20 JULY 1901

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There is another hitch in China, caused this time, it

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is said, by a difference between Great Britain and Russia over the indemnity. The grand wish of the Chinese statesmen is to throw the whole burden on foreign trade, so that it...

The managers of the great American "Trusts," with their grand

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schemes and immense fortunes and overwhelming obviousness, have roused American workmen to a struggle which, whatever the pretext, is really one for power. Every telegram this...


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T HE chief piece of war news this week is the capture by General Broadwood's column of the members of the Free State Government (twenty-five in all), with the excep- tion of Mr....

President Steyn replies that the above letter is a great

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blow to him, but he argues that the Boers are not in their last extremity, and that they must still trust to God to help them. "I firmly believe complications will take place in...

The Papacy is evidently most reluctant to begin a contest

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with the French Government which might end in the suppression of the Ecclesiastical Budget. The Vatican has, therefore, while declaring that "it reproves and condemns all...

*. 5 The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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NOTICE.— Wit/c this week's number of the "SPECTATOR" is issued,

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gratis, an Eight-Page Supplement, containing the Half-Yearly Index and Title-Page,—i.e., from January 5th to Juno 29th,1901, inclusive.

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Speaking at Peterborough on Wednesday Sir Edward Grey made a

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very wise and statemminlike speech, and one in strong contrast to Lord Rosebery's " wrecking " letter. The Reform Club meeting had, he said, done good, and helped clear the air....

Besides, Lord Rosebery goes on to say, the question is

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not an isolated one or a sudden cleavage, nor is it the result of accidental causes or personal antagonisms. It is a question of Imperialists and Little Englanders—Lord Rosebery...

The depression in German industrial undertakings con- tinues to alarm

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Berlin, and the National Zeitung endeavours to encourage the apprehension in a manner which for simplicity, at all events, is noteworthy. It admits that "the activity of...

It is curious, in contemplating Lord Rosebery's intellectual qualities and

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his career as a statesman, which, in a sense, may be said to have culminated this 'week, to _remember what Bishop Burnet said of his direct ancestor, Sir Archibald Primrose...

On Wednesday was published a letter written by Lord Rosebery

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to certain members of the City Liberal Club. He laid down the leadership of the Liberal party, he says, in the hope of uniting it, but without success ; but now that complete...

We have dealt at length with Lord Rosebery's personal position

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elsewhere. Practically his letter demands that the Liberal party should become, frankly, Imperialists, and should separate themselves politically from the Pro-Boers and Little...

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The trial of Lord Russell in the Royal Gallery at

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the House of Lords on Thursday was as fine a pageant as one could wish to see. The long lines of Peers in their robes, the Peeresses in the side seats, the Lord Chancellor...

The dinner to Mr. Asquith took place on Friday night,

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but tea late for us to comment on the speeches or to be able to record what is the final result on the Liberal party. We trust, however, that the line adopted will be that of...

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who wound up the debate

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declared himself in complete agreement with the Colonial Secretary. On a division the Bill was carried by a majority of 170 (291 to 121). In our view the criticism aimed at the...

The chief thing accomplished in the House of Commons during

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the past week has been the passage of the Finance Bill, which passed its third reading on Wednesday. After Sir William Harcourt had drawn a gloomy picture of the financial...

The defeat of the "Mad Mullah" by the force of

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Somalis organised by Colonel Swayne was a really extraordienxy feat of arms. The Mullah appears, from lettters in the Times dated June 10th and 16th, to have had at least 10,000...

We think that Prance must be and ought to be

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the rever- sionary heir of Morocco, but the French Foreign Office display in pursuing that legitimate object too much finesse. They discuss with the Moorish Mission the means of...

Parisians are greatly delighted because a Brazilian engineer, H. Santos-Dumont,

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resident in their city, has succeeded in steering a balloon. He failed by an accident in a competitive trial on Saturday last, b ut he succeeded in travelling nine miles at the...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (2f) were on Friday 93.

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LORD ROSEBERY AS THE MAN ABOVE PARTY. T HE true intention of Lord Rosebery's much-talked-of letter is to declare that there is room in our political system for a man outside and...


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ra 'SHE first paper in the new Quarterly Review may _L exercise a considerable and, as we think, an injurious effect upon public opinion. It is a careful and, in words, moderate...

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T HE Bisley Rifle Meeting closes to-day with the pre- sentation of the prizes by Lady Roberts. The meeting has been a very successful one, its special feature being the large...

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THE PRIVILEGE OF PEERAGE. T HE trial of Earl Russell gives

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the Peers a great opportunity, if they like to take it, of improving their position in the public eyes. They can surrender a privilege which does them no good, as we shall...

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I T is natural to human beings to be interested in human beings, and nowhere is this feeling more irrepressible than in and about the House of Commons. We say in and about not...


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/THERE is an article by Mrs. Hugh Bell in the July number of the Monthly Review, " Concerning the Rela- tion between Mothers and Daughters." Mrs. Bell puts before us a...

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T HE recent appointment of Professor A. W. Rucker to the office of Principal of the University of London is a very significant event in the history of education in the...

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A FRENCH society has created at Longchamps akind of school of experiment on the mental powers of different kinds of animal. According to a correspondent of the Daily Mail, the...

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rro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:] trust you will allow me to offer some remarks on your article on this subject in the Spectator of July 13th, and to ex- press regret that the...


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THE REFORMED PUBLIC-HOUSE. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SiR,—The main contention in Lord Carlisle's two letters to the Spectator of June 22nd and July 13th respectively...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sfu,—In an extremely interesting article on "Nondescript Animals" in the Spectator of July 6th I notice the statement that the kinkajou is...


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Sra,—I desire to call attention to a pamphlet just issued by the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction in Ireland, which deserves the earnest attention of every...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE 'SPECTATOR.) Sirs,—Perhaps you will kindly allow me to explain the few expressions which you blame in your friendly notice in the Spectator of July 13th...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman as the leader of the Liberal party has at length answered my challenge. He and his party would give the...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In your notice of M. Duhamel's "Comment Elever nos Fils "in the Spectator of July 13th, your reviewer says, "We see no mention of...

pro THE EDITOR OP THE SPECTATOR."] SrE,—I was much interested

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in your article in the Spectator of July 6th on "Nondescript Animals," especially in your description of the kinkajou. When stationed in British Honduras some years ago I kept...

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MR. E. T. COOK ON THE WAR.* WHEN a man does an act which he is told by another is wrong it is his business there and then to justify his conduct to himself. If he remains...


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pro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR,"] SIE,—The legend of Lord Charles Hay and the Count d'Anteroche, quoted in your review of "The Military Life of Field-Marshal George, First...


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BYRON'S GRAVE AT H1JCKNALL TORKARD. BENEATH the smoke-bedarkened air, " Amid a squalid village bare, In this mean church does Byron sleep The everlasting slumber deep ; To...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your correspondent on "American Trade Rivalry " in the Spectator of July 13th falls into a curious error in imagining that the American...

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compel us to assume, for present purposes, • that all our readers have heard of the Natural History of Selborne, and that most have read that immortal classic and are acquainted...

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THEIZE could hardly be a more formidable task than to write a history—a "short history" as the title of this series enjoins —of a literature that has had a continuous existence...

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THE history of an English family is the history of England in miniature, and in these admirable memorials of the Datong we may trace the changes of sentiment and dynasty which...

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GREATLY to the delight of the reviewer, Mrs. Cotes's (Sara Jeannette Duncan) new book, On the Other Side of the Latch, has been included in the bundle of this week's novels. The...

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Sketches of Magdalen College, Orford. By Edwin Glasgow. (J. M.

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Dent and Co. 5s.) —Mr. Glasgow gives a brief architec- tural history of the College, for which he acknowledges his ob'igation to Mr. Wilson's "History." Magdalen has had good...

A Diary of the Siege of the Legations in, Pekin.

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By Nigel Oliphant. (Longmans and Co. Gs. net.)—Mr. Andrew Lang in a brief preface introduces the author of this volume. Mr. Oliphant, finding that examinations were not to his...


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THE NEW LIBERAL REVIEW. The New Liberal Review, which is now in its sixth number, and whose views of the party "split" may be gathered from the concluding sentence of a note—"...

The Laws rend Principles of Bridge. By "Hellespont." (Thos. De

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La Rue and Co. 5s. net.)—There is a "boom" in bridge which is only too likely to continue; "only too likely," we say, because the game appeals so forcibly both to the common...

Australian Federation. By Sir John A. Cockburn. (Horace Marshall and

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Son. 25. 6d. net.)—Sir John Cockburn, who is introduced by a preface from the pen of Sir Charles Dunce, has collected in this volume certain articles which he has written, and...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week is have not been i . e.:erred for review in other forms.] The North American Review (July). (W. Heinemann. 2s. 6c1.) —There...

On the War-Path. By Mrs. T. D. Leather-Calley. (John Long.

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3s. 6d.)—Mrs. Leather-Calley, who is a "Lady of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem," speaks her mind very plainly on many things. "Cape Colony," she says, "is an...

Your Banker's Position at a Glance. By Henry Warren. (Jordan

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and Sons. 5s.)—Mr. Warren lays down some general principles as to the conditions which constitute soundness in a bank, discusses dividend-paying, and such details as advances,...

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The Diet of the LaboUring Classes in Edinburgh. By H.

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Noel Paton, M.D., .T. Craufurd Dunlop, M.D., and Dr. Elsie Maud Inglis. (Otto Schulze.)—This " study " is a very elaborate and careful piece of work. The second chapter,...

The Study of Newfoundland. By F. E. Smith. (Horace Marshall

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and Son. Is. 6d.)—The story which Mr. Smith has to tell is not one of unmixed prosperity. There are countries where the evils of misgovernment are easily redressed, where Nature...

Ancient India as _Described in Classical Literature. Translated and copiously

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Annotated by W. McCrindle, LL.D. (A. Con- stable and Co. 7s. 6d. net.)—Dr. McCrindle concludes in this sixth volume his valuable work on India as described by Greek and Latin...

railway era. Yet even then "the Highlands were open to

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all the influences of civilisation." One of the chief attractions of this book is the zest with which Alexander Smith describes the survivals of the pre-civilisation period. It...

A Century of Law Reform. Lectures by W. Blake Odgers,

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LL D., and Others. (Macmillan and Co. 5s.)— These twelve lectures were delivered at the request of the Council of Legal Education. (Dr. Blake Odgers is responsible for three,...

Belgium and the Belgians. By Cyril Scudamore. (W. Black- wood

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and Sons. 6s.)—This, perhaps, is hardly the most apposite time for the appearance of a book on Belgium. Anyhow, it might be as well to study it at home, and to put off the...

Mycencean Tree and Pillar Cult. By Arthur J. Evans. (Mac-

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millan and Co. 68.)—Mr. Evans reprints this treatise from the Journal of Hellenic Studies, where it appeared towards the end of last year. Substantially Mr. Evans had put forth...