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NEWS OF THE WEEK HE ' Pink Star,' sunk between

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Greenland and Iceland when sailing in a convoy escorted by Canadian warships, was an erican-owned vessel under Panama registry. She carried a , as she could not have done if she...

Terror in France

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At a moment when innocent French hostages have been shot by the Germans in reprisal for the murder of a German soldier, and brutal measures of repression are being taken in...

inland is . W.arned - Feeling in this- country in regard to

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Finland is not what it towards Hungary; Ruinanii and other - countries which have own in their: lot - with -.the - NaziS.: We do not forget that e sympathised with Finland. and...

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The Allies and the Charter

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The formal approval of the Atlantic Charter on Wednesday by the Allied Governments at present domiciled in London and by the Government of the Soviet Union is an event of...

Candidates and Wealth

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A question touching the very roots of Parliamentary govern- ment is to come up before the Central Council of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations at...

,FEWER " SPECTATORS " The progressive decrease in the paper-ration--it

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stands at present at 221- per cent. of pre-war consumption, plus a small supplementary allowance in some cases—has faced The Spectator with a choice between still further...

Victory over Influenza ?

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It will be a scientific triumph of far-reaching importance if the Institute of Medical Research in Capetown can make good the claim made on its behalf by Dr. E. H. Cluver that...

The First Phase in Persia

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The abdication of the Shah of Persia, the formation of a new Government of. reform under the new Shah, and the surrender of some hundreds of Germans and Nazi agents appear to...

Subscription 3os. a year to any part of the world.

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Postage on all issue : Foreign ana Imperial rd., Canada ad.

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AR and the threat of war encircles the globe. Curiously enough it is the still technically non- iligerent United States that completes the circle. East- rd her naval patrols...

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I hear that the Polish Government proposes to issue very

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shortly a set of postage-stamps on which will appear pictures of the ruins of Polish cities. They cannot, I imagine, in present circumstances frank letterer but they will have...

I find. it a little difficult to follow Major Dwight

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Whitney, who told the English-Speaking Union on Tuesday that Americans completely misconceived this country, thinking that we were wanting Americans to rescue us from defeat,...

Capt. Margesson's article in the Star on invasion, which The

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Times deprecated and the Sunday Times defended, no doubt falls within the provision that a Cabinet Minister may make a statement for publication, to one paper or many, regarding...

We have never taken much in this country to stringing

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people up on lamp-posts (though we used to do good work with heads on Temple Bar), but there is something to be said for acquiring the habit. Nothing much less is suitable - for...

Two answers, I hope and believe accurate, to questions received.

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Why are E-boats called E-boats? Short, I am assured, for Enemy-boats. Why this type, more than cruisers, or destroyers, or anything else should get that name I don't know, but...

* * * * One reflection on the paper situation—papers

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generally have now been cut down to a basic ration representing 221 per cent. of their pre-war consumption—presents itself. I picked up casually in a railway-carriage the other...


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THE statement that in the first fortnight of this month over 400,000 tons of Axis shipping was destroyed in the Medi- terranean by Allied aircraft and submarines is only seen in...

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By STRATEGICUS F we would understand the tempo, scope and chances of the German plan in the East we cannot do better than dy with some care the battle of Kiev which is now in...

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By CLOUGH WILLIAMS-ELLIS. P LAN, Reconstruct, Reform . . . Yes, of course, but how? Even in the one field of physical reconstruction, of town and country planning, we already...

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By J. R. GLORNEY BOLTON 11WO London newspapers published despatches from I Teheran last week, in which their special correspondents Fa mily praised the Persian news bulletins...

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By ERWIN D. CANHAM By Air Mail A FTER a discouraging summer, during which American opinion seemed in many ways to stand still, it is now possible to write that the nation and...

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By NORMAN BENTWICH A YEAR ago the Government began to correct the unhappy it muddle which was made, after the collapse of France, in its policy towards the refugees from Nazi...

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It may well be that my first judgement was correct

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and that France succumbed, not to any mortal illness, but to an accident which proved almost fatal. It may be that she is only now recovering from shock and only now coming to...

The importance of suspending judgement upon actions and motives regarding

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which calm evidence is not available has been brought home to me by the publication this week by the Belgian Government of an account of- what really happened to Belgium between...

It is a healthy habit to forget when one was

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right and to remember carefully those frequent occasions when one's opinion has been falsified by events. I have been re-reading this week my diary for 1940, and especially...

I can detect four symptoms. First, there was the undue

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reliance upon the Maginot Line, which a young officer who drove me from Lyons to Besancon described as " dangerous and perhaps fatal." Secondly, there was the disgraceful vin-...


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By HAROLD NICOLSON TT would be an interesting and indeed a salutary task to .i. compile an anthology of false judgements. The wise do not readily commit themselves to prophecy,...

The Belgian publication is notable also in that it records

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what is perhaps the most satisfactory snub in diplomatic history. It will be remembered that on October 13th, 1937, the German Ambassador in Brussels. under instructions from...

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a it-rEvutt else the theatre in this country may achieve, it cra inly makes no attempt seriously to reflect or comment upon eat national crises. In this war, as in the last, no...

SEQUEL MozaRT on the wireless when down below the millionaire

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lay dying. That's the air raid. That and the sweat and speed of the first night, white masks and faces in the bright-lit theatre, and the tired faces, masks slipped down, in the...


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This Man Reuter." At Warners. " Man Hunt." At the Odeon. Hold Back the Dawn " and" Waiting for Baby." At the Plaza. HOLLYWOOD presents this week a cosmopolitan collection of h...

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Sul,—" Janus's " timely note on the condition of Liberal

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Party politic will be welcomed by all to whom this is a matter of concern; amongst whom are many who hitherto have owed no allegiance to any political party. The day will surely...


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GERMANS AND HITLER Slit,—Your German correspondent has certainly carried the diagnosis of the German Evil several steps forward. I have little doubt that " Hitlerism to the...

Sia,—The remark in your editorial note " Broadcast to Germany

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" (September 19th) that the German author of an article on a later page of the same issue " adduces depressing evidence of the complete- ness to which all classes of the...


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Slut,—In your last issue Mr. Leonard Stein asserts that " the Liberal Nationals . . . supported rearmament when the Independent Liberals denounced that policy." It is material...

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Rawlinson, in your issue of September 19th, states that there has been a " sensational fall in Congress membership since the peak figures of 1938-9." Indians tell me that the...

should have thought it was one of the attributes of

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Liberalism to be able to sec just how fundamental are the factors making for unity between the two factions of the Liberal Party and to appre- ciate the triviality of the issues...


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SIR,—" Janus's " recent paragraph in which he calls attention to Mr. Rowntree's discussion on random sampling, concluding with the sentence " Broadly speaking, they (the...

Sts,—Liberals view with interest and approval the constructive com- ments

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of " Janus " upon Liberal reunion. The spiteful and ill-advised comments of Miss F. L. Josephy and Mr. Leonard Stein are surprising. Miss Josephy gives her "King Charles' Head "...

Six,—The note by " Janus " about the existence of

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two wings of the Liberal Party in the House of Cominons at a time when both were s upporters of the National Government, has evoked correspondence in your columns. With regard...

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SIR, —How true is the saying that half the world knows not how the other half lives. There is nothing new in using ewe milk. The milk, and the cheese made from it, form the...


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Sm,—Your correspondent " Target " would persuade us that Britain is to blame for the horrors of night-bombing. This is bad enough. It is almost incredible that anyone can be so...

In the Garden Surplus produce still seems to be many

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peoples' problems. Nobody wants the beans, the cabbages and the vegetable marrows they them - selves can't eat. Many people, urged for the first time in their lira to grow more...

Quack Advertisements The quarter's issue of The Countryman is, I

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fancy, slightly better than usual. " Remember the time old Winston joined the Bricklayers' Union? " is the opening sentence of one of those anonymous un- professional...

Leaf - Injection

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But the experiment in leaf-injection seem to me among the most interesting things going on at East Mailing now. " By injecting minerals one or more at a time . . . into a...


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Sm,—The article by your Medical Correspondent, September tzth, on sickness in relation to " absenteeism " in industry deserves wide attention. Probably right attention to health...


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Research There are people who are rude about research-stations ; and th ere are research-stations, I daresay, which would like to be rude about people. In some quarters...

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A Moral Climate Scum of the Earth. By Arthur Koestler. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) ARTHUR KOESTLER, who is a Hungarian, began to make his reputation in this country during the Spanish...

Buried Treasure

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Modern India and the West : A Study of the Interactions of their Civilisations. Edited by L. S. S. O'Malley for Chatham House. (Oxford University Press. 36s.) A PROMINENT Indian...

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The Liverpool Slavers

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The Last Years of the English Slave Trade. Liverpool, 1750- 5807. By Averil Mackenzie-Grieve. (Putnam. 555.) THE English slave trade, like so many of its victims, died a slow...

The Navy's Role British Naval Policy 1880-1905. By Arthur J.

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Marder. (Putnam 31s. 6d.) THIS extensive survey of the processes of British naval policy is a most valuable and informing work. Different as circumstances are today, it...

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Light over Ruby Street. By Edward Harris Heth. (Constable. 8s. 6d.) Light over Ruby Street, which seems to be Mr. Edward Heth's first book, offers something out of the ordinary...

Shorter Notices

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Out of the People. By J. B. Priestley. (Collins in association WI Heinemann. 2S. 6d.) Tins specimen of a new series called " Vigilant books " sets high standard for Mr....

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The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes. By Lt.-Col.

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R. E. Bagnold. (Methuen. 24s.) IT is refreshing to have a soldier at once passionately devoted to the open spaces of the desert and intellectually equipped to investigate...


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By TERENTIUS ONCE again the inherent strength of Markets has been con. vincingly demonstrated. The easier trend of last week wa s followed by something like a break on Monday,...


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ALLIED BAKERIES DISTRIBUTION OF 10 PER CENT. THE sixth annual general meeting of Allied Bakeries, Limited, was held on September 19th, at Winchester House, Old Broad Street,...

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tt THE SPECTATOR " CROSSWORD No. 133 IA p ri ze of

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a Book Token for one guinea u , ,G to given to the sender of the first 'oftect solution of this week's crossword puzzle to-be opened. Envelopes should be , n arked with the...


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C u -ri.o,eq!DIC o ia E H Elu■s■Tialcie A 111 - r 1 , L AT:FRS 'L I ANual5 *Vali A IT A T Nit) L. L 0 '14 1 a 4.o 1.:;1:. 2 E A u o.'se romAc tr4 R 111E11E16n men 174 13 WI...