9 APRIL 1870

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Some months ago we said the new Canadian fishery rules

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would breed trouble, and were sharply snubbed for our pains. Now General Grant has informed Congress, by special message, that he thinks Canada is going to enforce these rules...


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I ALPERIAL constitutionalism has been in serious danger this week. The new Constitution retains the proviso authorizing the Emperor when he pleases to appeal to the people for a...

The first great fight on the Irish Land Bill came

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off on Monday, when Mr. Disraeli moved that the compensation for eviction pro- vided in Clause 3 should be limited by the insertion of the words "in respect of unexhausted...

On the following day Mr. Chichester Fortescue moved his. remodelled

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clause declaring that a tenant disturbed in his holding by his landlord shall be entitled to compensation for the dis- turbance up to a certain scale. The debate of the previous...

The state of feeling in the House is threatening. On

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the Dublin University question yesterday week, — i.e., nomi- nally on the question of adjournment, — many excellent Liberals voted against their leader and party, though Mr....

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The Oxford and Cambridge Boat-Race came off on Wednesday, and

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Cambridge won for the first time in ten years. The day was fine, all London turned out ; there was a frightful crush all along the river bank,—attended, according to the Lancet,...

the House. He had consented to limit to twenty years

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the interference with freedom of contract. He reluctantly consented to include all tenants of holdings of £50 rent and upwards, in the class with whose free contracts the Bill...

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That part of Dr. Newman's letter to Bishop Ullathorne which

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expresses frankly enough his feeling about the definition of the dogma of infallibility has now been published, and expresses, or rather, we should say, will seem to most...

Lord Dalhousie's triangular trunk railway for India is being fast

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completed. Direct through cemmunication between Bombay and Calcutta is now open, and the journey may be made in 70 hours. The advocates of a Western capital for the Empire are...

Mr. Fawcett's motion committing the House of Commons to a

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-warm approval of " mixed " academical education in Ireland, and of the policy of Trinity College, Dublin, in asking for power to open its emoluments equally to men of all...

Mr. Peter Taylor, the "Red " Member for Leicester, on

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Tues- day asked leave to bring in a Bill for payment of Members, declaring openly that he made his proposal to destroy the exclu- siveness of the House of Commons. He reviewed...

Sir R. Temple presented the Indian Budget on Saturday, and

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the telegram containing its details was received in London on the same day. That is most satisfactory, but the Budget, as far as we understand it, is not. In 1868-69 the actual...

Why does not Mr. Walter propose that all persons seized

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with small - pox in Berkshire should at once be buried in quicklime ? His constituents would be delighted. The -Sanitary Board of Maidenhead, it appears, have a practice of...

The Auatrian Ministry haaresigned. The nen-German members of the lleichsrath

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seceded, alleging that their constituents demanded more ,power for the local Diets, 'which the Ministry refused to grant. The Ministers thereupon advised resistance, and a...

Mr. Fowler, M.P. fer Cambridge, insisting on the admission that

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free contract Is only impossible for the very small and poor tenants, proposed that no farmers paying a rent over £50 should be entitled to any "damages for eviction,"—to...

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Captain Slocum, of the schooner Saladin, is said to have

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seen a terrible sea serpent, on the voyage from Hayti to New York with a cargo of copper. It was a hundred feet long, tail 60 feet, body 40 feet. "The most curious feature about...

We inadvertently omitted to observe last week that, in quoting

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on the 26th ult, from a very brief telegraphic summary of Sir P. 1Voodhouse's address to the Assembly of the Cape Colony, we misinterpreted to some extent his drift. In point of...

A very odd and very gross injustice appears to have

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been attempted in the University of Edinburgh. In that University the medical lady students are taught in a separate class,—not from any wish of their own, but through the...

Mr. Hughes moved, late on Monday night, an Address to

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the 'Queen praying her to order that in the five statutes establishing 'the Constitution of the new governing bodies of Shrewsbury, Winchester, Harrow, Charterhouae, and Rugby,...

The Canadians, we perceive, are very indignant at the execution

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of Mr. Scott by " General " Riell on a charge of loyalty. We only wish the House of Commons shared their sentiments. Mr. Monsell has been twice questioned in the House upon the...

Consols were on Friday evening 93i to 931.

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Alderman Lawrence on Tuesday brought forward his annual motion for

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the repeal of the house-tax. He says it is unequal, unfair, and imposes inexpedient restrictions upon building for the poor. For instance, the Peabody Trustees have to pay for...

Another ecclesiastical debate arose on Wednesday as to the restrictions

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on the obtaining of sites for Dissenting chapels and schools, which the bigotry of landowners often renders it very difficult to do. It was scarcely denied by anybody that as...

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THE TRIUMPH OF TENANT-RIGHT. T HE debate of Monday night cleared some of the fog away, and parties appeared in their natural position. The kind of armed peace which had been...

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TT seems not a little unfortunate that the attempt of a Ministry which avows a thorough-going political sympathy with Ireland to reconcile that unhappy country with England and...

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T HE French Ministry have resolved to submit the new Constitution of France to a plebiscitum, and in so doing have, we think, given a new proof of their wisdom and mode- ration....

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L ORD PENZANCE, in asking for information no small part of which was already before Parliament,—we mean the returns of all the capital sentences commuted by the authority of the...

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C HARTISM "is pretty much played out," as the Americans say, and we doubt if Mr. Peter Taylor will receive much response to his speech of Tuesday,—a good speech, be- cause...

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THE GROTESQUE IN RELIGION. T HE P«11 Mill has published at

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length a curious mediteval story, illustrative of the impossibility of judging the ways of Providence by the external moral standards of men, which in the form in which Parnell...

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W E do not quite believe that Madame 011ivier made in serious earnest the attempt to revolutionize Fashion which the Tarisians choose to ascribe to her, and which they say, with...

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T LAST!" After the strain of long expectation, and the access of wild delirious excitement as the race flitted past the limited view of each spectator, this was probably the...

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MR. J. S. MILL AND THE EDUCATION BILL. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR:'] SIR,—Having full belief in your not intending to misrepresent, though (if you will allow me to say...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, —I am surprised that in the discussions on the "religious difficulty" in the English Education Bill more attention has not been paid to...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPBCITITOR.1 SIR,—For a long time I have been seriously considering whether some provision ought not to be made to enable every citizen of this free...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SI11,—You express surprise that the Catholics do not desire to have their convents inspected ; suggesting that ladies might be appointed as...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sza,—The following passage occurs in your last week's impression, strangely enough, in a letter from Professor Maurice :—" I cannot find...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—I am one who, like yourself and some of your correspondents, view with painful interest the wide and increasing divergence between...


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THE NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY. THE removal of the national collection of portraits from Great George Street to South Kensington offers a convenient opportunity for putting...

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THE ANGLICANS AND THE AGE.* "TUE Church, without relation to the Age," would have been in some respects a better title for this goodly volume ; which we have no intention, as...

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Mn. BLACK'S novels are always clever, and this one, at least, is, moreover, very pleasant reading ; but in spite of a touch of genuine peetry that ought always to belong to the...

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FAIRFAX."* WE confess that we took up Mr. Markham's portly volume with considerable misgivings as to its probable value. The title looked a little like claptrap, and we were not...

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seeing what lies at every- body's feet, and nobody else sees. According to this definition, Mr. Dunham may lay claim to that uncommon attribute. To have searched for years among...

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THE very best sentence in any magazine published this month is the following, from the Cornhill :—" She was oddly defiant and mistrustful for her age, for she was very...

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Twelve Lectures on Primitive Civilizations. By John P. Machaffy, A.M., Trinity College, Dublin. (Longmans.)—These lectures seem well adapted for the purpose for which they were...

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Notes in England and Italy. By Mrs. Hawthorne. (Sampson Low

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and Co.)—There is nothing remarkable about the English " notes,' though they are always pleasantly written, and show a kindly temper. They might have been written, with the...

_National Self - Government in Europe and America. By J. W. Probyn.

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(Triinner.)—It is somewhat provoking to read through a lair-sized volume dealing with the uppermost political questions of the day and tied nothing that one can pick a quarrel...

Leaves from Australian Forests. By Henry Kendall. (Melbourne : Robertson.

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London : Trlibner.)—It is not often that we see " Mel- bourne " on a title-page, and the sight rouses one's curiosity. Mr. Kendall is, we believe, a native of Australia; we may...

How Crops Grow, by Samuel W. Johnson, MA. (Macmillan), has

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been adapted for English use from the American edition by Messrs. A. H. Church, M.A.., and W. T. T. Dyer, B.A., Professors of the Royal Agricultural College of Cirencester. It...

Inductive Logic. By T. Fowler, M.A. (Clarendon Press Series, Mac-

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tnillan.)—In this volume Mr. Fowler has given us a valuable complement to his Deductive Logic. The exposition throughout is clear, and the various examples adduced in every part...

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Sermons preached at King's Lynn. By the late Rev. E.

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L. Hull, B.A. Second Series. (Nisbet.)—Many readers will welcome a second series of sermons from the MSS. of Mr. Hull, and will recognize in the new volume all the...

The Military Institutions of France. By H.R.H. the Duo D'Aumale.

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Translated by Captain Ashe. (Chapman and Hall.)—This is an histori- cal sketch worthy of the distinguished name which it bears, leaving on the reader's mind that distinct...

Latin and Teutonic Christendom. By the Rev. George W. Cox,

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M.A. (Longmans.)—Mr. Cox has republished, with considerable alteration and revision, some essays contributed to the Edinburgh Review, of which the most noteworthy and complete...

Thoughts on Life - Science. By Benjamin Place. (Macmillan.)—Mr. "Benjamin Place," whose

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name is new to literature, but who wields, we may suppose, a pen not wholly unpractised in its art, has written a book which it is not easy to characterize. Able it certainly...