12 JULY 1945

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Soldiers and Germans

The Spectator

The difficulties raised by the alternative evils of fraternisation and ['ion-fraternisation in Germany are only part of the whole baffling problem of the relation of the armies...


The Spectator

y HE administration of Berlin has become one important testing- is;sue which proved the first stumbling-block was the feeding of Berlin. Should the city's food supply come from...

Towards the Fourth Republic

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The ingenious compromise solution which General de Gaulle's Government has adopted for the establishment of the Fourth Republic shows a startling affection for the referendum,...

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The United States and the Charter

The Spectator

The Foreign Relations Committee of the United States Senate has this week been considering the United Nations Charter agreed at San Francisco. If first reactions are any sign of...

Rival Consumers

The Spectator

Mr. Oliver Lyttelton's comments on the problems, present and prospective, of the country's trade always deserve attention,- and none more than those he voiced at a luncheon of...

Hindu and Moslem

The Spectator

If anyone ever doubted that the real problem in India is the problem of agreement between Indians themselves, not between India and the British Government, the course of the...

More Housing Problems

The Spectator

The housing problem is perpetually presenting new aspects, the complexity of the problem as a whole being so demonstrated as to put in their right proportions the claims of each...

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The Spectator

O F not many of the leading personalities in the recent election campaign can it be said with any veracity " This was their finest hour." Not many would go so far as to say it...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T is a sobering thought that the

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newspapers which have told in the I last week of the fruitless search for survivors from the Liberator in which Sir William Malkin and other officials were returning from...

I think I have referred to the watch situation before.

The Spectator

I refer to it now with added emphasis. I happen to be the possessor of three watches of differing quality, calibre, age and temperament; but all alike in this, that they have...

I have been invited to voice the distress many readers

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of that great paper, the Manchester Guardian, appear to feel at the departure its Election leaders—in particular the virulence of the attacks on the Prime Minister—have marked...

• I have not, Ur various reasons, pleaded the cause

The Spectator

of any individual political candidate in this column. If I mention one now, it is not for the purpose of either helping or hindering ; that, since all the voting is over (except...

News that reaches me privately from Berlin confirms in all

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essentials most of what the newspaper correspondents are saying about non-fraternisation—and various other questions. The mis- understandings about the movement of British...

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The Spectator

By D. w. BROGAN EFORE I went to Paris, a fortnight ago, I should -have been D startled and incredulous had I seen an article with a title like that I have chosen. There was...

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The Spectator

By FRANCIS WILLIAMS I T is a pity, inevitable though it may have been, that events at home have in the past fortnight so completely distracted attention from events abroad that...

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The Spectator

By PAUL-EMILE SEIDMAN, M.D. (Paris) A FTER the war of 1918 I had heard, like others, of the German atrocities. I had listened to these stories and reports with a certain amount...

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The Spectator

By BR. MALCOLM BURR A FTER many centuries of absolutism, the broad mass of the Turkish people was more puzzled than gratified by the pro- clamation of the Republic on October...

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The Spectator

I HEARD the golden sigh of Autumn breathe Amongst the listening trees which stood around, All sound was hushed within the silent wood, Save whisper of a leaf no longer bound To...


The Spectator

By GEORGE V. FERGUSON (Editor of the Winnipeg Free Press) Winnipeg, June 29th. rir HE significance of the Canadian General Election last month goes far deeper than the mere...


The Spectator

Waiting for news! What news? News from the darkness, how the seed Should bestir itself in greed, Clutch, consume, and break the soil, Then, with no moment more to lose, Stretch...

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Then there is courage. "Above all," writes Paul Cambon, "let

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us cease being frightened. Cowardice is but another form of self- indulgence ; it is the ecstasy of the decadent." " An Ambassador," he reminds his own Foreign Minister, "is not...

He was aided, of course, by the fact that many

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influential people on this side of the Channel shared his belief that animosity between the two countries—however inevitable it might seem in view of momentary rivalries and...

What were the distinctive qualities which enabled Paul Cambon to

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acquire so great an influence in England and to achieve so notable a diplomatic success? We can recall the picture of this impressive French gentleman, with his grey top hat and...


The Spectator

By HAROLD NICOLSON T HE iron curtain which descended between Britain and France in June, 1940, has been raised an inch or two, and through the chink now opened one is able from...

Above all, perhaps, this correspondence provides us with a clear

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and instructive picture of the diplomatic principles upon which Paul Cambon worked. From time is time he would remind his supetiors • or his subordinates' of those great axioms...

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The Spectator

Scenes from Shakespeare. For Special Release.—" Pit Be Your Sweetheart." At the (aumont.—" A Man Called Sullivan " and " The Last Gangster." At the Tivoli.—" The Battle of the...


The Spectator

medie Franeaise. At the New Theatre. E repertory of the present London season of the Comedic rancaise consists of four comedies, Victor Hugo's drama Ruy Bias, Racine's tragedy...


The Spectator

Summer Exhibitions. At the Redfern and St. George's Galleries.— Primitive Art. At the Berkeley Galleries. —" The Age of Grace." At Messrs. Roland, Browse and Delbanco. THE...

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The Spectator

THE EDITOR FROM COVENANT TO CHARTER Ste,—Professor Gilbert Murray's article in The Spectator of July 6th will come as a shock to his many friends and admirers who remember his...

THE POLISH SETTLEMENT SIR,—It is not often that I find

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myself dissenting from your views on Foreign Policy, but I must beg leave to do so when in a recent editorial you speak of the Polish Settlement as bring " in accordance with...


The Spectator

Sta,—Will you allow me to correct an inaccuracy in Mr. Brian Stuart's excellent article on " Syria and the Beduin " in your issue of July 6th? He stated that " Thanks entirely...

SIR, —Your warning against the hasty assumption that the Polish question

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is settled is most salutary. The deadlock which has been removed was merely a deadlock between the " Big Three." To the ordinary observer it is plain that the Government they...

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The Spectator

Sta,—Mr. Rawlinson attacks Congress because " the medium of instruc- tion " (I take it, in the U.P.) " was not Urdu but Hindi." I will not go into the eternal argument as to...


The Spectator

Sta,—In your issue of June 22nd " Numa Pompilius," remarks that he cannot believe that it would be impossible to find a ticket clerk for a third " quicker" at Paddington, but I...


The Spectator

Sta,—I know nothing of the " petty politics " which you imply has marred the development of the Swiss Railways, but I must write to defend what is surely the most efficient, the...


The Spectator

Sw,—As a member of the Commission on Evangelism which produced the report, " The Conversion of England," I was present through all the discussions about the use of newspaper...

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The Spectator

How does it come about that some seaside places are half-ruined by the amount of oil, and some quite immune. In one bay in North Devon it was almost melancholy to walk along the...


The Spectator

SIR,—I am glad that the question of E. V. T. in the R.A.F. is being aired. I can endorse Honours Graduate's letter and the fact that many Educa- tion Officers are cynically...

Owls, Trout and Beetles It surprised many enemies of that

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alien species . to learn that the little Spanish owl lived principally upon beetles. It certainly surprised me to find that some trout had an exactly similar taste. One...


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SIR, —Perhaps some of your readers can explain to me why, in the light of the declaration that the country is as much the victim of German aggression as Czechoslovakia or the...

A Desired Crime

The Spectator

However long the list of civic crimes there is one that should be added, The encouragement of bracken. In the hilly districts of Scotland, of Cumberland and of Wales wherever a...

Cuckoo, Cuckoo Though I risk the. Cuckoo's 42sittie,:of boring iteration,

The Spectator

I cannot for- bear from reporting one new Ubservation..on.this eccentric fowl. A farmer in the Lakes, who is a great lover and observer of birds, found a cuckoo's egg (as he...


The Spectator

SIR,—Ahhough I warmly sympathise with much that Mr. Packer has to say, it is certain that he underestimates the problem of time. It is easy enough to make a study of transport...

SIR,—May I be allowed to say, with the utmost diffidence,

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that E. L. Packer in the article called " Conflict in the Schools " (6.7.45) has missed one very important point? In my experience of teaching in different Primary schools since...

In My Garden The largest crop of the largest black-currants

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that I have ever seen were growing in the cottage garden of a retired gardener. When he picked them he just cut off the branches; and this is held to be the best method both for...

Postage on this issue: Inlana, lid.; Overseas, Id.

The Spectator

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The Spectator

Newman's Wagner The Life of Richard Wagner. Vol. III. By Ernest Newman. (Cassell. 30s.) THERE are over five hundred pages in this third volume of Mr. Newman's monumental work,...

Early Celtic Art

The Spectator

IF this country's record in the visual arts is not outstanding, it is also true that it has been slow to claim legitimate recognition for its achievements: slow, indeed, to...

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Transport by Sea

The Spectator

International Sea Transport. By Brigadier-General Sir Osbo Mance. Issued under the Auspices of The Royal Institute of In national Affairs. (Oxford University Press. 12s. 6d.)...

The " Everyman " Anthology

The Spectator

Poems of Our Time, 1940-1942. Chosen by Richard Church and M. M. Bozman. (Everyman Library. Dent. 3s.) EVERY addition to the excellent Everyman Library is certain of a very...

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Fiction .

The Spectator

(Hutchinson. 9s. 6c11) Blessed are The Meek. By Zofia Kossak. Translated by Kulka Langre. (Hutchinson. 12s. 6d.) THE thirty-one selected short stories which go to make up the...

The Renegade Wogan

The Spectator

The Adventures of Edward Wogan. By Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice. (Routledge. 10s. 6d.) IT is appropriate that in this tercentenary year of the New Model Army there should...

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The Spectator

[A Book Token for one guinea will be awarded to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week, pdy 24th. Envelopes...


The Spectator

El n MI UMUMMEIMEI men n D OEM UMEIMOUO wnnonnn n nunrOgungnan !I CI El In RI M® MEIMEIGUNITO Ellareirmi El n U EINIMIZIOrla mem SOLUTION ON JULY 27th The winner of Crossword...

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Shorter Notices

The Spectator

Planning the New Nursery SchooL (University of London Press. 2s. 6d.) THE authors of this pamphlet—a committee set up by the Nursery School Association of Great Britain—start...


The Spectator

By CUSTOS Is it wrong to buy ordinary shares in war time? This question raised, it must be said, rather belatedly by a correspondent, may still be troubling other investors, so...

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The Spectator

SHELL" TRANSPORT AND TRADING AMPLE OIL RESERVES HE annual general meeting of the " Shell " Transport and Trading mpany, Limited, was held, on July loth, in London. The Rt. Hon....