23 OCTOBER 1936

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NEWS OF 111E WEEK N ON-INTERVENTION in Spain carries with it

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certain moral obligations, and it may be questioned whether the European States represented on the Non- intervention Committee in London have gone as far as they might have done...

That supplies are reaching General Franco in any large quantity

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from abroad there is no evidence, though reports from the Spanish Government show, if authenti- cated by investigation, that the non-intervention agree- ment is not being...

Mr. Roosevelt's Prospects The American election campaign is working up

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to its last feverish stages. In less than a fortnight the world will know whether Mr. Roosevelt or Mr. Landon is to be President of the United States for the next four years....

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The Riots in Bombay The sanguinary communal riots which raged

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in Bombay during last week-end provide one further example of the value of the presence of small detachments of British troops, whose intervention can be attributed to no motive...

Germany's Four-Year Plan The Four Year Plan announced by Herr

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Hitler at • Nuremberg is to make Germany completely independent of all those foreign imports for which substitutes can be found by German invention, technique and industry. The...

Germany and Italy The visit of the Italian Foreign Minister,

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Count Ciano, to Berlin has aroused enthusiasm in both countries concerned, particularly Italy, which stands more in need of friendships in Europe than Germany does. Whether any...

The Front Populaire In his speech on Sunday to the

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Radical Federation of Orleans, M. Blum gave a finely reasoned exposition of the 'present situation of the Front Populaire ; as a feat of explanation and persuasion ' it might...

The Erdington Election It would be foolish to draw too

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clear-cut a moral from the result of the Erdington by-election, for it is evidently the sum of more than usually confused forces ; and if it had any single significance, the...

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The Parliamentary Programme The Cabinet this week have begun their

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task of settling the terms of the King's Speech at the opening, on November 3rd, of the new session of Parliament. Prominent mention is certain to be given to the future of the...

Lord Nuffield's Munificence It would be difficult to write with

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exaggerated praise of Lord Nuffield's gift of £1,250,000 to the University of Oxford, to promote post-graduate training and research in medical science. Oxford, as a City and as...

The Law of Libel When a public man so experienced

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and level-headed as Major J. J. Astor, M.P., the chief proprietor of The Times, urges the necessity of the amendment of the law of libel, that is in itself strong prima facie...

The Freeing of Trade Though often consigned to the limbo

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of outworn theory, the ghost of Free Trade still returns to haunt our Protectionist politicians ; it is now not merely theorists but practical business men who . demand a...

The Fitness Campaign As a small but not unimportant contribution

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to the Government's plan for improving physical fitness. the Board of Education is in future to assist local authorities by bearing part of the cost of the clothing and footwear...

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T HE declaration of the King of the Belgians on the principles and purposes of his country's foreign policy calls for fuller explanation than has yet been forthcoming, in spite...

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POLITICS AND HAPPINESS iN these days it is common for

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men who are not politicians to tell governments what they should do ; but few of them give such sensible advice as Lord Horder gave in a speech last week to the Royal Medical...

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M R. DUFF COOPER naturally wants men for the army, and no one expects him to agree with Bishops who preach pacifism. But some respect is due to prelates by virtue of their...

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By PROFESSOR GUGLIELMO FERRERO " In the countries governed on the representative system, the doctrines which provided the foundations for this regime have been completely...

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Christianity and Communism By the REV. M. C. D'ARCY, S.J., LL.D. [Dr. Joseph Needham, Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, will write in this series next week on "Common...

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By Dr. J. J. MALLON (Warden of Toynbee Hall) O NE might infer from the popular Press that civil war was raging in East London. The inference would be unfounded. On certain open...

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By CYRIL Q. HENRIQUES T HE heat of the word Ecuador calls up visions of a burning sun beating down on a pitiless waste of sand, of vast swamps steaming under a fiery sky, of...

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By the REV. MICHAEL GEDGE P ACIFISTS among the Clergy may get some melan- choly satisfaction from the speech of the Archbishop of Canterbury to the Canterbury Diocesan...

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By G. F. McCLEARY F ROM the shaded deck of the liner I watched John Chinaman at work. It was a sight to provoke thought. Under the fierce tropical sun he ran along a gangway...

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By ROSE MACAULAY art down the ages, should look in at the Jubilee Exhibition of the British School of Archaeology at Athens, and par- ticularly at the Minoan section, to see...

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Commonwealth and Foreign [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,-It is natural, but unfortunate, that the Eastern Cana- dian, and even the British, Press should have come to...

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The Cinema

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"Boy Meets Girl, 1436 "—so the programme heads the story of Romeo mid Juliet, which it tells with some inaccuracy ; but this fourth attempt to screen Shakespeare is not as bad...


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"Antony and Cleopatra." By W. Shakespeare. At the New Tins production of a tragedy not often seen in London Survived only four performances; and I am afraid it deserved most of...

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" V-iens Avec Nous, Petit 1"

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[D'un correspondant parisien] LA session du baccalaureat est close ; une nouvelle armee schoLsire vient de commencer. C'est repoque oh ravenir des enfants revient souvent dans...


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Beethoven and Two Orchestras THE visits of foreign orchestras to London some years ago served to awaken a realisation of the low musical standard of our own. The example of...

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The Valuable Shire It is welcome to receive accumulating evidence that the Shire horse, most quiet, intelligent and powerful of horses, is not - going the way of the carriage...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Thanks be to Mr.

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Strachey for his most illuminating 'exposition of Communism. May I ask two clarifying questions : (1) How would Mr. Strachey differentiate in practice between the ownership and...

[To the -Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Strachey's article in

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your last week's issue gives at least a simple definition of - Communism which is illuminating. State ownership of all means of production (and presumably, of distribution), and...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week"...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Strachey is surely

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inconsistent. He blames me for distinguishing between State Socialism and Communism —which I had to do if I was to handle my prescribed subject intelligently—and then draws the...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR] Sin,—There are some points

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in the letter signed W. A. Powell, Captain, in last week's Spectator, which are not quite clear. The writer speaks of the "Christ of the Gospels," who was always most courteous...

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—After the contributions of

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Dr. Inge and Mr. John Strachey it would be interesting to hear further discussion on the value of labour. Neither writer appears to take account of any other basis for the...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sxn,—Captain Powell's comments on

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Dr. Barker's article on Communism seem to confuse the issues. We shall get no further if the protagonists on one side or the other continue to argue for this or that philosophy...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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have neither the time nor the inclination to pursue Mr. Angus Watson into the maze of loose reasoning and chop logic in which he is seeking cover. Facts, as he says, speak for...

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.]

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Sin,—For a long time I have sought for an authoritative statement of the essential respects in which the position of the Communist differs from that of a Socialist. I assume...


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[7'o the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I think the following extracts from a correspondent in Greece may interest your readers as supporting the extremely interesting article...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—One point from Mr. W. H. Worsnop's last letter on this subject seems to require the counterpoise of a different report. I refer to point...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Watson's article on "Arrests on Suspicion" makes out an irrefutable case for some alteration in our present procedure. If 30 per cent. of the...

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• [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Doubtless Mr. Rees does not mean the references to Lord Carson which he makes in his criticism of the play Oscar Wilde to be interpreted...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Sin—While it is true that the Church of Scotland is no less " established " than the Church of England, as your cor- respondent, Mr. D. E. Auty, states, the relation of the King...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I be permitted to reply to Mr. Auty's letter as I fear that he has not perused the Coronation Service very carefully? Apart from the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The Report of the Board of Control for 1935, just published, quotes with satisfaction the increasing number of voluntary patients, as...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] have been laying myself out to talk to the people who are close to the backbone of every country—the craftsmen, the toilers, the small...

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Might I point out

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to the Rev. D. E. Auty that it is he who fails to recognise the true position of the Church of Scotland in relation to the Coronation of King Edward ? He is willing to put our...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Ts the venerable Spectator becoming an organ of Com- munist propaganda ? In the issue of October 16th, two articles, one by Mr. John...


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[To the Editor of 'THE SPECTATOR.] a,—Under the above caption, in your issue of October 16th, Sir Henry Norman refers to a discussion between Miss Ethel Mannin and Mr. Peter...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your readers may be interested in the following extract from a letter I received this week from an Arab Nationalist friend, dated October...

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Eamon de Valera BOOKS OF THE DAY

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By FRANK PAKENHAM MR. DESMOND RYAN is a literary artist capable at all times of verbal pyrotechnics and not infrequently of moving narra- tive. He conveys without effort an...

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The Significance of William James

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AT first sight the proportions of this work seem somewhat excessive—it runs to more than 1,600 large pages. But on closer acquaintance no one interested in the development of...

Lord Jellicoe

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THE future Admiral of the Fleet Earl Jellicoe joined the Navy as a cadet on July 15th, 1872. He was then twelve years old. Forty-two years later, almost to a month, he found...

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A Stronghold of Democracy

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AT a time when a large part of our daily Press is devoted to -the snortings and bellowings of Fascism and Communism, Mr. Childs's book serves a very useful purpose. It reminds...

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A Critic of Socigism - THIS is a translation of

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the second edition (published in 1932) of Professor Mises' celebrated diatribe Die Gemeinzoirtshaft (first published in 1922). It is certainly a remarkable work. "My book,"...

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Tudors and Stuarts

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The Scotland of Queen Mary and the Religious Wars, 1513- 1638. By Agnes Mure Mackenzie. (Maclehose. 12s. 6d.) BOTH these books are examples of the . tendency which has much...

Some Wisdom with More Style

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Obiter Scripta. By George Santayana. (Constable. 10s. 4.) Tins book consists of a number of lectures, essays and reviews delivered and written by Santayana during the past...

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Vincent. A Life of Vincent van Gogh. By Julius Meier-Graefe,

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Van. Gogh . Trans. by J. Holroyd-Reece.(Michael Joseph. 7s. 6d.) Letters to an ArtiSt. From Vincent van - Gogh to Anton Ilidcler . van RapPeird. Trims: by Rein van Messel....

The Aeolian Harp

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Revaluations. By F. R. Leavis. (Chatto and Windus. 7s. 6d.) De gustibus non est disputandum ; there's no accounting for hobby-horses : 'but the form criticism takes today is...

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Reporting America

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REVERSING the lot of his English contemporary, the American novelist of the last 30 years has had such an immense amount of material to get down on paper quickly before an even...

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- Fiction

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_ By WILLIAM PLOMER , - The Friendly Tree: -Bre. Day Lewie- -(Cape. 7s. 6d.) . Jew 'a By Heney;1C Marks:' (Peter-DaVieZ 7s. 6d) Envy. By Yuri Olypsha. Translated by Anthony...

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By Edmond Demaitre We have recently had several accounts of New Guinea and Papua by Govern- ment officers engaged in the difficult job of exploration and pacification. Now for...

Mr. Healy roughed it because he had to. He is

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annoyed by 'the invariably - dishonest pretence that one is tolerating the inconveniences and indignities of second and third class because one meets nicer people in the...


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(Cresset Press, 7s. 6d.) appeared not long since in serial form in the columns of The Spectator. To define its position in the body of Mr. Wells's work, one might describe it as...

TIBETAN JOURNEY By Mme. Alexandra David-Neel Tibetan Journey (Lane, 12s.

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6d.) is a puzzling book. It begins as abruptly as It ends, and neither dates nor motives are supplied to differentiate the mate- rial it contains from that already chronicled...


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By J. Huizuiga In the Shadow of Tomorrow (Heine- mann, 7s. 6d.) is an essay on our present discontents by a great his- torian, the author of the famous Das Herbst des...

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By Erie Muspratt Mr. Muspratt has not done it again. Perhaps it is unfair to expect a writer to retain the spontaneity and genuine unconventionality of his first careless...

SEVEN By Rom Landau

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Seven (Nicholson and Watson, 10s. 6d.) is the autobiography of the author of God Is My Adventure. He traces the outward events of his life in order to show their spiritual sig-...

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WHETHER the term new is applicable to gny car after

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the end of August is by no means certain. The two cars I have to discuss here were put on the market some months ago, but it is only within the past few weeks that it has been...

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. Are Securities Too High ?

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Finance THE title of this article stands for a question which is being asked on every hand, and I fancy tr.at it is one which is being constantly put to Financial Editors. With...

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Investment and Financial Notes

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NEW CAPITAL ISSUES. THE activity of markets has been fully reflected in the continued demand for new capital issues. The Bristol Cor- poration Loan for £3,000,000 in 3 per...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 213

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BY ZENO. EA prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "Crossword...


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The winner of Crossword No. 212 is Canon Ogle, Christ Church Lodge, Winchester.