22 JULY 1899

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One of the most important events of the week has

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been the passing in the Natal Legislative Assembly of a unanimous Motion in support of the policy of the Imperial Government in regard to the Transvaal. The mover, Mr. Baines,...

Only two incidents have occurred in the Dreyfus case this

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week, but both are indicative of the strain still prevailing in France. The Government are building a covered way at Rennes along which the accused can be led from the military...

Japan has been promoted. The great sign that Europe regards

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a Power as only semi-civilised is the demand that all who visit it, or trade in it, should be exempted from the jurisdiction of the local Courts, the Consuls acting when...


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T HOUGH we are not yet out of the wood, it is quite clear that things are going better in South Africa, and that there is good ground for hoping that a peaceful settlement will...

If the statement had stopped here it could not perhaps

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have been described as very hopeful or satisfactory, but the passage which followed to a great extent removes the doubts occasioned by the words we have just quoted. "But her...

The President of the French Republic held a great military

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review on Sunday, which was remarkable because he was neither insulted nor assaulted, and because all the enthusiasm of the vast crowd was expended upon Major Marchand, a man...

*,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Clericals in Catholic countries seem much disposed to make

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an alliance with the Socialists, receiving their support in return for certain concessions to Collectivism, which is not, of course, in itself condemned by the Catholic faith....

On Thursday the Tithe Bill was read a third time,

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the Opposi- tion not proving half as relentless as was expected. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, who wound up the debate on the Home- rule side, very cleverly avoided many of the...

Mr. Alger, the American Minister of War, has resigned, to

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the relief of all who wish prosperity to the United States. Americans are perhaps too ready to believe charges of pecuniary corruption, but of Mr. Alger's incapacity, his mis-...

Except for Mr. Balfour's statement as to public business, the

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debates in the House of Commons in the earlier part of the week were of little interest. There was a good deal of talking over the clauses of the Sale of Foods and Drugs Bill,...

Mr. Balfour on Monday moved, in favour of Government Bills,

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the suspension of the Standing Order under which no contentions business can be commenced after 12 o'clock—the Order which, we remember, roused Mr. Ayrton to an out- burst of...

Mr. Balfour's reply was short, but marked by a good

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deal of feeling. He was indignant, and we think justly indignant, at Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's attempt to represent the Bill as nothing but "a simple political bonus given...

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Dr. Karl Peters reports in the Times of the 17th

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inst. that he has discovered some very ancient ruins in a valley through which runs a southern branch of the Zambesi. They are near the great mountain of Furs, in Portuguese...

• It is with great regret that we record the

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death of the Bishop of Limerick, which took place in Dublin on Monday. The Bishop was in his eighty-seventh year. Dr. Graves, besides being a wise and liberal-minded Bishop, and...

Mary Ansell, a domestic servant of twenty-two, was executed at

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St. Albans on Wednesday. She had committed a pecu- liarly cruel murder. Her sister had gone mad in conse- quence of a bereavement, and had been placed under restraint. Mary...

• Nothing is more common than for Englishmen travelling in

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Italy to ask what the tourist harvest is worth to the country which is, above all others, the land of the "sight-seer?' The Pall Mall Gazette of Tuesday tells us that the "...

The mobilisation of the huge fleet which is to carry

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out this year's naval manceuvres has been a great success, the neces- sary work having been done quickly and well. The plan of operations is a very interesting one. We are...

Sir Wilfred Laurier has given notice that he will move

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an Address to the Queen praying that the Imperial Government may amend the British North America Act (i.e., the Canadian Constitution), so that when the Canadian House of...

The Government of India is disposed to employ electricity as

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its motive power in the great central factories which it intends to set up at Jubbulpore. Its advisers believe that the falls of the Nerbudda, and by and by of the Godavery, the...

Bank Rate, 3i per cent. New Consols (21) were on

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Friday 107+.

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THE BETTER OUTLOOK IN SOUTH AFRICA. TT is most sincerely to be hoped that the belief that things are going better in South Africa will turn out to be well founded. On Thursday...


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p OLITICIANS of experience who have watched for many Sessions the annual "Massacre of the Innocents" must be somewhat puzzled to decide whether on the whole the cumbrousness of...

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E NGLISHMEN rather underrate the position of M. Deroulede in French politics. He seems to them from his excited talk something of a fool, and from his " plots " something of an...

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WAR CORRESPONDENTS. A MID all the gains that a modern general

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derives from the resources which science places at his dis- posal there is one signal disadvantage. He has to reckon with the special correspondent. These ubiquitous per-...

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I T was Lord Lytton, if we are not mistaken, who declared that one of the greatest dangers to our rule in India was the growth of "the white baboo," the growth, that is, of the...

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T HE arguments which were poured forth in such profusion in order to prevent Mary Anaell from being hanged in- volve some very curious consequences. They really amount to this,...

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T HE factor which has mule the present summer of the century the most enjoyable in the memory of man has been the quality of the wind. Hot winds make summer heats a burden, cool...


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TT NIVERSITY prize essays are not greatly sought after by an indifferent public, and the public is probably right, though we cannot forget that both Oxford and Cam- bridge have...

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SEA-SUPERSTITIONS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SFECTATOR.1 Silly — Not the least of the mighty changes wrought by the advent of steam as a motive-power at sea is the alteration it...

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THE FRANCHISE QUESTION IN THE TRANSVAAL. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Are you not almost too fair and lenient in the present Transvaal controversy to opposition...

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SIE,—I am extremely diffident about entering the lists against so able and earnest an opponent as Canon Knox Little. Will you accord me (as far as I am concerned) one last word...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF TIIE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In your article in the Spectator of July 15th on the English Church, you seem to advocate a policy of drift, though I may be wrong in...


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[To rim EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR-1 Six„—I have but just seen the Spectator of July 8th. Will you allow me to take up the cudgels on behalf of the recent meeting whose...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sui,—It seems to me

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that all your correspondents have missed the strongest point in Mr. Chamberlain's recent speech. We have had lately in the Law Courts at home a case which admirably illustrates...

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(To THE EDITOR OF TIIR "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Many of your readers mast have been interested, I feel sure, by the philosophy of religion expounded so earnestly and gracefully in...

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THE CHARM OF THE "STATE TMALS."* THE State Trials are the best of good reading, and Howell's twenty volumes might be a sufficient library in themselves. It is not merely that...


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THE MASTER OF LIFE. I AM the plough, Footing it painfully Master of Life, Out from the darkness Where my sharp coulter leads Into the silence— Ceases sterility ; Here are my...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR.] SIR.—Your interesting article on this subject in the Spectator of July 15th suggests the question : How are the bidden cisterns of the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TI3E "SPECTATOR.] suppose no author has the right of a reply to his reviewer ; opinion is free and irresponsible; but surely the author has a right to correct...

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Jr is well that the vague alarm generally inspired in the average Englishman by the thought of Russian successes in Asia should be replaced by exact knowledge. Books without...

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THIS book, deeply interesting as it is from end to end, will be read with mingled pain and pleasure. R. H. Quick's life was, in one sense, a failure. He held many posts, and did...

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To the readers of the first volume of The Workers, which con- tained an account of the writer's experiences in the Eastern States of America during a self-imposed search for...

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IT must be a matter of extreme regret to all readers of Mr. Harold Frederic's novel that it was destined to be his last, and that the hand which wrote it was so soon to lay down...

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ART-BOOKS. The Royal A cadenty, and other Reveries. By Henry Naegely. (Elliot Stock.)—The reveries are thoughtful and worth reading, dealing as they do with various questions...

Prwterita. By J. Ruskin. (G. Allen. 5s. net.)—These are the

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first two volumes of the octavo edition of this most interesting and self-conscious autobiography.

A History of French Art, 1100-1899. By Rose G. Kingsley.

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(Longmans and Co. 12s.)—Into one volume an enormous amount of information and sound judgment has been compressed. In the part describing French art from the end of the last cen-...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review tee other forms.) Carmel in England. By Father B. Zimmermann. (Burns and Oates.)—This...

Academy Pictures. (Cassell and Co. 7s. 6d.)—These reproduc- tions are

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very well done, though we may regret that the selection of works reproduced reflects so largely the more inartistic ele- ments in the exhibition.

The Choruses of Sophocles's Antigone. With Music by C. F.

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Abdy Williams. (Breitkopf and Haertel.)—In a learned and detailed introduction, Mr. Williams gives the principles upon which he has reconstructed this Greek music. For this...

Animals in Motion. By Eadweard Muybridge. (Chapman and Hall. 20s.)—This

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book contains reduced reproductions of a number of the electro-photographs which were gathered together in the author's great work in eleven folio volumes. The present selection...

We welcome Wirt Merseiana, Vol. I. (Th. Wohlleben, 7s. Gd.

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net). This is the beginning of a series to which we wish all possible prosperity, to be published annually by the Arts Faculty of University College, Liverpool. The Faculty is...

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"What is Secondary Education ? " Essays. Edited by R.

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P. Scott, M.A. (Rivingtons. 2s. 43d.)—Some forty writers, most of them experts in their way, combine to answer this question, and to deal with various problems that are...

nu/ace, Ruedok, and the Valley of the Welsh Dee. By

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an " F.R.A." (Pewtress and Co.)—Mr. Lloyd Price gives an account, with photographs of exteriors and interiors, of his house, Rulace, alias Rhicolis, in the county of Merioneth,...

John Howard. By the Rev. IL H. Scullard, M.A. (Hazen,

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Watson, and Viney. 2s.)—Mr. Scullard, who is the minister of the "Howard Congregational Church, Bedford," here publishes a lecture which he delivered "in connection with the...

THROLOGY.—The Coining and Going of Customs Ecclesiastical. By Augustus Jessopp,

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D.D. (J. Parker and Co. 6d.)—This is a fine sermon, outspoken, sensible, and admirably adapted to the present time. Dr. Jessopp takes occasion of St. Paul's use of the word...

History of the Russian Fleet. By a Contemporary Englishman (1724).

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Edited by Vice-Admiral Cyprian A. G. Bridge. (Navy Records Society.)—Some Englishman unknown, who was probably in the service of Peter the Great, wrote, partly during his period...

Essays and Nature Studies. By W. J. C. Miller. Edited,

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with Introduction, by H. Kirke Swann. (Elliot Stock.)—Mr. Miller occupied for twenty years the post of Registrar to the Medical Council, and for a very considerable time edited...

Berkhill : a Reminiscence. By a "Liverpool Merchant." (J. Lewis,

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Selkirk.)—These are very pleasant sketches, with some striking illustrations by Mr. Isaac Cooke, R.B.A. We gladly make acquaintance with the place and with the people, for...

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TounrsT - Booxs. — Father Rhine. (J. M. Dent and Co.) — This is a very

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pleasant book of journeying. The author and his friend, having twenty days of holiday at their disposal, spent them in making their way from the mouth of the Rhine to its...

ScwooL-BooKs.—Livy, Book II. Edited by A. F. Hort. (Rivingtons. 2s.)—A

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book, though often edited before, may yet be edited again to good purpose. Mr. Hort has a definite idea of what notes should and should not do for the learner. As this is a...

MISCELLANEOUS.-21 Manua/ of Human Physiology. By Leonard Hill. (E. Arnold.

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6s.)—This volume, while made intelligible to the general reader, • will, of course, find its public for the most part among students of medicine, and for those employed in...