2 OCTOBER 1886

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General Kanlbars, the agent selected to represent the Russian Government

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in Bulgaria, has succeeded in fixing the attention of Europe. Before be entered Sofia, he delivered a bitter speech against the Government ; and after his entry, lost no time in...

V The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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In this extraordinary placard, General Kaulbars affirms that he has

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twelve points to make :-1. The Czar has in view only the welfare of Bulgaria, and hopes that Bulgarians will turn with full confidence to him. 2. The time for words is, however,...


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T HE dreary Session, the second Session of 1886, dribbled to an end on Saturday. There were the usual number of futile questions, Mr. Lawson being in particular anxious that the...

The newspapers of Berlin and Vienna are fighting furiously. The

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Viennese complaint is that Germany wishes to gain all from the alliance and give nothing in return, and the Berlin retort is that Austrian and Hungarian journalists are...

A fall of a half per cent. on all the

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European Bourses was produced on Thursday by the leceipt of Herr Tisza's speech to the Hungarian Parliament. For once the Bourses were pro- bably right, the speech, though...


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It is our intention occasionally to issue gratis with the " SPECTATOR" SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENTS, the outside pages of which will be devoted to Advertisements. The Eighteenth...

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The week has been full of rumours about Egypt, the

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general drift of which is this. The Sultan is being pressed by Russia and France to demand from England the evacuation of Egypt. Each Power is, in addition, worrying in Cairo,...

It is said to be understood in Paris that a

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second and con- siderable expedition will be despatched to Madagascar. When the Treaty was signed at Tamatave, the French Plenipotentiary agreed to an appendix which explained...

The mission of Sir Redvers Buller to the South of

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Ireland is already producing fruit. He has found the organisation of the police, both for preventive and detective purposes, extremely defective, and has rearranged it. This, in...

On foreign and colonial policy, M. de Freycinet took a

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lofty tone. " France desires peace ; she is resolutely and frankly debsrmined to have it ; but she will only have a peace which mete no loss of her dignity, and which entails no...

M. Tisza denied that any noteworthy change hadoccurred in the

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alliance-relations of the Austrian Empire, more especially with Germany, adding," For this very reason we have no doubt that, having regard to the mutual conditions necessary...

M. de Freycinet on Tuesday delivered a speech at Toulouse

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considered to have a certain importance. It was, though vague, both able and eloquent, and was received with extreme applause. As regards internal affairs, the Premier admitted...

Mr. Parnell has issued an appeal to Irish-Americans for funds

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with which to resist " the social war " which, he says, the rich Government of England has declared against the people of Ireland. The appeal is marked by an arti- ficial...

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We have always said that the success of the Salvation

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Army organisation, so far as it has been a success, was due to the implicit obedience which "General " Booth demands from all his followers. Discipline is always effective, and...

It is a specialty of sanitary reformers, who are among

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the most useful of the many intellectual nuisances in the world, to be deficient in the quality of humour. One of them, some years ago, recommended that a man's dead relatives...

One would have thought it impossible that there should be

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an unprecedented accident; but it is said that the catastrophe on Loch Fyne, by which seven persons lost their lives on Saturday, had never occurred before. It has been the...

Mr. Henniker Heaton, M.P., has addressed to the Postmaster- General

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a letter in favour of an ocean penny postage between England and her Colonies, which seems to us unanswerable. He shows that the average cost of transmitting a letter as freight...

Lord Rosebery, who has been very silent of late, delivered

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a speech on Friday, September 24th, at Linlithgow, on the main thesis of which we have said enough elsewhere. Like some ancient economists, he looks upon London as a kind of...

Next to the withdrawal of small gold from European coinage,

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the best suggestion we have seen for saving gold and increasing the utility of silver is to tax the import of gold into India. Its principal use there is for hoarding, gold not...

The dislike of capitalists must extend far in Paris. Three

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Socialists were tried there on Monday for using incendiary language at a public meeting on June 3rd. They were accused of telling the audience that capitalists must be shot, and...

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A REPORT is spreading, diligently fostered by the Russian Government, that there is to be no war for some time. On the one side, the Russian Staff is not ready, there is a Tory...


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THE LIBERAL DANGER. T HERE is danger, as we believe serious danger, that the Gladstonian Liberals, in their new and strange temper, may inflict a heavy blow upon the permanent...

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I N reviewing the results of the Session that has just closed, the Liberal Unionists have good cause to feel at ease about the durability and success of their alliance with the...

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A NY one who is interested in Irish politics, but doubts the urgency, the overpowering urgency, of the agrarian question, has only to read the letter addressed by Mr.. Parnell...

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W E do not wonder that the citizens of Linlithgow were on Friday week delighted with Lord Rosebery. Nothing tickles an audience like a clever apology for the secret grudges of...

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T HE telegrams from Madrid show that already public opinion in Spain is declaring in favour of an amnesty for the men who planned and carried out the revolt of September 19th....

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B LUE-BOOKS, like divine philosophy, are not always harsh and crabbed, as dull people suppose, but often contain a great deal of amusement as well as interest. This is eminently...

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A CONDENSED report of a s ermon is usually a bad report, worse even than the condensed report of a political speech. The reporter is seldom equally trained for his work ; he...

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N OTHING is more natural or more common than to see sympathy asked for and bestowed upon the clerk who works hard with his pen for forty years, and yet never earns more than a...

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Rugby, Tennessee, September 11th, 1886. I CAN scarcely remember the time when I was not curious to know more about, and of course, if the chance ever offered, to be present at,...

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SUBMARINE BOATS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTLIOR."1 think the writer of your article on "Two Electric- Boats," which appeared in your issue of September 18th, has done...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "13PECTATOR."J must get out of this Ripon business as soon as I can, and the Dean's letter in itself calls for no answer. It is im- portant only in this...

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SIR,—Professor Freeman asks Canon McColl when and how Ripon became a "city." Is not the answer this P — At the date of, and by means of, the establishment of the Bishopric. I...


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SIR,—Whatever charter may have been granted to the burgesses of Ripon in 886 (if any), it would not be a charter of municipal incorporation. No charter of municipal...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,-The assailant of my pamphlet incorrectly represents me as saying without qualification that the condition of the tabourer has grown...


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THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Sia,-Most geologists will agree with your strictures on Sir J. W. Dawson's reconciliation hypothesis in your article on ." Fossil Man ;" but many of them...

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[To ?RR EDITOR OP TEE " SPECTATOR.") S1E, — If the sea-gull is skinned before it is cooked, it is by no means bad eating. The fishy taste appears to be confined to the layer of...


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THE LIFE OF THE DUKE OF NEWCASTLE.* LOVERS of English literature will thank Mr. Nimmo for this fine reprint in one volume of two celebrated books. Yet these books are more...


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[To TILE EDITOR 01 TEE "SPECTATOR." J Slit,-0 wing to your kindness in inserting the appeal on behalf of the Literature Distribution Branch of the Kyrle Society, we have been in...


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THE SECRET OF THE SEA.—SONNET. WHAT is your woe, or who hath done you wrong, Sorrowful surges wailing up the shore ? "No hope !" ye cry, " Too late ! 0, nevermore !"- A chill...

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Ms.. NORRIS is an exceedingly clever writer, and My Friend Jim is an exceptionally clever book, even for him. But the first duty of criticism iu respect of it is to give a word...

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THE " PARADIS•E " OF DANTE.• As Mr. Butler's ambition

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does not soar higher than the produc- tion of a good " crib " to Dante, we may dispense with any minute criticisms on his excellent prose version of the Paradiso. His task was...

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IT is not often the privilege of an author to rewrite a book after an interval of nearly forty years, nor to consider his results anew after a time of prolonged investigation by...

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A SEA-PAINTER'S LOG.* No happily-constituted person, gifted with the capacity

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for real dawdling that is so rare, combined with the faculty of observa- tion, need desire a better companion for a leisurely holiday than Mr. Leslie's delightfully desultory,...

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SIR HERBERT EDWARDES. 0 Tux important services, political and military, rendered

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to his country by this distinguished officer are well worthy of per- manent record, connected as they were with a very eventful period of the history of our Indian Empire ; and...

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THE heroine of this touching and clever story is one of the class of human beings of whom we say they have had "no chance." We all know people who belong to that class, and we...

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POETRY.—.41il i±!s : a Dimmatic Poem. By J. C. Heywood. (Megan Paul, Trench, and Co.)—Mr. Heywood, who has already found a subject in " Herodias," gives us here what may be...

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We have received another volume of the Gentleman's Magazine Library,

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edited by George Laurence Gomme (Elliot Stock). This volume is the second and concluding part of the subject " Archae- ology," containing, we may remind our readers, a...

The Industrial Situation and the Question of Wages : a

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Study in Social Physiology. By J. Schoenhof. (G. P. Putnam's Sons, London and New York.)—This book, one of the " Questions of the Day" series, is mainly concerned with American...

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Fresh-Water Fishes of Europe. By H. G. Seeley. (Cassell and

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Co.) —Messrs. Cassell make in this volume an interesting and valuable addition to the series of works on natural history published by them. British fishes are pretty well known...

An interesting little volume, showing how much good work is

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being done in an unpretending way, is The Directory of Girls' Societies, Clubs, and Unions. By S. F. A. Caulfield. (Griffiths, Ferran, and Co.)—One may smile at " Early-Rising"...

The seventeenth volume of the Proceedings of the Royal Colonial

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Institute (Sampson Low and Co.) contains, as usual, interesting papers and discussions ; among them, Sir George F. Bowen on " The Federation of the British Empire," Mr. F. B....