24 NOVEMBER 1855, Page 5

Aurtigu nut allluitil.

FRANCE. —The Court of the Emperor on Sunday was attended by M. de Due, Minister in Norway ; Count Lcevenheilm, Minister of Sweden and Norway in Paris; Baron Brockhausen, Prussian Minister at Brussels ; Count Bernstorff, Prussian Minister in London ; and Count Lavradio, Portuguese Minister in London.

In company with the Emperor and Empress, on Saturday, the Duke of Cambridge visited Marly, and the tombs of the Empress Josephine and Queen Hortense at Rueil. On Friday, the Duke accompanied the Em- peror to a cavalry review at Satory.

The Paris correspondent of the Guaniian,"describing the close of the Ex- position, marks the character of the applause bestowed upon the Emperor as something peculiar-

" Never did Louis Napoleon and his Empress make their appearance in public amidst such demonstrations of popularity, and even of affection, on the part of their subjects, or ever display so much ease and satisfaction in their own bearing under the consciousness of this change of sentiments, or at least of manners. The scene bore almost the resemblance of a reconcilia- tion after a long quarrel, as if both parties had determined to forget the past and open a new account upon a better understanding. The reception was certainly the warmest and most cordial I have ever seen given to a French Sovereign in his own country. I do not pretend to analyze the feeling, or say how deep it might be, or how long it may last, or whence it immediately took its origin. Perhaps the extreme beauty of the scene—which I still vainly attempt to describe—the animation inherent in so vast an assemblage of spectators, the bright sunshine which shone down upon so many brilliant colours 'in sweet confusion blended '—above all, perhaps, the strains of sublime music which swept at intervals through the Wilding- . Now loud, now low, now deep,

Wakening up each Fancy's sleep '-

perhaps all these causes had their share in the effect produced, and aroused feelings fervent in their display though transient in the excitement of the moment. I only chronicle the outward signs, and feel sure I am right when I pronounce them to have been as great a change in themselves as that which they also evidently wrought in the bearing and physiognomy of those who were the objects of them."

AIISTRIAL—The Concordat between Rome and Austria was signed on the 18th of August ; it is now promulgated by an Imperial patent, dated 5th November 1855, and published at length in our own journals. In the patent, Francis Joseph the First, "by the grace of God Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, King of Lombardy. and Venice, of Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria, and Illyna, and King of Jerusalem," &c., declares that his object in ascending the throne was to re- new and Arengthen the moral foundations of social order; hence the rela- tions of Church and State are brought into accordance with the laws of God, and the present concordat is the result. The stipulations contained in it "are to have legal force throughout the empire from the moment of the publication of this patent." There are two exceptions : (1) where the superintendence of Crown lands is not in accord with the 8th article of the concordat, existing. regulations will remain in force until the Emperor shall have fulfilled his intention of making the superihtendenoe harmonize with the new stipulations; (2) existing laws relative to the matrimonial union of Catholic subjects will remain in force until the necessary changes shall have been made in the existing laws, and the episcopal matrimonial courts shall have been introduced into provinces where they have not hitherto acted.

The concordat consists of thirty-six articles, embodying the following pro- visions. The Roman Catholic religion shall ever be maintained, in all its rights and privileges, throughout the Austrian empire and its dependencies. The "Roman Pope" shall have "direct communication" with the bishops, clergy, and people. "This communication has not therefore in future to depend on the ruler of the country, but is completely free." Archbishops and bishops are to have free communication with the clergy and inhabitants, and the right to do everything belonging to the government of their sees which accords with canonical law. That is—to appoint priests, vicars, and counsellors ; to ordain, or refuse to ordain persons desiring to enter the church ; to establish smaller livings ; found, unite, or divide rectories ; order public prayers and pilgrimages and arrange burials convoke and hold pro- vincial councils and episcopal synods, and publish the resolutions therein agreed to. The whole course of instruction of the Catholic youth, both in public and private schools, must accord with the Catholic religion ; they will be super- intended by the bishops, who will see that no objects of study are introduced incompatible with the Catholic faith. No one can teach theology without episcopal permission' and theological professors, not directly appointed by the bishop, can only be chosen from candidates selected by him. "In the gymnasia or middle-class schools for Catholic youth, only Catholic professors or teachers can be appointed. The bishops will settle the religious books used in the schools. Public schools will be under clerical superintendence," but the chief inspector will be appointed by the Emperor, "from among the individuals chosen by the bishop.'

The archbishops and bishops will freely point out as dangerous the books which are injurious to religion and morality, and turn true believers from reading them ; "the Government will take proper measures for keeping such books from being spread over the empire."

"As all clerical processes, and particularly those which have reference to faith, the sacraments, clerical duties, and obligations and rights connected with the priesthood, belong exclusively to the clerical courts, in such oases the spiritual judge will give sentence. The latter has also in questions of marnage to decide according to the canonical laws, and particularly accord- ing to the ordinances of Trent, and only to refer the civil consequences arising from marriage to the temporal judge." They will decide whether betrottiments exist, "and how far they can be made impediments to mar- riage."

Bishops can punish the clergy who do not wear clothing in keeping with their dignity and calling ; and shall not be impeded "to the infliction of ecclesiastical punishments on all believers who offend against the ordinances and laws of the Church." The spiritual courts will decide as to right of pa- tronage, but the civil courts will decide on the succession to the right of pa- tronage. "In consideration of the times, the Papal Chair consents that the purely temporal affairs of the clergy—such as right of property, debts, and inherit- ances—shall be examined into and decided on in temporal courts." For the

same reason priests guilty of criminal offences are to be tried in the temporal courts: the bishop being duly notified of the fact ; but convicted priests

are to be separated from civil delinquents, and imprisoned in a monastery or other ecclesiastical building. The Emperor must not suffer "the Catholic Church and its faith, its li- turgy, and its institutions, to be contemned by word, deed, or writing, or its dignitaries or ministers impeded in the practice of their duties, particularly when it is the question of the maintenance of the faith, of the laws of morality, or of the discipline of the Church." Be must not allow anything to be done