12 FEBRUARY 1910

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rilHE most important event of the week is undoubtedly the gg speech made by Mr. John Redmond on Thursday night. Mr. Redmond insisted, amid cheers, that Home-rule was once more...

As far as we can read the signs, the situation

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is this. The Government to live must get the Budget through and unaltered. But there is a clear majority in the House of Commons against the Budget if the Nationalists vote upon...

To put the matter in another way, the Unionists would

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be perfectly willing to keep the present Government in office on almost any ground except the Budget. To ask Unionist Members who are pledged deeply against the Budget to save...

No doubt this last proviso gives a certain loophole for

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escape, but taking Mr. Redmond's speech as a whole, it must be admitted to be one of ill omen for the Government. What snakes it so menacing is the fact that we may feel pretty...

Mr. Redmond turned next to the burning subject of "

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veto before Budget." It had been suggested, said Mr. Redmond, by the Westminster Gazette " and other so-called Liberal organs" that they should pass the Budget and deal with the...

Even if the Government were willing to do what the

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Irish ask—that is, to settle the Lords question in no sense on its merits, but merely as an incident in the triumphal progress of Home-rule—they would fail in the attempt....

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Franchise Amendment Bill, laid before the representa- tives of

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the Prussian people on Thursday, is in no sense of the word a genuine measure of reform. Although abolishing the indirect method of election by secondary voters, the Bill...

On Friday week the Indian Press Bill for checking the

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incitements to violence in native journalism , and literature was introduced in the Viceroy's Council by Sir Herbert Risley. It requires new newspapers to deposit a sum of...

The debate was opened by Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg, whose speech

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was the occasion of a violent demonstration from the Members on the extreme Left. The Chancellor began by making a theoretic defence of Prussian Conservatism, which involved a...

The Berlin correspondent of the Deify Telegraph very properly calls

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attention to a remarkable article on Lord Fisher's administration at the Admiralty in the Marine Rund,schau, a periodical edited in the German Ministry of Marine. Admitting the...

Herr von Bethmann-Hollweg ended his speech with a meta- physical

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censure of the principle of the secret ballot worthy of a debate in the Parliament of Laputa. Secrecy was supposed to give independence ; but isolation was unattainable even in...

On Tuesday the Bill was debated and passed. A few

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of the Indian members of the Council thought it too drastiq but the majority welcomed it heartily. Mr. Sinha, the Law Member of the Executive Council, delivered a forcible...

It must not be supposed that when we speak of

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Mr. Balfour as unwilling to snatch at office we are suggesting any feeling of a converse nature in Mr. Asquith. We are quite certain that Mr. Asquith does not desire to cling to...

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In Tuesday's Times appeared a most interesting and sugges- tive

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letter from Lord Onslow analysing the views held by tl.e members of the Committee which was appointed by the House of Lords to consider the question of reform, and on which he...

Mr. Taft's Federal incorporation measure for dealing with Trusts was

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introduced in Congress on Monday. The Washington correspondent of the Times says that it enables corporations to take out a Federal charter, by which they would submit...

Mr. William O'Brien has a long letter in Monday's Daily

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Telegraph on the Irish Parties. For himself, he disclaims any thoughts of leadership, .and does not even know what is meant by the term Independent Nationalist. Three weeks...

The Morning Post of Monday publishes an interesting interview with

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Mr. Chamberlain. He admitted that lb o Land-taxes and the Budget were popular in Scotland and the North, and asserted that votes had been filched from Tariff Reform by abuse and...

The new French Navy Bill which was issued on Monday

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provides that the battle fleet in home waters shall consist of twenty-eight battleships, formed in four squadrons of six battleships each, with a reserve of four ships. Each...

Speaking at Birmingham last Saturday, Bishop Gore described the public-houses

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at Barcelona, which he had greatly appreciated. Several times he was in an immense room in which about a thousand people drawn from all classes —men, women, and children—were...

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THE PROBLEM OF THE LORDS. T HE Daily Mail of Wednesday publishes a forecast of political events which we cannot help thinking is likely to prove correct. According to this...


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T N putting forward a skeleton scheme of our own for dealing with the Lords we do not desire in any sense to write dogmatically, or to suggest that our proposals are the best...

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T HE case for a naval loan becomes stronger every day. Reviewing all the facts, indeed, we cannot see how the Government can meet the clear wishes of the country as to the Navy...

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RUSSIA AND GREAT BRITAIN. T HE Times of Monday gave an

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account by its St. Petersburg correspondent of a very interesting lecture on Anglo-Russian relations. The lecturer was M. Wesselitski, the London correspondent of the Novoe...

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THE LESSER EVIL. T HROUGHOUT the Election the Spectator has con-

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sistently supported the Unionist Party against the Liberals on the ground that the policy of Tariff Reform is a lesser evil than Socialism. Many of our Free-trade...

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THE HUMAN BIRD. T HE imaginative writer has discovered in birds

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two aspects. He considers the bird either as a creature who flies, or as a creature who walks. In its flying aspect the bird seems to be something beautiful but mysterious,...

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T HE Bishop of London, claiming the license of bachelors, has offered some advice to husbands and wives. He tells them that in order to be truly happy they should be separated...

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A N appeal, which we sincerely hope will be successful, is being made on behalf of a scheme to extend the commons of Wimbledon and Putney. Between Wimbledon Common and Richmond...

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SLAVE-GROWN COCOA. [To THE EDITOR 01 THB " SPECTATOE.l SIB,—As many of your readers are interested in the con- ditions of black labour on the cocoa plantations of San Thome in...

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A MINISTER OF DEFENCE. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] Sin, — Many rumours have been in circulation of late respecting coming changes in Ministerial appointments, These...

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[To THE EDMOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] have read the letters and articles of " Civis " in the Spectator for several years with much interest. May I venture to criticise your...


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[To TUE EDITOR 07 THE "SPECTATOR. " ] who have the true welfare of the Church at heart will be grateful to you for reopening your columns to the pressing subject of Prayer-book...

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Sin,—Mr. H. W. Hill's reply in your last issue to my letter contains so many interesting features that I will ask you to allow me to comment upon some of them. (1) He complains...


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[To TILE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I agree with you that before risking our commercial supremacy by adopting any Protective schemes, the whole matter should be...

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fro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I have read with interest your article in last week's issue on the feudal screw in the county divisions, and can vouch for the...

pro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sra,—" J. M." in

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the Spectator of February 5th asks if there are many Free-traders who would not yield on the following four subjects rather than on Free-trade :—" (1) The tyranny of an...


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LT0 THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, —In the article in your issue of January 29th headed as above you speak of the "mildness" with which Saxon England has received the...


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Warde Fowler, writing in your last issue of the agricultural labourer in England and Wales, says : " They will give you strange reasons for their Liberal vote if you ask them."...

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SIR, — I confess to being troubled and vexed over your comments in last week's issue, I being the Liberal canvasser who wrote to the Nation. Having read the Spectator weekly...

rro THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—You express a doubt

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as to any authentic case of intimidation during the last Election. I send you, in confidence, the name of a firm of printers in the Eastern Counties. The proprietor tells me he...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR. " ] SIR, —In considering the Board of Trade Returns for January it is customary for statisticians, who are perhaps only con- versant with...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SpICTATOR."] SIR, —In your issue of the 5th inst. your correspondent Mr. Warde Fowler, in contrasting the independence of English and Welsh rural voters,...


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Srn,—Mr. Athelstan Rendall'a letter in your issue of the 5th inst. would have gained in interest had he seen his way clear to enlarge upon how Nonconformist ministers canvass...


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rro THE EDITOR or THE " SPECTATOR. " ] SIR, — Your note on my letter in last week's Spectator about the right or the wrong of a property owner canvassing his tenant or an...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—It would add considerably to the dignity of the present Government, to say nothing of the decencies of public life generally, if all...

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[To TEE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin, — Mr. Lloyd George says that be and his chief have been keeping out of one another ' s way. No wonder; but to-day they meet. A week or...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,. — Having to propose the health of the German Consul at the recent dinner • of the German community in Manchester, I was led to think...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TEE "SPECTATOR.'' Sin,—In 1669 Sir Edmund Bury Godfrey arrested Sir Alexander Fraizier, physician to the King, for debt. The King was much annoyed, and the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." I SIR,—As a reader of the Spectator for more years than I like to reckon, I venture to express the feeling, which I am per- suaded is shared...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR.”1 Sne, — In your last issue you notice an article of Bipin Chandra Pal ' s in the Contemporary Review in which he confidently predicts that...

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[To THE EDITOIL OP THE "SPECTATOR. ") SIR,—In connexion with the leading article in the Times of January 6th on " blind-alley " employment for boys after school age, it is clear...


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[TO THE EDITOR Or THE " SPECTATOR."1 SIE,—Amongst your numerous readers there must be some to whom the name of Arthur Gray Butler, the first Head- Master of Haileybury, stands...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sts,—The Drapers' Company are anxious to make more widely known a girls' school in their administration, and will be grateful to you for...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—The impression appears to prevail in England and else- where that Spain is in a disturbed condition and unsafe for travellers. This is...

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MRS. NORTON.* THE Life of that granddaughter of Sheridan who perhaps of all his descendants most resembled him is valuable less from the subject itself than for the company...


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A SONG OF RIVERS. LIGHTS upon the yellow Tiber are too beautiful to tell, But the ancient poets praised them, and dead Emperors loved them well. Dim Cathedral lights at...

NOTICE.—When Articles or "Correspondence" are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a - pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

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THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.* IT has been said that for three

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hundred years the American people have been calling themselves young. Perhaps they definitely mean never to grow old, or perhaps, while consent- ing to the notion that age must...

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M. LENeTBE has won the approbation of scholars by his careful and interesting volumes, The Flight of Marie Antoinette and Romances of the French Revolution. To these he has now...

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THIS is a book deeply interesting and instructive to those who would understand how the forces of democracy are making history. Mr. Stead was honorary secretary to the National...

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MEDIAEVAL LEGENDS.* Mn. GIIEBBER'S aim is to give his readers

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" a general idea of those great romances " of the Middle Ages which have influenced European literature and art. For this purpose his volume will be very useful, and it may...

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THIS cheerful and unpretentious little book is of the class which disarms criticism. There must be many who have never read Forster's Life of Dickens, and who are scantily...


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THIS work, to the composition of which Sir Horace Rumbold brings the experience of a long diplomatic career and much personal knowledge of the Austrian Court, is of very unequal...

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WHEN Elisabeth Charlotte, daughter of the Elector Palatine, came in 1671 to be the wife of Philippe of Orleans, France was the first country in Europe. It was not so great SS it...


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'ilik,Y ALSO SERVE.* THE young man whose diary Mr. Stone has reproduced in They Also Serve is by no means an heroic character, but he is modern, frank, and interesting. When...

THE COURT OF A SAINT.* BECAUSE God has made Himself

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known to man in human forms, it is through outward forms that man in his turn must worship God, seems to Miss Knox a cardinal principle of Christianity, and the age of St....

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Recollections. By Washington Gladden. (A. Constable and Co. 7s. 6d.

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net.)—Dr. Gladden was born in Pennsylvania, in what we should call a humble condition ; his great-grandfather was a soldier in Washington's army, a New Englander, and probably...

The Temple Bible Dictionary. Edited by the Rev. W. Ewing

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and the Rev. J. E. Thomson. (J. M. Dent and Sons. 10s. 6d. net.)— This, without doubt, will be found a useful volume, though there are drawbacks. It occupies a middle position...

A Great Bishop of One Hundred Years Ago. By Heneage

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Horsley Jebb, M.A. (Edward Arnold. 5s. net.)—Mr. Jebb gives this title to Samuel Horsley, who held in succession the Sees of St. David's, Rochester, and St. Asaph. It is not...

• A Golden Straw. By J. E. Buckrose. (Mills and

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Boon. 6s.) —Mr. Buckrose's new novel is interesting by reason of the scenery and atmosphere in which it is set. The characters, though not fully developed, are well drawn, but...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] The Codex Alexandrinus in Reduced Facsimile. (British Museum....

READABLE Novnis.—The Fatal Ruby. By Charles Garvice. (Hodder and Stoughton.

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6s.)—A modern melodrama of which the subject is announced in the title. It is very completely carried out, and even includes a comic servant. — Germaine. By H. C. Rowland. (John...

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The Conquest of Consumption. By Arthur Latham, M.D., and Charles

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H. Garland. (T. Fisher Unwin. 4e. 6d. net.)—The authors of this treatise rightly describe it as an "economic study." They have collected and they interpret a number of facts...

The Indian Constitution. By A. Rangaswami Iyengar. (G. C. Loganadham

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Brothers, Madras. 2 rupees.)—Hero we have the text of the Act of 1858 by which the government of British India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown; various...

The Validity of English Ordinations. By the Most Rev. Chrestos

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Androutsos. Translated by F. W. Groves Campbell. (Grant Richards. 3s. 6d. net.)—Professor Androutsos shows all the courtesy and reasonableness that could be desired. He examines...

Oriental Carpets, Runners, and Rugs. By Sydney Humphries. (A. and

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C. Black. 42s. net.)—We cannot attempt to give an artistic or technical estimate of this book, but must be content with a brief description. Among the illustrations we have...

Two Theban Queen3. By Colin Campbell. (Kogan Paul, Trench, and

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Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—The "Two Queens" are Nefert-ari and Ty-ti. The former is the more important of the two. Nefert-ari was the first and favourite wife of Rameses II., and the...

Conduct Stories. Ey F. J. Gould. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co.

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2s. 6d. net.)—This may be described as a continuation of a book which Mr. Gould published ten years ago, and appears under the same auspices, those of the Moral Education...