27 OCTOBER 1961

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Portrait of the Week— THE SOVIET UNION exploded the biggest

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bomb yet, in spite of a telephone call from an Essex pub- lican who asked the Kremlin interpreter to tell Comrade Khrushchev that if he let the bomb off he would be a proper...


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M R. KHRUSHCHEV'S opening speech at the 22nd Congress of the Soviet Communist Party had much of the air of a man masking moderate courses behind clouds of nuclear ex- plosion....

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No. 6957 Established FRIDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1828 1961

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Seen to be Done J UDGES of the Court of Appeal

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have the power to increase a sentence against which a prisoner is appealing: in the past, however, they have wisely exercised it rarely, reserving it for an occasional case...


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rr HE conclusion to be drawn from the BBC's 1 documentary The Death Penalty was suc- cinctly expressed by Peter Black: 'the abolitionists have all the evidence. The...

Moscow: Interim Report

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By ROBERT CONQUEST T HE 22nd Party Congress in Moscow has already produced its sensations. It will not be until it ends, with the elections of the new Central Committee and then...

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The Hard Road to Peace

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From DARSIE GILLIE PARIS TN describing the present situation in France and 'Algeria you cannot help floundering about in moral commonplaces—such as that the way back from...

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Everyman His Own Capitalist

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By SARAH GAINHAM BONN N co-LIBERALISM in Federal Germany has the declared policy of including as many of its citizens as wish to join in the possession of pro- perty. Wages of...

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Lolita Slept Here

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By D. W. BROGAN W E are all familiar with the great legendary and unattainable figures, the Flying Dutch- man and Herne the Hunter. Modern American mythology has added a new...

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A Touch of Insomnia

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By WILLIAM GOLDING THE unaccustomed susur- ration of the ventilators reminded me vividly of things I would sooner forget; and in any case, the enormous meals, the day-long...

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Something to Declare

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By PHILIP PURSER G ENEVA to London Airport by Comet took just under seventy minutes. Getting from the Comet to a taxi took another thirty, includ- ing one minute spent trying to...

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Knights Timorous

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By SIMON RAVEN N ow that the Bingo parlours are closing and the visitors have left our strip of coast for another year, one can concentrate on what is indigenous—landladies...

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Kariba Sir Malcolm Barrow

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Basic Slag E. M. Hopkinson, E. Davison, M. Johnson Treatment or Punishment Frank: Allan Thomson, John Sylvester, John Hipkin Demonstrators: New Style Roy Hiscock, A. F....

BASIC SLAG S, ,—It is regrettable that you have once

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more given Charles Brand room in your columns to display his obvious feeling of intellectual and professional superiority. He sees the grammar school teacher, dealing with the...

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TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT SIR,—Mr. John Sylvester's interesting but—naturally —inconclusive article

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on this more than ever con- troversial subject gives rise to many additional reflections. When it is asked : 'What kind of possibility of punishment will deter a first offence?...

Sta,—To Charles Brand, our thanks! I write, not only as

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a grammar school master, but also as a member of the dear old AMA, the Assistant Masters' Association. After that disgraceful exhibition on the Tonight programme last week,...

Who can compare the work done by a good sixth-

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form teacher and, say, a good infant teacher? Not I: nor, I venture to suggest, Mr. Brand. Certainly neither could do the other's job. Unfortunately the Govern- ment is prepared...

SIR,—I apologise to Sir Geoffrey Haworth if my condensation: 'the

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magistrates (i.e., the police)' was misleading. I did not mean to imply that the police overtly ask for particular punishments; 1 was sug- gesting that they nevertheless exert a...

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SIR,—Apologies; and my thanks to Miss Lepervanche. The girl with

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the swansdown scat was in truth an English harlot. RAYMOND POSTGATE 45 Hendon Lane, N3


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SIR,—Thank you very much for printing Mr. MacLeish's article entitled 'Dementia Americana' in your issue of September 29. This is exactly the kind of service which our . recent...

SIR,—Mr. Laurens Otter may say that obstructing Public highways, forcing

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an already overworked Police force into even longer hours and making a great public nuisance of oneself so that one's views may gain greater publicity and acceptance by others s...

kR,—I have not the slightest doubt that Mr. Don- nelly

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can demolish the arguments put forward by Mr. Otter, but I feel that the issues raised by Mr. Otter need further examination. There is no doubt that the faces seen in Pembroke...


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S1 R ,— May 1 add a supporting postscript to Mr. C orrelli Barnett's admirable and important letter Published last week? We are suffering, in a Peculiarly dangerous way, from...

SIR,—Before the point is entirely forgotten, may I go back

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to the beginning of this correspondence? Mr. Correlli Barnett set up a mythical reviewer-gang member as a target for his sarcasm; one of the things wrong with this fellow is...

Slit,-1 read John Sylvester's article, 'Treatment or Punishment,' with passionate

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sympathy : a rational Ind quite irrefutable case for a more humane con- :ern for the criminal (God speed the day when that Nord loses its odious stigma!). 1 was the more...


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SIR,—Monica Furlong has some pretty odd ideas of press intrusion. She says that I 'insisted' upon the interview with the unfrocked vicar which appeared in the 'Where are they...

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London Film Festival

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Putting on the Style By JAMES BREEN Jacques Demy's Lola, with which the festival opened, was certainly not brittle in mood; on the contrary it was soft to the point of...

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Schisgal Kebab By BAMBER GASCOIGNE Ducks and Lovers. (Arts.)— Our Little Life. (Pembroke, Croydon.) 'Oa Dad, poor Dad, Mamma's popped you in the casserole and I'm feeling so...

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Phrasemaking By PETER FORSTER HAVING myself made a brief appearance on the screen re- cently, and suffered the com- ments of friends, I propose for one week only to resist all...

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Astronomer Royal By CLIVE BARNES MR. ANION DOLIN is present- Mg an entertainment called 'International Stars of the Ballet.' It appeared last week at the Golders Green Hippo-...


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Nice to Have Around By ISABEL QUIGLY Breakfast at Tiffany's. (Plaza.) —Fanfare and Dense Macabre. (Curzon.) Breakfast at Tiffany's (direc- tor: Blake Edwards; `A' certifi-...

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Hollow Crown By DAVID CAIRNS THE new production of Car- men, though greeted tetchily by the press, has been doing excellent business at Sadler's Wells. In this the public...

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Crouchback's Regress BY KINGSLEY AMIS ; THE major theme of all Mr. Evelyn Waugh's I novels has been disintegration, social• and moral, and he has often made pod use of struc-...

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Homage to Reith

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The Birth of Broadcasting. By Asa Briggs. (O.U.P., 42s.) ACCORDING to Professor Briggs himself, the huge history of broadcasting in the United King- dom of which this is the...

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People in Places

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Potbank, By Mervyn Jones. (Seeker and Warburg, 12s. 6d.) The East-Enders. By Ashley Smith. (Seeker and Warburg, 12s. 6d.) WRITING about places, like other kinds of writ- ing, is...

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Black Sheep A Nation of Sheep. By William J. Lederer.

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(Cassell, 16s.) FOREIGN policy is seldom conducted by any State in strict accordance with any high-minded for- mulae. But this is not only a matter of wicked politicians, which...

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Bidding for Asia

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Rebels in Paradise. By James Mossman. (Cape, 18s.) THIS book, written in the style of a reporter's notebook, is useful for anyone who needs a detailed account of the Indonesian...

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Sentimental Tyrant

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Democratic Despot. By T. A. B. Corley. (Barrie and Rockliff, 42s.) TOWARDS the end of this interesting, intelligent and, in some ways, valuable book, Mr. Corley quotes Walter...

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March Through Georgia

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ExcErr for Robert E. Lee, there were few generals, Union or Confederate, who did not afterwards print their reminiscences of the Civil War. McClellan, Grant, Sheridan, Sherman...

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Victory by Amateurs

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Battles of the English Civil War. By Austin Woolrych. (Batsford, 21s.) THE English Civil War is a disappointing affair for the military historian. The numbers engaged on either...

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Morning in Florence

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The Italian Renaissance in its Historical Back- ground. By Denys Hay. (C.U.P., 30s.) THE immediate reaction to this fine book must be to admire the author's courage. Professor...

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Last Steps in Africa

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In Search of a Character. By Graham Greene. (Bodley Head, 10s. 6d.) IN the tropics, it must be easier for typists; for those who, like Mr. Graham Greene, write with pen and ink...

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Soul of Gossip

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Letters to a Friend, 1950-1952. By Rose Macaulay. (Collins, 25s.) THESE letters of Rose Macaulay's to Father Johnson, an Anglican priest, `posted' at the time to the Cowley...

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Parnassian Fribbler

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Horace Walpole. By Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis. (Hart-Davis, 63s.) No. That must, I think after all, be the proper answer to Horace Walpole—a literary no, in spite of everything, in...

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A Child is Missing

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Kidnap. By George Waller. (Hamish Hamilton, 30s.) THE kidnapping of Charles Lindbergh, jr., on March 1, 1932, seems to have provided a number of people with a 'high-point in...

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Chekhov and Sugar

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The Last Hours of Sandra Lee. By William Sansom. (Hogarth Press, 16s.) MR. SANSOM'S work, I read in Encounter, has been described as 'Chekhovian.' There is no way of knowing...

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Monster Babies

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Spectrum. Edited by Kingsley Amis and Robert Conquest. (Gollancz, 18s.) Consider Her Ways. By John Wyndham. (Michael Joseph, 15s.) • A Fall of Moondust. By Arthur C. Clarke....

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Balance of Payments

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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT IF Mr. Lloyd had been as ex- pert pert a bridge-player as Mr. Macleod he might have played a national emergency. Although hand, for he can always declare...

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Investment Notes

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By CUSTOS M R. LLOYD'S unexpected warning that he may introduce a capital gains tax (on short- term profits on Stock Exchange or property) before the Budget caused quite a...

Neutrals on the Side-lines

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From JOHN LAMBERT LUXEMBOURG S INCE the Paris meeting experts in Brussels and the six capitals have been busy analysing the text of Mr. Heath's speech and the outline solutions...

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Radio and Television Renting

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The radio and television renting companies have stood up very well in trading profits and in market values. The leader, RADIO RENTALS, at 27s.. is 10 per cent. below its top and...

Industrial Holding Companies

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On previous occasions I have expressed dis- like of industrial holding companies as invest- ments, with the excepton of THOMAS TILLING, which is in a class by itself and always...

Company Notes

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HERE is no halt in the profits of Great Uni- versal Stores for the year ended March 31, 1961, for once again record figures have been achieved with profits (before tax) up by...

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Consuming Interest

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Blind Spot ADRIAN By LESLIE The Road Research Laboratory at Langley have done quite a bit of research on accidents at cross-roads. They found that where traffic lights had been...


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Leastest By KATHARINE WHITEHORN Much of both books is concerned, inevitably, with manners. Constance Spry finally settles, to my delight, the absurd question of Milk in First,...

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• • THEtti's been unex- pectedly little comment on the historic fact that our High Commissioners and Information Services in the Commonwealth countries have all quietly ceased...