29 DECEMBER 1855, Page 3


On a report that the seat at Great Yarmouth was to be vacated by Mr. Rumbold, it was forthwith sought by two candidates—Mr. C. S. Vereker, and Mr. Torrens M'Cullagh ; the former a Liberal Conservative, the latter a rather prononce Liberal of the popular type. Mr. M'Cul- high personally addressed the electors yesterday week ; advocating a sweeping reform bill ; setting forth the superior claims of the pure Libe- rals over the half-and-half Liberal Conservatives ; and declaring that we owe the war to the compromising policy of the latter. Retributive justice has fallen heavily on the English people, for their apathy during the Hungarian war of independence ; instead of taking up a firm posi- tion we had emboldened Russia to push matters a little too far, and hence that war which will entail a load of taxation we shall rue for many a day. It turns out, however, that 'Mr. Rumbold does not intend to resign.

The members and friends of -the Carlisle Mechanics Institution cele- brated the anniversary of its foundation by a soirée and ball on Wednes- day sennight. Dr. Elliot, the Mayor, presided; and among the guests were Mr. Ferguson and Mr. Philip Howard of Corby. The remarks made by the speakers chiefly related to literary and local matters, but Mr. Howard touched upon a wider subject—the pending negotiations. He trusted that some effort would be made by those whose business it is to attend to -swill matters, to define the objects of the war. He trusted that when the integrity of Turkey is secured—that when the rights of the Christian population of the Ottoman empire are vindicated—that when the freedom of commerce is guaranteed and secured—we should not be tempted by the spirit of retaliation to launch into objects which were not called for nor desired when we commenced the operations of the war. Ho might be allowed to express a hope, that if, unfortunately, we are still to be engaged in war, some efforts would be made to secure a national force of our own. We have already been upon the brink of a rupture with our sensitive Trans- atlantic kinsmen, by trenching upon international rights. The King of Prus- sia, too, has lately pardoned a person engaged in enlisting men in his do- minions for the British service ; and though that might be an honourable instance of the clemency of that Monarch, Mr. Howard hoped, for the honour of the nation, the English Ministry would not again place one of our officers in a position to require such pardon. He trusted that we should be enabled to raise an efficient national force without resorting to the means of foreign enlistment, and that we might not again be obliged to defy the laws of Europe.

Mr. Howard also passed some strictures on the Tamworth speech of Sir Robert Peel ; who, he said, launched some ill-timed invectives against Austria, the only power in a position to become a herald of peace. Mr. Howard trusted the Ministry would see the solemn duty involved in pro- moting those negotiations, and allow them to go on without interruption. We ought not to launch into efforts to humble, merely for the sake of hum- bling, a powerful and as yet uneubdued enemy ; because we should be aware that nations such as Russia, in a state of semi-civilization, are capable of gigantic efforts and sustained enthusiasm. At the same time, it is the inte- rest of Russia, as well as that of England, France, and Sardinia, to bring this desperate struggle to a happy and honourable issue.

The establishment of a Juvenile Reformatory in Worcestershire makes progress. As suitable buildings cannot be erected before the end of next year, Mr. Curtler, a Magistrate, has placed some cottages near Droftwich at the disposal of the committee, so that a beginning may be made.

The Duke of Northumberland is at war with his tenants. He recently intimated to his tenantry, that in future he shall attach certain conditions to their leases which they describe as degrading and tyrannical. By one clause, twenty tons of manure is to be laid on each acre of turnip land; by another, twelve tons on each acre of meadow land ; by a third, the tenant is forbidden to grow turnip-seed ; by a fourth, all manure after

the 1st October in the last year goes to the incoming tenant ; with a great many more dictating the course of cultivation under many penalties, including a penalty of 501. per acre for breaking grass without leave. Against these conditions Mr. Wetherell of Kirkbridge, the Duke's leading tenant, rebelled, and threw up his farm. It is curious that the Duke should, only four months ago, have awarded to Mr. Wetherell a prize of 301. offered by him for the best-cultivated farm on his estate. Mr. Wetherall's brother farmers have evinced their sympathy by passing resolutions approving of his conduct, and setting on foot a subscription for a testimonial.

A large number of railway directors and officials dined together at Man- chester on Friday last week, to do honour to Mr. Eborall, the general manager of the East Lancashire Railway, about to quit that charge, and assume the management of the South-Eastern Railway. Captain Huish, who presided, took advantage of the opportunity to make some sensible re- marks on railway management—a kind of lecture on the moral philosophy of the thing, and the beau ideal of the railway manager.

At Maidstone Assizes, Robert Thomas Patin was tried for the murder of Jane Beaglev, at Cudham. This was the case where Mrs. Beagley was murdered early in the morning, and her mother-in-law so ill-treated that for a time her life was despaired of. Much of the evidence against the prisoner was circumstantial; and the testimony of a number of witnesses who 'deposed to having seen Palm going away from the neighbourhood of the cottage on the morning of the murder was not very reliable. Clothes taken from Beag- ley's cottage were found on Palm: he said he had bought them. No blood was found on PalM's clothes,—an important fact. The Jury deliberated for a long time, but eventually acquitted the prisoner.

PalM was immediately arrested for burglary, and taken to Thornbury, in Gloucestershire. There he has been examined on a charge of breaking into the house of Mies Shepherd, at Buckover. Wheeler, the ticket-of-leave man at Whitfield, who harboured Palm, has been recommitted to prison by order of the Home Secretary.

Mary Eliza Tremaine, the offender of the Alice Grey order, has been sent to prison for two months by the Canterbury Magistrates as a rogue and vagabond. She it was who defrauded people in the character of daughter to Dr. Hook of Leeds.

The Home Secretary having ordered an investigation into the cases of ffie wife and brother of William Palmer, the surgeon of Rugeley, their bodies have been exhumed, a Coroner's Jury empanelled, and a post-mortem ex- amination made by local surgeons: the viscera have been forwarded to Lon- don, to be analyzed by Professor Taylor. Palmer, it appears, has been largely engaged in turf transactions, and was the owner of race-horses, Mr. Cook had intended to quit the turf shortly, for the study of the law.

An inquest has been held at Dartford on the body of John Jones, who died from the effects of a prize-fight with Michael Madden. The men fought for au hour ; Jones had the best of it for the greater part of the time ; but at length, either from a blow on the head, or from his head's violently striking against the ground, there was a fatal effusion of blood upon the brain. There seems no reason to doubt that the combat was a " fair " one. The Jury re- turned a verdict of "Manslaughter" against Madden and four others who acted as seconds or backers.

Three officers of Engineers—Lieutenants M•Douald, Eden, and Bettina, and a brother of the last, have perished in the kiedway. One evening, three weeks ago, they left Rainham in a boat for Chatham; by seine means it must have been upset ; nothing has been seen of them since, but their boat has been found, full of water.

In consequence of a pointsman neglecting his duty at the Strood terminus of the North Kent Railway, on Christmas-day, a passenger-train from Lon- don ran into a siding and came into collision with carriages there ; the engine, tender, and several carriages, were thrown off the line, and a number of passengers were hurt—Mrs. Carpenter, of Dockhead, it is feared fatally. The pointsman has been committed for trial for neglect of duty.