3 APRIL 1920

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It is not too late, though it is almost too

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late. The wonder is that the Irish police have not broken completely under the strain. What those who set out to suppress crime in Ireland have to contend with may be deduced...

was a Circle Meeting of the Irish Republican Brotherhood at

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Cork attended by the Lord Mayor, Mr. Thomas MacCurtain, and other prominent persons. At this meeting several members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood were expelled lied from...


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I F the appointment of Sir Nevil Macready to command the troops in Ireland means that the soldiers are at last to be used adequately to reinforce the police and protect innocent...

An Irish correspondent sends us a copy of a letter

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written to the newspapers by Dr. Cohalan, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Cork. At the end of his letter Dr. Cohalan says :— " The question is this—Should the Bishops tell the...

Perhaps our readers have forgotten the circumstances in which Dr.

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Cohalan was appointed to his present position. We will therefore remind them. When the late Bishop of Cork died in the summer of 1916 Dr. Cohalan was the assistant Bishop. Count...

Mr. Macpherson, the Chief Secretary for Ireland, moved the second

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reading of the Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons on Monday. He recalled Mr. Asquith's pledge in 1914 that the Home Rule Act of that year should not be enforced until...

*** The Editor cannot accept responsibility for any articles or

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letters submitted to him, but when stamped and addressed envelopes are sent he will do his best to return contributions in case of rejection.

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Mr. Clynes moved the rejection of the Bill because he

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thought tat it would fail. Two Parliaments were. no substitute for the one Parliament that Ireland claimed. No one wished to coerce Ulster, but Ulster ought to conform to the...

The Danish Ministry headed by Dr. Zahle was dismissed by

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the King on Monday because it had ceased to command a majority in Parliament. Dr. Zahle, who is a Radice: Socialist, had held office for nearly seven years. He excited much...

Lord Robert Cecil reminded Mr. Clynes that Protestant Ulster was

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just as much entitled to " self-determination " as Nationalist Ireland. He said that we should gain the respect of America only by doing what we thought right in Ireland. Our...

Mr. Boner Law, who followed Mr. Asquith, expressed regret which

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will be widely shared, at the tone of his speech. He reminded Mr. Asquith that Ireland was no less disorderly under his Ministry in 1916 than now. Mr. Asquith himself had pro-...

Germany has had another restless week, but the fever is

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abating and the patient seems on the road to recovery. Herr Bauer, after reconstructing his Ministry, had to resign in deference to Labour protests, and was succeeded on Friday...

The battleground of the National Liberal Club was the scene

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of another display of arms on Friday week, when Mr. Lloyd George addressed his Liberal supporters and replied to the criticisms of Mr. Asquith and the Labour Party. He said that...

Mr. Asquith resumed the debate on Tuesday. The refusal of

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the Irish Nationalists to help in the enforcement of the law against murder and outrage showed, he said, that Ireland was not well governed. The existence of crime was no...

In regard to Mesopotamia, Mr. Lloyd George dissented from Mr.

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Asquith's suggestion that we should confine our occupation to the vilayet of Basra, on the Lower Tigris. He said that the Government would claim the mandate for Mesopotamia as a...

The Prime Minister made an important speech concerning Turkey and

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Central Europe in the House of Commons on Thurs- day week in reply to Mr. Asquith. The Turkish Treaty had been delayed because the Allies had had reason to hope that America...

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There was a lamentable scene at a meeting of Local

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Educa- tional Authorities, managers, and teachers at the Kingsway Hall last Saturday, when Sir Cyril Cobb, Chairman of the Education Committee of the London County Council, was...

Last Saturday was an unforgettable day in the history of

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sport. Oxford won the sports, rather contrary to expectation, and their success was finally -due to the amazing efforts of Mr. Rudd. His taking part in the long jump, although...

By the admission of Sir Edwin Lutyens to its brotherhood,

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the Royal Academy has certainly honoured itself no less than that distinguished architect. Whether we now have amongst 118 a writer or a musician of the highest order we are...

The first two changes would bring non-provided elementary schools more

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closely into line with the provided schools. We make no objection whatever to that, but the proposal to introduce denominational instruction into provided schools is quite...

The Miners' Federation, being sharply divided between the moderates and

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the extremists, decided on Monday to take a ballot of the miners, who are asked to vote by April 14th either for the acceptance of the Government offer, or for a strike to...

Negotiations between the Miners' Federation and the Govern- ment were

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continued last week, despite the efforts of the more violent delegates to precipitate a strike. On Thursday week the Prime Minister proposed an increase of 20 per cent. in...

Mr. Lloyd George's speech—though this may not appea from the

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very brief summary which we have been able to give— was a modification of his former attack on the Labour Party. He spoke of the number of manual workers who were supporting the...

Unless teachers are well paid their ranks will not be

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filled by the best types of men and women. The teaching profession in the elementary schools must be made much more attractive, just as the position of schoolmasters in the...

The speech which Mr. Fisher did not ‘deliver was supplied ,

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to the papers on Monday. From it we learn that Mr. Fisher, though he avowedly speaks only for himself, has rather a startling proposal to make. He suggests a revision of the...

Bank rate, 6 per cent.,changed from 5 per cent. Nov.

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6, 1919. 5 per cent. War Loan was on Wednesday, 88k; Thursday week. 87k; a year ago, 95.

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IRELAND AND UNREALITY. A N inquisitive political philosopher would find it a fruitful but depressing task to catalogue the long list of unrealities in argument and assertion...

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DIVORCE LAW REFORM. D IVORCE is a subject which one feels

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inclined to approach on one's knees. There is no more grave or delicate problem in the whole range of sccial theory and practice. The welfare, the security, and the future of...

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P ERHAPS every journalist has at some time or another been struck by the eeriness of his profession. Ever since he was a " free-lance " and dangled his manuscripts like a fly...

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PEPROUGH the courtesy of Messrs. Alban Richards 1. and Co. we are able to publish the results of certain very instructive tests that have been carried out on Flee during the...

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W HAT would have happened to Western mankind had there been no Christianity ? Nobody now contends that the Christian faith is universal in Christendom. If we say that it is...

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take many forms. One thinks of it most naturally as the last resource of the long hours of sleeplessness, when one lies awake counting for counting's sake, gratefully welcoming...

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ET0 IRE EDITOR Or r" SPECTATOR "3 Sra,—A good deal of sympathy is felt in the City with the many holders of Government war stocks and bonds by reason of the very heavy fall...

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[Letters of the length of one of our leading paragraphs are often more read, and therefore more effective, than those which fill treble the space.] • TILE GOVERNMENT OF...


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(To TRII EDITOR OF TER " SPECT•TOR."] Sin,—Some of your readers would perhaps be surprised to learn how strongly the Sinn Fein movement has laid hold of the Roman Catholic...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."J SIR,—Since writing you last under this heading I have had the opportunity of hearing the Ulster delegation both in Pitts- burgh and Boston,...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR29 SIR,—One of the recommendations made by the Supreme Council on March 8th with a view to the amelioration of the present economic difficulties...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."3 SilL,—Of late years it has been the fashion amongst emanci- pated modern critics to deride Mrs. Humphry Ward's novels for their seriousness...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Stn,—Lord Aberdeen's Plumage Bill, promoted by the "Plumage Bill Group," passed all its stages successfully and without a division last week...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.' 'I SIR,—I am venturing, as the originator of this controversy (ot rather of the discussion, for the subsequent writers have only confirmed...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."J SIR,—May I say that there is no Montenegrin mystery? Some of the troubles of that little country are due to the fact that t he Belgrade...


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[To 711E EDITOR OF l'HE " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—My attention has just been called to your issue of March 20th, in which you say that the result of the voting in my old country,...

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[TO TRX EDITOR Or THE " SPECTATOR.") St,—I read with great interest the excellent artiole on the Czech Sokoto in your issue of February 28th, and I would like to inform your...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sie,—Mr. Lloyd George's fulminations against Socialist prolate ganda emanate rather oddly from one who has done more than any other British...


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(To Ins Barrett or esra " Seemsroa.") Ste,—Your columns, whether editorial or of correspondence, contain more than one finds elsewhere of common-sense such as is needed more...

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THE NEW ARRANGEMENT OF THE NATIONAL GALLERY. GERMAN civilization, which appears to consist principally in the art of throwing bombs on undefended places, has had the unexpected...


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suggest that the hour is opportune for the various bodies and persons interested in the development of Anglo- Chinese relations to co-operate with the view to obtaining from the...


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"SPECTATOR."] SIR, — May I point out, as a postscript to Lady Frederick Cavendish's interesting recollections, that the illustration to which she refers was by Leech; and that a...


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LAWRNA BEACH. STARLIGHT and the murmuring sea . And one low wave of memory welling Higher lifts and slowly swelling Trembles in obscurity, Hangs and halts and falls asunder...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sia,—The task of writing my father's biography has been undertaken by Mr. J. L. Garvin. May I ask you to call the attention of your readers...

NOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signal with the writer's name

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or initial, or with a pseudonym, or are marked" Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

ght YOpertator

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Including postage to any part of the Yearly. United Kingdom .. £2 1 2 OVERSEAS POSTAGE. Including postage to any of t he British Dominions and Colonies...

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THE TRUTH ABOUT THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE.* A nowt of extraordinary interest has lately been published in Vienna, and is now made available to English readers by Pro- fessor Coolidge,...

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Aratittse Sonzze, who commanded the German Fleet at Jutland and who was Chief of the German Naval Staff in the last few months of the war, has written an interesting book on his...

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PROSODY AND SHAKESPEARE.* WE have noticed recently in these columns

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a small book called The Measures of Me Poets, by Mr. Bayfield, which attempted to provide a scientific system of prosody for students of English verso. Mr. Bayfield has now...

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SIR GEORGE ASTON'S RECOLLECTIONS.* WORDSWORTH might have modified his sonnet

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on the retired Marine officer if he had read Sir George Aston's fascinating book. Here is no "tired Ship-soldier" who "in disgust turned from the neighbouring sea To shun the...

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"there is nothing more amusing than to read the works

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of the tourists of the past. . . . I like those old books . . . because they reveal the mental attitude of our forefathers. . . When by chance we read in them some impression...


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and so admirable a book on a modern architect has appeared in this country is a matter for congratu- lation to the author, the publishers, and the architecturid pro- fession....

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THE HOUSE OF BALTAZA R.* Mn. LOCKE has given us an ingenious and amusing story, but gratitude for this gift cannot prevent even an indolent reviewer from protesting mildly...


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VALOUR AND VISION.* J1TDGING from examples before us, WO conclude that the SUCCESS.% of an antholegy depends upon two factors, not, as one would have supposed, merely upon the...

READABLE NOVELS.—The Mask. By John Cournos. (Methuen. 6s. net.)—A long

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and extremely interesting book in the Russian manner.--The Ancient Allan. By H. Rider Haggard. (Cassell. 8s. 6d. net.)—Compounded according to the original receipt: "Take one...

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[Notice in ibis column does not necessarily preclude subsequent review.] Tax APRIL Mormaras.—The Nineteenth Century opens with "A Sane Labour Programme," by Mr. J. A. Seddon,...

Aymonoutss.—Selectione from A. C. Szoinburne. Edited by Edmund Goss°, C.B.,

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and Thomas James Wise. (Heine- mann. 6s. net.)—Lovers of Swinburne will be grateful to Mr. Goss° arid Mr. Wise. Will some yet bolder anthologists some day cut even this modest...

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The Parish Gikls of Mediaeval England. By H. F. Westlake.

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S.P.C.K. 15s. net.)—As a modern political theory is based on a misconception of the place of Gilds in mediaeval England, this book is important. Mr. Westlake has printed at the...

The Handbook of Cyprus. Edited by H. C. Luke and

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D. J. Jardine. (Macmillan. 12s. net.)—This is the eighth issue of an excellent handbook which gives in a compact form almost everything that one could wit% to know about Cyprus...

The Pre-War Population of Cilicia. By Boghos Nubar. (Pettitt, Cox,

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and Bowers.)—Mr. Lloyd George said the other day that the Turkish and non-Turkish statistics for Cilicia were irre- concilable. He cited the Turkish figures-546,000 Moslems,...

A deputation of Trade Unionists and Labour politicians visited Carlisle

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last December to inquire into the working of the Liquor Control Board's experiment in State Purchase. In their Report (Manchester : William Morris Press ; 3d.) the members of...

Captain Harrison, who in his youth was a disciple of

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Parnell, and who was among the few prominent Irish Nationalists who served in the war, has written a pamphlet, The Irish Case Considered (Irish Dominion League, 3d.), which may...

Food Supplies in Peace and War. By Sir Henry Row.

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(Long- snans. 6s. 6d. net.)—In this thoughtful essay, which is all too brief, Sir Henry Row considers briefly the world's supply and demand and the extent to which the United...

For the first time in its existence the staid Railway

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Clearing House has resorted to propaganda. It has issued a neat pamphlet on The New Railway Rates: How they Affect the Cost oj Living. A large number of typical cases aie cited...

The Roads of Remembrance Association, at 47 Victoria Street, S.W.

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1, has reprinted from The King's Highway a suggest- ive article on Roads of Reniembrance as War Memorials (3d.). The idea is that there could be no better, more useful, or more...

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WORKS OF REFERENCE.—The Annual Register for 1919 (Longmans, 30s. net)

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has appeared at an unusually early date, but it has been compiled with the accustomed care. As a record of one of the most critical years in modern history, the volume will be...

Diplomacy and the Study of International Relations. By D. P.

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Heatley. (Clarendon Press. 7s. 6d. net.)—This instructive book contains two essays on "Diplomacy and the Conduct of Foreign Policy" and on "The Literature of International...

The seventh issue of The Roll of the Baronetage has

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appeared (Stationery Office, 3s. net). It has been revised up to December 15th last. The Preface states that 550 Baronets served in the war, and that fifty of them lost their...

The Sickness of an Acquisitive Society. By R. H. Tawney.

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(Fabian Society. is. net.)—This cleverly written pamphlet will distress the author's fellow-Socialists, inasmuch as it is an attempt to distinguish between different kinds of...

A Book of the Severn. By A. G. Bradley. (Methuen.

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1.5s. net.) —A cultivated traveller like Mr. Bradley is always an agreeable companion. In this charming book he takes us in a leisurely fashion from the Severn's source on...

Italy Revisited. By Joseph Collins. (T. Fisher Unwin. 10s. 6d.

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net.)—The author was attached to the American Military Mission in Italy in the last year of the war. He 'touches sym. pathetically, but not uncritically, on various aspects of...

The Art of Reading in Public. By G. J. Cowley-Brown.

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(Edinburgh : R. Grant and Son. ls.)—We trust that Canon Cowley-Brown's wise and witty lecture to theological students will be widely circulated and carefully studied. Never was...