1 APRIL 1899

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The Americans are fighting in the Philippines with cool persistency,

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but not as yet with complete success. The idea of General Otis, who is now in command, appears to be that if he can capture Aguinaldo, the island Hofer, and break up his army,...

The Paris correspondent of the Times records a rumour as

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to the forthcoming judgment of the Court of Cessation in the Dreyfus case to which he evidently attaches grave importance. It is that the Court without making any fresh inquiry...


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T HE Samoan incident looks an ugly one, but will not, we think, come to anything. Great Britain and America are united over it in opinion, and Germany is doubtful if her...

A deputation from the International Crusade of Peace waited on

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Mr. A. J. Balfour at the Foreign Office on Wednes- day, and presented to him, in the absence of Lord Salisbury, a memorial to the Government, supported by speeches from the Earl...

It is a horrid business governing. Lord Salisbury thought he

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had satiafied everybody by his African agreement, and now the Italians are ready to bite both us and the French. They have always hoped to secure Tripoli when Turkey falls in,...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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On Monday Mr. Courtney raised a strong plea for the

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private Member, and dwelt upon the useful functions which be had performed in the past, and was still capable of per. forming. He asked for a Select Committee to consider...

Lord Curzon evidently does not believe that silence is golden.

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The new Viceroy of India takes every opportunity of speaking in public, and like the Emperor William II. or any other absolute Sovereign, is sure always, at all events, of an...

Mr. Balfour's general reply showed both judgment and force. Of

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course there were plenty of omissions in the Bill, but how could any one Bill deal with all the aspects of so com- plicated a problem ? Omissions need not make men vote against...

The St. James's Gazette deserves high praise from all true

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Imperialists for the way in which it deals in its leading article of Tuesday with the cases of cruel treat- ment of natives by Englishmen, just reported from .Western Australia....

The Times of Monday contains a summary of the petition

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to the Queen which has been signed by twenty-one thousand British an bjects in the Transvaal. The petition points out the regular Outlander grievances, and notes that the...

The debate on the London Bill in the House of

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Commons was concluded at an early hour last Saturday morning. Mr. Burns, though be declared that the Bill was, on the face of it, not so bad a Bill as some people might think,...

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Before returning to the House to reply at the end

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of the debate on the London Government Bill, Mr. Balfour presided yesterday week at a dinner given by the National Cyclists' Union to celebrate its "coming of age," and...

On Tuesday the House finished up some scraps of business

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and then adjourned till April 10th. On the Motion to adjourn, however, two private Members gave the Government some very sensible advice. Mr. Maclean pointed out the ruin that...

Sir James Fergusson writes an excellent letter to Monday's Times

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a propos of the extremely mistaken charges conveyed by Mr. Scott's questions as to the conduct of our officers and troops at Omdurman. He wonders that Mr. Scott. does not give...

The Boat Race, which was rowed on Saturday and proved

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an exciting struggle, ended in the victory of Cam bridge,—a result which gave great satisfaction to the public in general. It was felt that Oxford, which was ten races ahead,...

Sir" George Trevelyan delivered an interesting speech to the Authors'

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Club, London, on Monday, his topics being himself and the comparative advantages of the political and the literary life. Of himself he said that he had been drawn to literature...

Another advance, probably a most important one, has been made

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in the use of electricity for the transmission of messages. Signor Marconi, who discovered that messages could be sent from point to point without connecting wire or cable, on...

The means for a British expedition to the Antarctic Con-

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tinent have at last been found. About £40,000 was indis- pensable, and about £15,000 had been raised, but there seemed little readiness to subscribe, and the Government shrank...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent..

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New Consols (21) were on Thursday, 1101.

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OUR BLACK EMPIRE. W E may be allowed perhaps in Easter week, as there is only good news from Africa—namely, the text of the agreement with France—to indulge in some general...

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THE BURDEN OF PRIVATE MEMBERS. T HE private Member, according to

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Mr. Courtney, is now regarded as an anachronism. if so, it is possible to be an anachronism and yet to have a large amount of vitality. Whether there be, or be not, still a...

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T T is greatly to be hoped that the rumours of an under- standing having been arrived at with Russia are true, and that we have abandoned a policy based upon the belief that...

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O WING to the traditional importance which we attach to the word "guerilla," the difficulty of the Americans' task in the Philippines is, we think, somewhat overrated in London....

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I T is natural that Sir George Trevelyan. especially when he was addressing an Authors' Club, should contrast the literary career with the careers of men of action, and should...

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C ARDINAL GIBBONS has replied to the long letter addressed to him as the leading ecclesiastic in the United States by the Pope. His letter is in form a com- plete submission to...

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I T does not appear quite easy to be a centenarian. Sir 0- Cornewall Lewis no doubt was rash in assuming it to be impossible, and Mr. Thom, the Librarian to the House of Lords,...

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T HE most wonderful events in the world are the most common. If the sun appeared, says Carlyle, only once in a long term of years, how excited everybody would be. But the...


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S O far as the scheme of the new county histories is yet made public, it appears that four volumes will be devoted to each county; that a representative Committee, including...

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SACERDOTALISM. [TO TIM EDITOR Or THE " SPEC riTOlt."] Sin ,— I ask permission to answer the imputation of priesteraft which has been made in your columns somewhat loosely by my...

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SIR, - I am not concerned to refute the inferences of your correspondent, Mr. Arthur R. Hunt, in the Spectator of March 25th, as to the priesthood of the laity drawn from the...

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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—In the Spectator of March 25th, when speaking of the two points in the Church controversy raised by Lord Ports- mouth, you say :—" No...


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(To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR.'] Sin,—A footpath case more protracted than any in the memory of man in the Northern Circuit was concluded at the Carlisle Assizes last month....

[To THY EDITOR OP THZ "SPECTATOR. "] STS, —Will you allow me

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to repudiate Mr. Llewelyn Davies's assumption that we who use the Sacrament of Penance ascribe to the priest " a supernatural prerogative which either con- fers an unspeakable...

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[To TBZ EDITOR Or TER "SPNCTATOIC] SIR,—" The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act" of New Zealand may be fairly considered to be "committed for trial," or, in fact, as...


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[To THE EDITOR 0? TIM "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In your suggestive article in the Spectator of March 18th on " Three Rotten Cultures," you have emphasised your point at the expense, I...

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(To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—The writer of the interesting review of George Herbert's " Country Parson " in the Spectator of March 11th, made, I think, an oversight....


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[To TDB EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR:] SIR,—Articles, even paragraphs, in the Spectator carry far and have weight. At this distance we are apt to look on them as English intellect...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sur,—In the Spectator of March 4th you write : " We should also greatly like to see one of the Irish Line regiments con- verted into a...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—I read in the Spectator of March 25th :—" The influenza pest is raging again in London." Later :—" The visitation has been more...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Si; —I am inclined to think that herrings are not so plentiful now on our coasts as they were in the days when Highland chieftains made...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." SIR,—It may interest your readers to learn that the rare feat of rearing the wild rabbit has been successfully accomplished at my house. A...

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THE daisy droops upon its stem, A glow is on the grass, I cannot touch her healing hem, And yet I feel her pass. Still, like a summer wind that streams Over the fields unmown;...


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JO WE TT'S SERMONS.* Wno does not recall the miserable explosion of sectarian enmity of which the late Master of Banjo' was the object not so many years ago ? He was treated as...


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[TO TIM EDITOR OF TUX "SPECTATOR. " ] Sin,—This week, on Maundy Thursday, March 30th, I buried in Adisham Churchyard, one Ann Rye, who formerly resided here. She went to live at...


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BIRDS IN WINTER. TO-DAY the feathered preachers sing, Amid the holly, And claim a tithe for all they bring ; And some are thin and poor and lean, And some, like pluralist or...


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[To Tax EDITOR OF rue " SPRCTATOR."] Sin,—In reviewing Professor Jackson's book on Zoroaster in a recent number of the Spectator, you censured the author for failing to discuss...

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OF the three great virtues inculcated by the Apostle Paul, two at least are absolutely essential to the gardener. He must dig with Faith. and Hope must hold the watering-pot. In...

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PENDING the appearance of a comprehensive history of British commerce with the rest of the world, Mr. Cornewall- Jones has done his countrymen a notable service in the...

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IT is to be regretted that Lord Suffolk did not live to see the completion of The Encyclopedia of Sport. The second volume is even better than the first. This is partly due to...

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UNDER the pseudonym of "E. and H. Heron," the joint authors of A Modern Mercenary have already laid magazine readers under frequent obligation by their spirited tales of...

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The Control of the Tropics. By Benjamin Kidd. (Macmillan and

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Co. 3s.)—Nothing can be more opportune than the re- publication of the remarkable series of articles contributed by Mr. Kidd to the Times on this subject last autumn. With the...

Across the Everglades : a Canoe Journey of Explorat;on. By

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Hugh L. Willoughby, ex-Lieutenant Commanding Rhode Island Naval Reserve. Illustrated from Photographs taken by the Author. (J. M. Dent and Co. 6s.)—The Everglades is a district...


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The Gospel According to Darwin. By Woods Hutchinson, A.M., M.D. (The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago. 63.)— It would scarcely have occurred to us to speak of Darwin's...

Eighty Years and More : Reminiscences of ElTsOetk e47MM' (T. Fisher

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Unwin. i s. 6d.)—The autobiography of Elizabeth Cady Stanton is a very amusing book to look through. She was born in the United States—only America could have pro. duced her—and...

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The Intermediate Text - Book of English History. By A. Johnson Evans

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and C. S Fearenside. Vol. IV., 1714-1835. (W. B. Clive. 4s. 6d.) —This book is just what is wanted by the pedagogue, the student, and the amateur who wishes to "recuperate" in...

The History of Dogma. By Dr. Adolf Harnack. Translated by

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William M'Gilchrist, B.D. (Williams and Norgate. 5s.)—This is the sixth volume of Professor Harnack's great book, taking up the subject at the time of Ansel's', and carrying it...


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[Under this Heading we notice ouch B..o::s of the week as hags not Leen reserved Al- review be other jorals.] and Co. 25s. net.)—This very handsome volume reflects no little...

Ile Second Thoughts of an Idle Fellow. By Jerome K.

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Jerome. (Hurst and Blackett. 3s. Cd.)—The humour of Mr. Jerome's Second Thoughts playmeleggt„4,413,,time-lionoured topics of the social philosopher and moralist, making some...

The Spirit of Watchfulness, and other Sermons. By T. T.

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Carter, M.A. (Longmans and Co. 5s.)—Where the preacher is hortatory and devotional he speaks with authority, and, we should hope, with effect. When he passes to the dogmatic he...

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Scaoor.-Boons.—Of school-books we have received in " Blackie's Latin Series,"

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edited by R. G. Tyrrell, Litt.D. (Mackie and 'Bat), The First Oration of Cicero against Catiline, edited by Charles Haines Keene, M.A. (Is. 6d.) ; and from the same publishers....

Topography, XI. Edited by F. A. Milne, M.A. "The Gentle-

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plan's Magazine Library." (Elliot Stock.) —The useful work of arranging the vast stores of miscellaneous information con- tained in the Gentleman's Magazine proceeds under the...

llisciatANsous. — A Brief Introduction to Modern Philosophy. By Arthur Benson Rogers,

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Ph.D. (Macmillan and Co. 6s. net.)— This is an attempt to state briefly, clearly, and without techni- calities the solutions which various philosophies have proposed for the...

From Messrs. Seeley we have received two excellent little books,

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printed• in good type and each equipped with acapital • index, on Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition as. 6d.) and' Hanntbal and the War between Rome and. Carthage (2s.), by the...

A Test - book of Agricultural Zoology. By Fred V. Theobald, M.A.

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(W. Blackwood and Sons. 8s. Gd.)—A sentence from the preface explains the subject of this volume :—Agricultural Zoology treats of the life histories, the habits, the...

The Travels and Adventures of Sidi Ali Reis. Translated by

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A. Vambery. (Luzac and Co. 5s.)—This is an episode of Turkish history in the days when the Ottoman Power was still the terror of Europe. Sidi All was sent to take the command of...