1 JUNE 1901

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E Supreme Court of the United States, which alone is em- powered to pass judgment on constitutional questions, has . given a decision which may prove momentous. The opponents of...

From. South Africa news comes as we go to press

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of a serious engagement in the Transvaal, with heavy losses on both ' sides. The Boers under Delarey attacked General Dixon's forces at Vlalrfontein, near Heidelberg, and were...

The French Socialists have come to a very important decision.

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The militant section of them, which has a strong bias against the State, has always protested against M. Mille- rand's acceptance of office, and on Tuesday a motion was made in...

The German Emperor appears to be courting France. On May

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29th at a luncheon given by the 2nd Guards' Mess he Made a speech welcoming two French officers who were present, and expressing satisfaction at their brotherhood in arms in...

The German Emperor has made up his mind, it would

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seem. a little suddenly, to quit China. Orders have been received in Pekin for the withdrawal both of the warships and the soldiers, the transports are being collected, and two...

The reception. of the Duke of Cornwall at Sydney has

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rivalled that at Melbourne, and like that has been remarkable for its displays of Australian military spirit. The Duke has, in fact, reviewed in each Colony a small but...

*** The Editors canna undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Lord Milner replied in a speech remarkable for its taste,

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reticence, and dignity. He thanked all present, and his countrymen, heartily for his reception. He would gladly, he said, have gone home in a hansom, hut if he had. "in an age...

The annual report, presented to the Co-operative Congress, which opened

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on Monday at Middlesbrough, shows progress - all along the line. The main figures are thus set forth in tabular form :— 1899. 1900. Number of Societies 1,651 1,634 Number of...

Mr. Joseph Warwick, of North Shields, delivered the inaugural address

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on Monday before a meeting of 1,300 delegates, representing 1,108 societies with a membership of 1,620,185. After reviewing the growth of the movement, he said that their...

Sir Alfred Milner, who has been created a Peer with

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the title of Lord Milner of Cape Town, was entertained at luncheon last Saturday by Mr. Chamberlain. A party of seventy were invited, which included the Duke of Cambridge, Lord...

Mr. Chamberlain in a speech delivered to the National Committee

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of Oddfellows now assembled at Birmingham explained on Wednesday his position as regards old. age pensions. He is opposed to a universal pension, which would cost forty millions...

Sir Edward Grey, addressing his constituents on Thursday at Berwick-on-Tweed,

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defined his position in regard to the war and the settlement with his usual clearness and modera- tion. Mr. Morley in his very impressive speech had expressed the opinion that...

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The results of two by-elections have been declared since our

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last issue. In the Oswestry division of Shropshire the vacancy created by the death of Mr. Stanley Leighton was filled last Saturday by the return of the Conservative candidate,...

The Times publishes further accounts of the explorations in the

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Labyrinth," the huge palace built by early Kings of Crete, the most interesting detail of which perhaps is the evidence in statues and inscriptions of a close connection with...

The Times of Friday publishes a remarkable letter from "P.

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S.," a bitter Beer who: recently employed a talent for eloquent invective in slandering the British people. He now advises the Boers to merge themselves in that people, because...

The Boer War has a strange effect upon literary power.

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We received on Thursday a paper in the Nineteenth Century upon the United States as they strike an English visitor, which it is an intellectual pleasure to read. Its author, Mr....

A terrible colliery disaster has occurred in the Aber Valley,

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in South Wales. Early on the morning of Friday week, as the night shift had left the Universal Colliery, near Caerphilly, three violent explosions took place, wrecking the...

The Paris-Bordeaux motor-car race, held on Wednesday reduced the record

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for the 348 miles by nearly three hours. M. Fournier, the winner, who left Paris at 4.25 a.m. on a 60 h.p. Mors car, covered the distance in 6 hr. 7 min. 44 sec. " net " time-2...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent. New Consols (21) were on

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Friday 931.

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THE AMERICAN DECISION. T HE decision of the Supreme Court affirming

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the right of Congress to make laws for all dependencies of the United States, which was published on Monday, may prove to be an event of historical importance. The grand check...


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LORD MILNER'S SPEECH. -FI ORD 11:17LNER'S speech at Mr. Chamberlain's 'luncheon last Saturday will, we think, considerably raise even his reputation with judicious men. The...

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symposium in the June Fortnightly on the eternal question of France and England Baron Pierre de Conbertin, one of the most friendly and best informed of French publicists,...

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I N last Sunday's Observer Mr. Sidney Webb presented a sketch of the probable course of twentieth-century politics, which has at least the merit of encouraging the hope that...

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S 0 far as the construction of the Education Bill goes. the Government have done their best to ensure that it shall become law this year. They have curtailed its proportions in...

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I T is stated demi-officially that Lord Curzon, with the con. sent of the India Office, has sanctioned the expense of an ethnographical survey of India, to be made as completely...

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S °It°people are born onlookers. To them life is a show, —of infinite variety and fascination. They do not desire to act themselves; they have the dramatic, as distinct from the...

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N OT long ago a story was current which sounds like the realisation of a collector's dream. A ship was crossing the Atlantic from the United States, and was followed by a number...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—Your article in the Spectator of May 25th entitled "Inverted Witchcraft" will, I have no doubt, strike a chord vibrating in the minds of...


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CANON GORE ON THE EUCHARIST. [To THE EDITOR OF TILE "SPECTATOR."] Stn,—The letter of your correspondent " X " in the Spectator of May 25th reviewing Canon Gore's recent book on...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—There is so much of interest in the article on "Inverted Witchcraft" in the Spectator of May 25th that it seems a pity the writer should...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] • SIR,—In regard to your suggestive article in the Spectator of May 25th on "The Uses of Self-consciousness," do we not find, when...


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(To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—The Spectator may have promoted some very useful thought by opening its columns to a . discussion on the subject of"Hell," or Hades. For...

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Sin,—The interesting article in the Spectator of May 25th on The Uses of Self-Consciousness" reminds me of what Mill has somewhere said of that quality,—namely, that it has been...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—Your correspondent, "An Officer Interested in Can. teens," in the Spectator of May 25th disclaims for the War Office all responsibility...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.') SIE,—I was much interested in the letter of Mr. Samuel Vin- cent on the above subject in the Spectator of May 18th. The various Missionary...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:] Snt,—With reference to your article (Spectator, May 25th) on the starling being so good a mimic, perhaps the following may be of interest....

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."1 was very much interested

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by your article on " The English Mocking-Bird" in the Spectator of May 25th. The starling has always been a favourite of mine from the time when as a boy I used to listen to the...


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SD1,—I can corroborate the statements in your article on the above subject in the Spectator of May 25th respecting the mimicking propensities of the starling. When I was a small...

(To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In your interesting article

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on "The English Mocking- Bird " in the Spectator of May 25th you refer to the fells bordering on the valley of the Eden, remarking that on these the curlews breed. Are you not...


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(To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—In your article in the Spectator of May 25th on the Diary of Sir M. Grant Duff you cite a story of a dream house, and say that if...

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THE • SCHOOL AT WAR. (To J. E. PitessoN.) ALL night before the brink of death In fitful sleep the army lay, For through the dream that stilled their breath Too gauntly glared...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THR "Spacre:r0a.1 Sin,—There has recently died of disease in South Africa in my old battery a gunner, =toted and unknown. In December, 1899, this man was by...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—In common, I believe, with many of your readers, allow me to thank you for your delightful article on this subject in the Spectator of...

B 0 0 KS.

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WILLIAM PITT.* WILLIAM PITT has paid the penalty, levied upon the greatest men, of contemporary hatred and posthumous detraction. In the Government with whose support he ruled...

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BISMARCK IN MUFTI.* THE title of this translation is a

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misnomer which was not prefixed to the original text. The bulk of the brilliant corre- spondence now adapted by judicious revision to foreign under- standings was addressed by...

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LITERARY FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCE.* Tins book is in some sense

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an autobiography, though, as Mr. Howells tells us in his " Note " by way of preface, he has wished "to make his own personality merely a background which divers important...

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WHENEVER and wherever mankind has advanced to a point at which the race becomes conscious of its history and its development, each age has probably regarded itself as touched...

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0 - rix chief cause of complaint. with Mr. Gissing in regard to his new and excellent novel is that he should have so frankly given away the motive of his story in the title,...

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Outdoor Games : Cricket and Golf. By the Hon. R. H. Lyttelton. (J. M. Dent and Co. 7s. 6d.)—We do not know that Mr. Lyttelton has much that is new or striking to tell us; but he...


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ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. Cambridge College histories: 13t. John's. By James Bass Mullinger. (F. E. Robinson and Co. 5s. net.)—The publishers have been even more than...

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Inferences from Haunted Houses and Haunted Men. By the Hon. John Harris. (Philip Wellby. 2s. 6d.)—The author's " inferences " are that the records of haunted men and houses are...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserred for review in other forms.] The Boers and the Maunders. By Mrs. John Hays Hammond. (Elder and...


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Faith and Folly. By the Right Rev. Mgr. John S. Vaughan. (Burns and Oates. 55. net.)—We are glad to find ourselves in general sympathy with the spirit and purpose of most of...

Johnston of Warri.ston. By William Morison. (Oliphant, Anderson, and Ferrier.

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is 6d.)—Though Johnston of Warriston played an important part in Scotch politics, civil and ecclesiasti- cal, during the second half of the seventeenth century, this is not...

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Open - Air Gardening, edited by W. D. Drury, F.G.S. (L. Upcott

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(lill, 6s.), deals with "the Culture of Hardy Flowers, Fruit, and Vegetables," and does so, as far as we have been able to test it, in a complete and generally satisfactory wan...

The Annual Register, 1900. (Longmans and Co. 113s.)—It is not

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necessary to criticise this volume. The Register has for some time been in competent hands, and it continues to discharge a difficult task with fairness and ability. Part I. is...

Diplomatic History of the Southern Confederacy. By James Morton Callahan,

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Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, U.S. 6s.)—This volume is the first fruits of a benefaction by which Dr. Albert Shaw, of New York, has enabled the Baltimore University to...

In the very useful series of "Bell's Illustrated Classics" (G.

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Bell and Sons, 2s.) we have lEschylus: Prometheus Vinctus, edited, with Introduction, Notes, and Vocabulary, by C. E. Laurence, M.A. It is as well to mention that the book may...

NEW EDITIONS. —Lion-Hearted : the Life of Bishop Hannington. Told for Boys

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and Girls by the Rev. A. W. Dawson. (Seeley and Co. is. 6d.)—One of the beat of modern biographies, told in a way that makes it specially adapted for young readers.--Star Atlas....

Two books of devotion may be mentioned together : —Our

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Reasonable Service: Spiritual Thoughts from the Writings of Canon W. .1. Knox Little, selected and arranged by J. H. Barn, B.D. (Wells Gardner, De.rton, and Co., 2s. 6d.) ; and...

Philip's Practical " Index " Quids to London. By W.

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0. Arcs. (G. Philip and Son. ls.)—We cannot explain within the limits of space that we can command the principles of the " index" guide. They are to be found in a certain...

From an Invalid's Window. By Nettie Travers. (R.T.S. 2s. 6d.)—The

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first part of this little book will probably be the chief favourite. Miss Travers's stories of her "feathered friends" are really delightful, only there is always the more or...

Ancient Ideals in Modern Life. By Annie Besant. (Theo- sophical

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Publishing Society.)--Mrs. Besant has done well in epeaking these plain words to her Indian audience. She denounces the abuses of iiindoo life in strong language, child marriage...

We give a hearty welcome to the first and last

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(in order of time) of the series of " Anthologies " edited by Professor Edward Arber (Henry Frowde, 2s. 6d. per vol.) These are The Dunbar Anthology, including the period A.D....

Ormond Idylls. By J. F. McKeon. (D. Nutt. is.)—These "

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idylls " are of the melancholy cast which befits the " Distiassful Island." There is the usual lament over "emigration." But if the population of a country grows too big for it,...

Immoral Legislation. By the Author of "A Treatise on the

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Immorality of Idolatry." (Henry J. Glaisher. 6s.)—The author thinks very ill of modern legislation, especially of that which has dealt with Irish property. Free-trade does not...

Songs of the Sword and the Soldier. Collected and edited

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by Alexander Eagar. (Sands and Co. 3s. 6d.)—Mr. Eager has gathered here, and arranged in eight books, one hundred and sixty war-songs. Book I. " Singeth the Praise of the...

Tony's Highland Tour. By J. A. Hammerton. (Horace Marshall and

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Son. 2s. Gd.)—A party of friends, finding Switzerland too hot and too laborious, make a tour in the Highlands, and this is the narrative It must be understood that they go on...