3 JANUARY 1880

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, S7 INDEX. 1880. TOPICS OF THE DAY. — — the Bill for the ... ... 901 — — Tidings from ... ... 1648 -t - I. 2Esehylus, the Agamemnon of, at Oxford 1620 Afghan War,...

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NEWS OF THE WEEK IA N Thursday, London was startled to

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hear that Sir Henry Layard had broken off diplomatic relations with the Turks- He has, it appears, taken that extreme step in order to compel -the Turkish Government to restore...

The last Sunday of the old year will long be

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remembered as the date of one of those catastrophes which impress the imagin- ation far more than in proportion to the loss of life. A train from Edinburgh to Dundee, which...

Our pessimist view 9f the situation at Cabal was as

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incorrect as pessimist views of British prospects usually are. Mahommed Jan made no attempt to stop General Gough, who, after A march of seven days, which covered only sixty...

Many curious stories are told of the incidents which caused

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certain passengers to go, or prevented them from going, by the ill- fated train. One lady and her maid, who perished, had ordered their cab for the morning train, which reached...

The flight of Abdurrahman, nephew of Shere Ali, from the

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Russian dominions is of good omen for British policy in Afghanistan. He is believed to be on his way to Herat, and as he is the ablest of all the competitors for the crown, he...

A gap extending for about 3,000 feet,—not so much, how-

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ever, as one-third of this great railway bridge, which measured 10,612 feet, a greater length than the Victoria Bridge at Mon- treal and the Britannia tubular bridge taken...

**** The Eciitors cannot inidertaketoreturnidanuscript in any case.

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The telegraph cable to South Africa has at length been

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com- pleted, and henceforward we shall know what occurs in the- Transvaal day by day. The situation there has never seemed to us serious, and we now note that Sir Garnet...

It has been said that the new Government excites great

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dis- trust at Berlin, but not so, says the only legitimate authority on such a subject, Prince Hohenlohe, the German Ambassador at Paris. On New Year's Day, Prince Hohenlohe...

Sir William Harcourt made a speech to the Oxford Druids

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on Thursday, in which he recalledthe agricultural circumstances of 1835. In that year, when Protection was still in the ascend- ant, and the farmer defended by a heavy import...

Another attempt to assassinate a king,—as usual a failure,— was

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made on Tuesday in Madrid. King Alfonso was driving the Queen himself in a phaeton at 5.30 p.m., when, as he turned into one of the palace gates, a young man fired a pistol...

The Ministerial crisis in France is at an end, and

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M. de Freyeinet is at once Prime Minister and his own Secretary of Foreign Affairs. M. Waddington and M. Leon Say, acting together, have declined to take part in the new...

The Chilians appear to have inflicted most serious, and pro-

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bably final, defeats upon the Peruvians and their Bolivian allies. On November 2nd, according to detailed accounts received at New York from Peruvian sources, the Chilians...

The war in Afghanistan, it is evident, has assumed something

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of a religions character. The Afghans, white- in possession of Cabal, not only plundered the houses of the Sirdars who had submitted to the British, but attacked the Hindoo...

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Mr. Joseph Cowen, M.P. for Newcastle-on-Tyne, delivered yesterday week, at

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a dinner of the Travellers' Association, a somewhat curious speech in favour of the present House of sOonamons. His iloge came to this, that the present House of -Commons works...

Consols were on Friday 97: to 97R.

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Mr. A. M. Sullivan, M.P. for Louth, exposes, in an

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able letter to last Saturday's Times, the fallacy of the assertion of some -of Mr. Wortley's supporters in Sheffield, that if you strike out the Irish votes, the Conservatives...

Mr. Gladstone attained the age of threescore years and ten

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on Monday last, and received on that day, at Hawarden, several deputations, one of them a Liberal deputation from Liverpool, which, besides offering the usual congra- tulations,...

Sir Stafford Northcot,e presided on Tuesday at the thirty-first annual

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dinner of the Exeter Licensed Victuallers, and made a very sensible, if also a very politic, speech, in which he pointed out how much every country owes to its innkeepers and...

Gas shares have fallen nearly ten per cent, this week,

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under the influence of fresh information as to Mr. Edison's experi- ments with the electric light. The Philadelphia correspondent of the Times has visited the inventor at Menlo...

The Revenue Returns of the nine months of 1879, between

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April let and - the end of the year, do not promise well for poor Sir S. Northcote's next Budget. The net decrease on the revenue of the same nine months of 1878 is £4.48,955,...

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GENERAL ROBERTS'S VICTORY. W E were entirely wrong in our anticipations as to the immediate future in Afghanistan. The unknown _factor in Afghan politics, which has so...

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believe in the exaggerated importance attached by many Englishmen, including the lugubrious corre- spondent of the Times, to the change of Government in France. To say that "M....

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U PON the surface of the story, Sir Henry Layard's recent action at Constantinople has been not only defensible, but entirely right. Accepting the narrative of the Times'...

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MR. EDISON'S NEW ACHIEVEMENT. H OLDERS of gas shares are wiser

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than they were fourteen months ago, and the fresh announcements of Mr. Edison's success in generating, distributing, and regulating the electric light have not been followed by...

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S M STAFFORD NORTHCOTE posed, at Exeter, before the Licensed Victuallers, as the statesman who is so uni- formly misunderstood, that he has become quite callous to being...

THE FUTURE OF SIBERIA. T HREE hundred years have elapsed since

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the Russians made themselves an Asiatic Power by the conquest of Siberia. About the year 1580, Irmak—a Cossack brigand of the Don—obtained permission from Ivan the Terrible to...

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A BAD YEAR. F EW or none will regret the year

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that closed on Wednesday night. 1879 passed away in fitting gloom of storm and rain. Its end, like its beginning, was one of sadness. The hard, dark winter which ushered in the...

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is very great, and statesmen, like judges and generals, are usually picked lives. The man who under our system can force his way to the top as a politician must have worked hard...

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had been thinking of the frequency- .' with which recent Christmases or New Years had been associated with sudden and tragic disasters like that of last Sunday, and of the...

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(TO THE EDITOR OF TILE " SPECTATOR."1 Sin,—It is interesting, and may be instructive, to consider what can be the reason that the moral side of our recent foreign policy, and...


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RUSSIAN INTRIGUES AT CABUL. [TO TRH EDITOR OF THII "SPECTATOR.") 'Sin,—It is said by the organs of the Russophobists that Sir F. Roberts has discovered in Cabul some...

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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—You may consider that the account given by Sir Arthur Hobhouse in your last issue of the Famine Insurance Fund and its application,...

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THE LOST YEAR. r. RING out, 0 ye bells ! the merriest chime That ever ye rang at this New Year's time, With tumult and clangour of jubilant tone,— Ring out the old year that...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR.") Sin,—Would it not be possible for the Spectator to integrate the authors it reviews a little more than it does, and not reduce them to the...


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ero THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—Will you allow me, in the spirit, not of cavilling, but of -grateful appreciation, to point out what looks to me like a single blemish...


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[TO THE ED/TOR OF THE SPECTATOR.") Sra,—An article in your last issue enumerated a series of " falsified predictions of the Government" with respect to Afghanistan. Can you find...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] STR,—It may interest students of history to know that the phrase "Peace with honour" has its parallel passage in the last speech of Lord...

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THE OLD WATER-COLOUR SOCIETY. Tim year's winter exhibition of studies and sketches by mem- bers of the Society of Water Colours is not a very remarkable one, either for its...

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AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF PRINCE METTERNICH.* To those who are interested in modern history, these two volumes will be the book of the season. They contain fewer stories and fewer...

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MR. HENRY JAMES'S LIFE OF HAWTHORNE.* As Hawthorne is included

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amongst Magi/La Men of Letters, we conclude that Mr. Morley interprets the title of the series as in- tended to convey that they will deal with the greater figures of English...

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HERODOITS acquired considerable notoriety as a traveller and historian ; Julius Cwsar was the author of a volume of Com- mentaries which are held to be not devoid of interest ;...

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IT is hard for one who wields even the most skilful pencil to satisfy those who know Oxford well. Yet M. Brunet-Debaines and his collaboroteurs in the work of illustration leave...

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DR. JOHNSON'S SELECT WORKS.* THERE is probably no man of

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letters of the eighteenth century in whom we retain so vivid an interest as Dr. Johnson, and there is certainly no one with whose defects and virtues we are so familiar. What is...

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An Art Student in Munich. By Mrs. Howitt Watts. Two vols. Second edition. (De la Rue and Co.)—This is a new and enlarged edition of a very interesting book very favourably...

The Brahmo Year-Book for 1877. Brief Records of Work and

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Life in the Theistic Churches of India. Edited by Sophia Dobson- Collet. (Williams and Norgate.)—This number of the Brahmo Year-Book contains a very interesting history of the...

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College Recollections and Church Experiences. By Linden Meadows. (Ridgway.)—The "

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college " of which Mr. Meadows gives us his ex- periences was, we find, a theological college. This is positively new ground. We have had a whole world of "College...

Catalina : Translated into English Verse. By T. Hart-Dai ies.

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(C. Kegau Paul and Co.)—Mr. Hart-Davies has prefixed to his trans- lations an introduction which shows so much good-sense, and so rational an appreciation of his author, that we...

Studies in Paris. By Edmondo de Amicis. Translated from the

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Italian, by "W. W. C." (New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons.)—Here are five essays, of which the most noticeable are two, on "Victor Hugo" and " Zola " respectively. S. de Amicis...

The Children's Fairy Geography. By Forbes E. Winslow. (W. Skeffington

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and Son.)—We are sorry, after all the real work which Mr. Forbes E. Winslow says it has cost him, that we cannot say he has succeeded, by this pretty geography book, in making...

Artists of the Nineteenth Century. By Clara E. Clement and

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L. Hutton. (Triihner.)—Here are notices of 2,050 artists of the present century. The claims of many of these picture-makers and statue. makers to be included in the company of...

Essays from Shakspere. By G. Somers Bellamy. (Simpkin and Marshall.)—We

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have no doubt that the author of these essays is an ardent admirer and a diligent student of Shakespeare. But it was hardly necessary for him to have made the great poet a peg...

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"Oh Where and Oh Where ?" a Tale. By Maurice

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Lee. (Tinsley Brothers.)—Messrs. Rice and Besant, the popular " Mortiboys," are responsible for the fashion of using lines from songs as the titles of novels. If their followers...

Love's Bondage. By Laurence Brooke. (Samuel Tinsley.)—This novel is a

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disagreeable one, for more than one reason. It is morbid and materialistic. The author has some ability, and some facilit,y, but his tone is unpleasant, and his views of life...

Catalogue of Australian Fossils. By R. Etheridge, Junior. (University Press,

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Cambridge.)—We believe this is the first list yet compiled of the various species, the remains of which have been re- cognised in the rocks of the Australian continent,...

Loyella. By Mrs. Bennett-Edwards. (The Royal Exchange Office.)—" I think,

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sir, we must have come to the most remark- able man in the country at last," said Mark Tapley to Martin Chuzzlewit, when Hannibal Chollop had talked Martin all but dead in Eden....

The Geological Record for 1876. By W. Whitaker. (Taylor and

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Francis.)—The labour involved in this praiseworthy undertaking, now continued for three years, must have been very onerous. The contracted titles of the works (chiefly...

The Life Militant. By Ellell. (Griffith and Farran.)—In the pre-

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face, consisting only of a few lines, the author of these sermons states his purpose to be that of "helping the clergy and others who hold them" in their cottage meetings. It...

Our Visit to Hinclostan, Kashmir, and Ladakh. By Mrs. Murray

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Aynsley. (Allen, 1879.)—It is scarcely possible to conceive three years being spent with less apparent advantage than those which Mrs. Murray Aynsley devoted to visiting India....