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On Saturday, the Houses met for a short time, to

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receive the Royal Assent to a variety of Bills, and to be prorogued in the usual quaint fashion by the Royal Commissioners in cocked hats, which each of them lifted...

The Queen's Speech was immediately followed by the an- nouncement

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that Mr. Shaw, the English Missionary, had been set at liberty by the French in the Island of Bourbon (or Reunion), and that an explanation—of the nature of an apology—of the...


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O NE of the most violent volcanic eruptions of which we have heard for many years commenced in Java on August 26th. The particular volcano which burst out was that of Krakatoa,...

Living in Java is really living over a roaring furnace

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from which you are separated by nothing but a thin crust of earth. Probably no volcanic eruptions in the world have been physically so terrible as some of those in Java, though...

It would almost seem as if the French were likely

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to take warning by the disagreeable hints which they have lately i received of the way in which great enterprises n the East hamper them at home. It looks as if they were...

On Friday week, the Lords took into consideration the reasons

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of the Commons for disagreeing to the Lords' further amend- ment to the Agricultural Holdings Bill, Lord Carlingford moving that the Lords do not insist on that amendment....

IV The Editors canztot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Western Mail of Tuesday professes to quote from a.

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"Liberal" Gloucester paper—the Gloucester Journal of last Saturday—an article on "The Downfall of England," which contains one of the most violent pieces of vituperation against...

Mr. Parnell, speaking in Dublin on Wednesday, congratu- lated Ireland

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heartily on the passing of the Fisheries Act, the Labourers Act, and the Tramways Act, and he anticipated that before long a measure of local self-government for Ireland would...

The London journals have been making far too little of

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the disturbances in Croatia. Whether these disturbances are sup- pressed summarily or not, they are symptomatic of a chronio hostility to Magyar domination, which nothing short...

The check of France in one of the Anamite regions,—the

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chief campaign upon the Red River,—has been compensated by a brilliant victory over the capital, Hue, where a convention was signed between France and the Anamite King, on...

Mr. Bright made two speeches on the Temperance question at

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Birmingham, on Wednesday, on the occasion of opening a new coffee tavern, to be called by Mr. Cobden's name. In the first speech, he explained that for ten years he had never...

In his greater speech at the Town Hall, Mr. Bright

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was, as he himself hinted, truly Conservative in his suggestion of the best way of dealing with the Temperance question. He would, he said, prescribe by law a certain maximum in...

The Comte de Chambord is to be buried near Goritz,

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on Monday, in the Monastery of the Franciscans at Castagna.vicca, where his grandfather, Charles X., already lies. The funeral will be a solemn one, for the good Prince did in...

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One of the most important of the legislative failures of

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the Session is the loss of the Medical Act Amendment Bill, which might probably have been carried at last, but for the miscarriage of the business arrangements of a single...

The German Reichstag has been summoned at a very kinusual

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season of the year, but it does not appear that it has met for any purpose except to sanction a commercial treaty with Spain. Probably Prince Bismarck used the opportunity to...

We are glad to see that the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal

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has not only strongly expressed his wish to see qualified medical women practising in India, but has discouraged peremptorily the idea of requiring from them any less thorough...

It is not, perhaps, surprising that the returns of suicides

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in great cities make Paris the chief capital of suicide. That is just what one would expect from the chief capital of pleasure. If you make pleasure your main object, you are...

Mr. J. R. Byrne, writing to Friday's Times from Upper

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Norwood, maintains that the true test of reading-power,- reading-power, that is, in the sense of being able to read to yourself for enjoyment,— is the power to read well aloud;...

Switzerland appears to occupy a very unenviable position in relation

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to the frequency of divorce. In the Protestant half of Appenzell, there were in 1881 over thirteen divorces to every hundred marriages ; and in Thurgau, there were more than...

Mr. Davenport Handley is fighting a chivalrous battle in Rut.

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landshire against Mr. James IV. Lowther, who represents, we suppose, his namesake's views on the land. We shall not know the result before going to press. Rutlandshire has not...

The military rising in Spain seems to have blown over

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with- out much result, and the King, who has just been on a tour of inspection to the various disaffected garrisons, has been, it is given out, very well received. But Sefior...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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Consols were on Friday 11Ali to 1Ni.

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THE POLITICAL DUTIES OF THE RECESS. W HAT does the Times mean by its constant and emphatic exhortation to Members of Parliament to hold their tongues during the Recess ? It...

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smoke and stir of the battle are over, and that the corpses of thrice-slain amendments are buried out of the way, we can see with greater clearness what has been lost and won on...

LORD SALISBURY'S WRATH. L ORD SALISBURY is evidently of Luther's mind,

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that wrath and passion are his best allies. "If I want to compose," said Luther, "to write, to pray, to preach, I must be wrathful, then my whole blood is freshened, my...

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the nature of the climate are much better suited for the growth of cereal crops. The tale of grievance and dis- content which the Commission will be asked to hear is likely,...

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T F Lord Penzance had been particularly anxious to reconcile High Churchmen and Ritualists to legislation on the lines of the Report of the Ecclesiastical Courts Commission, he...

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T HE letter of the Pope to the three Cardinals who are specially concerned with the Vatican Library is interest- ing, not only for itself, but for the manner in which it has...

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M R. WILFRID WARD, the author of the impressive paper in the Nineteenth Century - of February, 1882, on "The Wish to Believe," in which he maintained that on matters of...

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W E are not premature, we suppose, in concluding that Mr. Shapira's Recension of the Ten Commandments is of North-German rather than of Phoenician or Moabite origin. The...

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I N the very lively reminiscences of Madame Mohl which Mrs. Simpson contributes to the September number of Mac- millan's Magazine, a great many of Madame Mohl's old friends will...

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THE CLOSING OF THE HIGHLANDS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTAT0R:1 Sta.,—Yon talk, in your article of August 25th on "The Closing of the Scottish Highlands," about the ordinary...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — Considerable attention has been drawn to the present operation of the Blasphemy Laws by the Press, in connection with the case "The...

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TH3 "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—In your suggestive article of last Saturday, "The Success and Failure in Ireland," you state that "A great many of them [holdings] are held by tenants who...


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[To THE EDITOR OP TER "SPECTATOR."] Sin, — Will you allow me to state some grounds for believing that the Irish hatred of England, which you lament in your last number, is more...

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THZ " SPECTATOR:] &a,—The letter of Mr. Woods Smyth will seem to very many -of your readers a much-needed and valuable contribution to the interesting discussion evoked by Mr....

[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 SIR, — Will you permit

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me to call attention once more to Mr. Drummond's interesting book on "Natural Law in the Spiritual World," and particularly to a part of his argument which seems to me to be...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 .SIR, — Some years ago, a clever cartoon depicted an Irish woman holding her husband back from a faction-fight, raging in the -distance,...

pro THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—Your correspondent who

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signs himself C. C. M." says, in speaking of man, that "his humanity is a deeper fact than his individuality." But how can they be viewed apart, in the light of Christian...

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[To Mg EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—It is curious how often the lawyers tarn "topsy-turvy," when dealing with the Clergy. If a clergyman offends against the law of the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SES, - I can match Mrs. De Morgan's pretty story of her "Dido." A wise old dog with whom I have the privilege to associate was, two or three...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THZ "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—In the notice of Mr. Jennings's "Anecdotal History of Parrliament," which appeared in your issue of August 18th, the reviewer remarks...


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CORRESPONDENCE OF COUNT CAYOUR.* WITH the exception of Garibaldi, Count Cavour probably has been the subject of more studies and sketches than any other great man of our day ;...


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remarkable instance of the effect that can be produced upon a dog by the human voice was related to me yesterday. Some of your correspondents would consider it confirmatory of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sia,—Knowing your regard for animals—even for the despised cat—I send you two cognate anecdotes, and ask you or your readers if they can...

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Tins is the title which more exactly expresses the subject of the book which its author has dubbed with the more romantic one of Kings and Queens of an Hour. It consists of...

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IN THE CARQUINEZ WOODS.* This tale, the greater part of

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which has already appeared in Longman's Magazine, has much of the force and freshness, but none of the pathos and beauty of Bret Harte's earlier tales, for example, The Lurk of...

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to being a little disappointed with the volume of lectures bearing the title of the Scottish Divines. The subjects are very interesting, including the names of the most eminent...

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THE WILD BIRDS OF KILLEEVY.* WE mean no disparagement to

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Miss Mulholland's book, which, indeed, strikes us as showing an advance on any work of hers that we have seen before, if we say that it is a romance rather than a story of real...

MR. AUSTIN DOBSON'S FIELDING.* THE biographer of Fielding labours under

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one fatal dis- advantage; he has very little to say about his hero. The novelist's reputation was far from being wholly posthumous. He won considerable fame in his...

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much less, as she reached Bogota, her place of residence,

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on Septem- ber 23rd, and left it again on June 15th. For this reason, probably, she shortens her narrative, and gives seventy-three pages out of a total of two hundred and...

Sacred Scriptures of the World. By the Rev. Martin K.

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Scher- merhorn, M.A. (G. P. Patnam'e Sons, New York.)—Mr. Bohemian. horn has here "compiled, edited, and in part retranslated" "selec- tions from the most devotional and ethical...

On Foreign Soil. By the Author of "Amigo's Little Girl."

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3 vols. (F. V. White and Co.)—Why this story should have this title, it is not easy to say, as the scene, during the greater part of it, is laid in England. However, there is...

Good Samaritans. By W. Davenport Adams. (W. Swan Sonnen- schein

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and Co.)—We have no wish to deal unkindly with Mr. Adams, whose name as an industrious worker in literature has been familiar to us for many years. Still, we must say plainly...


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The Temptation of Christ. By George S. Barrett, B.A. (Macniven and Wallace.)—It is not easy for a preacher to say anything about the Temptation the substance of which may not be...

Kate. By Asmodeus. 3 vols. (City of London Publishing Com-

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pany.)—This is certainly a clever book, though the writer wants practice in his art. The good things—and the career of Marisa, the too ingenious and ambitions hero, and the...

The Life of Sir William Logan. By Bernard J. Harrington,

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BA. (Sampson Low and Co.)—Sir W. Logan was a Scotehman of Canadian birth. His father sent him to be educated at Edinburgh, where he became dux at the High School under James...

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Half-Hours with Some Famous Ambassadors. By George Barnett Smith does

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not seem to have gone to original sources, but to have contented himself with easily-accessible books. There are documents in our State Paper Office, at Simancas and elsewhere,...

The Bible : its Revelation, Inspiration, and Evidence. By the

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Rev. John Robson, D.D. (aodder and Stoughton.)—Dr. Robson takes, on the whole, a conservative line. He does not accept the division of Isaiah, a view which has for it a...

The Religions of the Ancient World. By George Rawlinson, M.A.

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(Religious Tract Society.)—These eight chapters, founded on lectures which the author delivered from the Camden Chair of Ancient His- tory in Oxford, form an admirable résumé of...

Tyrants of To-day ; or, the Secret Society. By C.

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L. Johnstone. (Tinsley Brothers.)—This novel (?) belongs to a class which is numerously represented just now,—that of the works of fiction concerning which one wonders...