19 NOVEMBER 1954

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The Spectator

1954 PRICE Is.


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T HE future of Mutesa IT is not the only nor yet the chief issue in the series of problems concerning Buganda • which have been laboured over since his deposition. Yet it has so...

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W OULD you prefer your electricity-meter reader to be a Social Creditor or an Empire Crusader, a Christian or a Hindu ? The Midland Electricity Board seeks to discover the...

The Postman Rings Twice for Neguib

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It is not unprecedented for the Father of the Revolution to he tucked safely away as a titular President at the appropriate time. That General Neguib has not survived long in...

Time, the most important factor in all airline work, is

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the one around which the controversy about BOAC and American aircraft revolves. Sir Miles Thomas is rightly anxious about the delay that will occur in the delivery of Bristol...

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I F a professional critic of democracy as it works in Britain in the mid-twentieth century were looking for ammuni- tion, he would find all he could need in the controversy over...

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spick and span. One is glad to think that it

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was not for nothing that the lady subjected herself to the harsh, unwelcome glare of publicity.


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F IELD-MARSHAL KESSELRING'S claim, made in a television interview with Mr. Aidan Crawley, that the German invasion of England in 1940 would have succeeded if the German...

Pundits Feasting I attended last night a sort of regimental

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reunion of the BBC, Brains Trust. The dinner, at which Lord Winster presided was held in the House of Lords, and when it was over those present were invited to say, brie fl y,...

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The Paper You Can Trust Mr. Williams, the landlord of

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the Brambletye Hotel at Forest Row was found shot dead on Sunday night. mondaY! Daily Express said he was forty years old, tall and dark' Tuesday's Daily Express said he was...

The Sack of the White House Lord Montgomery told an

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audience in Buffalo on MondaY, that his own regiment beat your fellows' in the War 0 1 Independence, and ' even burnt down the White House.' The Field-Marshal's regiment (to...

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)islike and Necessity II Germany

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B Y ERNST FRIEDLAENDER Hamburg I [F there were a plebiscite today in Western Germany on the question : ' Do you or do you not approve of the Saar settlement ? ' the result, most...

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The Human Situation

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By LORD HAILSHAM An anonymous reviewer in the Listener observed recently that: ' It is, obviously, becoming less and less possible to accept the human situation, which is so...

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Thoughts on the Present Discontents G. J. C. KNOWLES This is the third of a series of articles on the problem posed by British trade unionists who are not working as hard as...

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Clean Air

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By DR. SOMERVILLE HASTINGS, M.P. G OOD food, pure water 6n1 clean' air are essential for healthy life. But we are only beginning to understand the need for clean air. • The...

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By GLYN E. DANIEL RCH/EOLOGICAL business in France this summer enabled me to combine with it the pleasure of re-visiting three of the areas I most love, namely, Burgundy, the...

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The Gold Cigarette Case

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By A. H. BARTON 46 OU have some pretty expensive-looking parents here, said Purbright to his brother-in-law, headmaster of the preparatory school. The annual match against...

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City and Suburban

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necessary not to curb him or frustrate him so that he can say, " They have spoilt my church." ' I hope those wise and humbling remarks will be heard beyond East Anglia, for so...

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BBC being accomplished. A brilliant adaptation by Ronald Miller of

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Nigel Balchin's slight novel, A Way Through the Wood, meant adult and tasteful soap-opera. Patrick Barr gave his usual, under-rated, solid performance; Anne Crawford, in a part...


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THERE are pleasant and admirable things to be seen amongst the nineteenth- and twen- tieth-century paintings at the Marlborough and O'Hana galleries, Roland, Browse and...


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A LITTLE more than two and a half centuries ago, in the winter of 1692-93, a small town- ship of Massachusetts• and subsequently the whole State were seized by a pandemic of...

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Beau Brummell. (Empire.)----Broken Lance. (Carlton.)--Souls in Conflict. (Stoll, November 22nd.) EVERYONE knows that Beau Brummell was a fop and became the arbiter elegantiarum...


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(RECORDING COMPANIES: B, Brunswick; C, Columbia; D, Decca; F, Felsted; H, HMV; L, London; OL, Oiscau-Lyre; P, Parlophone; S, Supraphon; T, Telefunken; V, Vox.) Music before...

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Sia,—When Mr. Gordon Wilkins says that the private owner who, in the past, bought a car and ran it out of income is ' being squeezed out,' he is dead right 1 Not only is he...

Letters to the Editor

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FLEET STREET SIR, Mr. John Beavan has presented your readers with a very accurate picture of Fleet Street in 1954. He makes only one point that I would challenge. His last...


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SIR, — It is gratifying to realise that the Spectator keeps an attentive eye on Isis since we are always very grateful for criticism. Eut surely Strix, attacking the quality of...


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SIR, — In your issue of September 17, Mr. Harold T. Wilkins complains about a ' scandalous ramp' in the bookshops in Australia, where a book of,jhis, published at 16s. net, is...

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Snt,—Mr. Mallalieu, In his article ' Tell Spartak,' is disturbed, and rightly so, at th4 behaviour of Arsenal's captain at the end of the match. But he appears to approve, of at...


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Sm,—May I warn all readers of Strix that the chain letter racket when it involves send- ing and receiving money is an offence against the Betting and Lottery Act. A business...

THE CITY OF LONDON SIR,—Congratulations on your excellent special number

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recording something of the history, the life and work of the City of London. To the writer, the City is a unique unit of government which has evolved from the 'mists of the long...

TAX FIDDLING SIR,—Perhaps I am very innocent in taking SW

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Compton Mackenzie seriously, but althougll I am not qt Civil Servant I am crude enoug to regard The special concessions actors, an business men, have been known to boat about,...

PRUNING MR. BETJEMAN Sta,—Mr. John Betjeman is amusing about '

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amenities' but ill-informed when it comes to pruning—or ' prunus-ing.' The local councils who cause their road- side trees to be so grotesquely mutilated pro- vide, in addition...

WORK AND DENTISTS SIR,—I hope that your contributor, Mr. I.

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R. L. Anderson, was more careful about the facts for the main part of his article in the November 12 number, than he was about those on which he based his remarks about dental...

Sm,—About your comment on the PEP Broadsheet last week, surely

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the main reason for the diminishing numbers of pupils from fee-paying schools who go to Oxford and Cambridge is the unimaginative way in which the means test for scholarships is...

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The Rookery

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In the spring when we passed along that way we stopped to listen to the colony in the tops of the elm trees, as fine a rookery as 1 have seen. Every tree had one or two nests....

Moss Holes

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Rain runs quickly off the hills in Wales but, in the lower ground,where the water gets away much slower, there are many bog holes and depressions filled with weed and moss. One...

Nature and Nature's laws lay hid in night; God said,

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Let Newton be! and all was light, and .1. C. Squire's rejoinder: It could not last. The Devil, shouting Hot Let Einstein be! restored the status quo, competitors are asked (for...

Depressing Remarks

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SPECTATOR COMPETITION No. 246 Report by Richard Usborne 4 prize of ES was offered for a set of six thoroughly depressing parental, conjugal, school- magisterial or...

Refuse Disposal

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Every gardener who cultivates all his ground finds himself with the problem of refuse disposal. With most things a good compost heap serves, but hedge clippings have to be dealt...

Count y Life

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Ar the end of the trout season I usually find my tackle spread about in various places and have to bring it all to the small cabinet where it rests between October and March....

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A Possible World

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There is no having to be had In possibility; It's speculation's whitest realm And pure futurity. The armies of the probable, Tough, dissolute and trained, Have never fouled its...


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A Happy Ending Loony as birds that nest In burning chimneys this poor madman Chose for home the August park Savage with dogs and children All day long, and after dark Alive...

Non-Aristotelian Poem

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On the second night of summer Visual energies of the air and eye Seized cypress, stream and moon; and the tongue took Perspective from a translator dream Spread across the...

Toper's Poem

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Now I deliver this curse:— What is lost for good, No one shall ever find. Blind shall lead blind. No child shall have food Unless it suck its nurse. All broken things shall be...

Fragment of a Cylix

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The sulking head of Xanthus, a chipped hoof, Two pools of fire the deathless horse's breath, And in the distance Trojans on the roof Of a Fury-bound house, rejoicing at the...

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I l.) 1 2111 CD111 2

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Compton Mackenzie T HE most successful feature ever introduced by the BBC was the Brains Trust, and the success of it may be gauged by the fact that although the Brains Trust...

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Buy Your Own Christmas Presents BY GORDON WILKINS D ID you get your red reflectors ? It is time you did. and I hope you also bought your twin tail-lamps if you have a pre-war...

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La Coupe du Monde BY' FRANK LITTLER EITHER among the dispersing motor-scooters nor in the Mdtro did we hear any inquests on the French defeat. Inquests, certainly, are...

Xbe fipertator

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November 18, 1854. The week has furnished a large accession of correspondence of an earlier date, with fuller narratives of the action at Balaklava. . . . There were, however,...

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Lord M. and Melbourne

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Lord M., or The Later Life of Lord Melbourne. By David Cecil. ( Constable. 21s.) hands Silent, indolent, and inscrutable he lay, a pawn in the eands of fortune.' So ended Lord...


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A prize of seven guineas was offered for the best review of Lord M. by David. Cecil. LMOST every entry in this immensely popular com- petition was a possible '; almost every...

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The Reputation of Thackeray By J. D. SCOTT Y centre is giving way,' wrote Foch, my right is in retreat; situation excellort. I shall attack.' In his new book* Professor...

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Modern Europe

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By HENRY FAIRLIE -F i VEN over Cambridge high tables this first published volume of the Oxford History of Modern Europe* is felt elsewhere, is added a certain feeling of smug...

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By JOHN WAIN R. BRANDER'S book* is unsatisfactory; not offen- sively so, but just enough to make one wonder why, with so few ideas to offer, he should have thought it worth...

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The Desert Navy

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A Space for Delight. Letters of the late Rear-Admiral Cosmo Graham to his Wife. (Witherby. 18s.) THE post of Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf, is not one which is greatly...

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Questions and Answers

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Within The Taurus. By Lord Kinross. (John Murray. 18s.) TURKEY is the only Islamic country to have accommodated herself to European influence. This is to the great gain of...

French Literary History

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NOT long ago I heard someone remark that • Lytton Strachey could aot possibly have read all the authors discussed in his Landmarks In French Literature. I have never cared for...

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PEN without Nibs

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New Poems, 1954. Edited by Rex Warner, Christopher Hassall, Laurie Lee. (Michael Joseph. 10s. 6d.) THE PEN anthology of new poetry brings us once again what is, in theory, a...

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Reflecting Africa

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The Rafut Beagles. By Gerald Durrell. (Hart-Davis. 15s.) The Heart of Africa. By Alexander Campbell. (Longmans. 21s.) • PEOPLE find different excuses for travelling in Africa....

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Chinese Classical Philosophy

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Chinese Thought from Confucius to Mao Tse-tung. By H. G. Creel. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 21s.) IF the words 'from Confucius to Mao Tse-tung' in Professor Creel's title are to be...

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Memoirs of Dr. Eduard Benes. Translated by Godfrey Lias. (George Allen & Unwin. 30s.) PRESIDENT BENES, when hewas reinstalled in Prague after the war, conceived the notion of...

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The Tenth Muse

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The Tenth Muse. By Sir Harry Luke. (Putnam. 25s.) No Colonial Governor has remembered, and recorded, his impres- sions, adventures and encounters more accurately and...

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Moments of Feeling

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The Journal of Katherine Mansfield, 1904-1922. (Constable. 30s.) Tins definitive edition of Katherine Mansfield's Journal is an Immensely rich book. Much has already been...

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Review of Reviews THERE are periodicals which are just periodicals.

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Others see them- selves as Kulturtraeger, bearing a heavy responsibility to civilisation. The past year or so has seen the decease of magazines whose end, it appears, would have...

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New Novels

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miss this volume, but I hope that Mr. Baichin will soon return to the subjects, backgrounds and techniques which he elms come to handle so brilliantly. The Following Wind has...

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It's a Crime

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F antasy and Fugue.* Roy Fuller. (Verschoyle. 12s. 6d.) Bones of Contention. By Edward Candy. (Gollancz. 9s. 6d.) The' Darker Traffic. By Martin Brett. (Reinhardt. 9s. 6d.)...

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Eighty-Six Short Stories

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Pick of Today's Short Stories. Edited by John Pudney. (Putnam. 10s. 6d.) EIGHTY-slx short stories at once: that ought to tell you something. But even when you get them...

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Everything Without Tears

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Mountains and Valleys. By Shirley Carpenter, Marie Neurath and Stewart Irwin. (Rathbone Books. 4s. 6d.) Icebergs and Jungles. By Shirley Carpenter and Marie Neurath. (Rathbone...

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Pro v nc i a Br itannica

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The Three Pebbles. By Richard Parker. (Collins. 8s. 6d.) HISTORICAL novels for children need no defence. Even if not very good they help children to become imaginatively aware...

Familiar Strange

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The World Upside Down. By William Mayne.- (Oxford. 9s. 6(i.1 April Roots. By Judith Masefield. (Collins. 8s. 6d.) Tim of Tamberly Forest. By Irene Byers. (Parrish. 8s. 6d.) Half...

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AT the victory parade in Berlin in July, 1945, Mr.

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Churchill addressed the 7th Armoured Division. 'From Mersa Matruh to the Baltic,' he said, 'was a march unsurpassed in the story of war. May the fathers long tell the ,children...


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THIS massive volume in double columns, Weighing nearly twice as many pounds as it Costs, is claimed to be the first Dictionary of Music specifically designed for the young...

Kathleen Ferrier : A Memoir. Edited by Neville Cardus. (Flamish

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Hamilton. its. 6d.) THAT a woman who in her teens had shown sufficient promise as a pianist to broadcast, should have arisen as a singer in the short span of a decade from...

Stories on Stone. By Charles L. Wallis.

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(Oxford University Press, New York. 30s.) AMERICAN schol. rship is often notoriously recondite and na , re often (and more laud- ably) thorough. Yids fi,t book, a collection of...

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The Horse and His Boy. By C. S. Lewis. (Geoffrey

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Bles. 10s. 6d.) The Horse and His Boy. By C. S. Lewis. (Geoffrey Bles. 10s. 6d.) IT would be a mistake to talk of Hans Ander- sen or Lewis Carroll, but Mr. C. S. Lewis's book...

The English Windmill. By Rex Wailes. (Routledge & Kegan Paul.

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35s.) WINDMILLS have a long history. 1191 is the date of the first reference that can be accepted and the earliest illustration is that ofd post mill in the Windmill Psalter of...

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Company Notes

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By CUSTOS THE sharp rally which began on Tuesday abruptly closed the recent reaction on the Steck Exchange. it had been too short and too slight to make the 'blue chips'"gook...


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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT Arita rising steeply by nearly 40 per cent. t his year, the Financial Times index of leading industrial ordinary shares fell from 1 82.3 to 174.6 between...

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ACROSS: 1 Trapdoor. 5 Dorset. 9 Solipeds. 10 Obelus. 12 Aureola. 13 Whistle. 14 Pathological. 17 Water-colours, 22 Laridae. 23, Tanagra. 24 Grebes. 25 Windrush. 26 Tanist. 27...