23 JANUARY 1875

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Prince Leopold has been suffering from typhoid, and though it

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has quitted him, his hereditary predisposition to weakness and his tendency to h ae morrhage leave him scarcely the strength to rally. On Friday afternoon his state was...

The Rev. R. W. Dale, in a letter to Friday's

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Times, disclaims for himself and his Nonconformist colleagues any wish to protest " against the selection of a leader who is responsible for the Edu- cation policy of the late...

A cloud has arisen in Eastern Europe. Some Turkish soldiers

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killed some Montenegrins on the frontier, and the Montenegrins in retaliation killed some Turkish soldiers. The Porte, pressed by Russia, admitted that its soldiers were the...


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R. ADAM, the Liberal Whip, has been asked by Lord Gran- villa to summon a meeting of the Liberal party, which will probably take place on Thursday, February 4th,—to deliberate...

The discussion of the Constitutional Laws in the French Assembly

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began on Thursday, the immediate subject of debate being the Ventavon Proposition. This confirms Marshal Mac- Mahon's powers to 20th November, 1880, pledges the Assembly to...

Mr. Lowe replied in Thursday's Times to that attack of

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Lord Russell's on the bandits' of the Cave of Adullam to which we drew attention last week, in writing of Lord Russell, as a strange error of judgment. Mr. Lowe points out that...

We have described elsewhere the last proposal by which it

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seems possible to unite a majority in the Assembly. This comes from the Left, and is to declare the Republic, with liberty to the Assembly to revise the Constitution in any...

b * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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Mr. Forster made an important speech on the commercial rela-

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tions of Canada with the United States on Monday evening, at the annual soirée of the Bradford Chamber of Commerce. He began by recommending the people of Bradford to exhibit at...

It seems to be certain that the Mexican Congress has

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passed a law disestablishing the Roman Catholic Church, forbidding any religious corporation to hold property, prohibiting the establish- ment of any monastic order, and perhaps...

The seventh annual Congress of the Trades' Unions was opened

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in Liverpool on Monday, the 18th inst. The delegates denounced the Judges' interpretation of the Law of Conspiracy in very strong terms, and would, perhaps, have aocepted a...

Mr. Forster added a few words on Mr. Gladstone's retirement,

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which were wisely reticent, though they were earnest. "It was only those who had been brought into close personal contact with him who knew the high personal example he had Set...

The German Landsturm Bill is not yet law, but it

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has passed the second reading, and is supported by all the Union Liberals. The Military party appear to have carried all their propositions, and to have placed the whole nation...

The Trades Union Congress have shown moderation and sagacity in

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more than one direction. Mr. Cremer brought in it a fierce charge against some members of the Congress that they had " sold themselves" to the enemies of labour in relation to...

There is nothing new from Spain. Bing Alphonso has gone

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to the Army, and is coming back again to Madrid, without making much impression. Germany has demanded and received assurances that the Carlists shall be made to pay a fine for...

Is the Government literally going to do nothing ? Everybody

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expected a Local Government measure, but it appears, from a speech of Mr. Clare Read to his constituents, delivered at Harles- ton on Wednesday evening, that Government does not...

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The Prussian Landtag, which has just met, is told that

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it is to consider a measure for giving Roman Catholic congregations complete authority to deal with the property of the Church. " It is very urgent," says the Address from the...

The case of " Rubery v. Grant and Sampson "

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has ended in a verdict for the plaintiff against Sampson only, with damages of £500. The case was not a mere libel case, and we have commented on it elsewhere, but had not...

The scheme for tunnelling the Channel has got thus far,

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that two Companies—one French and one English —have agreed to try an experiment on each side. They have the necessary concessions and the needful capital, and are going to bore...

We referred last week to the Liverpool Daily Post as

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advocating the execution of the third man convicted of the murder of Richard Morgan. The reference should have been to the Liverpool Albion.

If the Bishop of Manchester could but multiply himself by

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twenty, the National Church would be in no sort of danger. He is always Liberal, always manly, and always sensible. In de- livering on Saturday the prizes in connection with the...

A contemporary, quoted by the Times of Thursday, has taken

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up its parable for hotel life as against domestic life, on the ground that both the cost and the petty responsibilities of a house of your own are so far less distinctly...

Archbishop Tait made a speech at Faversham last week, in

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which, taking advantage of the presence of Nonconformists at the reopening of the newly-decorated church where he had just been preaching, he insisted earnestly on the value of...

It is stated—we do not know whether authoritatively or not—

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that Lord Lyttelton's Bill for an increase of the Episcopate will receive the support of Government. Some of the dioceses, par- ticularly Exeter and London, are utterly...

Consols were at the latest date 921-92f.

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THE SUCCESSION TO MR. GLADSTONE. T HE Liberal party has, as a matter of course, received the news of Mr. Gladstone's resignation with profound regret, and even not a little...

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T HE three questions directly tried in the case of Rubery x. Grant and Sampson "—of which the Times, desiring to protect its own honour, has very naturally and properly made a...

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T HE disposition to compromise appears to increase at Ver- sailles, though a working arrangement is still far off, and may not, after all, be attained. It is stated, and...

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T ORD RUSSELL'S attack on Mr. Lowe as the head of 1 I the Cave of Adullam has produced a letter from Mr. Lowe to Thursday's Times, in which ho defends the purity of his motives...

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T HE Montenegro affair is of no political importance, but the action of the Three Powers about it, is. Some Turkish soldiers, it would appear, probably in pursuit of plunder,...

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M R. GLADSTONE'S very partial retirement at the age of sixty-five from public responsibilities, a retirement which, if he remains in Parliament, as probably he will, will leave...

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T HAT Pio Mono should be of all the eminent personages in Europe the one who is least known, who, apart from his office, is the least familiar as a man, seems at first sight...

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IN Mr. Nordhoff's interesting work on " The Communistic 1. Societies of the United States," recently published, or repub- lished, by Mr. Murray, and which raises so large a...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR. " ] Srn,—I should think the bulk of your readers must be weary of this conscious-automaton discussion without having become much wiser. I have,...


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FAIR-PLAY FOR " THE MASSES." [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR " ] must protest against the unfair attacks Mr. Greg makes on the "advocates of the masses," as he calls them....

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] find the following notice in the catalogue of a Paris publisher :— "Gibbon, Histoire de la Decadence et 'de la Chute de l'Empire &main,...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—Mr. Ruskin, who has been a critic all his life, and who won his earliest and most enduring reputation as a critic of Art, has suddenly...


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SIR,—Will you allow me to say, in reply to your editorial note to' my letter of last week, that it was not in the least my intention to imply that there were those wbo "doubted...

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THE WATER-COLOUR SOCIETY. 'THE Winter Exhibition of sketches and studies by the Society of Painters in Water-Colours has opened a month later than usual, by reason of...


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ASPIRATION. ("As an ea g le etirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her youn g , spreadeth abroad ber win g s, taketh them, beareth them on her win g s He made him ride on the...

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LUCRETIA BORGIA.* [FIRST NOTICE.] "LUCRETIA BORGIA is the moat unhallowed female figure int modern history. Is she this because she was the guiltiest of women ? Or only because...

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in many respects an able and valuable book. Sometimes, no doubt, we find it difficult to understand why, since Miss Cobbe goes as far as she does in the direction of Christian...

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THE book that is here presented to the English public is in some respects the most interesting production in the modern literature of Scandinavia. More delicate, more perfect,...

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AUNT MARY'S BRAN PIE.* IF there is one tax upon

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our inventive genius and ingenuity, or one trial of our patience and perseverance greater than another, it is the laborious selection of gifts entailed by the modern system of...

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THE novelty, from a literary point of view, of a boating tour through foreign lands has to some extent worn off since the publication of Mr. MacGregor's canoe cruises in Europe....

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loannis Coleti Enarratio in Primam Epistolam S. Pauli ad Corinthios ; now first published, with a translation, introduction, and notes, by J. H. Lupton, M.A. (George Bell and...

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The Theory of Evolution of Living Things. By the Rev.

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George. Henslow, M.A., F.L.S., F.G.S. (Macmillan and Co.)—This is an essay or treatise which obtained the prize given under an endowment by Hannah Acton, of Euston Square, widow...

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A History of Roman Literature. By W. S. Teuffel, Professor

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at Tubingen. Translated by Dr. Wilhelm Wagner. 2 vols. (Bell and Son ; Deighton and Bell.)—We cannot honestly say that this work is attractive in style or arrangement, or that...

Trespassers. By the Rev. J. G. Wood, M.A., F.L.S. (Seeley,

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Jackson, and Halliday.)—This is one of the pleasantest of the pleasant little works by which Mr. Wood endeavours (we should certainly say with success) to filter some small...

School Architecture. By E. R. Robson. (_Murray.)—Mr. Robson describes his

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book as being "Practical Remarks on the Planning, Designing, Building, and Furnishing of School-houses." It contains the results of the experience and observation of several...

We are glad to see the "third edition, revised and

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partly rewritten," of Sir Alexander Grant's very able work, The Ethics of Aristotle, illus- trated with Essays and Notes. 2 vols. (Longmans.)—One of the most noticeable features...

Nita' Enrrross.—Mr. S. Smiles's Lives of the Engineers (Murray) reappears

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in " a new and revised edition." The work is contained in five volumes. The first deals with "Early Engineering," and the names of Vermuyden, Myddleton, Perry, and James...

A novelty which commends itself to us as likely to

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be useful, as well as by its tasteful appearance, is The Handy-Volume Edition of the Holy Bible (Bradbury, Agnew, and Co.). It consists of eleven volumes, each measuring about 5...