18 DECEMBER 1875

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The Ministry, enraged by their defeat, made on Wednesday a

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'desperate attempt to upset the whole proceeding. M. Paris pro- goosed to nullify the ballot, on the ground that many Deputies Toted for lists handed to them in envelopes, and...

The Reform Union, an association composed of various local Reform

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associations in different parts of the United Kingdom, met in Manchester on Wednesday, when nearly a thousand delegates were assembled from 173 distinct local centres of...


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A NOTHER dramatic surprise at Versailles. The Left have seated 11 all the Life-members of the Senate. The Orleanists, guided, it is said, by the Duo de Broglie, had determined...

A crime, the like of which the world has probably

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never heard of, was abruptly disclosed to the world,—causing some eighty deaths by its premature disclosure and a hundred other more or less serious mutilations,—at Bremerhaven,...

Lord Hartington made a political speech at Sheffield on Wed-

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nesday, on some aspects of which we have commented elsewhere, but of which we may here add that its general tone was, as usual, in the highest degree the toll*, of an able Whig;...

** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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NOTICE.—To ADVERTISERS and NE W SA G ENTS.— ...Saturday, December

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25, being Christmas Day, the SpEcTATon for that .date will be published on Friday, December 24.

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The French Ministry has had a severe rebuff from the

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Bureau appointed to discuss the Press Law. The Reporter, M. Albert Grevy, denounces the State of Siege in a time of peace as con- Crary to the organic laws of France. and...

Mr. Sullivan, M.P. for Louth, has been prophecying in Dublin,

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if we may trust the Times' correspondent's report of an address of his, as published on Wednesday. According to that report, Mr. Sullivan stated on Tuesday that England had been...

The German Parliament has compelled the Government to withdraw its

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proposed brewhouse tax, and has rejected a pro- posal to punish attacks on the German Government committed by foreigners residing abroad, as high treason. This proposal would...

The House of Representatives at Washington, which is now strongly

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democratic, and pulls against the Senate like the divergent horses in Plato's Chariot of the Soul, declared, on Wednesday, by a vote of 332 to 18, that a Presidential " third...

One would almost like to believe that Thomassen was himself

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an automaton like his own clockwork, only set for rather more than eight days, if that convenient solution of the problem did not throw back the responsibility on a greater and...

The news from the Cape is not very intelligible, but

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apparently the Premier of Cape Colony, Mr. Molteno, has adroitly availed himself of the feeling that Mr. Froude, in making speeches against the Parliamentary Ministry, had acted...

The Egyptian Khedive has been sending troops to conquer Abyssinia.

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One division has, however, been cut up and driven out of the country. The expedition would have been reinforced, but the British Government, which wants the Khedive to remain...

The speech of the Duke of Cambridge has, apparently, produced

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some excitement on the Continent, and Lord Salisbury on Tuesday set himself at the dinner of the West Herta Agricultural Society to diminish its effect. He said the first merit...

A trial of some importance to the Army has been

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going on all the week. Mr. Stacpoole was formerly a lieutenant in the 78th Highlanders. He was not popular there, it is alleged, and was certainly disliked by his Colonel,...

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The Sultan on the 14th December decreed a number of

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re- forms in the Administration. Forced labour is abolished ; non- Mussulmans may hold property ; Christians will only pay the military tax from twenty to forty years of age,...

Affairs in Malaya still seem in a scarcely satisfactory condition.

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Sir William Jervois telegraphs on the 14th inst. that the troops meet with no further resistance in Perak, and that he wants no more soldiers at present. It would appear,...

Several elections have occurred this week, but the Conserva- tives

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have not yet found a seat for Sir Hardinge Giffard. Mr. Cave as yet keeps his seat for Shoreham. Mr. Cavendish Bentinck has been returned again for Whitehaven, his only opponent...

The new Judicature Act appears to be working well in

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one respect at least. The Courts are equal to their work. It was reported on Saturday that there were no longer any arrears in any of the Courts except the Appeal Court, and the...

The Court of Appeal decided on Tuesday a curious case,

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in the manner which will best recommend itself to the advocates of women's rights. A Mrs. Jackson had settled her property on her niece (and adopted daughter), the niece having...

Mr. Justice Denman has been passing some very severe sen-

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tences on crimes of brutality in the Northern Circuit. For abusing children, two men have been sentenced to seven years' and ten years' penal servitude ; a poacher who committed...

The Assistant-Masters of Harrow have addressed a letter to all

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the Assistant-Masters in public schools affected by the Public Schools Act of 1868, remonstrating against the principle that Assistant-Masters should be dismissed at the mere...

We observe with pleasure that English psychological science, which has

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long had no adequate representative in periodical literature, is to acquire a quarterly organ in the year which is now just upon us. Professor Croom Robertson, of University...

Consols were at the latest date 931 to 9:3f.

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• THE LIFE-SEATS IN THE FRENCH SENATE. T HE Election of the seventy-five Life-Members of the French Senate, which is entrusted by the Constitution to the Assembly, has ended,...

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T ORD HARTINGTON'S speech at She ffi eld on Wednesday 1 will be read in the same papers in which is recorded the meeting of the Reform Union at Manchester, whose 173...

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1UR. DISRAELI has lately made three appointments which, ktl_ from the discrepancy between the qualifications needed for the post and the qualifications supposed to be possessed...

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I F there is an American Joseph Hume, how happy he must be just now ! A chance has happened to him such as never happened to the Member for Montrose, or perhaps to any financial...

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I T is evident that the quarrel between the Tenant-Farmers and the Government, revealed by the resignation of Mr. Clare Read, is much more serious than was supposed. The...


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M R. FORSTER'S admirable address last month at Edinburgh on the greatness and unity of our Colonial Empire already appears to be bearing fruits. It was not long before that...

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T HE deliberate crime to which Mr. Thomassen appears to have confessed is probably one of the most amazing of which we have any record in history,—not so much on account of the...

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T HE little memoir just published by Sir W. S. Maxwell will revive for a moment the old dispute as to the true intel- lectual character of " Jacob Omnium." There probably never...

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[TO TUR EDITOR OF TOE " SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—Allow me to point out a consideration which seems to have escaped your notice in your remarks of Dec. 4th upon Hertford College. The...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—An American, and an admirer of Walt Whitman, I cannot withhold my protest against a certain statement in Mr. Peter Bayne's essay upon...


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A GREY and leaden sky, without a break, Shuts in the narrow world whereon I look, And, day by day, mine ears almost forget To miss the babbling of the ice-bound brook. The woods...


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LORD MAYO.* THIS is an excellent and most readable book, but it is in no way a biography of Lord Mayo. Mr. Hunter has given us a lucid and most interesting history of the' work...

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A TITLE which suggests both seriousness and speculation, and a motto from Mr. Carlyle,—" What then ? Is the heroic inspira- tion we name—Virtue—but some passion, some bubble of...

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been put to a less amiable use than in the production of these two volumes. Mr. Laird has indeed prefixed to each the engaging motto, " If a man be ambitious to improve in...

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SCEPTICISM AND FAITH.* THESE two books illustrate the manner in

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which modern scepticism is viewed from the different " stand-points" of Protestant and Catholic apologists. If we were compelled to regard them as per- fectly fair and adequate...

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MR. MCCARTHY has given us another pleasant story ; a clever, bright tale of nineteenth-century life, in at least one of its aspects, told without a tench of the bitterness which...

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IT is a singular fact, and one not altogether creditable to the University of Oxford, where the philosophy of Aristotle has for centuries occupied the highest intellect of the...

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CHRISTMAS ROOKS. Sketches from an Artist's Portfolio. By Sydney P. Hall. (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co.)--After the monotonous series of outline illus- trations wo have had in...

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The National Portrait Gallery. (Cassell, Petter, and Galpin.)—This volume comes

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before us with no preface, date, or editor's name, and without saying whether it is the first of a series or complete in itself. We believe, however, that it has been published...

The North-West Passage by Land, being the Narrative of an

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Expedition from the Atlantio to the Pacific. By Viscount Milton, F.R.G.S., and W. B. Cheadle, M.A. (Cassell, Petter, and Galpin.)— This is a new and cheap edition of a book of...

Memoirs of Celebrated Etonians. By J. Homage Jesse. 2 vols.

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(Bentley.)—This book will doubtless have, and in a sense deserves to have, a certain success. Old Etonians will be glad to have in a con- venient and shapely form the...

The Dawn of Life. By J. W. Dawson. LL.D. (Hodder

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and Stoughton.)—About 1858 the American Geological Survey, in examining the Laurentian rocks of Canada, which lie at the base of the Azoic division, came upon a marble with...

The Squire's Legacy. By Mary Cecil Hay. (Hurst and Blackett.)—

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As we shall recommend our readers to read this novel for themselves, we shall not do them the ill-service or the author the injustice of describing the plot at length. There is...

The Wreckers. By Rosa Mackenzie Kettle. (James Weir.)—This is a

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new edition, " author's edition," of an exciting tale of adventure, which boys will read with eagerness, and will thoroughly enjoy. It is by an authoress who certainly succeeds...

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Phebe of Plasthwaite. By M. L. J. 3 vols. (Tinsley

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Brothers.)— This is a pretty, well-written story, the chief fault of which is the dis- proportion between its length and the magnitude of its subject. An introduction in which...

Pretty Miss Bellew. By Theo. Gift. 3 vols. (Bentley.)---This name

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" Theo." challenges speculation. Are we to speak of " ho " or "she ? " And a novel must be worth something, if we think of asking the ques- tion. The style is masculine ; but...

Memoirs of the Sansons, from Private Notes and Documents (1688-

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1847). Edited by Henry Samson, late Executioner to the Court of Justice in Paris. 2 vols. (Chatto and Windus.)—This book was pub- lished, it seems, some years ago in Paris. Of...

The Octopus. By Henry Lee, F.L.S. (Chapman and Hall.)—Mr. Lee,

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in his capacity as naturalist of the Brighton Aquarium, has had ample opportunity of studying the habits of this devil-fish of fiction, and has written a humorous and highly...

John Knox and the Church of England. By Peter Lorrimer,

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D.D. (Henry S. King and Co.)—This is a very important volume. Dr. Lorrimer found in Dr. Williams's library in London a set of papers which have never before been published, and...

Owen Gwynne's Great Work. By the Author of " Wandering

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Willie," &c. 2 vols. (Macmillan.)--The " great work " is a" History of the Fourteenth Century," not so happy an imagination as " The History of Human Error," which furnished to...

Antonio Allegri da Correggio. From the German of Dr. Julius

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Meyer. Edited, and with an Introduction, by Mrs. Charles Heaton. (Macmillan and Co.)—The materials for a life of this master are exceedingly scanty. He seems to have lived in...

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Diary and Correspondence of Samuel Pepys. With Notes by the

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Rev. Mynon Bright. Vol. I. (Bickers.)—This is the first instalment of an edition to be completed in six volumes, and that will contain the whole, or nearly the whole, of the...

Below the Salt : a Novel. By Lady Wood. (Chapman

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and Hall.)—Lady Wood sometimes runs into extravagance in her plots, and allows her style to drift into carelessness ; but her stories always interest us, and we never fail to...

Nero. By W. W. Story. (Blackwood.)—Mr. Story has chosen as

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a subject for a drama the story of Nero, because it seemed to him especially suitable for dramatic treatment. In this estimate we do not wholly agree with him. The story is not...

John Holdsworth, Chief Mate. By the Author of "Jilted." (Sampson

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Low and Co.)—The author of "Jilted " is not a common-place writer, and we feel convinced that he will do much better things than either his pleasant and amusing first novel, or...

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Egypt and Iceland in the Year 1874. By Bayard Taylor.

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(Sampson Low and Co.)—Mr. Bayard Taylor is always an agreeable writer, though he seldom has anything novel to say. In the present instance, his work has less novelty than usual,...

The Second Wife. From the German of E. Marlitt. By

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Annie Wood. (Bentley.)—This is a bright, spirited novel, much more interesting than most German works of fiction, which indeed are generally distasteful to us, with their...

The Dead Cities of the Zuyder Zee. Translated from the

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French of M. Henri Havard by Annie Wood. (Bentley.)—When the original of this work was published, at the beginning of this year, we called the attention of our readers to the...

Sherborne ; or, the House of the Four Ways. By

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Edward Heneage Daring. (Smith, Elder, and Co.)—This is an honest, outspoken, earnest, and uncompromising Catholic noveL If we were not averse, on principle, to the conduct of...

The Races of the Pacific Slates. By Hubert Rowe Bancroft.

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Volume .IV. Antiquities. (Longmans.)—Mr. Bancroft deals in his own exhaus- tive fashion with a large subject,—a subject, however, which to the world at large is not of the...

Broad Church. By Dr. Maurice Davies. 3 vols. (Tinsley Brothers.)

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—Dr. Davies's novel is clever and readable, but often distinctly offensive , to good taste. The interest of the book depends mainly upon the views of matters theological and...