1 OCTOBER 1898

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The Spectator

S IR H. KITCHENER returned to Omdurman from Fashoda on September 25th. He found Major Marchand, as had been reported, at Fashoda with eight French officers and one hundred and...

It is difficult to understand the real attitude of French

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statesmen with reference to the Upper Nile. They know they .cannot have it, and their talk of forwarding reinforcements to Major Marchand is talk merely. We imagine that they...

We are never quite out of the wood while the

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Sultan is in it, but we seem in Crete to have reached its edge. Admiral Noel has steadily refused all suggestions of compromise, Edheen Pasha has been recalled, and the...

It was announced on Tuesday that her Majesty had decided,

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in consideration of Sir Herbert Kitchener's great services, to raise him to the Peerage. It is expressly added, and is a signal mark of favour, that the honour would have been...

The accounts of the battle of Omdurman now dropping in

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from officers present leave no doubt in any mind as to the source of the Mandi's, or his successor the Khalifa's, power. His followers, the Baggara tribe more especially, were...

5 * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Republican Convention of New York which met on . Wednesday

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to nominate a Governor, resolved clearly and firmly that the States were bound to retain the whole of the Philippines. The delegates do not plead only the rights of conquest,...

Mr. Brodrick at the Lucknow Dinner on September 26th made

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a most interesting speech. He said the past fifty years - had been marked by almost annual little wars. We had, in particular, in the last sixteen years organised sixteen...

A correspondent of the Daily News, for whose unusual means

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of information that journal vouches, published on Tuesday an extraordinary story. He declares that in December, 1894, Count Munster, then Ambassador in Paris, complained to the...

The Emperor of China has been forced, probably by the

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intervention of Li Hung Chang's soldiers brought up from Tientsin, to proclaim his aunt, the Empress-Mother as she is called, co-Regent of the Empire. The energetic and un-...

The Church Congress opened at Bradford on Tuesday . The Archbishop

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of York, preaching in the parish church after observing that diversity of opinion was in itself a neces- sary prelude to the discovery of truth, and only became hindrance and a...

The Dreyfus affair has advanced a step. On Monday the

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French Cabinet, after a most exciting scene, during which M. Brisson was obliged to exert his whole moral force, and practically to coercelthree refractory colleagues, decided...

The death of the aged Queen of Denmark—she was eighty

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—which occurred on Thursday morning, may prove to be of some European importance. The Queen called herself The Aunt of Europe," she was closely connected with almost all the...

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The Times of Monday contains a powerful impeachment of the

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minor music-halls as forcing-houses of " Hooliganism " from the pen of a School Board manager. He describes in detail, with extracts from the songs and " sketches " per- formed,...

Sir Robert Ball's lecture on shooting stars at the Birkbeck

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Institute on Wednesday formed an excellent illustration of the Bishop of Ripon's remark, a propos of the achievements of modern science, that "we can read the hidden things of...

The Bishop of Ripon, who delivered the Presidential address on

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the same afternoon, welcomed the Congress to a city which "relied less on the picturesque reputation of ancient glories than on the exuberant energy which makes history." They...

Our age, the Bishop went on to show , is restless,

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much tempted, and sorrowful. Even our boasted self-reliance, the supreme conquering quality of the Anglo-Saxon, seemed in danger of decay. As for the Church, "our internal...

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Bayard, American

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Ambassador in England from 1893 to 1897. Mr. Bayard, who came of French Huguenot stock, and was born in Wilmington in 1828, soon made his mark as a lawyer, was elected a Senator...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (2k) were on Friday, 110.

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W HAT a pity it is that we cannot have a detailed report every day by telegraph of the scenes that must be going on in Pekin. That would really add to. the interest of life,...


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SIR HERBERT KITCHENER AT FASHODA. S IR HERBERT KITCHENER—Lord Kitchener of Khartoum, as we hope he will be—has displayed great judgment and discretion at Fashoda. He found...

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M. BRISSON'S PROPOSAL. T HE Dreyfus case moves in the fashion

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of a sensational novel which is published in parts. It is the rule with this kind of fiction that every number must have its special excitement; and certainly this holds good of...

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I T is announced that, as a recognition not only of his victory at Omdurman, but of the long preparation which that victory involved, and which could only have been carried out...

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THE QUEEN OF DENMARK. T HE death of the Queen of

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Denmark removes one of the oldest members of the Royal circle of Europe, her Majesty having just completed her eighty-first year, and being about one year older than the Danish...

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I T is by no means usual for both Primates to take part in the same Church Congress. The Archbishop of York naturally appears at that gathering when held at Bradford (as this...

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P ROFESSOR JEBB, in an excellent speech before-- the Church Congress on the duty of the Anglican• Church towards the people of our immense dependencies, offered a noteworthy...

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D R. MAGEE, the late Bishop of Peterborough, a prelate of insight as well as humour, once declared that clergy and laity in England were " thinking on separate planes," and...

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O N the whole, we may say, the universal tendency of man- kind is towards belief ; by which we mean that men will generally hold some proposition not obviously ridiculous, to be...

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I T seems probable that current estimates of the speed of birds' flight must be modified. On Monday, June 27th, a number of carrier-pigeons were flown from the Shetland Islands...

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AN APPEAL TO UNIONISTS. [TO THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR "] 3ra, — It will be with great satisfaction that all Unionists, and not a few so-called Home-rulers, in the United...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "? SIR,—Now that we are at Khartoum and higher, has not the gauge of the Uganda railway already become of immediate practical interest ? The...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Sts,—The very striking vaticination of Sayid Hassan e Morghani to which you have drawn attention in the Spectator of September 24th may...


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[To THY EDITOR or THE "SPUTATOB."] SIR,—I read with great interest the letter of your corre- spondent in the Spectat,- of September 24th drawing atten- tion to the remarkable...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOE:1 Sra,—I have had experience of a Parochial Council such ae. you speak of for fifteen years in two parishes. The Council I . left six years ago...

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In the interesting article on " Bananas " in the Spectator of September 24th there occur the following remarks, viz.: — " Wherever the plant has been introduced, whether in the...


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THE LAST CHURCH. FRIEND, when the dews are falling, When the red sunset fades, When summer owls are calling Deep in the darkening glades; Some day we shall see beckoning A...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR...] Sin,—May I be permitted to say a few words in extenuation of the charge of wholesale plagiarism brought against me in the Spectator of...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] !Sret—Some weeks ago I wrote a letter to the Spectator urging 'the necessity of Prayer-book reform. Other letters followed, but the writers...

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THE BISMARCK MEMOIRS.• THE scandalous, as well as the political, curiosity of Europe will be amply gratified by the publication of these volumes of secret history. Dr. Busch's...

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Wrtax is meant by "Old Virginia " P This is not a question which can be answered very briefly. The name itself dates from 1585, and is a very free transliteration of the Indian...

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ALEXANDER GARDNER, the wandering scion of a restless race, affords a striking example of the influence of heredity, and the truth of the adage that adventures are to the adven-...

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THE subject of Cuba possesses a deep interest at the present time, which is not likely to pass with the passing of the war. Its change of owners has so completely altered the...

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Mits. ATHERTON is a novelist who certainly improves on acquaintance. There was abundant ability in Patience Sparhawk, but the general effect was impaired by a certain...

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Vittorino da Feltre, and other Humanist Educators. By William Harrison

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Woodward. (Cambridge University Press.)—Vittorino, surnamed da Feltre, from his birthplace in the Paduan territory, was not of the type which the mention of Italian scholars of...


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The new volume of the Dictionary of National Biography (Smith, Elder and Co., 15s. net.) takes us from Teach the pirate to Elizabeth 'Billet the poetess. Teach is worth reading...

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Religions of Primitive Peoples. By Professor D. G. Brinton. (G.

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P. Putnam's Sons.)—This is the second of four courses of American lectures on the " History of Religions," two of which have been delivered, and the remaining two of which will...

For His Country's Sake. By L. IL P. Black. (Horace

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Cox.) —Esca, a Prince of the British Kingdom of Damnonia, gives himself up to satisfy the Roman demand for a victim. (Hostages the Romans were wont to ask, but we feel doubtful...

The Blood of the Vampire. By Florence Marryat. (Hutchin- son

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and Co.)—The heroine of this most unpleasant story is the daughter of a quadroon and a Jamaican planter of a cruel and scientific turn of mind. Her grandmother having been...

The Law of Mines and Mining in the United States.

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By Daniel Moreau Barringer and John Stokes Adams. (Little, Brown, and Co., Boston.)—This is a very comprehensive treatise on a vast subject by two members of the Philadelphia...

Rome, the Middle of the World. By Alice Gardner. (E.

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Arnold.) —This is a book of which the design and the execution may be. praised without reserve. Miss Gardner wishes her reader to see the inner meaning of history. Picturesque...

In Historical Greek Grammar. By A. N. Jannaris, Ph.D. (Macmillan

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and Co. 25s. net.)—Dr. Jannaris—he lectures at St Andrews on "Post-Classical and Modern Greek "—has given to' the world in this volume a work of monumental industry. " Iv have...

Lady Croome's Secret. By Marie Zimmermann. (W. H. Addison.)—Lady Croome's

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secret is not revealed till the very last, nor indeed will any one guess who the person she meets in the park is. The secret estranges her husband, a widower twice as old as she...

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Stapleton's Luck. By Margery Hollis. 2 vols. (R. Bentley and

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'Son. 21s.)—This is a story of the old-fashioned kind, which does not harass with problems of sex or anything else. The hero is -robbed of some money, partly his own, partly his...

A Day with Hounds. By " Covertside." (Western Mail Office.)

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—It would be difficult to find a more misleading title for a story of pre Restoration days than A Day with Hounds. The tale .opens with a hunting day, and this provides a...

Max. By Julian Croskey. (John Lane.)—We cannot under- stand the

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passion some writers have for making a man of Max's type the hero and principal character of a story of five hundred pages. He is a selfish profligate of inordinate conceit...

Autobiography of a Highland Minister. (Hodder and Stoughton.) —This book,

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almost wholly occupied as it is with an analysis of the writer's religious emotions and convictions, is not a fit subject 'for criticism. The question whether it should have...

Katharine Cromer. By Helen Craven. (A. D. Lines and Co.)

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--This is a story of the " Upper Ten." A young married lady tells how her particular friend, Katharine Cromer, daughter .of the Earl of Norwich, married a singer at the opera,...

A Daughter of Strife. By Jane H. Findlater. (Methuen and

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.Co.)—The plot of A Daughter of Strife is not a pleasant one. The hero, an army surgeon, sends a message by his friend to the girl he loves, the trust is betrayed, and the false...

Those Dreadful Twins. By Themselves. (T. Fisher Ernwin.)— The "twins"

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tell their own story, which, though it has nothing very funny in it, is amusing enough. They are a very business- like pair for boys so young,—they are nine when the story...

Her Royal Highness's Love Affair. By J. Maclaron Cobban. (C.

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Arthur Pearson.)—This reminds us in a way of Sir W. Besant's " Sealed Fountain," only the parts are reversed, and the story is supposed to be of the present day, for a cycle...

The Devil's Daughter. By Val Nightingale. (Digby, Long, and Co.)—T wo

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rich Americans adopt a child,: found on their doorstep, who grows up to be a beautiful woman. She is the cause of untold evil, unwillingly, be it said ; but her name,...