27 OCTOBER 1944

Page 1


The Spectator

O F the latest war news—the naval battle in the Pacific, the liberation of the 'first few miles of Norwegian soil and the final clearance of Transylvania—the first is...

Distress in Belgium

The Spectator

Belgium is discovering—what every liberated country will experi- ence in greater degree or less—that the evils of German occupation do not end with the occupation itself. The...

The Presic'ential Election

The Spectator

The campaign for the Presidential election in America has now reached the point of utmost intensity, and it is generally believed that the contest will be a close one, and...

Page 2

Mr. Morrison's Socialism

The Spectator

For half a century much of the argument betiveen Socialists and their opponents has been confused by rhetorical and misleading language. What ought to have been expressed in...

The Compensation Controversy

The Spectator

By making a reasonable concession over compensation to the owners of requisitioned property needed for town-planning the Government has secured the safe passage of the Town and...

The German Plan for Eire

The Spectator

It is now proved by enemy documents disFovered near Brussels that Eire's policy of neutrality has jeopardised her independence— the threat coming, of course, from Germany, not...

The Dispersal of Businesses

The Spectator

For the last century and a half the main movement of population in this country has been from the country to the town, and latterly from thc lesser towns into a few great towns,...

Home Truths for Lancashire

The Spectator

However galling to British pride it may be to discover that the Americans have outstripped us through superior efficiency in an industry in which Britain used to lead the world,...

Page 3


The Spectator

WHOUGH the Prime Minister has not yet made his promised I statement about the Moscow Conference, the official com- muniqué and various events which tell their own sufficient...

Page 4

I am glad that Lord Halifax, at the Penn tercentenary

The Spectator

celebration at Philadelphia on Tuesday, went out of his way to refer to Penn's essay on the peace of Europe. It was a singularly interesting coincidence that -the 3ooth...

Some of the risks attending the conduct of newspapers were

The Spectator

emphasised at the Trades Union Congress last week, when Sir Walter Citrine, speaking on a proposal that the T.U.C. should run a weekly paper of its own, said the Congress had...

Government Departments—their ways. Apropos of my reference last week to

The Spectator

the Irishman in the last war who made money by laying mines for the Germans while his brother made money . fishing them up again for the English—just like Government...


The Spectator

I F the Commonwealth Civil Aviation Conference was to be on an official, rather than a Ministerial, level—no doubt there were good reasons for that decision—no better...

It is all very well to reculer pour mieux sauter

The Spectator

and that kind of thing, but why Mr. R. A. Butler, just because the compulsory school age is to be raised to fifteen at some date of which we know only that it will not be till...

Two points—if it is fair to pick minor points out

The Spectator

of an admirable and learned essay—have struck me in Mr. G. M. Young's Romanes Lecture on Mr. Gladstone, which the Oxford Press has recently published at 2s. One is the story...

The Prime Minister's act (or gesture, as the newest journalism

The Spectator

would put it) in going down the floor of the House to greet Sir Wiliam Beveridge and chat with him was, it seems, sufficiently un- usual to cause a minor sensation. There was...

Page 5


The Spectator

By STRATEGICUS I S the threat as effective as the act? Much might be said in answer to that question, now that the wave of the war has washed over so much of the western...

Page 6


The Spectator

By H. D. WALSTON " W E must ensure that after the war this country has a healthy agriculture." In the last year or so we 'have read these words in almost every Agricultural...

Page 7


The Spectator

By J. L. HODSON' ,0 UR heavy bombers were out over Germany again last night." What lies behind this radio voice? This: Scattered about our English counties are small...

Page 8

SARAH BERNHARDT (1844-1923) ,

The Spectator

By SYLVAIN MAYER, K.C.. 1 AM going to write about one of the most remarkable women the world has ever known. Sarah Bernhardt was born in Paris on October 23rd, 1844, and she...

Page 9


The Spectator

mood has come over this country, a mood which A has been variously 'described as cynicism, scepticism and bewilderment. We entered this war as champion of small nations, we...

Page 10

The technique which he adopted would not have been sacessful

The Spectator

had he not been able to bring to it the resources of an acute intelli- gence, a deep human sympathy and a vivid imagination. He realised that his compatriots were at first too...

We have had many stories since then. of the actual

The Spectator

effect upon the French people, and upon the resistance-movement, of the pro- grammes devised and directed by Jacques Duchesne. The members of his team became popular heroes in...

Of all the tributes which I have heard and the

The Spectator

most convincing came to me from a French friend who had spent three years in occupied France and who had then escaped. "It is a curious thing, he said, "but all my life the word...


The Spectator

By HAROLD NICOLSON O N Sunday night "Jacques Duchesne "—a nom de guerre which has hitherto masked the identity of the famous actor and pro- ducer Michel St. Denis—said farewell...

It is interesting, on looking back, to note the subtle

The Spectator

gradations through which the transmissions in French from London passed from comfort, through exhortation, to the final call to arms. Already on June 4, 194o, a Frenchman who...

Page 11


The Spectator

Film Societies A MOST unimpressive week for new films provides an opportunity to cast a relieved glance at the efforts of those specialised bodies Whose main and self-imposed...


The Spectator

REcurr new recordings include Mozart's early symphony No 32 in G played by the B.B.C. Symphony Orchestra under Sir Adrian Boult (H.M.V. DB 6172), also Beethoven's Trio No. 4 in...


The Spectator

Hamlet," "Love for Love" and "The Circle " At the Hay- ' market.—" The Breadwinner." At the Arts. WITHIN the last year London has seen three productions of Hamlet —Mr. Donald...

Page 12


The Spectator

AFRICANS IN INDIA SIR,—The presence of a large West African Expeditionary Force in India and the part played by West African troops in the operations in Burma is not unkrlown...


The Spectator

Sta,—The United Nations are increasingly focusing ' their attention on post-war problems of reconstruction and security: in these Britain is fully prepared to play her part. But...

Page 13


The Spectator

siR,—It is remarkable that the article, "Renewal Through Leisure," appearing in your issue of October 8th, has caused no comment in your correspondence columns. Surely the...


The Spectator

Sts,—There is always the danger that theoretical proposals for the State control of industry may come in practice tn mean the -control by industry of the State, and in fact may....

ANOTHER SIDE OF NIETZSCHE SIR, —Mr. Wiener in his eulogy of

The Spectator

"The Real Nietzsche" wonders how much he has been read and you, yourself (Janus), flirt rather surprisingly with the German philosopher. Nearly 'thirty years have passed since...

Page 14

COUNTRY Lift SOME personal experience, and evidence from a number

The Spectator

of unvisited places, leads me to the happy belief that the native red squirrel is resumini its range. It is certainly found in good numbers in many districts a' the West...


The Spectator

SIR,—No enquiry has ever established to what extent N.H.I. certificates represent facts or to what extent treatment prescribed is carried out, yet it is on this imponderable...

In My Garden Corn-in-the-cob--a most delectable and satisfying vegetable—has been

The Spectator

grown more widely than ever before in English gardens. Generally it has made good solid heads; but experience has once again proved that the right varieties must be grown:...

The Best Apples

The Spectator

We are all interested in the apple, the best of all fruits for general use. Much has been discovered recently about its little ways, especially with regard to congenial...


The Spectator

StR,—Without myself taking any part in the controversy, may I suggest that those who are inclined to take the matter in dispute seriously should in fairness read the article...

Parks in War - time The absence of labour available for such

The Spectator

purely aesthetic work is doubtless the reason for the growth of weeds . in the London and other parks ; but it is surprising to see alongside the spacious beds of snap- dragons,...


The Spectator

SIR,—While agreeing that many of our railway stations need bringing up to date apart from the ravages of war, I am amazed that no one in discussing their design or appearance...

Page 16


The Spectator

Mr. Sumner We.les and the World The Time kr Decision. By Sumner Welles. (Hamish Hamilton. 15s.) FEW men can write on world affairs with more authority than Mr. Sumner Welles....

The Eirean Dictator

The Spectator

Eamon de Valera. By M. J. MacManus. (Victor Gollancz. 8s. 6d.) This is the sixth biography of Mr. de Valera which has been published in twenty-two years. It seems that their...

Page 18

China in Flash-backs

The Spectator

MR. ABEND sailed for China, as he tells us in his opening pages, on what newspaper men in the States call a space-rate shoestring. He was to send articles by mail to about a...

Man and Society

The Spectator

The Rights of Man and Natural Law. By Jacques Maritain. (The Centenary Press. 5s.) IN this short essay M. Maritain attempts to set out the rights of the individual and the...

Page 20

The Story of British Airmen

The Spectator

Britain In the Air. By Nigel Tangye. (Collins. 4s. 6d - .) IN this book the pictures are the thing—which is not to say that Wing Commander Tangye's script is not fully capable...


The Spectator

THOSE for whom the famous name of Mr. Lion Feuchtwanger means memories of such enormous, florid works as 7ew Siiss and The Ugly Duchess may be surprised,, and even somewhat...

Page 21


The Spectator

ACROSS . Something superlative in the hold. (10.) 6. ,A literary piece of cheese. (4) to. Fruity sauri2n. (9.) 1. " To what green - 0 mysterious priest, Lead ' st thou that...


The Spectator

Crossword No. Road, S.W. 19. NOVEMBER 10th 292 is S. C. PHILLIPS, 88 Mostyn

Page 22

Shorter Notices

The Spectator

The Tiger Kills. (H.M. Stationery Office. 2s.) LT.-COL. W. G. HINGSTON, who wrote The Tiger Strikes, and Lt.-Col. G. R. Steevens, are jointly responsible for this book which •...


The Spectator

By CUSTOS AurHoirox there is little sign or likelihood of any real expansion of turnover in the stock markets, the fact that prices hold steady is reliable proof of a strong...

Sex Education : A Guide for Parents, Teachers and Youth

The Spectator

Leaders. By Cyril Bibby. (Macmillan. 7s. 6d.) THIS is an extremely sensible, honest and enlightened book, and it should prove invaluable to all those for whom if is intended, as...