19 JANUARY 1907

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A curious incident at Smyrna this week shows the prestige

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which attaches to British protection in the Near East. Kiamil Pasha, once Grand Vizier to the Sultan, and a good example of the respectable older Turkish school, fell out of...

It was hoped at first that the accounts of the

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damage and loss of life bad been exaggerated, but reports from the Governor and eye-witnesses of the disaster state that already three hundred and forty-three bodies have been...

Soudan,• taking for his text the slight• increase—less than £130,000

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all told—in the Budget of the Egyptian Ministry for War for 1907. The relations" of the Government with Abyssinia are excellent, nor is any trouble feared from Dar Fur, but the...

The third Assembly of French Bishops, summoned to discuss the

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Separation Law, met in Paris on Tuesday. The Bishop of Dijon, one of • the secretaries, has just returned from Rome, and it is hoped that he may have instructions from the...

NancE.—With this week's number of the " SPECTATOR." is issued, gratis,

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an Eight-Page Supplement, containing the Half-Yearly Index and Title-Page,--i.e., from July 7th to December 29th, 1906, inclusive.


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K INGSTON, the capital of Jamaica, founded by the Bur- vivors of the earthquake which ruined Port Royal in 1692, and the most prosperous and important town in the British West...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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On Friday week M. Poincare, the Minister of Finance in

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the late Cabinet, opened in the Senate the criticism of the new French Budget. He explained that a new financial policy had arisen, a policy of adventure, which saw no harm in...

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The strong line taken by President Roosevelt in his Message

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to Congress, and his recent action in connexion with the Brownsville riots, led to an extraordinary speech from Senator Tillman last Saturday. The galleries of the Senate were...

On Monday was published the Special Army Order to which

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Mr. Haldane referred in his speech at Glasgow last week, and which contains the revised organisation for the Regular Field Army both in peace and war. Henceforward the model of...

The Amir of Afghanistan was entertained at a State banquet

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by the Viceroy on Friday week, and proposed Lord Minto's health in cordial terms. On the following day he witnessed a review of thirty thousand troops at Agra. Two entire...

On Wednesday afternoon Mr. Haldane presided at a meeting of

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the Royal United Service Institution at which Major R. A. Johnson (1st V.B. Hampshire Regimentl delivered a lecture on the Swiss Militia system. Major Johnson in his most...

On Wednesday a great Exhibition of Australian products and manufactures

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was opened at Melbourne by the Governor- General. In his speech Lord Northcote congratulated Australia upon her great present prosperity,• and urged the necessity of a...

On Friday week Mr. Asquith delivered his address as Lord

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Rector to the students of the University of Glasgow. He chose for his subject "Ancient Universities and the Modern World," and discoursed on the true functions of the Uni-...

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Last Saturday evening in the Queen's Hall, in the presence

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of a brilliant audience which included the King and the Prince of Wales, the Duke of the Abruzzi delivered a lecture on his recent expedition to Ruwenzori. Besides describing...

Two reforms of great interest to both branches of the

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legal profession were announced on Friday week. At a Council of the Judges of the Supreme Court it was decided to change the date of the beginning of the Long Vacation from...

We note with regret the death, which occurred on Friday

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week, of Canon Haig-Brown, Master of the Charterhouse since 1897, and from 1863-1897 Head-Master of Charterhouse. Dr. Haig-Brown, who was chiefly responsible for the move to...

Mr. Keir Hardie addressed a Labour demonstration at Darnel, Ayrshire,

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on Saturday last, and made a remarkable speech. After vindicating the existence of the Labour Party as the only satisfactory means for enabling working people to look after...

A very interesting announcement was made by the War Office

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in the London Gazette of Tuesday. The King, it is stated, has been graciously pleased to approve of the decora- tion of the Victoria Cross being delivered to the representa-...

Bank Rate, 5 per cent., changed from 6 per cent.

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Jan. 17th. Console (24) were on Friday 874—on Friday.week 874.

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THE LATEST ENCYCLICAL. T HE Papal Encyclical issued to the world on January 11th shows Pius X. to be a very sincere and a very imprudent man. His Holiness believes every word...


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I F we may judge from the delay in the announcement who is to succeed Mr. Bryce, the Prime Minister has not found it an easy matter to replace him. The Chief Secretaryship is...

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W E confess to a considerable interest in Herr Dernburg, the German Colonial Director. A successful man of business, he has been suddenly set at the head of an enterprise which...

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,T AST Sunday saw the close of the most troubled and _LJ fate-frau g ht year in the history m ost Russia. It h a s been a year of poverty, of famine, of wild excesses of crime...

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TEN years is not a long period of time in the history 1 • of any important industry. Ten years is, however, for practical purposes the age of the British industry in motor-cars,...

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I S deference disappearing? If so, it will be an irreparable loss to the world. But human nature, to do it justice, has never hitherto lost a virtue, though some have so changed...

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A VERY interesting and useful little book, entitled "The Fingerpost," has been published by the Central Bureau for the Employment of Women (9 Southampton Street, W.C.; ls. 6d....

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A QUESTION agitating for the moment the mind of many a lessor of shooting is that of his just assessment for rating. Supposing. A, being an owner of a shooting, lets it to B...

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[To TEE EDITOR OD TEl .. SPECTATOR."] 818,—The inquiry for which " Civis" pleads is practically an impeachment of the Naval Lords of the Board of Admiralty for their actions...


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THE QUESTION OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS. MO TER EDITOR OD sae ..SPROI,TOR."1 SITE, — The absence of any great burst of national indignation against the Lords for their treatment of...

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To TER EDITOR OF TER "SPECTATOR.'] Six, — The views which Sir

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George Lambert expressed in his letter published in your issue of January 12th are well known. They have been published repeatedly in the Times and else- where when discussions...

[TO THR EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR. "] read with great pleasure

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in your• last issue your remarks on scholarships at public schools. I think, however, that the case is even stronger than you put it. You say that the majority of those who are...


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[TO THY EDITOR OF THIN "SPEC .. .TOR-1 STE, — Your correspondent "H, W. S." is, as you suggest in your article of last week, mistaken in supposing that scholar- ships awarded at...

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THE INDIAN MUSSULMANS. [To rug Eorron or TOR SrscrsTos."] Sra,—I

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must beg to differ from the conclusion' arrived at by " Old Liberal" in his letter on this subject in your last week's issue, that the Indian Mussulmans are "generally of the...


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SIE,—Mr. Hutton, while urging the necessity of revision, says it may be doubted whether the compilers of the Prayer-book had before them the thought that their work would be...


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[To THE EDITOR or TIM "SPECTATOR. " ] SIR,—You set a strong array of authorities against the judgment of the late Professor Sidgwick (Spectator, January 12th). Yet many, while...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTATOR "] BIE,—Your correspondent Mr. V.

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de S. Fowke writes in your issue of January 5th: "It would be extremely difficult— probably impossible—to frame a generally acceptable defini- tion of the word ` gentleman:" The...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR"] SIR,—The following are types of letters received by me from men who served in the late Spectator Experimental Company, and will interest your...

DEAR Sra,—Taking the advantage to drop a few lines, I

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de It to the effect of the following :—Every young fellow with wham I have come in contact has, in referring to the S.E.C., expressed it his desire and particular hope that a...


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[To TEE EDITOR 07 THE "SPEOTATOR:1 am indebted to you for allowing space for my letter of September 29th, 1906. I am glad to say three or four kind friends replied most...

148 Wentworth Dwellings,

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Coniston Street, London, E. 28112106. DEAR Cot. Pottoco,—It gives me the greatest pleasure to write this letter. I really ought to have written before now, but had very little...


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[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR:'] SIR,—Your reviewer of Mr. Frederic Harrison's book (Spectator, December 29th, 1906), taking the author to task for his reference to Milton's...


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OLD ANCHOR CHANTY. FIRST VOICE. With a long heavy heave, my very famous (Csiocus. Bring home ! heave and rally !) SECOND VOICE. And why do you, lad, look so pale? Is it for...


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[To TEE EDITOR OP THE SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—Just now it seems that through the help of one or two articles in the Spectator itself, a few lines from the pen of "J. M. F.," no less...

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THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY AT THE NEW GALLERY. THERE is no disguising the fact that a large number of pictures in the Exhibition of the International Society are ugly. Pictures...

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B 0 0 K S.

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NAVAL POLICY.* THIS volume contains a number of articles which have been published during the last two years, principally in Blackwood's Magazine. These articles were...

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A COMPLETE collection of Hood's poems in one volume is, it has to be confessed, a depressing thing, and we cannot but think that Mr. Walter Jerrold's labours in preparing this...

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THE want of a thoroughly trustworthy history of modern Spain has long been felt. The present volume is a work of un- doubted authority, and exhibits a complete mastery of the •...

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THE mythology of Leonardo's scientific. discoveries is being dispelled by the publication of his writings. These Writings are really not so much continuous works as great...

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DISSERTATIONS BY MR. DOOLEY.* STRICTLY speaking, the works of Mr. Dooley ought not to be noticed under the head of fiction, for it is hardly a logical defence to say, what is...

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Ithuriers Spear. By W. H. Fitchett. (Charles H. Kelly. 6s.)

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—Dr. Fitchett's subject is one unfamiliar in these columns, though sufficiently familiar to theologians. A " Preethought" movement makes great way in Middleford under the...


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TENT AND TESTAMENT. Tent and Testament. By Herbert Rix, B.A. (Williams and Norgate. 8s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Rix, who, we regret to say, did not live to see the publication of his...

Ralph Connor's pictures of life in the remote parts of

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Canada. His present book, if not quite equal to "The Prospector," will at any rate prove interesting to all those who enjoyed the former story. The plot is a little involved and...

The County Road. By Alice Brown. (A. Constable and Co.

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Be.)— Miss Alice Brown's talent is perhaps a little less subtle than that of Miss Mary Wilkins, but, on the other band, it is rather more robust. The same delicate fancy...

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The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal : the Duchess

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of Exeter Volume. By the Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval. (T. C. and E. C. Jack. 84s. net.)—Previous volumes have given us the descendants of Edward IV. and of George Duke of...

Quarterly Statement of the Palestine Exploration Fund: January, 1907. (38

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Conduit Street. 2s. 6d.)—Mr. P. G. Baldensperger's "Immovable East" and Mr. W. E. Jennings-Bramley's "Bedouin of the Sinaitic Peninsula" are continuations of highly interesting...


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. The Plants of the Bible. By the Rev. Professor G. Henslow. (Masters and Co. Os. net.)—It is really surprising to see how the 'subject seems to develop and widen out when it is...

Early Chinese History. By Herbert J. Allen. (S.P.C.K. Es.)— Criticism

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has reached the Chinese classics, which, indeed, have always presented a difficulty to the inquirer. Mr. Allen, who has studied the subject on the spot—he is a retired member of...

The Hampstead Annual, 1907. Edited by Greville H. Matheson and

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Sydney C. Mayle. (S. C. Mayle.)—The place of honour in this year's volume is occupied by Miss Apbra Wilson's recollections of Dr. Richard Garnett, one of the many men of...

Famous Beauties of Two Reigns. By Mary Craven. (Eveleigh Nash.

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Ms. net.)—It is quite safe to recommend an inspection of the twenty illustrations in this volume. They are all excellent reproductions by the photogravure process of famous...


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[Under this bending see notice such Books of the week so have sot been reserved ler revise in other forms.] Memorials of Old Shropshire. Edited by Thomas Auden, M.A. (Bemrose...

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Canadian Literature. By Archibald MacHurchy. (W. Briggs, Toronto.)—Mr. Machinrchy gives

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us here biographical particulars about some hundred and forty Canadian writers, with a list of their writings, and in some cases specimens of their work. We observe that Mr....

The Master of the Magicians: the Story of Daniel Retold.

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By Lumen. (Elliot Stock. 7s. 6d. net.)—It is scarcely worth while to discuss " Lumen's " arguments. His interpretation of the predic- tions may certainly be left alone. He...

The Log of the Sun. By C. William Beebe. (H.

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Holt and Co., New York.)—This is a beautiful book and good to read. It is true that the " Log of the Sun" is not quite the same for this country as it is for America ; nor are...