11 AUGUST 1961

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—Portrait of the Week— MAJOR (MERMAN STEPANOVICH TITOV landed unscathed

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after a space flight of twenty-five hours during which he orbited the earth seventeen times, ate three-course meals, exchanged cordial greetings with Party Chairman Comrade...


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T was a good idea for the Prime Minister Ito give the nation a broadcast account of his stewardship at the end of this parliamentary term. The way in which the performance was...

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No: 6946 Established 1829 FRIDAY, AUGUST I I, 1961

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Waiting on the Ladder

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From SARAH GAINHAM BONN C tIANCELLOR ADENAUER has been restoring his energies in Cadenabbia for the strain of the last month of election campaigning, which the government party...

Berlin : No Change

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D ESPITE Mr. Khrushchev's speech, the meeting of the Warsaw Pact powers and of the Western Foreign Ministers, the Berlin situation does not appear to have developed much further...

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Westminster Commentary

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End of Term By JULIAN CRITCHLEY, MP The Prime Minister is a national disaster, the best service he can do for the country would be to resign. Mr. Anthony Fell. S O says Mr....

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Parties in Spain

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L AST month the Spanish regime cele- brated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the `Glorious National Uprising' by which four ambitious generals, and their followers hoped to...

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Seascape with Figures

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By SIMON RAVEN ,H AD a good day, love?' said the fat woman on the front to the boatman. 'Took on a party of four this morning,' said the boatman, 'and they caught enough fish to...

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The Bootleggers (3)

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Al Capone By KENNETH ALLSOP COURCES of information about Al Capone's early life arc scanty, even about his Ofirst years in Chicago. The reasons are obvious. Most of those who...

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Chicago Debut

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It was in this early period that a lay-about odd-job criminal accredited with three murders, named Joe Howard, decided to cut himself in on the beer profits. He had already...

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'Gangland's King'

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Capone was a celebrity swelling into a legend. Citizens scurried to the kerb to stare when his three-and-a-half-ton armour-plated Cadillac, with bullet-proof glass and...


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The Mafia

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Fighting Rising Prices T. B. Waddicor Borrowed Time Brigadier R.

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B. Rathbone Insufferable Patronage Rev. Victor H. Beaton British Railways Claude C. J. Simmonds, Terence Cooper Lords of the Shambles Christopher Sykes Southern Rhodesia W. R....

Sm,—On July 10 I travelled to Penzance on the Cornish

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Riviera Expre.ss and took lunch in the dining car. There was a large brown stain on the tablecloth and In a small vase a carnation drooped from a broken stalk. The window-ledge...

INSUFFERABLE PATRONAGE SIR,—About Monica Furlong's provocative and thoughtful article :

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1 don't think that we ought to blame the passing over of Mr. Boulton to the in- fluence of the MU. Unless evidence is produced to the contrary, Church leaders of the...

BRITISH RAILWAYS SIR,—When 1 read vehement complaints about British Railways

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I wonder why, as an entirely ordinary traveller, my experiences are quite different. Twice a week I make long-distance journeys on the Western Region. The trains are clean,...

LORDS OF THE SHAMBLES SIR,—Reviewing two books about the First

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World War in your issue of July 28, Mr. James Cameron opens by declaring that continuing public interest (described as obsessional) in that war strikes him as 'very odd,' and he...

SIR,-1 agree with only one point in your editorial of

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August 4: 'Borrowed Time' (the last sentence of which 1 deplore) and that is that Mr. St. Clair should apply at once for the Chiltern Hundreds. This because the majority of the...

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SIR,—Although it has little bearing on the original subject of this correspondence 1 must, for the sake of the record, disagree with Mr. J. A. G. Smith, and the OED (or maybe...


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SIR,-1 am grateful to Mr. Robert Conquest for repudiating the extraordinary suggestion that one requires a political motive for kissing Major Gagarin; I could wish that he had...

SIR,-1 much enjoyed Mr. Robert Conquest's article on Major Gagarin;

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and, save for one outrageous error, am in substantial agreement with his findings. Kid Lewis was a welter and not a brilliant 'light- weight boxer.' MURDO MACKENZIE 72 Harley...

F OODCAST dianthus or even if there isn't why not say

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pinks? St rt.—If there is any doubt about the plural of A. L. IRVINE G reenaway, C hiddingf old

S OUTHERN RHODESIA Sia.—In your issue dated July 28 you state

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in a r eference to the Southern Rhodesian referendum th at 'Africans were shot dead by police and others Wounded in widespread disturbances: Perhaps you Would be good enough to...

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The Symbol on the Carpet By BAMBER GASCOIGNE The Bishop's Bonfire. (Mermaid.) — Wildest Dreams. (Vaudeville.) —One For The Pot. (Whitehall.) KNOCKABOUT symbolical and...


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Cliches Capped By PETER FORSTER NOT since the Christians tangled with the lions in the Colosseum has audience participation to rate seriously—the point being that they do show...

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The Glass of Fashion By CLIVE BARNES JEROME ROBBINS can hardly help his audience, yet for that matter I fancy his audience can hardly help him. On the opening night of his sea-...

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Circles of Deception By ISABEL QUIGLY Infidelity. (Cameo-Poly.) —East of Eden. (War- ner.) IT is hard to mention a new French director without seeming to include him in the New...

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Gertrude of Arabia By RONALD BRYDEN. G 113130N overlooked a possibility. Empires do not necessarily fall by their weaknesses; their undoing may lie also in their strengths....

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Dead Dog

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One day I found a lost dog in the street. The hairs about its grin were spiked with blood, And it lay still as stone. It must have been A little dog, for though I only stood...

Bearding Europa

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I WONDER what is the most satisfactory way to write about foreign affairs? On the one hand, there are the forbiddingly 'balanced' publications of Chatham House, which often...

Summit Faces

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Sketches from Life. By Dean Acheson. (Hamis Hamilton, 21s.) WHEN the articles which furnished the basis 0 this most entertaining book were being written Mr. Acheson occupied...

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James Agate: An Anthology. Edited by Herbert van Thal. (Hart-Davis, 21s.) Ir is impossible to review the reviews of James Agate without taking up some attitude to Agate the man....

, First Men in Print

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Th e Astronauts. (Cassell, 25s.) LESS well known than the Van Allen belts of radiation which girdle the earth to the hazard of future space , fliers are the belts of floating...

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Invisible Shakespeare

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Shakespeare the Dramatist and other papers. By Una Ellis-Fermor. (Methuen, 25s.) WHEN Una Ellis-Fermor gave her British Academy lecture Shakespeare the Dramatist in 1948, she...

Old Hat Re-Blocked

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Some People, Places a,nd Things That Will Not Appear in My Next Novel. By John Cheever. (Gollancz, 16s.) ALL of this week's novels draw attention to their narrative devices as...

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Advice to Trustees

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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT IT is said that the Public Trustee led the stampede into equity shares last week when the trustees were allowed to switch out of their gilt-edged holdings....

Investment Notes

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By. CUSTOS H ERE are some practical suggestions for trustees. For the 'narrower range' half, just switch into the short-to-medium dated govern- ment bonds which fit in with your...

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Company Notes

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T HE Institute of Directors' Export Action Now Committee' have issued a valuable sur- vey on fifty-two firms with fewer than 300 em- ployees which discloses their indifference...

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Second Best By KATHARINE WHITEHORN CFIESTERTON once 'wrote an essay in which he In the main hall of 'this display there are large suits of armour, and Jacobean chairs round...

Consuming Interest

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Mini-Mix By LESLIE ADRIAN Welbeck Motors have come up with a frank and honest reply in the form. of a personal state- ment from the Managing Director, who reminds me that he...

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Thought for Food

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Crackling By ELIZABETH DAVID To achieve the characteristic and alluring stage of doneness in this kind of dish needs a bit of practice and a certain amount of dash. You have to...