2 AUGUST 1935

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NEWS OF THE WEEK W HEN.the Royal Assent is given to

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the Government of India Bill today, a measure transcending in importance the North Anierica Act or the Commonwealth of Australia Act or the SOuth Africa Act will have been added...

First Steps at Geneva The League of Nations Council meeting

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on Abyssinia opened on Wednesday inconclusively, as was to be expected, but the first short sitting was notable for a firm and necessary refusal by Mr: Eden to see the dis-...

But it is one thing to put a Bill on

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the statute-book and another to make it work. The Government of India Act will depend for its successful operation on the people of India, who can qualify for emancipation from...

OFFICES : • 99 °aver St., London, W .C. 1.

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Tel. : Musnum 1721, Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Poet Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal evbecriptiOn 30e. per annum, to any part of the world. Poetaye...

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* A Low-Tariff Group.

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Political Liberalism is in eclipse in most .countries today, .. and the International ,Conference. of Radical and Democratic Parties which has net in London this week has no...

Sugar Beet Subsidy • The Government's decision about the sugar

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subsidy was not unexpected. It will remain, as invariably happens when a vested interest is created, but on a diminished scale. No time limit is put on it, but there is to be a...

Depressed Areas and Votes Parliament now disperses for a period

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of months, leaving the country profoundly disturbed at the failure of the Government to grapple on any adequate scale with the appalling problem of the depressed areas. Mr....

Gas-Proof Rooms The first of the Government handbooks on air-raid

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precautions lays down a principle which has certainly not been at all appreciated hitherto by the general public. It is that every house and every place of . busioess must have...

The Recovery of the Guilder The gold standard countries continue

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to experience much difficulty in view, of the persistent tendency of gold to appreciate—a tendency with which they can only keep pace by giving fresh and painful turns of the...

Persecution in Germany The new wave of Jew-baiting and church-baiting

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in Germany is a very ugly and terrible thing. One can allow for such intolerance in a struggling movement, such as the Nazi movement once was ; one can understand it, too, in...

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Prison for Non-Payment Sir John Simon is to be congratulated

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on the prompti- tude with which he has put through Parliament a short Bill adopting the least controversial recommendation of Sir John Fisaer Williams's Committee on...

Vanishing Open Areas In the controversy which is going on

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between the advocates of rehousing town workers in many-storeyed fiats and those who would prefer to see them in cottages planned as garden suburbs or satellitetowns, Sir...

Question time this week has provided at least two lively

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controversies. The first was raised by Mr. 141abane, who drew attention to the grievances of many ex-service- men who are now experiencing the after effects of ailments or...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Mr.

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Winston Churchill used the opportunity of the Lords' amendments to the India Bill to fire his last shots in the great contro- versy that now for nearly seven years has occupied...

But the question that sent the whole Conservative Party into

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a tumult concerned the behaviour of the inspector of schools who when visiting St. Paul's School; Choriton r on-Medlock, Manchester, reproved a little girl for having stated in...

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T HE Italo-Abyssinian dispute has gone back to the League of Nations. The sittings were to begin on Wednesday evening, and what course events will have taken by the time these...

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P ARLIAMENT has now passed the Restriction of Ribbon Development Bill,,and passed it in a form not substantially weaker than that in which it was introduced. The alarming...

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I feel a certain melancholy interest in the drowning tragedy

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at Morwenstow on Sunday because I myself went to Morwenstow to bathe the previous day, but thought better of it. The remote church and vicarage in a cleft of the coast are rich,...

• Though schemes for the organized transfer of labour from

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the depressed areas are still almost non-existent,. labour is transferring itself voluntarily on a not incon- siderable scale, particularly to the London area, with its...

A passage in a telegram from the Daily Telegraph's Berlin

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correspondent published on Wednesday seems A passage in a telegram from the Daily Telegraph's Berlin correspondent published on Wednesday seems worth underlining : " What," he...

I am glad to see that news of Mr. Peter

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Fleming's reappearance on the edge of civilization has come to hand. I last had direct communication from him addressed from " The Nag's Head, Vladivostock " (he has a way of...

A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T HE Home Office handbook on protection from

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gas-raids may have its advantages. It certainly has some dis- advantages which provoke reflection. One picture paper on Wednesday splashed across its front page to a depth of...

I asked a week or two ago what the Poet

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Laureate himself was doing while Mr. Rudyard Kipling was writing verses about the Naval Review. It may be (though I doubt it) that he was busy writing verses for the Post...

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By MAJOR-GENERAL THE RIGHT HON. SIR FREDERICK SYKES* T HE unemployment question is primarily one of the future. Many of the younger generation have never experienced the moral...

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By PROFESSOR C. M. YONGE A STRANDED whale is the incarnation of impotent greatness. It also indicates the extent to which these mammals, recognized as such by the far-seeing...

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By A. P. HERBERT M R. E. S. P. HAYNES was one of the numerous thoughtful citizens who gave evidence in favour of Divorce. Law Reform before the Royal Commission on Matrimonial...

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By CORNELIA SORABJI " CIASTE ? That's snobbishness, isn't it ? The British ‘,..) allowing rich Indians to grind down the people whoth Gandhi protects, and'forbid them food and...

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By PRINCESS NIRGIDMA DE TORHOUT T HE equality of man and woman is only natural. In the most primitive life the woman does not seem to have been the servant of the man. What...

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By RALPH MORTON T HERE is nothing that a Chinese—be he peasant or workman or student—loves more than an excursion. It is not a picnic that lie wants. He has a practical view of...

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Winter . Sunrise

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As flat as if some brushman of the skies Had, while men slept, upon' an azure ground Filled in the perfectness of Giotto's round With blood, for earth's unspeakable surprise And...


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By ROSE MACAULAY R ATHER disappointingly, the new edition of the Highway Code leaves precisely as it found it the oddly anomalous legal position of that large host of...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," Auov'si , 1ST, 1835. CONSEQUENCES OF REPEALING THE NEWSPAPER-TAX. TnE publication of the unstamped daily paper, which we noticed last week, has been...

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Russian Ballet at Covent Garden IT is only fair to admit that Les Cent Raisers, one of the new productions at Covent Garden, has had some success with the audience at large....

The Cinema

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"The Voice of Britain" and "Shanghai." At the Carlton. --" Mimi." At the Empire Tan superb complacency of the B.B.C. was never more delightfully parodied than in the title of...

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Cezanne THIEHE may be more truth than is generally supposed in the acciisation constantly made against Cezanne during his lifetime and as constantly denied by his admirers...


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ED'un correspondant francais] Au debut du mois de juillet, a en lieu, dans le . grand amphi- theatre de l'Institid Pasteur, a Paris, une ceremonie imposante par sa simplicite...

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Colour Names

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Most of us who have read flower catalogues have been amused at the frantic efforts made to describe colours and tints, and the sellers of stuffs make equally vain efforts. The...

• * * Empire Flowers Sonic allusion was made the

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other day to the neglect of flowers overseas. I learn that the gap has been more or less made good in regard to the flowers of Western Australia (which are many, rare and...

The Skokholm Cage • Everyone knows how much has been

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discovered about the mystery Of the way of a bird in the air by help of the ringing of birds. All over North America and Europe this device is employed. A narrow aluminium (or...

* *

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Ploughing by Dynamite It is sometimes said that our producers are too conservative and too little adaptable and imaginative. Many are ; but the charge cannot be made against...

The Cost of Ringing

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This ridiculous sum, as Mr. Micawber used to say, is one small item, though very important, in the cost of the scheme. Seven sizes of rings have to be manufactured, and...


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A Gardener's Courage How admirable is the cheerful courage of some of our commercial growers l Last week I walked over one of the best fruit farms in England, and found the...

The First Migrants On the subject of migration, I was

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in a garden on the border of Worcester and Shropshire, when there appeared suddenly a host of swi uts. They flew round and about the house low down and almost brushed the heads...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Tri your issue of July 5th Count Czernin discussed the question of the Ansehluss between Austria and Germany. His conclusion is that it...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Brian Leighton's letter, published in time last issue of The Spectator, very forcibly lays bare the lamentable lack of justice and...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sni, — As Sir Arnold Wilson pointed out in the House of Com- mons last Friday satisfaction with the Money Payments (Justices Procedure) Bill...

[To the Editor of TIM SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The death of George

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Russell, mystic, visionary, poet, painter and practical man of affairs, makes one realize anew how seldom such a combination of . perceptions are possessed by one man. I....


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all the palaver concerning .Italy's " case " it is refreshing to see that The Spectator at any rate, realizes the real cause for the Italian refusal to state it. May I be...


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Sin,—The writer of the note in your issue of July 26th can hardly realize the implication of the claims made on behalf of osteopathy. Osteopaths base their methods of treatment...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin, Many must have read with grave concern the results of the joint Convocation of York and Canterbury on Marriage. Particularly in these...


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[To the Editor of TiiE SPECTATOR.] Stn,—To the useful letter signed F. W. Stella Browne -in the last issue of The Spectator I should like to add the following statement made by...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—To think that I should catch Mr. Neville Cardus out on a cricket date! Yet did not a schoolboy once bowl W. G. and have the same kind of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. Cather says as a point against Basic English that " for international use we cannot accept anything but a Ain language. For example...

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S ia,—Certain, pronouncements of Dr. Gurtner, the German Minister of Justice, on the problems to be discussed at the forthcoming Congress of the International Penal and Peni-...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SM,—I am breaking our general rule by writing to you to protest against a review by Mr. Evelyn Waugh of our publica- tion White, :Brown and...


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[To The Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,In your issue. of the 19th inst. you have published an inaccurate version of my letter to you of July 14th. You have substituted the word...


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Sin,—Your interesting comment upon Lord Trent's interest in improving the conditions under which shop girls work makes me sigh for a Lord Trent in the world of banking. I wonder...

[To. the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I cannot resist the

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temptation to send.a line in apprecia- tion of Mr. Evelyn Waugh's brilliant and witty review of Mlle. Prat's flamboyant . effusions. •If more reviews like this were published,...

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Numen Inest

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By RICHARD HUGHES 'Tins week sixty thousand copies of Seven Pillars of Wisdom were let loose, and will very likely be sold. But not read. Many a thirty-shillings will be a mere...

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Queen Victoria and the Liberals

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The Political Influence of Queen Victoria, 1861-1901'. By Frank Hardie. (Oxford University Press. 8s. 6d.) GLADSTONE, writing in 1875, spoke of " a beneficial substitu- tion of...

The Church Expounded

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The Relevance of the Church. By F. R. Barry. (Nisbet. 7s. 6d.) A COMMENT often made on the contemporary religious situation is that, although we lack giants, we have many who...

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Toeing the Party Line

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Literature. By Philip Henderson. (The Bodley Head, 3s. - (3d.) IT was a gallant attempt of Mr. Henderson's to try to deal with literature in so small a compass, even though he...

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Swift and Other Irish Studies

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The Drapier's Letters. By Jonathan Swift. Edited by Herbert Davis. (Oxford University Press. 21s.) The Script of Jonathan Swift and other Essays. By Shane Leslie. (Oxford...

Architectural Foundations • ,

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Fort the whole of this century the progressive Englishman's attitude to the visual arts has been dominated by French influence of one kind or another. If we think of modern...

The Balkan Question

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That Blue Danube. By John D. E. Evans. Foreword by Professor It. W. Seton - Watson. (Denis Archer. 7s. (Id.) IN spite of Lord Rothermere's Hungarian Rhapsodies the British...

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A Great Impresario

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Diaghileff. His Artistic and Private Life. By Arnold Haskell. In collaboration with Walter Nouvel. (Gollancz. I2s. 6d.) MR. HAss - e.i.L's book is both a biography of...

Jacob Wassermann's Marriage

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The Letters of Jacob Wassermann to Frau Julie Wassermann (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d.) The Letters of Jacob Wassermann to Frau Julie Wassermann (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d.) Jr must...

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The Parson of St. Hilary

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Tilt; Cornish clergy have, and have long had, a high reputation for eccentricity. There was, as everybody knows, Parson Hawker of Morwenstow, who went about visiting acconi...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER Lucy Gayheart. By Willa Cather. (Cassell. 7s. 6d.) M. HENRI DE MONTIIERLANT'S Les Celthataires has been "Very well translated, but given in English a quite...

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By T. L. Jarman This book (Arrowsmith, 8s. 6d.) is No. 8 of the Modern States Series. After dismissing the history of Turkey before Abdul Hamid's time in forty pages, the...

Current Literature

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FLOWERS AND FACES By H. E. Bates It is no surprise tO receive a book on gardening from Mr. I.I. E. Bates, for no pne at all intimate with his writing can have failed to...


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By A. E. W. Mason Mr. Mason's book must be one of the last of its kind that will be written : the race of actor-managers, whether for better or for worse, is now virtually...

THE ARTIST AND HIS PUBLIC By Eric Newton Ni'. Newton's

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The Artist and his Public (Allen and Unwin, 7s. 8d.), based on a series of broadcast talks, is another of the. many volumes published. today specifically for the benefit of the...


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by F.'S. Boa's and Mary S. Serjeantson Much the most valuable part of the English Association's annual guide ..to critical writing about English literature and the English...

THE CATHEDRALS OF NORMANDY By Jocelyn Perkins The Gothic architecture

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of Normandy has a ' peculiar interest for the English student, since it represents a halfway house between the pure French Gothic of the Ile-de-France and that of our own...

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TtlEitr. is a curious impression that ears are letting so

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alike that, within price-limits, •it does- not- matter which you buy, that we arc appioaching what - is quite erroneously called American standardization. The motoring world is,...

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Railways and the Investor nut the first time for some few years past, the Directors of the London Midland and Scottish Railway announced early last week the interim dividends...

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Financial Notes

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HOLIDAY MARKETS. ifoLIDAv influences are now dominating the Stock Markets, though it is possible that the restriction of business in public seeurities is also due to anxiety...


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ICHHI I -N ELM, (..77 . 1J17 - 11 L L a Di o Al Li 0 N L/J 0.IM A ca al LIII E NI NCI AIRIX h r - T - T - 0 SISIM T1 T1 ArR1 LE GI R I Lkil E SI RITvirCrT;I 1" c...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 149

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BY ZENO rA prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be Marked " CrOssnwril...


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In our Financial Supplement of July 19th, the Rt. Hon. C. A. McCurdy contributed an interesting article on Insurance Shares as investments. During the past week the Trust of...


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Although not actually constituting new money, mention must be made of the successful flotation last week of the Commonwealth of Australia Conversion Loan. In- October a little...


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It is satisfactory to find that the latest.report and accounts of Furness, Withy and Co. show a slight rise in the profit, which for the past year was £395,000, against £378,000...