16 MARCH 1901

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We distrust the stories now being published of the reduc-

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tion of population caused in Western India by the famine. There is no doubt that in the Central Provinces, and in some Native Staten, a vast number of people, mostly from the...

It is possible, of course, that Japan may act alone.

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A " distinguished Japanese diplomatist," who is clearly, at all events, a man of ability, has been interviewed by the Doily News, and has spoken, if not with authority, at least...

Mr. Bourassa, an excitable Member of the Ottawa Parlia- ment,

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has drawn from Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the present Premier of the Canadian Dominion, a speech of much signifi- cance. Mr. Bourassa had asked in the name of liberty that Canadians...


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A GAIN there is no war news of any importance to chronicle,—except a telegram received on Friday announcing that Kruitzinger's small commando had broken through Colonel De...

The Times correspondent at Vienna forwards a re- markable speech

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made in the Austrian Parliament on March 12th by Dr. Kramarz. This gentleman, a young Czech, while insisting that German and Czech must agree, or Hungary would rule the Austrian...

There is no news from China except a statement that

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the International Army is to remain there through the summer months, which is, we hope, untrue. Diplomatic action seems to be circling round the question of Manchuria, the...

*.* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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By the above means Mr. Brodrick calculates that he will

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add 126,500 men to the fighting forces of the Empire with- out increasing the demand for recruits, and yet only add 22,000,000 a year to the cost of the Army. Of course that is...

Of coarse Mr. Balfour had no difficulty in showing the

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futility of all this talk. In reality there is nothing new or aggressive in Mr. Brodrick's scheme. He does not propose to add to the Regular Army, except to give some ten...

Among the incidental reforms enumerated by Mr. Brodrick we may

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mention (1) an increase in the artillery (we are to have two hundred 41 guns for field use); (2) reform of the transport and medical services; (3) reduction of barrack- square...

We have pointed out elsewhere what we deem to be

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the matters in regard to which Mr. Brodrick's scheme is open to criticism. Shortly, we think that he should have improved the pay of the Regulars by making it possible to use...

In the House of Commons both on Monday and Tuesday

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General Colvile's case was explained by Mr. Douglas and Mr, Yerburgh, and strongly endorsed by Mr. Asquith, while the Government side was put by Mr. Brodrick, Mr. Balfour, and...

In the House of Commons on Friday, March 8th, Mr.

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Brodrick introduced his proposals for Army reorganisation. We require, he said, besides the regular garrisons abroad and a properly organised force for home defence, three army...

In the House of Commons on Thursday the Opposition opened

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their grand attack upon Mr. Brodrick's scheme. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman led off. The Government, he sug- gested, had made an excessive use of Lord Roberts's name in defence...

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On. Thursday Mr. Chamberlain made an excellent speech at a

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meeting of the United British Women's Emigration Association, calling attention to the great need for developing the work of the Society. There would very soon be a great rush...

On Thursday was published a memorandum on the position of

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the Commander-in-Chief, written and addressed by Lord Wolseley to the Prime Minister last November. In out opinion Lord Wolseley asks for the right thing—i.e., the con- version...

The interim Report of the Water-tube Boiler Committee appointed last

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September has been issued. To put the matter briefly, the Committee approve the water-tube boiler system in principle, but absolutely condemn the Belleville type, recommending...

Lord Salisbury on Wednesday attended the annual dinner of the

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Associated Chambers of Commerce, and delivered a highly optimistic speech. If we trusted the newspapers, he said, we should find that our trade was decaying all over the world,...

To a deputation from the Senate of the Royal University

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of Ireland which waited on the Lord-Lieutenant last Saturday Lord Cadogan not only announced that the Government had resolved to grant an inquiry into the subject of Irish Uni-...

On Tuesday Lord Rosebery opened the first exhibition of the

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new Whitechapel Art Gallery,—erected at a cost of £15,000 by public subscription. After a feeling reference to the admirable exertions of Canon and Mrs. Barnett, whose absence...

The explanatory statement in regard to the Navy Estimates was

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issued on Wednesday. The total amount asked for this year is £30,875,500, or an increase of 22,083,600 over last year. The number of officers and men is returned at 118,635, or...

When on Monday the Chancellor of the Ex chequer moved

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for the Committee to inquire into the provision to be made for the Civil List, Mr. Balfour announced that the Govern- ment had decided to make no objection to the appointment of...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday 96i.

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• THE NEW ARMY SCHEME. W E congratulate Mr. Brodrick most heartily on the new Army scheme which he explained to the House of Commons on Friday week. There are, as we shall try...

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W ANT of audacity is not precisely the defect which the world attributes to special correspondents, but we could sometimes find it in our hearts to wish they were a trifle more...

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by immediate taxation. We, to a g reat extent, dissent from this point of view. In our opinion, there is per se no harm in borrowin g for war expenditure provided that it is...

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M R. SIDNEY LOW is right in saying that the power of the Kings has increased of late, or, as Mr. Balfour put it, they have become more "important factors" in the political life...

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W HILE the See of London was vacant we ventured to make a suggestion in order to meet the growing difficulty created by the vastness of Landon. When Bishop Creighton's death was...

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W E wonder if any person in the world has been frightened by the appearance and disappearance of the new star in Perseus of which astronomers have recently made so much....

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T "people of his native place in Aberdeenshire are about to erect a memorial to celebrate the services and genius of George Macdonald. Happily the veteran novelist is still with...

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nrIHE Parks Committee of the London County Council has under its consideration a very pretty suggestion. It is proposed that the Council should encourage the butterflies to...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Why should the jerry-builder be discouraged P A bad cottage is better than no cottage at all. You would have realised this if you had...


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THE GOVERNMENT OF AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES. (To THE EDITOR OF TEE 'SPECTATOR'] SIE,—As one who has for four years lived and taught in an American University, I may perhaps be...

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SIE;--WhilSt thanking you for your courtesy in publishing my letter—Spectator, March 9th—I cannot but feel surprise at your comments. As to "materials" or "no projections," &c.,...

[To THY EDITOR OF THE " SPECTA.TOR.1 SIB, —With reference to

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your interesting article on the above subject in the Spectator of March 2nd, I should like to inquire how far these by-laws have any binding force. An unreason- able by-law is...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIB,—You ask what is the explanation of the paralysis which several years ago came over the companies formed for the purpose of building...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP TEE 'SPECTATOR."] f SrB,—In a note at the foot of a letter appearing in the Spectator of March 9th you suggest in effect that any one who can show landlords...

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his notice of "The Lost Land" in the Spectator for February 23rd your reviewer says : "One is reminded of Ossian's tragic summary of the Gaelic character: They went forth to the...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 SE, —As a pendant to your excellent article on " Charity " I am tempted to send you these maxims (I) "If you give, give what is your own,"...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATO5.:9 Sut,—I was prevented by illness from answering the letter of Hall Halid in the Spectator of last week. The following facts are indisputable....

rTO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 SI11,—It does not seem

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to be generally observed how quickly the early disciples of Christ perceived the danger to the recipient of charity produced by the new impulse to giving imparted to all...

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STRAY PAPERS BY THACKERAY.* THE editor of these "stray papers" claims for them no con- siderable literary value. They consist of reviews, short stories, verses, and sketches...


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A PLIGHTING NIGHT. ON a fighting night when the shore-winds blow And the birds are hurrying fast and low, When the curlews wail on the white waves' crest When the peewits fly...


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Sin,—When I was living in Essex thirty or forty years ago, the labourers, few of whom had watches, used to make of themselves the gnomon of a sun-dial in the following primi-...

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MEDLEVAL ROME.* IT was essential that Rome should be included

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in the " Mediteval Town Series," but of all the great cities which existed throughout media3val Europa, Rome in its monuments of art gives perhaps the least impression of a...

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MR. DOOLEY'S PHILOSOPHY.* FURTHER acquaintance with the works of Mr.

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Dooley, while heightening our admiration for his wit and acumen, brings into stronger relief the limitations of his outlook and his method. From one severe ordeal he emerges...

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LARGENESS, whether of body, mind, or heart, seems to have been the prevailing note of Phillips Brooks, and has infected the mind of his devoted biographer to such an extent that...

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THE two stories which Miss May Sinclair has linked together under the title of Two Sides of a Question are of altogether exceptional poignancy. But this at least must be said on...

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Plato: The Apology of Socrates Trans. by D. F Nevill, N.A. (F. E Robinson & Co. is. 6.1. net.) —Mr. Nevill gives in his introduction a useful summary of what we know about...


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ART-BOOKS. Pompeii : its Life and Art. By August Man. Translated by F. W. Kelsey. (Macmillan and Co. 25s.)—In a preface the translator tells us that this volume is the result...

The Way of Holiness. By B. M. Benson. (Methuen and

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Co. 58.) —This is a devotional commentary on Psalm ex's This Psalm has always been much used for purposes of deintion, and Mr. Ben.on's volume will be welcomed by many. —With...

French Architects and Sculptors of the Eighteenth Century. By Lady

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Dflke. (Bell and Sons. 28s.) —The present volume continues the study of French eighteenth-century art, Lady Dilke having devoted a former volume to the painters. The dominating...

Dutch Painters of the Nineteenth Century. Edited by Max Roses.

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(Sampson Low, Marston, and Co.)—This third volume is carried out en the same plan as the former two, each biography being by a separate author. The general impression gained of...

Diirer. By H. Knackfuss. (Grevel and Co. 4s.)—The latest volume

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of this series of monographs on artists is in every way equal to its forerunners. Professor Knackfuss always writes with insight, sympathy, and knowledge. The only criticism we...


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The March number of the Bibliothegue Universelle et Revue Suisse (Lausanne : Place de la Louve ; London : Hachette; 2 fr. 50 C.) is as usual full of excellent and varied...

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Personal Hygiene. By Walter L. Pyle, M.D. (W. B. Saunders

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and Co., Philadelphia.)—This is a volume full of good sense and useful information, scientific in substance, but well adapted to general reading, about the various powers and...


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rrnder this head:rig we notice such Books of the reek as have not keen reserved for review in other forms.; The Romance of the Boer War. By MacCarthy (Moore. (Elliot Stock....

The Modern Language Quarterly, edited by H. Frank Heath, Vol.

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III., Part 3 (D. Nutt, 2s. 6d. net.), contains an interesting account of the annual general meeting of the Modern Language Association, held on January 3rd and 4th, 1901, at...

Education in the Nineteenth Century. Edited by R. D. Roberts,

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D.Sc. (Cambridge University Press. 4s.)—We cannot pretend to estimate separately these thirteen essays, which deal with most of the educational subjects now prominent. Miss...

The Living Races of Mankind. By H. N. Hutchinson,

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J. W. Gregory, D.Sc., R. Lyddeker, F.R.S. Vol. I. (Hutchinson and Co. 7s. 6c1.)—Mr. Hutchinson is responsible for the whole of the contents of this volume, excepting the last...

The General Epistle of St. James. Explained by H. W s

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Fulford, M.A. (Methuen and Co. is. 6d.)—This is a volume of "The Churchman's Bible," appearing under the general editorship of Mi. J. H. Burn. Mr. Fulford adopts the view of the...

The "Good Man" of the Eighteenth Century. By Charles Whittuck,

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hi. A. (G. Allen. 6s.)—Mr. Whittuck gives us a series of essays, partly literary, partly ethical, on ideals of character as they are exhibited by eighteenth-century writers,...