the Yaloo is the first great naval

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engagement which has occurred since iron superseded wooden men-of-war, and the interest taken in the struggle in all Admiralties is intense. Details, however, are required...

The Madagascar Consul in London told " Reuter" on Tuesday

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that he thought M. de Milers would hardly ask from Madagascar so much as was proposed. He would ask an acknowledgment of the Protectorate, and this the Hovas would grant ; but...


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With the " SPECTATOR" of Saturday, October 131k, will be issued, gratis, a SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT, the outside pages of which will be devoted to Advertisements. To secure...

ii` e * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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In the Socialist gatherings which are taking place this month

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in most parts of Western Europe two interesting facts appear beyond dispute. The sect everywhere believes that it can "capture" the Parliaments, and that this is its quickest...

Lord Hothfield, one of Mr. Gladstone's Peers, who for fifteen

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years was the head of the Gladstonian party in West- moreland, has announced openly his secession from that party. In a letter to Sir Theodore Fry, he states that he cannot...

The Austrian Chancellor, Count Kalnoky, on Monday addressed the Delegations

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in a long speech, of which part was important. He repeated his master's declaration that the Powers wished peace, though for the safety of the Monarchy the national armaments...

The political testament of the late Comte de Paris was

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published on Monday. It is a pathetic document, obviously published by a man of high character, who felt that he had failed. He maintains strongly the claim of the" national and...

Ireland has given birth to a new grievance. It promises

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to- be a strong and healthy child. About ten years ago, certain politicians and philanthropists, Irish and English, with Mr. . Parnell at their head, started a Migration...

The Times of Wednesday gives an account of the annual'

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report of the National Free Labour Association. The report states that up to the end of August last no fewer than 228,00(P seamen have been registered as " free labour men." In...

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Mr. Robert Knight, the secretary of the Boilermakers' and 'Iron

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Shipbuilders' Union, and one of the most remarkable and successful of working-class leaders, writes strongly in his monthly report against the unwisdom of the Trade-Union...

The Bishop of Chester (Dr. Jayne),in the course of an

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address delivered at Aberdeen on Monday, read an extract from a letter by Mr. Gladstone to Lord Thring in favour of the Gothen- burg system. We have dealt at length with the...

Bank Rate, 2 per cent.

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New Consols (21-) were on Friday, 1021-,

The fortnightly meeting of the Irish National League was 'held

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on Tuesday. Mr. Harrington, who presided, denounced the Government for not releasing "the political prisoners." The Government which was held back from doing justice by such...

We deeply regret to record the sad death of one

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of the most earnest and disinterested of Mr. Charles Booth's col- leagues in the work of investigating the condition of the London poor, as well as of one of the most...

The Board of Trade Report on the Railway Companies during

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1893, drawn up by Mr. Giffen and Mr. Hopwood, is not pleasant reading. Compared with the previous year, the net earnings show a decline of nearly £1,500,000. The cause of this...

The County Council, like many employers before them, are learning

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that gratitude is not a plant of easy growth. They The County Council, like many employers before them, are learning that gratitude is not a plant of easy growth. They have...

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THE JAPANESE VICTORY. E UROPE has evidently misread the Japanese. There was something about their half- childish, half-scientific way of accumulating knowledge which induced...

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W E do not welcome Lord Hothfield to the Unionist ranks with unalloyed pleasure. He acts, no doubt, conscientiously, and every man is bound to follow his conscience ; but the...

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THE NEW TYPE OF RADICAL. T HOSE who have followed at

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close quarters the later developments of the New Radicalism, the rise of Socialism among a certain section of the Trade-Unionists, and the growth of the Independent Labour...

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S IGNOR CRISPI must be supposed to know his own business and his own countrymen, and he would hardly have made his speech at Naples except to further that reconciliation with...

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FORGED CHEQUES. T HE danger to the banknote system from forgery

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is much greater than the danger to the system of cheques. Indeed, we hardly know why the former danger is not very serious indeed, sufficiently so as to act as an embarrassing...

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AMERICAN OPTIMISM. T HE Englishman over the water in New England,

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con- sidered as a man and in isolation, seems to differ very little from the Englishman in Great Britain. We are all subjects of King Shakespeare, and all guided by much the...

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D O not English writers, especially writers in magazines and journalists, take the "smart people" of society a little too seriously ? If they were so - very important we should...

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THE RING OF POLYORATES. A BELIEF in luck is deeply rooted

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in the human imagina- tion ; and it is, on the whole, so comforting a belief that one can hardly be surprised at the tenacity with which even sane and sober-minded men cling to...

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fillfE success of the Marquis of Butes efforts to revive the wine-making industry has come as a surprise. In a paper read before the Horticultural Society last week, Mr....

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HAUNTS OF ANCIENT PEACE.—III. "And one, an English home. Grey twilight poured On dewy pastures, dewy trees, Softer than sleep ; all things in order stored, A haunt of ancient...

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A WICKLOW PARISH. [TO THE EDITOR or THE ' SPECTATOH."] SIR,—Aften ten years' experience of rural life in Ireland, I have come to the conclusion that it is probably the most...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Sfn,—I venture to ask for a small space in your columns to- press on your readers the critical importance of the Slave . question now...


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LT() THAI EDITOR OF THE " SPTIOTATOR."1 SIR,—A Devonshire farmer tells me that fifty years ago a. labourer was reckoned to cost weekly, 9s. (the price of a bushel of wheat),...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] was astonished at the statement made by Mr. F. H. Balfour, in the Spectator of September 15th, that during twenty years' residence in China...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In the Spectator of September 15th you state, in your article on " Old St. Paul's," that you " cannot claim acquaintance with St....

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" THINKIN' LONG." Oen, when we lived in ould Glenann. Meself could lift a song ! An' ne'er an hour by day or dark Would I be thinkin' long. The weary wind might take the...


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" Where am I from ?" From the green hills of Erin. " Have I no song now ?" My songs are all sung. ",What o' my love, then ?" Alone I am farire. Old grows my heart, an' my voice...


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THE LATE LORD DERBY'S SPEECHES.* IN his admirably just and sympathetic introduction, Mr. Lecky observes that Lord Derby's mind had much of the Whig character, and if that term,...


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" SPEOTATOR."] Sift,--Mr. Austin, in his charming " Haunts of Ancient Peace-II," in the Spectator of September 15th, says, speaking of English fields, "they sweep in and out in...

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ON November 28th, 1862, General von Roon, Minister of War at Berlin, wrote a letter to the Chief of the Staff pointing out that the disputes then pending with Denmark might lead...

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A GUIDE FOR NOVEL-READERS.* THE volume before us is one

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which avowedly rises from the increasing pressure of new books upon readers, which is, in itself, an ever-growing problem. How it is that when the spirit of excitement gathers...

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Our of the vast number of Indians who still form the basis of population in Mexico, and the rest of Spanish and Portu- guese America, one man, and only one, has made himself a...

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STUDIES IN WICKEDNESS.* IT was not so very long ago

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that the reading public received from the hands of Dean Burgon a book entitled the Lives of Twelve Good Men, being a series of studies of men whose eminence rested upon a life...

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THERE is perhaps as much sound advice to young men in The Sunny Days of Youth as could be got together in three hundred pages. But what young man will read it P Ninety- nine out...

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Religion in Japan. By George A. Cobbold. (S.P.C.K.)—Shin- toism, Buddhism,

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and Christianity are the subjects of Mr. Cobbold's excellent little essay. The first is of no great import- ance as a factor in the religious thought of the nation, though it...

A Tragic Blunder. By Mrs. Lovett-Cameron. 3 vols. (F. V.

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White and Co.)—This story may be described as an adaptation to the circumstances of nineteenth-century fiction of the main idea of the Comedy of Errors. Rupert Carroll and Lord...

Parsival a Knightly Epic. By Wolfram von Eschenbach. For the

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first time translated into English Verse, by Jessie L. Weston. Vol. I. (Nutt.)—Wolfram von Eschenbach has been universally regarded as the greatest poet of Mediteval Germany. In...


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An Island Garden. By Celia Theater. (Osgood, McIlvaine, and Co.)—We are getting a little overdone with garden literature. The authoress of "An Island Garden" is even more...

Latin Prose Versions. Contributed by various Scholars. Edited by George

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G. Ramsay. (The Clarendon Press.)—" Writing good Latin Prose" is, according to the biographer of Lord Macaulay, "ono of the most lucrative accomplishments that a man can possess...

Dover College Register. Edited by G. A. Davis. (Cuff Brothers,

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Dover.)—After reminiscences from the " first boarder" from "one of the first day-boys" and from "W. B.," the late Head-master of Dover College (founded in 1871), we have a...

We have to notice two editions of short stories by

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Mr. George R. Sims, both published by Messrs. Chatto and Windus. These are Memoirs of a Landlady and My Two Wives. The " Memoirs" are a collection of queer experiences collected...

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'The Publishing-House of Rivington. By Soptimus Rivington. (Rivington, Percival, and

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Co.)—There was no small regret felt .five years ago when the historic name of Rivington disappeared from the title-1 ages of books. It has now, as our readers will probably have...

Famous Adventures and Prison Escapes of the Civil War. Edited

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by G. W. Cable and others. (T. Fisher Unwin.)—There certainly never was a war that produced so much literature as did the great struggle of North and South in the United...

The Poems of George Herbert. (Ilagster and Sons.)—This is a

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neat and conveniently shaped little volume, nicely printed, with an ornamental border to the pages. It is one of a series entitled " Christian Classics," in -which "The...

A History of Northumberland. By Edward Bateson, B.A. (Andrew Reid,

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Sons, and Co., Newcastle-upon-Tyne.)—A County History on the old-fashioned scale of size is a rare, almost singular, sight ill these days. There are little books, excellent in...