25 MARCH 1905

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the Russian official account of the gold reserve fund said

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to exist in the SL Petersburg Treasury to the amount , of 980,000,000 roubles. These doubts so disturb the loan market that M. Kokovtsoff, Minister of Finance, has tele- graphed...

HOUGH during the week no news has reached Europe T

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of fresh Russian disasters, it is clear that the Russians are still retreating, and that though the pressure of the Japanese on their rear and flanks has diminished, the...

The Czar has yielded at last to the arguments pressed

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by the enemies of General Kuropatkin, and has superseded him in the supreme command of the armies in Manchuria. It is asserted, and denied, that the General himself requested...

The German Emperor made a characteristic speech at Bremen on

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Wednesday, the occasion being the unveiling of an equestrian statue of his father. " When I came to the throne after my grandfather's Titanic age, I swore a soldier's oath...

The German Emperor is turning his attention to Morocco, and

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has fluttered diplomatists and roused extravagant hopes at Fez by proposing to visit Tangier. His semi-official Press denies that he is seeking anything; but William IL rarely...


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agreement in regard to the loan will never be carried

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out. The proposal to impose a kind of tribute on the Transvaal was one which we condemned from the very first as likely to prove a source of friction and danger. The scheme ran...

In reply to a question in the Commons from Mr.

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Norman as to the Army stores scandal, Mr. Arnold-Forster made a detailed statement on Monday as to the history of these transactions. He explained that as the result of the...

The Emperor ended his speech as follows:—" We are the

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salt of the earth, but we must also prove ourselves worthy of this high calling." That is a proud saying, but the worst of Biblical quotations is that every one knows the...

The subject was brought up again on Wednesday by Major

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Seely, to enable the Colonial Secretary—who had blundered badly over his statement in regard to the premiums on the proposed Transvaal loan—to explain the situation in regard to...

The forecast of the Indian Budget published by the India

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Office on Wednesday is highly favourable. Owing to im- provements in the receipts from the railways, from opium, from salt, Excise, Customs, and other minor sources, the net...

The President of Venezuela is again giving trouble. America, Great

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Britain, France, and Holland all complain of the violent ill-treatment of their subjects, generally for pecuniary objects, and constant rumours are circulated of the...

The question of the Transvaal War Contribution Loan was raised

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during the discussion on the Vote on Account in the Commons on Monday by Mr. McCrae, who asked the Govern- ment to inform the House and the country why the first instal l ment...

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On Wednesday evening Mr. Ainsworth moved his Resolu- tion condemning

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Mr. Chamberlain's Fiscal policy as embodied in his proposal to impose a 10 per cent. duty on all imported manufactured articles. He was seconded by Mr. Richard Cavendish, who,...

Lord Selborne, in a clear and sensible speech, thanked his

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two predecessors at the Admiralty for their kindly criticisms, and readily admitted that the Opposition approached Naval questions in no party spirit. Once France was the only...

Si Henry Campbell-Bannerman, in the course of a vigorous reply,

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said they had seen in the attitude of the Government towards Fiscal agitation the successive stages of the closed door and the side door, and now finally had come to the stage...

Mr. Chamberlain has addressed a letter to the Greenwich Unionists

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in which he states that the majority of the party- i.e., the Tariff Reformers—are not merely justified, but required by their duty, to make every effort to have their views...

Mr. Morley was the chief speaker at a meeting of

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the League of Young Liberals held at the Queen's Hall on Monday night. He illustrated the distractions and dissensions in the Cabinet by the differences at the Board of Trade,...

The Naval debate in the House of Lords on Tuesday

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was one of the few illuminating discussions which we have had this Session. Both Houses are at their best on a Naval question, and certainly nothing could have been more...

Bank Rate, 2i per cent.

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" P Epolicy of laissez faire consists in bringing matters to a crisis and then allowing them to take their own course." The schoolboy who produced this brilliant definition hit...

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T HE dismissal of General Kuropatkin from the supreme command of

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the Russian armies in the Far East has produced much sharp criticism of a Government which has ventured, in Mr. Lincoln's phrase, to " swap horses while crossing the stream." As...

T HE main feature of the discussions on Home- rule which

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have played so large a, part in the newspapers during the past week is their unreality. Though leader-writers and public speakers debate gravely what the Liberal party could do,...

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such ideaa by force if they could, as they did

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in the Middle Ages • but one feature in the new embarrassment is that they distrust the appeal to force, which can be carried out only through men in uniform, who out of uniform...

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if, becoming coloured by the views of the people among

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whom he lives and whose welfare he is charged to promote. Up to a certain point, of course, this is just what the Government wishes.- It is to ascertain these views that it has...

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T HE famous correspondence which was carried on in the Daily

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Telegraph during the concluding three months of last year—or rather a selection therefrom—has been republished in book form (Hodder and Stoughton, 3s. 6d.) The subject was...

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TN the current number of the North American Review the -L first place is given to a curious piece of political writing by Mark Twain, in an article which he calls "The Czar's...

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!THOUGH the military critics have had a great deal to

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say lately on the uselessness of " passive defence," A has always been in favour with a large percentage of the animal world, from mammals downwards. Those which adopt it do not...

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P Sin,—Hoping that my career, embracing Rugby, Sandhurst, six years a subaltern struggling to live on his pay and ending in inevitable resignation, then ten years in the United...


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THE WAR OFFICE AND THE VOLUNTEERS. [To THE Einem OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The whole nation is in your debt for the vigorous steps you are taking to restore the War Office to...

SIR, —Sir Howard Vincent in his letter to the Secretary of

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State for War (Spectator, March 11th) puts the number of Militia who served in South Africa at 1,691 officers and 43,875 men, but he has forgotten to include the Militia...

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[To TIM EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—The article " Words and Deeds " in the Spectator of March 11th should make every Free-trader realise the serious responsibility laid...


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you permit me very heartily to thank " An ex-Volunteer Officer" for his letter in the Spectator of March 18th ? He suggests that the system of nucleus crews should be introduced...


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read in the Spectator of March 18th that amongst the perplexities which await Unionist candidates at the General Election is the desire which will be evinced by the electorate...

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into doing it. They are ordinarily willing to be content

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with a fair amount of public time Mr. Balfour has not met the Opposition on these lines." May I be forgiven for saying that this reads more like a lady's political novel than...


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SIR,-4 am surprised at the statement made in the Spectator of March 18th by " Senior Assistant-Master " that " there is in every boarding-house a suite of sick-rooms for patient...


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Sra,—It is constantly said that it would be too great a humiliation for the Czar to stop the present war without further and further efforts, and that he should risk the...

[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—It is hard to

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understand why Mr. Montefiore (Spectator, March 18th) should affect so virtuous an indignation towards the writer of the interesting article entitled "A Dual People" that...

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THE CALL OF THE SPRING. COME, choose your road and

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away, my lad, Come, choose your road and away ! We'll out of the town by the road's bright crown As it dips to the dazzling day. It's a long white road for the weary ; But it...

Sin,—I have just read the letter on Eton from "Senior

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Assistant-Master" in the Spectator of March 18th. I note that he says that in every boarding-house there is a suite of sick-rooms inspected by authority, and fitted for the use...

THE total subscriptions actually received for the Cheap Cottages Exhibition

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up to March 23rd amount to £1,020, besides £100 promised. Among those who have recently consented to become patrons of the Exhibition are tho Bishop of Manchester, Mr. Alfred...


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ME. PEEL has followed up his analysis of England's isolation with a study of the household she has gathered round her for defence. Like his former book, it is an admirable...

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SAMUEL PURCHAS is in most respects inferior to Hakluyt, whose name he usurped, and whose papers he inherited. He had neither the lofty style nor the epic touch which...

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SYDNEY SMITH the Edinburgh Reviewer could have found no more

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appreciative biographer than Mr. George Russell, the last of the Whigs ; and Sydney Smith the wit could have found no more faithful chronicler than the author of Collec- tions...

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SIB. FREDERICK TREVES had a right to expect that his

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countrymen would wish to have his experiences and impres- sions of travel, and his expectation has been fulfilled. The Press has noticed his book with a promptitude and a...

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independent and detached work of imagination, and to dis- regard

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entirely the echoes of our social annals which insistently reverberate throughout its pages. Approached from this standpoint, The Marriage of William. Ashe is an elaborate and...

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Barham of Beltana. By W. E. Norris. (Methuen and Co.

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6s.) —Mr. Norris breaks some new ground in this novel, and though he cannot altogether keep away from the calm and polished paths of " county society," yet his most prominent...

whom it is not a little significant to find occupying

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the Chair of New Testament Criticism and Exegesis at orthodox Yale. His book will make the student think, and so far will be of service ; but he is not a safe guide, for he is...

The Secret of a Great Influence. By Mrs. Horace Porter.

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(Macmillan and Co. 3s. net.)—The sub-title of this book is "Notes on Bishop Westcott's Teaching." The reader, accordingly, has set before him considerations as to the Bishop's...

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In Defence of a King. By H. S. Wheatley Crowe.

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(E. Howell, Liverpool. 6s. 6d. net.)—The "King" is, as might be supposed, the "blessed martyr, King Charles L" Mr. Crowe exhausts him- self in praise of him, and in vituperation...


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[Under this heading tee notice such Bodo of the week as have not been reserved for ravine in other forms.] A Day at Dulwich. By A. H. Gilkes. (Longmans and Co. ls. net.)—The...

Infantile Mortality and Milk Depots. By G. F. McCleary, M.D.

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(P. S. King and Co. 6s. net.)—Dr. McCleary gives us some striking statistics. The death-rates, to begin with, are not a little startling. The general death-rate in the five...

can discern, particularly rhythmical—looks like a fairy-tale variant of "

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The Lady of Shalott." Stana, a poor maid who has but her necklace, her spindle, and her house with three nut-trees in front, loves the " Valiant Voivodo " as he rides by. A...

The University and the Civil Service. By E. B. Sargent.

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(Longmans and Co. ls.)—This pamphlet contains an address delivered on Degree Day at the University of the Cape of Good Hope. Mr. Sargant gives what is practically a history of...

The Collector's Annual. Compiled by George E. East. (Elliot Stock.

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Is. Gd. net.)—This volume may be described as a companion to the same publisher's Book Prices Current. It gives the prices realised at auctions during the year 1904 for pictures...

The Law of the Concordat. Translated, with Introduction and Notes,

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by L. G. Wickham Legge, M.A. (S.P.C.K. 4d.)—We venture to say that of the hundreds of thousands of people who have read about the difference between the French Government and...

Sugar Convention Fallacies. By George Mathieson. (Published by the Writer,

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Hackney Wick, N.E. 3d.)—Those who wish to con- sider the story of the effects of the Sugar Convention on the con- sumers of sugar, whether as food or for manufacturing purposes,...

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NEW EnrrioNs.—Outlines of the Life of Christ. By W. Sanday,

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D.D. (T. and T. Clark. 6s. net.)—This volume is a reprint of the article "Jesus Christ," contributed to Dr. Hastings's " Dic- tionary of the Bible." It is intimated that the...