3 OCTOBER 1947

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First Aid for Europe

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It will be many months before Europe can take its eyes off the American political scene. The General Report of the Committee of European Co - operation, drawn up in Paris under...


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T HOUGH further changes in Mr. Attlee's Ministry have still to be made known, they are not likely to equal in interest or importance those already announced. The interest is...

A New Economic Policy ?

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The promotion of Sir Stafford Cripps has given rise to the assump- tion that an entirely new economic policy is to be framed, and that responsibility for its success or failure...

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Frustration at Lake Success

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The United Nations Assembly pursues its course in an atmosphere of unabated controversy, due almost wholly to the intervention of one Russian delegate or another. M. Gromyko has...

The Future of Palestine

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It is so difficult to quarrel with Mr. Creech Jones's statement of the British Government's attitude to Palestine that even the Jews and Arabs have not yet been able to attack...

The Teacher's Due

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The new recommendations of the Burnham Committee on teachers' salaries go some way towards remedying injustices which should never have been permitted to exist. It is an anomaly...

Dark Outlook in India

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The shadow of chaos lies over the whole of India, and to minimise the threat to the whole subcontinent by arguing that only a small part of it is so far directly affected is...

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T HE first ten days of the United Nations Assembly have left the solution of the problem of Russia further off than ever. The problem is twofold, and it needs to be restated...

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The Press is well in the news this week—in rather

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a diverse collection of scraps. The Institute of Journalists has adopted a resolution deploring the recent cut in the paper-ration. It could hardly let its annual conference...

The death of Earl Nelson at the age of 89

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leaves his brother, who is 87, as the last beneficiary of the perpetual pension granted to Admiral Lord Nelson's brother, the Rev. William Nelson, and his descendants in 1806,...


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T HE newest word for us to get used to is electronics. I don't suppose it is at all new to scientists, but the general public has hardly assimilated it yet. It will now. The...

It is not often that I recommend a book in

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this column, and when I do it is for the benefit of readers, not the author. I have this week been reading Sir Norman Angell's new volume, The Steep Places (Hamish Hamilton, 8s....

The attempt to draw lessons from West Islington follows the

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attempt to draw lessons from Edge Hill. It can't be much of an attempt at best, for only sx per cent. of the electorate voted, and it by no means follows that a 70 or 8o per...

A letter from a British business man in Pakistan paints

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a grim picture of the scenes there, notably at Lahore. One aspect of which the newspaper reports have said little is indicated in one pregnant sentence: " About half the town...

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By SIR NORMAN ANGELL W HEN Mr. Bevin said recently that he looked forward to the day when anyone could go to Victoria Station, buy a ticket for any place in the world and go...

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By GEORGE GODWIN F ACTORY ships and catcher boats of seventeen whaling expedi- tions will soon be setting forth for the Antarctic. There they will hunt the blue, fin and sperm...

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By STRATEGICUS F OUR of the German Military Documents recently issued come from the Air Ministry and one from the Admiralty ; but all of them suggest the artificiality of...

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Suspended on a cry the hawks have set A ripple of flawless curves upon the sky Where smaller birds are tangled in terror's net. And far below, in the uneasy meadow, Earth's...


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By L. D. GAMMANS, M.P. w HATEVER may be the uncertainties in the Greek situation, two facts are now surely crystal clear. The first is that the struggle which is raging there...

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By CANON A. R. DOLPHIN A S one who paced the banks of the River Swale with Bishop Westcott, rode on horseback over mountain passes in Ireland with Bishop Moule and tramped the...

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To ensure regular receipt of The Spectator, readers are urged

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to place a firm order with their newsagent or to take out a subscription. Newsagents cannot afford to take the risk of carrying stock, as unsold copies are non-return- able....


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Master of St. Paul's) T HE report of the Secondary Schools Examination Council, pub- lished on Tuesday of this week, makes interesting reading. Though the recommendations are...

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By HAROLD NICOLSON A FRIEND has sent me a book just published by the Editions de Minuit in Paris under the title Le Secret Anglais. It is written by Monsieur Jean Bailhache,...

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THE CINEMA " Sortileges." (Curzon)—" Ivy." (Odeon, Leicester Square.) Sortileges takes a lot of getting into. Witchcraft practised in a log cabin by two crazy men wearing huge...


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Fidelio was one of the best of the Vienna State Opera's Covent Garden performances. It is of great importance that the singers in Fidelio should also be able to act, or the...


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NADIA BENOIS, to be known perhaps to art historians of the future as the " Mistress of the Olive Trees," is showing some recent paint- ings at Messrs. Tooth's. They are as...

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THE visitor to Radiolympia in search of ingenio.is technical novelties will find much to intrigue him. A television receiver will slowly unfold itself and reveal its viewing...

ON THE AIR THIS week the Third Programme celebrates its

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first anniversary. It is generally agreed that its highest achievements have been musical, but there have been memorable broadcasts among the plays and talks. Above all, it has...

Postage on this issue : Inland, lid.; Overseas, Id.

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SIR, —" Poetry is most successful when poets are grammatical and familiar with the works of previous native poets." So writes Mr. E. H. F. Morris in your last issue, suggesting...

Sig,—Mr. Crampton's letter in your issue of September 26th raises

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an interesting point. It may be noted that the possessors of lands or houses laid the proceeds of the sales not at the feet of Herod or Pontius Pilate (as representing the...


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THE VALUE OF CLASSICS Slit,—The article of September 26th discussing the application of eighteen hundred hours of school-age educational time is really raising the old problem...


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SIR, —While I think all sincere Christians everywhere must share the desire of your correspondent, Mr. Anson, for the reunion of Christendom, as an Anglican I feel it must be...

Snt,—Why does Mr. Crampton say that the daily ministration practised

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by the early Christians was pure Communism? Few will recognise in that early practice the Communism of our day. Moreover, it was based on something much deeper than the command...

SIR,—Like some others I was interested in the letter of

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" A Country Minister " in which he expressed his sorrow that some form of inter- communion has not yet been achieved. When I was secretary and bursar of Mill Hill School the...


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SIR,—What your correspondent this week failed apparently to realise was that the very brief attempt at Communism made in the earliest days of Christianity at Jerusalem resulted...

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Sut,—I think Mr. McNeil's recent indictment of the Soviet methods which paralyse any international co-operation most admirable. The same praise is due to his description of the...


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SIR,—Mr. Elwyn Jones's account of his recent visit to Poland impressed me much, especially his warm appreciation of the vitality of the Polish people now working hard on the...


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Snt,—To the list of restrictions on freedom of ideas under which our country is suffering—on foreign films, on all kinds of books, on the de- velopment of book and' periodical...


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Snt,—With most of " Graduate's " letter about State-aided students I would agree, but I wonder on what sort of evidence he bases his statement that this year's examinations show...

Snt,—" A Country Minister " is surely illogical. He appears

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to wish to be at once both outside and within the Established Church ; to be entirely independent of it, and yet to share its privileges ; to remain out of com- munion with it,...

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Causes of Immigration The causes of immigration are, of course,

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yet harder to diagnose for us islanders, and we get little or no help from the Continent. No one, so far as I am aware, has so much as suggested a reason why white butter- flies...

The Welcome Rain

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The sight of " grass returning to the fields " gave Horace notice of the coming of spring. With us today it has announced autumn. The welcome watersprouts of blessed rain (for...


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SIR,—I recently attended a meeting at Cambridge at which Mr. James Griffiths, defending the Government on the charge of miscalculating the possible benefits of the American...


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IT is always a puzzle why or how this animal and that or even this plant and that finds its optimum—or pessimum—at a particular place or time. Why was it, for example, that...


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SIR, —An association has recently been formed to protect the interests of British owners of property in Germany and Austria. The aggregate value of such properties in buildings,...

In My Garden

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The brightest show of berries in my paddock is given by two intermixed bushes of the wild Barberry and Guelder. Those on the Barberry are worth preserving and have a sharp...

Neglect of Fishing in Rivers and Canals No European or

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American people are such ardent and successful sea fishers as the English. Our catches, which tend to rise, exceed £30,000,000. Only the Japanese, as the reprinted History of...


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SIR,—On giving my grocery order last week, I was told that the following articles were unobtainable: sultanas, sardines, scrubbing soap, soap flakes, Worcester sauce, custard...

[In our issue of September 26th the price of "Reason

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and Un- reason in Society," published by Messrs. Longman, was given as 5s. This should have been 15s.]


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SIR,—In your current issue Mr. Christopher H. Palmer expresses surprise at the statement in my book on newspaper controllers that Lord Riddell had an interest in the Church...

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A Temperamental Idealist The Real Lloyd George. By A. J. Sylvester. (Cassell. 18s.) MR. SYLVESTER was for many years Lloyd George's confidential secretary, and it is not...

The Making of Madame Bovary

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THIS book is an attempt to describe an individual act of creation, discovering its genesis in the few years which preceded it and in the explicit development of the artist...

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Apocalyptics and Revolutionaries

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The Russian Idea. %%Nicolas Berdyaev. (Geoffrey Bles. 18s.) TURGENEV recalls that in the midst of one of those night-long con. troversies between the Slavophils and Westernisers...

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Liaison Officer in Bulgaria

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FRANK THowsoN, a British liaison officer with the Bulgarian resistance movement, was captured by the enemy in the Sredna Gora mountains and was executed at Litakovo in June,...

Cold, Roast Boston

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The Articulate Sisters : Passages from Journals and Letters of the Daughters of President Josiah Quincy of Harvard University. Edited by M. A. Dc Wolfe Howe. (Harvard University...

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Portrait of Q Q. By F. Brittain. (Cambridge University Press.

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15s.) MR. BRITTAIN has already written an admirable Life of one Jesus man, Bernard Lord Manning. To do justice to Sir Arthur Quiller- Couch is a sterner business, and a hundred...

Civilised Taverns

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The Renaissance of the English Public House. By Basil Oliver, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. (Faber and Faber. 25s.) THE English public-house needed to be reborn, and it has been. The many...

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A Theatrical Firework

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The Amateur and the Theatre. By Bonamy Dobree. (The Hogarth Press. 3s. 6d.) Professor Dobree's essay is the rocket which shoots with exemp- lary grace and ease into the sky...


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Intimations of Eve. By Vardis Fisher. (Methuen. 9s. 6d.) THAT the infusion of significance into his story depends directly upon the weight which the novelist imparts to his...

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By CUSTOS WHILE there is nothing exciting in the performance of the stock markets—most brokers are complaining of the dearth of business—the tendency towards improvement is...

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c - ; i 6 1 E 111 - 1M; _A 1.1. A EjAlSiTFEIRIM i_i AIS Ki 1111-Alls u M E 11:3EIRITIOIP, SOLUTION ON OCTOBER 17th The winner of Crossword No. 433 is Mr. I. H. ',Elvis,...


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for one guinea will be awarded to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week October 14th. Envelopes must be...