3 AUGUST 1944

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T has fallen to Mr. Churchill to address the House of Commons on the military situation in fair weather and in foul.. All things nsidered the going has never been better than...

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Movement in India

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The development of greatest interest regarding India in the few days is not the very useful and creditable debate in the House Commons last week—eliciting as it did from Mr....


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T URKEY has taken a step which has been long expected and long deferred ; she has severed diplomatic and economic rela- tions with Germany. The announcement was made by the...

Films and Monopoly The Report of the Cinematograph Films Council

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on " Tenden to Monopoly in the Cinematograph Film Indultry " has now submitted to the President of the Board of Trade. Their finding " vertically integrated combines " of...

Russia and the Poles

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. There is a touch of the dramatic in the appearance of the Polish Premier, M. Mikolajczyk and the Foreign Minister, M. Romer, in Moscow at the moment when Russian guns are...

Finland Seeking Peace

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The approach of Germany's defeat has evidently become, at last, as obvious to Finland as it is to Turkey. Ryti's resignation of the Presidency and the acceptance of the office...

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O UR ultimate objective is to give all children , irrespective of their parents' means, the opportunity of education at *hat- er type of school is best suited to their needs and...

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From the admirable monograph on the late Sir Stephen Gast]

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prepared by Mr. A. F. S. Gow for the British Academy, I extr two points. Sir Stephen was the third of his line to be knighted. great-grandfather, the first Sir Stephen Gaselee,...

It has been suggested somewhere, not at all surprisingly, that

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as a last desperate throw Himmler (for he looks like being now the chief controller of the situation) may try to make peace with Russia on any terms and then ,throw all...

The Nazis have been as successful as their reputation for

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effici would lead one to expect in stifling news about the conspiracy ag Hitler. Rumours—of slaughter of officers by the Gestapo Himmler's orders, of close political...

Last week I inadvertently called Prof. Hayek's much-discu book The

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Road to Serfdom merely The Path to Serfdom. expostulates sorrowfully, and he is right_ His thesis is that we moving to serfdom not one by one along a path, but along a broad...

The Greater War no doubt so much overshadows the Great

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War that the advent of the first week in August leaves most people in- different. Yet down to September 3, 1939, August 4, 1914, stood out as perhaps the most fateful day in our...

A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T SAID something last week on the

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problem of the re-education of 1 Germany. Since then I have come on an article on the subject by a Mr. E. A. Allnutt in the current Hibbert lournal. If anything could reduce me...

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By STRATEGICUS ITH the impressive Russian offensive moving swiftly towards a climax the battle in Normandy assumes critical importance. e perspective tends repeatedly to become...

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By GEORGE DICKSON T seems that our political problem is to create a system of I . democratic government which, while providing a fair share of wealth for every worthy member...

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By DAVID ROLT LMOST as soon as its back was turned the attack upon the Victorian Age began. Its beliefs and motives were suspected d rejected, its knowledge and public spirit...

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By SIR HENRY BASHFORD W HATEVER alterations, if any, may ultimately be made in respect of medical practice, and whether or not there may be increased financial assistance,...

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By DR. ALBERT PEEL F I were to be asked how the opinion of America could best be gauged I should recommend a course of taxi-cab rides in tferent parts of the country. At home...

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By itAROLD NICOLSON rit A HI Pisa! " wrote Dante in vituperation, but to us his invec- tive echoes as an anxious sigh. For days the lovely, lonely city has lain as a small...

Strange it was to gaze upon those unaltered perspectives and

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to recall what are perhaps the most vivid literary - associations which we Englishmen possess.The high building on the left, No. 349 Lungarno, was known as the Tre Palazzi di...

It was in the flat rented by Ned and Jane

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Williams in the Tre Palazzi that Trelawny, on the first night of his arrival in Pisa, first saw Shelley. The description which he has left us of that encounter furnishes the...

In no instance is Trelawny's habit of giving a romantic

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colouring to the events which he describes more regrettable than in his fainoui account of the burning of Shelley's body on August 16, 1822. 1 possess a little book written by...

Another of Trelawny's legends is dissipated by Guido Biagi researches.

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Trelawny wished, for romantic effect, to represent' cremation as having taken place on a desolate part of the c' between the pine trees and the sea. " The lonely and er...

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Going My Way." At the Plaza.—" English Without Tears." At the Odeon. N quarters both predictable and unexpected, from the mouths of ishops and bankers there is much talk of the...


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WE hear perpetually from this part of Europe and that—as indeed from remoter lands—of the rain and storm and dust that arrest even the best equipped armies. Now a record of...

Wasteful Excess

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May I apologise to a certain valuable mineral, to wit nitrogen. In recording the fact that an experimental crop "lodged " badly after a heavy dose of nitrogen I omitted to point...

In My Garden

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It is a disputed question how far out-of-door tomatoes should be stripped of their leaves. Now the worst trouble with this crop is lateness in ripening. We are generally left...

Saxon Farming

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" Out of the mouths . . . " An elementary schoolmaster asked his class for the meaning of the word " agriculture." One small boy offered this explanation: " Please, Sir, it is...

Birds and Farmers

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The views of the Ministry of Agriculture on ornithology have been severely criticised; and rightly, if some of the county War Agricultural Committees have been acting and...

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SIR, Miss Rathbone's questions in her letter of July 28th are so co n pletely irrelevant to the question of German brutality that one wond at what they mean. Of course, only an...


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am glad and grateful for the assurances of Mr. Harman that our broadcast propaganda to Germans is ingenious and attractive. had no wish, indeed, to suggest the contrary. But I...


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Sm,—Why does the "Rathbone School" always refer to " the last years "? One might suppose that Hitler, like a modern Circe, suddenly turned the nation into beasts. If they would...


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COTTAGERS' LIGHT SIR, —You published, in October last, an article by Col. Waley Cohen, and a good many letters subsequently, on the supply of electric current to rural...

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As the suggestions of Dr. Scopes and Mr. Hinchcliffe show, the mpt to decimalise our coinage is a fascinating game with many sible solutions. These vary according to the...

EVACUEES AND HOSTS Sni,—Your sane and balanced remarks on the

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above are timely. In case of genuine need, country-people are extraordinarily kind, but they are not saps. In 1939 as in 1944, evacuation started in holiday time. Then, as now,...

R,—Janus quotes a letter• from an "American Lawyer in the

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Middle est" which says that " the Jews have been flooding the United States th allegations that the Brtish have been betraying the Jews in lestine, when the facts are that the...


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Sns,—The Palestine Royal Commission is a more authoritative judge of the implications of the Churchill White Paper of 1922 than " A Student of the Palestine Problem." It states...


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Sin,—The Spectator has more than - once given me the opportunity of emphasising in its columns the value of examinations as an indispensable part of educational work and as...

—I would advise the writers of the letters on the

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above subject to d Anthony Trollope's " The Three Clerks." They would find it using if not very helpful to their arguments.—Yours truly, Devonshire Road, Tolley Rise, Sheffield....


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a,—Your paper has been represented to me as a fair example of English iberal Journalism. Such a reputation is hardly sustained by your tributor " Janus," who, last week, was...

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StR,—Mr. G. W. Stead's letter raises the very important question of District Heating. Although the advantage of a smokeless atmosphere is incontestable, it is unfortunately...


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Sta,—For nine weeks a mother and daughter lay in condemned cells, under the constant vigilance of " death-watch" wardresses, after being sentenced to death for the murder of the...


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Sts,—" Janus " refers in an interesting note this week to the " appar hopelessness " of the " problem of re-educating Germany, or de-Nazify the young Nazis." There is one point...


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SIR, —In The Spectator of July 28th the Dean of Wells writes, " Christian religion professes to be able to supply this moral power, w Ovid seems to have been conscious of...


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Sta,—With reference to the sweeping criticism of local authorities your editorial column of July 21St, it should not be overlooked that have to raise their revenues under a...


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SIR,--Why has the B.B.C. deprived us of the invaluable War Coy. mentaries formerly broadcast by Major Hastings and other able exper, on the general course of the war? The daily...


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Sts,—In the last sentence of Mr. Patrick Henson's review of Italy and the New World Order, by Don Luigi Sturzo, occurs one of those vague inaccurate and, perhaps, maliciously...

Sta,—Your correspondent Mr. Stead rightly draws attention to the need

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for centralised hot water systems for groups of houses. There is another important matter which , seems to receive little attention. Whenever we have more than a few degrees of...


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Snt,—May I please add my very warm sympathy with Janus' su4ges that our American friends' efforts and sacrifices for our protection a, flying bombs be warmly and cordially...

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The Siege of Leningrad THE story of Leningrad, besieged, can never be surpassed for glory. In the Indian summer of 1941 the Russian defeat at Kingisepp threw the great city...

The Projection of China

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China and Britain. By Sir John Pratt. (Collins. 8s. 6d.) THE series to which this book belongs—the Nations and Brit appears to have been planned in the belief that...

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Working in a Hotel

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Hotel Receptionist. By Dorothy Gray. (Allen and Unwin. 8s. 6d.) IT is a platitude that we live in the great age of the documentary. If the war has clamped some people more...

Ocean Power

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Ocean Power Wins. By Brian Tunstall. (Seeker and Warburg. 9s. 64 THE author, in his preface, states the three objects of this book " First it seeks to prove that Anglo-American...

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I idus Achates. By George Baker. (Cresset Press. 7s. 6d.) THE two hundred-odd pages of Stephen Hero, published now fa the first time, are a fraction—about one-eighth,...

Transat'antic Commentaries

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The Curtain Rises. By Quentin Reynolds. (Cassell. 10s. 6d.) AT one time it was not uncommon for soldiers to write narratives of their campaigns and to apologise in their...

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e winner of Crossword No. 28o is Captain Ralph Robinson, M.G., 16, Bradmore .1. °Mord.


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ACROSS Tortoiseshell for the speedy motorist. (E.) They may be seen on land and sea. (6.) " Thee bright-haired long of }Ore To solitary Saturn bore." Nihon.) (5.) These are...

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Shorter Notices

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Scottish Art and Letters : No. 1. Edited by R. Crombie Saunders. (MacLellan. 5s.) A HUNDRED years ago Scotland had Blackwood's and The Edinburgh Review—periodicals published in...


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By CUSTOS ARGUMENTS about the prospect of long-term interest rates are al hedged around by qualifications. So much depends on the given to cheap money in rival political...

Social Service in a General Hospital. By Dorothy M (Bailliere,

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Tindall and Cox. 6s.) ONE of the most notable if not one of the most advertised adv of the last thirty years has been in the work of the almoners, accepted as an integral part...

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AMALGAMATED PRESS "AN EXCELLENT POST-WAR POSITION" LORD CAMROSE'S REVIEW THE seventeenth annual general meeting of the Amalgamated Press, Limited, was held on July 28th in...


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fifty-ninth annual general meeting of Harland and Wolff, Limited, held on July 27th at the Grand Central Hotel, Royal Avenue, Belfast. . Charles J. G. Palmour (chairman of the...


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GENERAL ELECTRIC IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS E annual general meeting of the General Electric Company, Limited, s held on July 27th in London. it Harry Railing, the chairman,...