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News of the Week

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PRLIA A MENTARY Government in Germany is struggling for its life, with Herr Hitler and his 230 National-Socialist deputies as its most formidable champions. That is not as...

To Disarm or Rearm ?

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The diplomatic action taken simultaneously in regard to armaments is significant, for General von Schleicher's outspoken article in the Heimatsdienst has been followed by formal...

Von Papen's Plan For the moment therefore, the Chancellor is

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left free to carry out the arresting economic programme he outlined in his speech at Munster on Sunday. If the Reichstag challenges that, then no doubt the Reichstag will go,...


The Spectator

Subscription to the Si-Ec-re.ron costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

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The Embargo on Capital The success of the £2,000 million

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Conversion scheme has so far exceeded all expectations. It is disappointing, therefore, that the unofficial, but effective, embargo on new issues, originally imposed (to keep...

The Cabinet and Ottawa The Cabinet, having heard the report

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of its Ottawa delegation, has, according to some versions, approved all the decisions reached, and according to others done nothing of the kind. Obviously no detailed approval...

Now, tied at various points by the Ottawa agree- ments,

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the Cabinet will have to consider the proposals the Argentine, Danish and other Governments have to make. Tied though we may be, we are 'by no means completely disabled from...

Government Intervention ?

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It is natural for the public- to look to the Ministry of Labour in this crisis. The Deputy Lord Mayor of Manchester did his best by bringing the parties together, but he could...

The Cotton Weavers' Strike The Lancashire Weavers' Amalgamation was slow

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to order a general strike, but there can be no doubt that it has been obeyed by the.great majority, outside South Lancashire. The Manchester Guardian's local reports show that...

* Signs of the Dawn The main domestic objection to

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the restrictions imposed by the Treasury in the interests of Government finance is the danger that they will curtail industry's opportunity to make use of low money-rates at a...

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Farm Cottages It is not surprising but none the less

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regrettable that the Committee appointed by the late Labour Government to inquire as to the - cottages provided by farmers for their labourers should have presented two...

The London 'Busmen Despite the decision of the men's delegates

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to strike on September 23rd if the London General Omnibus Company insisted on a reduction of wages, we shall be very -much surprised if the differences between the London...

The Making of Swimmers One of the swimming instructors engaged

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by the News-Chronicle, whose learn-to-swim campaign has been a service of real value to the country, has made the striking statement that 20,000 men, women and children have...

* * * A Fatal Potsherd The Times photographs of

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the ostraka, or potsherds, bearing the names of Aristides and other Athenian citizens condemned to exile by ostrakismos—ostracism- are almost too good to be true, but truth...

Japan and the League MI the news from Tokyo goes

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to emphasize the gravity of the situation the League of Nations will have to face when the Lytton Report comes before it in three or four weeks' time. Japan will deliberately...

The Crime of Hatlessness Hats are at the moment in

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the limelight, but not where they should be, on the head. On Monday a General who happened to be presiding over the local bench at Aldershot police-court read a portentous...

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The Death-Dealing Car

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T HE letter issued by the Home Office to magistrates last week tells a tragic story of the devastation of the roads. Last year more than 18 persons were killed on an. average...

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The Habits of Bathers

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S OME members of the sect of Doukhobors have just been punished with terms of imprisonment varying from three years downwards for parading the public roads naked after the...

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Polar Sacrifice : Cui Bono ?

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BY DR. H. R. MILL. T HE tragedy of a young and promising life lost in a dangerous enterprise inevitably raises the age-old question " Is it worth it ? " Unfortunately there has...

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Countrymen's Cottages

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BY SIR A. T. Wthsox. O NE of the few products of human energy for which there is an .elastic demand, with no prospect of over-production, is cheap houses in country districts....

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Far East em Perils

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BY OWEN M. GREEN. F VENTS are combining to bring back the Far East I into the limelight, with even more serious prospects than at any time in the past twelvemonth. Hard facts...

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The Problem of Suffering

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III.—The Meaning of Suffering BY THE REV. AND HON. E. LYTTELTON. [This article is the third of a series of four on questions which surround the problem of suffering. Next week,...

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The Governing of Papua

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BY JOHN H. HARRIS. T HE British Colonial Service has assuredly never produced so original an administrator as Sir Hubert Murray, the Governor of Papua, and brother,...

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Passant Regardant

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Revolution BY PETER FLEMING. QA0 PAULO is like Reading, only much further away. L Brazil is a young country, and here industry still sprawls, has not yet acquired the rather...


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" To-Morrow will be Friday." A Comedy by Phillip Leaver. At the Haymarket Theatre. THERE is a book, I fancy in several volumes, to be written on the subject of literary debts....

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1832. A day or two ago, in an adjoining village, a tall raw-boned son of the Green Island was pursued by those harmless doves yelept beadles....

Garden Mood

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I SAT in the deep garden with my friend Near murmuring trees, upon dew-heavy grass ; We watched our stolen years lean through the glass Of memory whose moving form would bend...


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Summer Shows IF the regular follower of exhibitions will find little new material to arrest his attention at the few galleries which keep their doors open at this time of year,...

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Country Life

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THE NEW HARVEST. Harvest has been reaped this year on the prairie principle, in five counties: Norfolk, Oxford, Hants, Cambridge and Haddington. A gigantic machine—the Clayton...


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The north-west of England has two examples, delightfully emphasized this August, of the importance of flowers. The Horticultural Society of Shrewsbury, which is a private body,...

* * * * You might say that here was

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a salient example of the superiority of individual effort, if it were not that another municipality in the North-West has gone, if not one better, one as good. Southport was...

These are but random examples that might be indefinitely extended.

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The carnation (especially since Allwood's crosses produced both dwarf and border varieties) and the nemesia, extended far beyond its African origin, are classical examples of...


The Spectator

In some " nature notes " in the Welsh Gazette, published in a part of Britain that is a paradise for birds, an account is given of an astonishing friendship between a -blackbird...

The selection and improvement of the Iceland poppy, such as

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Gibson, have had only less influence on its increase than the Shirley selection of the common poppy. The always useful rnontbretia, which lasts better in water than any others,...

* * * To-day, as all the world knows, the

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triumph is complete. The show is perhaps the greatest iA the world. It draws many foreigners. It is the high festival, at any rate outside London, of the cult of flowers....


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Our florists have marvellously responded to the demand. It would be hard to name any flower that has not grown in splendour as in favour during the past few years. Let me take...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Our play-boy schoolmaster, Mr.

The Spectator

Bernard Shaw, has recently expressed himself on the question of the stupid squabble between the British Government and the Irish Free State. Allowing for his hyperbole and .-...

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed....


The Spectator

SIR, —A year ago you published a letter in which I suggested that the greatest service Great Britain could render to the cause of peace would be the unequivocal adoption of the...


The Spectator

SIR,—In the present Irish controversy is our Government justified in pressing for the rigid enforcement of the (so called) Treaty without making any allowance for anything that...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] • SIR,--- " The strong doctrinism existing in England as regards the gold valuation is so blind that, when the time of depression sets in,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—My attention has been called to the letter in your columns from Messrs. Cameron and Brown, secretaries of the "Commission on Cultural...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,--With regard to Captain Townroe's letter on the above subject - it - will, perhaps, be agreed that a consideration just as weighty as...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Religious experience is a very real and life-changing thing but Christianity has no monopoly of it and it is, therefore, no criterion of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Whilst thanking you and Mr. Morton Shand for your very kind review of my book Good Things in England, may I take this opportunity of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—That the result of the taxation of foodstuffs will have a disastrous repercussion socially, politically and economically upon the people...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Malt has long been regarded as one of the stabilizing items in our normal national diet, and its production has been in the past a big...

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Moralists and Artists in China

The Spectator

Festivals and Songs of Ancient China. By Marcel Granet. (Broadway Oriental Library. 18s.) Two quite different classes of readers will be attracted lsy these books—a large class...

Parliament and Ministers

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The Secretaries of State, 1681 - 1782. By Mark A. Thomson. (Clarendon Press. 10s. 6d.) THAT Parliamentary institutions have been widely adopted throughout the world may fairly...

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Political Economics

The Spectator

The Finance of Government. By J. W. Hills and E. A ; Fellowes. (Phillip Allan. Ss. 6d.) Tariffs. Sir W. Beverid,ge and a Cornniittee of - Economists ; .(Longman. Popular...

31'e regret that the price of " Sublime Failures," by

The Spectator

Shane Leslie, published by Messrs. Rena and reviewed in our issue of August 13th, was wrongly given. The price of the book is 15s., and not Sr. Gd. as was stated.

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Schoolmaster of the West

The Spectator

THE argument advanced by a small group of men that civiliza- tion, so far from being in decline, is going through a phase of renaissance finds striking confirmation in post-War...

Jewish Mysticism

The Spectator

The Zohar in Moslem and Christian Spain. By Ariel Bension, Ph.D. (Routledge. 12e. 6d..) As Sir Denison Ross observes in his introduction to Dr. Bension's study of the Zohar,...

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Saint Patrick's Purgatory

The Spectator

THROUGHOUT the Middle Ages there were three great and thrilling legends," writes Mr. Shane Leslie in the Preface to his Collection of extracts and documents " about St....

The German Romanticists

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THE publication of Professor Walzel's Deutscher Romantik in an English translation (gallantly achieved by Mrs. Lussky) leaves little excuse for future misapprehension in this...

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Su Tung-P'o

The Spectator

Selections from the Works of Su Tung-P'o. Translated by Cyril Drummond Le Gros Clark. Wood Engravings by Averil Salmond Le Gros Clark. Foreword by Edward Chalmers Werner. (Cape....

Life and Letters John Ruskin. By David Larg. (Peter Davies.

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5s:) THESE two books are concerned with the personal tragedies of two authors famous in their day, still honoured, but little read ; and their case again raises the question of...

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The Spectator

Senor Bum In the Jungle. By Algo Sand. (Gollancz. 10s. 6d.) WITH very little money, very little experience, and for no particular reason, Mr. Algo Sand 'journeyed from Maracaibo...

An Estimate of William Wordsworth

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Miss SMITH has. collected, from the reviews of the period, from the letters of Wordsworth's friends and acquaintances, and from the journals and essays of his contemporaries...

DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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nOtify the SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

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KiNG'S Cnr.w. By Frank R. Adams. (Constable. 7s. 6d.) —Whether

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the publishers of this exciting story do its author a service by comparing hint to Major Wren may possibly be open to question—but one can sec what they mean. It is a...


The Spectator

By L. A. G. STRONG. Fanfare for Tin Trumpets. By Margery Sharp. (Barker. THERE would seem to be something about the air of Wales-- to judge from current fiction—which makes...

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A useful new volume in the Library Association Series is

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Mr. John Minto's History of the Public Library Movement in Great Britain and Ireland (Allen and Unwin, 10s. 6d.). A few English towns had public libraries in the seventeenth...


The Spectator

Disarmament and Germany are the main topics of the month in all the reviews. In the Nineteenth Century Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond has a practical article on " Geneva a n d the...

Current Literature

The Spectator

LOTTERIES AND SWEEPSTAKES By C. L'Estrange Ewen A great deal of labour has been expended by Mr. C. L'Estrange Ewen on his Lotteries and Sweepstakes (Heath Cranton, 15s.), which...

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The Spectator

A Holiday in Holland HOLLAND to-day is a land of canals and windmills and broad green fields ; of kerkes, triple avenues, bicycles, barges, black and white cows, green and red...

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Finance—Public & Private

The Spectator

True and False Optimism ONE of the difficulties in writing intelligently on the financial and investment outlook is due to the fact that so many of the influences operating are...


The Spectator

During the past few weeks there have been some further interesting developments in the financial and economic situation which on the surface, at all events, are by no means...


The Spectator

And now, when the first stage of the conversion operation has been triumphantly reached, the market for gilt-edged securities is still hedged round with artificial aids, the...