28 DECEMBER 1867

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T HE week has been full of Fenianism. Government and the police appear to be in the constant receipt of letters, some authentic, some fieititious, describing Fenian plots, or...

On Ireland Mr. Bright spoke with warmth and with a

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trace of dismay. In Ireland, he said, Tory principles had had their com- pletest victory. "They have had an Established Church to their hearts' content; they have usurped the...

The Italian Ministry has been overthrown. On the 22nd December

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S. Bonfardini proposed a resolution expressing con- fidence in the Ministry, affirming the right of Italy to Rome, but rejecting "illegal means" of attaining it. This...

S. Rattazzi made three speeches during the debate, in one

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of which he said openly that he knew he had risked a war with France, but thought the risk less than thoie present in the interior. He believed M. Rouher's " never " did not...

Sir Robert Napier quitted Bombay for Annesley Bay on the

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evening of December 21, and would probably arrive about New Year's Day. The accounts of the expedition are so far satisfac- tory, but bitter complaints are made of want of...

Mr. Bright made a_powerful speech to his Rochdale neighbours on

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Monday, on the text furnished him by the return of Mr. Jacob Bright, "my—shall I say fortunate or unfortunate ?—brother,"-- for Manchester. We have discussed elsewhere his...

The Publisher of the SPECTATOR will feel obliged by Advertisements

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intended for the Current Number being sent in as early in Me week as possible. It is impossible to guarantee the insertion of Advertisements sent in after noon on Friday.

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Mr. Grant Duff delivered one of his brilliant surveys of

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European affairs to his constituents on Thursday week, at Peterhead, which for some unaccountable reason has been almost suppressed in the Times and other leading journals....

The examinations of the Fenians Desmond, English, Mullaney, and O'Keefe

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for blowing up the Clerkenwell House of Detention have not Yet been very satisfactory. -Vaughan, a deserter from H.M.'s 58th Regiment and a Fenian, is the principal witness...

Lord Cairns has been chosen to the Chancellorship of the

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University of Dublin, an office vacant by the death of the astronomer Lord Rosse, with only one dissentient vote. It is a good enough choice. No Oxford or Cambridge Conservative...

The Corps Legislatif has been principally occupied with the Army

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Reorganization Bill, which is extremely disliked, but which, it is said, will pass. Marshal Niel says plainly that its object is to raise the regular French Army to 750,000 men,...

Mr. IVason's great libel snit against the Times has terminated

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in a formal decision by the Chief Justice that a faithful report of a Parliamentary speech is a privileged publication. As no Member can be proceeded against for anything said...

M. Deak has succeeded in carrying the most difficult point

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in the compromise between Austria and Hungary. This was the Hungarian guarantee for part of the Austrian debt. The Hun- garians say they are not liable, the Government say they...

Mr. Cave, the Vice-President of the BJard of Education, pre-

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sided yesterday week at the distribution of the prizes to the Liverpool College, and made a good speech on the opposite ideals of middle-class education, holding the balance, in...

The Pope, in his Allocution of the 20th inst., took

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care to bring out,—as, indeed, he generally does,—that the sorrows of Italy were his "consolations in tribulation," and that Italy's joys are his own griefs. For the rest,...

We publish elsewhere an account of the curious intrigue which

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has been going on for some months between Russia and France. It is based upon information upon which we have been accustomed to rely, and completely confirms our own view, that...

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The Directors of the Midland Railwayintend to call an immediate

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meeting of shareholders to explain their demand for 5,000,000/., and Mr. E. Baines writes in the Times a good letter about them. He was for years a member of the audit...

Hippophagy seems going up in the world, and we should

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not be surprised if there were persons who insist, next Christmas, on having Christmas horse or Christmas pony instead of Christmas beef. A man writes to the Times to say he...

The London Tailors' Executive Committee have determined to work the

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Act passed last Session to regulate the labour of women and children in this and other trades. Under the Act it is for- bidden to employ any child under eight in a handicraft,...

The kangaroos are so multiplying in the neighbourhood of Geelong,

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that great battues have been recently organized, in three of which alone 4,000 kangaroos were captured and knocked on the head. The plan is to set up great stockades too high...

It appears from some official statistics that there are 601,634

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persons in England and Wales born in Ireland, of whom 298,729 are males, against 9,677,530 Englishmen. The Irish immigration is at the rate of about 18,000 persons a year....

The Hungarian Diet has passed a Bill emancipating the Jews

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by a vote of 64 to 4, a decision which, there as elsewhere, will add great strength to the Liberal party. Russia is now the only first-class power which imposes disabilities on...

A much wanted experiment is being tried in Whitechapel. Mr.

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M , Call, manufacturer of preserved provisions, and a small limited company, have erected there a building, 80 feet by 60 feet, to be used as a retail "market." The shops are on...

Yesterday and on Friday week the leading Foreign Bonds left

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off at the annexed quotations :— Friday, Doc. 20. Friday, Deo. 27. Mexican 15/ ... 151 • Spanish Passives 251 ... 25/ Do. New — 351 Turkish 6 per Cents., 1858 ......

Owing to the holidays, very little business has been transacted

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in National Stocks. Consols for money have been done at 921 1; and for the account, 921 ; Reduced and New Three per Cents. have been 9211; India Five per Cents., 1111 1 ;...

Yesterday and on Friday week the leading British Railways left

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off at the annexed quotations :— Great Eastern... Great Northern Great Western Lancashire and Yorkshire London and Brighton ... London and North-Western London and...

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A PERPETUAL SETTLEMENT FOR IRELAND. T HE Tinzes is in great wrath with Mr. Hughes for ven- turing to suggest that the Permanent Settlement estab- lished seventy years ago in...

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AI R. BRIGHT is almost always too hard on the Tories. In the brilliant, and, in point of style, perfectly classical, expression of commiseration for that party, pronounced at...

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TBE Committees of the recent Episcopal Conference have been instructed to digest an elaborate and able plan for encouraging schism on a large scale in the Colonial branches of...

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FRANCE AND RUSSIA. L AST Tuesday's Times has a remarkable letter

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from its Berlin correspondent, with a long extract from a highly significant article in the official Russian newspaper, the In- valide, on certain overtures made by France to...

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KNOWLEDGE AND CRIME. T HE Bishop of Tennessee gave an address

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recently before a meeting convened by the National Society on Secular Education in the United States of America. Though there was nothing new in the facts he produced, and...

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rpo most Englishmen the great puzzle of the Italian 1._ situation is the patent weakness of Italy. How does it happen that a country so great should be compelled to pursue a...

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/V ER. GLADSTONE has contributed to the January number 1 of Good Words the first part of a curiously delicate essay on the method pursued in " Ecce Homo," the fine and...

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T HE splendid ceremonial of the 12th November in Lucknow, and the outdoor procession of the 9th, in which Sir John Lawrence, sitting as Viceroy beneath the room in which his...

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SIR,—In a letter of "H. F.'s," and in a clear and thoughtful article on " Dogma," contained in your last issue, two objections are raised to the programme of the Free...

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TILE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The reviewer of the Life of Sir Philip Francis in your late number repeats a correction of Lord Macaulay by the writer on the same subject in Fraser,...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Will you permit an amateur to make a few remarks on your review of the 16th November on this interesting subject, and on some of the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your note on the Apothecaries' Hall reminds me of a con- versation in which I took part a few evenings since, when I was led to make...


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[To TILE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Suppose a union to be formed for the promotion of water- drinking, resting on the acceptance of the proposition, "It is good to...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Will you kindly permit me to disown Mr. Murphy's defi- nition of our Tenant Right ? When I took my present farm, the agent, having...


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NAUTICAL LANGUAGE.* THE friends of the working-man, while bristling with anxiety to vindicate his political claims, have been less eager to register his titles to intellectual...

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THE only fault of this amusing little book, which is not only good in itself, but admirably illustrated by the author, is the Mrs. Markhamy shape,—if we may be allowed to coin...

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very much in this extremely valuable book to our direct knowledge of the French Revolution. He describes the economic causes of that great movement, the physical misery of the...

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Tam subject of this memoir was probably scarcely more widely known in England than any other private man of the middle class -of average abilities and strongly defined...

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A HERO'S WORK.* THE interest of A Hero's Work consists

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in the skill with which two or three strong contrasts are worked out in a tale of still life. The hero, Archibald Dundas, is of the military type, "firmly though slightly...

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PIERRE DE LANGTOFT'S CHRONICLE.* THE great series of Chronicles and

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Memorials of Great Britain and Ireland during the Middle Ages, published under the direction of the Master of the Rolls, increases steadily year by year, and shows no indication...

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Studies, Biographical and Literary. By George Ross, M.D. (Simpkin, Marshall,

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and Co.)—In this small volume Dr. Ross treads familiar ground, but with a buoyant and vigorous step. The Studies consist of an essay upon Shakespeare, and of two papers...

The White Cockade. By Ames Grant. (Routledge.)—A brisk. dashing, and

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animated novel, if the reader has the knack of skipping the parts which do not answer to this definition. But there is a good deal to be skipped, and what remains is not marked...


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Lffi and Letters of John Keats. By Lord Houghton. New Edition. (Moxon.)—This new and attractive edition of Lord Houghton's Life of Keats is published in one volume, which is...

The Young Nile Voyagers. By Anne Bowman. (Routledge.)—Pic- tures of

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giraffes, hytenas, camels, savages, the lion, and the hippopota- mus will make boys turn eagerly to the accompanying letterpress, and insist on grown-up people reading it aloud....

The Arts of Writing, Reading, and Speaking. Letters to a

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Law Student. By Edward W. Cox. Second Edition. (Horace Cox : )—In answer to the tradition of Shakespeare's inferiority as an actor, it has been argued that the author of the...

Conrade Verner ; or, the Hill of Difficulty. By Martha

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Lee. (Houlston and Wright.)—A modest preface prepares us for the imperfections of this story, and we lay it down with a feeling that Miss Loo has some talents which are yet...

A Very Simple Story ; being the Chronicle of the

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Thoughts and Feelings of a Child. By Florence Montgomery. (Bentley.)—We cannot trust ourselves - to speak of this littlo book ; its pathos is so overpowering. If we wore to...

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Egypt and the Nile. By John Patterson, M.D. (Churchill.)—The object

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of Dr. Patterson's little book is to supply English doctors with trustworthy information as to the climate of Egypt and the Nile, in order that they may know when their patients...

Working Men's Sodal Clubs and Educational Institutes. By Henry Sally.

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(Working Men's Club and Institute Office, 150 Strand.)—Tho writer of this book was for some time Secretary of the Union of which he is now the historian. We commend his book...

Pompeii: its History, Buildings, and Antiquities. Edited by Thomas 1

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II. Dyer, LL.D. (Bell and Daldy.)—This is a reprint of an old book brought down to the present date, and generally improved and embel- lished. As it stands it is an admirable...