12 OCTOBER 1878

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The Vienna correspondent of the Times states that the Com-

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mission for the reorganisation of Bosnia has not found its work so hard as was expected. The executive organisation will do very well, when the offices are filled with honest...

The Turkish Government has finally refused to sign a Conven-

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tion with Austria, and instead has issued a circular to its diploma- tists ordering them to inform the Powers that Austria has broken international law, and to request their aid...

It is announced that the Russians have returned to the

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lines of Tchataldja, thus again menacing Constantinople. The news caused a fall on 'Change, the English theory being that the Government of St. Petersburg, seeing the British...


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T HE Standard of Thursday published a telegram from Simla an- nouncing that General Ross had passed All Muajeed, and marched on the Valley of Dakka, at the Afghan end of the...

The welcome accorded to Mr. Gladstone in Liverpool, a Tory

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city, is a most significant fact. He landed there from the Isle of Man on Monday, and was immediately surrounded by thousands eager for a speech. He uttered a few kindly-worded...

The Government of France has taken a most important step.

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The first batch of Senators who will retire under the Constitu- tional law number 75, of whom 19 are Republicans and 56 Monarchists. It is probable that when these seats are...

11 „,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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Prince Bismarck spoke on Wednesday for the second time in

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favour of the Anti-Socialist Bill. He declared that he was in favour of all means for relieving workmen from need, and especi- ally of co-operative societies, which the...

Colonel Loyd-Lindsay on Tuesday made a speech to his Berkshire

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constituents, which contained a remarkable assumption. He intimated that the Emperor of Russia had not wished to enter Constantinople, but that he was nearly overborne by the...

Mr. Gladstone recently informed an Australian correspondent that the country

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in all bye-elections had condemned the policy of the Government, whereupon Lord Claud Hamilton wrote to- him a public letter, informing him—of course, in Parliamentary and...

The Egyptian arrangement has been again in danger. Italy demands

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a place in the Egyptian Cabinet, and M. Waddington requires that the French "representative," the Minister of Public 'Works, shall have control over the railways, the Suez-Canal...

The speech, however, which will infallibly carry the Bill is

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that of Herr Hasselmann against it. This able Socialist leader made a most powerful speech, rather on the lines of "Jack Cade" Radicalism than of Socialism, declaring that under...

The City Editors are still optimist, but monetary confidence is

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not yet restored. The idea is that one or two Banks in the North have been weakened by the Glasgow failure, and that all Banks must be strict with customers, and thus perhaps...

The gas interest has this week received a heavy shock.

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On Tuesday the Times published a "telegram "—it was really a letter—quoted by Professor Barrett, at Birmingham, announcing, on Mr. Edison's own evidence, that he "had just...

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The Bishop of Peterborough hes been giving an amusing lecture

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to the two Houses. He was consecrating a church at Loughborough on Tuesday, and, speaking after the ceremonial, he said "it was one of the privileges of a British Senator to...

Mr. Hormuzd Remain, who was a companion of Sir Austen

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Layard's earliest discoveries in the Euphrates and Tigris valleys, has succeeded in obtaining from the Porto a most extensive fir- man for the exploration of the whole of...

One Cabinet Minister, Colonel Stanley, has made a speech this

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week, but there was very little in it. He said little about Afghanistan, except that we could not allow a neighbour who happened to have a key to our house-door to hand it to an...

The dread which the Jews are awakening in Eastern Europe

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-almost equals the dread felt for them in Western Europe six hundred years ago, and is based on the same grounds. They -display a talent for accumulation with which Christians...

At a meeting of the South Staffordshire Iron Trade Conciliation

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Board, on Monday, Mr. Chamberlain, the chairman, made some very grave statements. Although the reductions in wages since January, 1874, amount to 52 per cent., without...

It appears from a report of a meeting of Railway

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servants at Liverpool, that the Engine-drivers of the London and North- - Western Company are in a state of great excitement. They say - that the Company, by introducing the...

The extraordinary jealousy and distrust with which all Mahom- medans

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at heart regard Christian interference has received another illustration. It is reported in a telegram received on Wednesday that Mr. Sinclair, the Colonel St. Clair of the...

Consols were on Friday 941 to 94

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THE WAR WITH AFGHANISTAN. T WO facts, at all events, come out very clearly in the week's telegrams from Northern India. The Ameer of Afghan- istan is ready, and Lord Lytton is...

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I T is quite possible, though it is not proved, that the investing classes of Great Britain have sustained this week another and a severe blow. Their good-fortune has deserted...

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S UPPOSE we hold Inquests upon dead Banks, and return verdicts of "Died of natural losses," or "Died of acci- dental losses," or "Died of neglect by Shareholders," or "Died of...

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E GYPT is suffering from a superfluity of friends. She has been, and is still, sick ; and sympathisers from all parts of Europe press forward to offer their advice. The...


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T ak; Church Congress at Sheffield lasted four days, but the interest of its proceedings belonged almost entirely to a single subject. The question of Comprehension versus...

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A FORTNIGHT ago we observed, with reference to the triumph of the Protectionists at the general elections in Canada, that nothing but a bread-tax could make the masses under-...

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A MOST regrettable incident at Manchester has once more called attention to the subject of public begging. It appears that the laws against beggars are maintained in that city,...

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1M ODERN life is passing, slowly and not always steadily, but still decidedly, through a great revolution, now nearly achieved. The relation of equality is gradually eclipsing...

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F AR afield from the walls of Florence or Pisa, in deep folds and windings of the long Tuscan bills, lies an immense city, ancient, and roughly elegant, broad-cast over a whole...


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THE ROYAL NORMAL COLLEGE AND ACADEMY OF MUSIC FOR THE BLIND. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR.'] Sin,—Walking along Weston Street, Upper Norwood, to-day, I passed a blind...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Will you allow me to inquire, through the medium of your columns, what is supposed to be the value of entries of publica- tions at...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE SPROTITOR.1 SIR,—In your notice of Sir Charles Reed's review of the opera- tions of the School Board you say, "The great difficulty is to enforce...


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LEITH HILL. [" Hereabouts is a thing remarkable, though but little taken notice of,—I mean that goodly prospect from the top of Leith Hill The like, I think, is not to. be...


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DISMAL ART. Is it true that English Art is becoming more gloomy in subject and in various other ways than it used to be ? There are evidently some people who think and say so....

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SACHER-MASOCH'S NOVELS.* ARE we wrong in assuming that the name of Sacher-Masoch, this novelist who proudly boasts that he forms with Wagner and Bismarck the best abused trio...

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DESPITE the author's attempt to ascribe a real unity to this work, we cannot help regretting that he did not revise its disjointed chapters, get rid of or occasionally reconcile...

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THE publication of these two volumes of what the author is pleased to call "palatable essays" affords a sad but useful warn- ing to good-natured criticism. Disarmed, it may be,...

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[SECOND NOTICE.] AFTER a brief but enjoyable repose at Ujiji, an Arab colony, and the mercantile rendezvous of all the dwellers by the lake, Mr. Stanley, leaving the bulk of...

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15rE have recently had occasion to quote Mr. Grant Duff's ob- servation respecting our ebbing century, that "never was there a time when a wise adviser would more decidedly say...

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THOSE who have read Dr. D. H. Tuke's former work, on the influence of the Mind on the Body, will welcome this more popular treatise, on insanity and its Prevention. That a...

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The Mystery of Suffering. By the Rev. Baring-Gould. (Skeffington.) —In

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the six lectures which make up this little volume, the author endeavours to show that suffering would seem to be a necessary condi- tion for the development of the highest life...


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Authenticity of St. John's Gospel. By William Cmsar, D.D. (Black- wood and Sons.)—The Fourth Gospel has now for a considerable time been one of the chief battle-fields of...

Riversdale Court. By Mrs. Forrest-Grant. 3 vols. (S. Tinsley and

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Co.)—Riversdale is one of those secluded, happy valleys, more common in romance than reality, whereinto no poverty, vice, or crime enters, and where no discontented or...

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A Little Western Flower, by M. C. Helmer° (Marcus Ward

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and Co.), fairly keeps up to the average merit of the "Blue Bell" series, to which it belongs. It is a love-story, diversified with certain surprises of a somewhat melodramatic...

Sunshine and Snow. By Hawley Smart. 3 vols. (Chapman and

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Hall.)—If Mr. Smart does not improve, he does not manifestly deterio- rate, and this, considering the rapid rate at which he produces, is no slight praise. Ile must be allowed...

&c., the history of St. Katharine's Hospital, a wealthy foundation

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(its income will before long exceed £12,000), which was originally situated in the East End of London, but which, on the construction of St. Katharine's Docks, was removed to...

The Wine-Growers and Wine-Coopers' Manual. By William Hard- man. (Tegg.)—This

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little volume records the results of a long and wide experience acquired by the writer in Sicily (where he was con- nected with a firm of wine-growers) and elsewhere. It is...

A Glossary of Reference on Subjects Connected with the Far

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East. By Herbert A. Giles. (Tritbner.)—This is a dictionary giving expla- nations of terms commonly used either in speaking or in writing in China, Japan, Malacca, &c. It is...

Cebetis Tabula. With Introduction and Notes. By C. S. Jerram,

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M.A. (The Clarendon Press.)—The Tabula was in frequent use, as a school-book, in England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Nor is there any reason, except...

They were Neighbours. By Laindon Hill. 3 vols. (Samuel Tinsley.)

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—Three volumes of love-making, carried on by people who have nothing particularly striking about their character or their histories, will be found by many readers somewhat...

for twenty or thirty volumes, in the hands of a

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competent master of the novelist's art ; but the author does not appear to be this, he has not oven akill enough to unravel the tangled skein of his own plot. The conse- quence...

The Notary's Daughter. From the French of Madame Leoni d'Aulney.

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The House of Penaruan. From the French of M. Jules Sandeau. 2 vols. By Lady Georgians Fullerton. (Bentley.)—Lady Georgians Fullerton has in the former of these two tales...

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A Practical Handbook to the Principal Professions. By Charles Eyre

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Pascoe. (Hardwick° and Bogue.)—Gives complete information about the examinations and other preliminaries necessary for those who would enter the Civil Service, the Army, the...

Through the Shadow. A Novel. 2 vols. (Samuel Tinsley.)—This is

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a story of "fast" life, in which everybody talks a kind of pseudo- military slang, hardly intelligible to outsiders, and goes through surprising adventures, in the intervals of...

llabitual Drunkenness and Insane Drunkards. By John Charles

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Bucknill, F.R.S. (Macmillan.)—Dr. Bucknill republishes a number of addresses, papers, and letters which have appeared from time to time relating to the theory that...

A Sketch of the Agriculture and Peasantry of Eastern Russia.

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By Henry Luig Roth. (Balliere, Tindall, and Cox.)—Mr. Roth spent two years, chiefly in practical farming, in the province of Samara, which lies on the eastern side of the...