4 JULY 1903

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Mr. Chamberlain's speech has been discussed by us else- where,

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but we must notice here his emphatic declaration that "a system of preferential tariffs is the only system by which this Empire can be kept together." This statement, untenable,...

Prince Ferdinand, who manages his own foreign policy, is evidently

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alarmed lest his people should break loose or Turkey suddenly invade Bulgaria. He has accordingly addressed a Note to the Powers declaring himself irresponsible for anything...

The agitation in the Balkans increases. Prince Ferdinand is holding

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his people in with all his strength, but they are terribly moved by the accounts which reach them from Mace- donia, and from the country districts round Adrianople. They believe...

Mr. Chamberlain ended his speech by references to social reform,

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and by pointing out that his policy found its most violent opponents in the orthodox Free-traders. After re- calling what the Unionist party had done for the poor, he went on...

This sounds a very excellent argument till one notices that

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Mr. Chamberlain has taken our total Colonial trade which is done with some 400,000,000 people in India and elsewhere, and amounts to about 2100,000,000 a year, and then divided...


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O N Friday, June 26th, Mr. Chamberlain was entertained at luncheon by the Constitutional Club and was presented with an address. The Prime Minister, who responded for his...

*** 77us Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Lord Rosebety addressed himself to the question of inquiry. Personally

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he believed an inquiry was now rendered necessary by the action of the Colonial Secretary. But what was the inquiry going to be ? Was it to be a public inquiry to ascertain the...

M. Loubet, the President of the French Republic, will land

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in England on Monday on his visit to King Edward VU., and will be royally entertained. He will, be escorted across the Channel by a fleet, will be received at Victoria Station...

The news from Somaliland is obscure. A chief who deserted

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from the Mullah to the Abyssinians under General Gabriz says that the defeat of the Mullah by the Abyssinians on May 31st was more serious than was reported ; that he also...

In the House of Commons during the week very little

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of importance has taken place, though the Irish Land Bill has made good progress ; but the debates in the Lords have been of considerable interest. On Monday Lord Portsmouth...

There are always crises in Austria, but the present looks

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like a grave one. It comes to this, that the Magyars, excited by the long discussions with Vienna, and perhaps by recent concessions, demand a separation of the Armies, the...

The Jews of the United States, who are now very

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numerous, especially in New York, are signing a petition to the Czar upon the outrages at Kishineff, and have asked the Govern- ment to forward it to the Embassy at St....

Affairs in Servia are settling down, but much depends upon

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the forthcoming elections, which will; it is believed, give a heavy majority to the Radical party. The King has promised not to interfere, and has distributed great quantities...

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On Monday Lord Rosebery addressed a letter to Lord Monkswell,

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the Chairman of the London County Council, making a most important proposal to the Council as the authority for technical education. "The time has come," he says, "for making...

The split which was to be expected at Johannesburg between

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the mercantile community and the great mine-owners upon the labour question appears to have occurred. The latter, there is now no doubt, seek to import Chinese; but the former,...

One of the ablest and most convincing speeches yet delivered

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in the Free-trade controversy was made by Mr. Asquith before the General Committee of the National Liberal Federation at Westminster on Wednesday. Unfortunately, we cannot...

In the House of Lords on Thursday Lord Rosebery initiated

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what for want of a better phrase we may call an inter- rogatory debate in regard to the inquiry into our fiscal system, and after a good deal of talk elicited from the Duke of...

On Wednesday a very significant step NM taken by the

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Free tradeor Free-food Unionist Members of Parliament, as they are beginning to be called owing to their condemnation of the proposed Food-taxes. Under the chairmanship of Mr....

The Free-trade speeches during the past week hare been very

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great in quantity, but not less important in quality. On Friday, June 26th, Mr. Asquith made an excellent speech at Boston, in which he declared that men were Free-traders not...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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Consols (2} per cent.) were on Friday 92f.

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THE UNIONIST FREE-TRADERS. S IR MICHAEL HICKS BEACH struck exactly the right note at the meeting of the Free-trade Unionists when he declared that he would not be drummed out...

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I T was expected in many quarters that Mr. Chamberlain's speech at the Constitutional Club would contain a withdrawal of his proposals to impose a tax on food. Those who...

M. LOUBET'S VISIT. T HE unanimous vote by both the French

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Chambers of £24,000 to defray the expenses of the President's visit to King Edward is a most significant incident. It is prompted, no doubt, in part' by an intense desire that...

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PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND THE CZAR. T HE controversy between President Roosevelt

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and the Russian Government as to the right of the former to forward a petition to the Czar signed by all American Jews protesting against the massacre at Kishineff is...

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W E have no intention of reopening the Cape Town " ragging " case. Indeed, considering the very meagre result that has been arrived at, it has been a great deal too much before...

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I T is commonly said by the opponents of the Church of England that it is a "Church of compromise." It was so called in our correspondence columns on June 13th by an eminent...

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I T is only doctors and those connected with the sale

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of drugs who know the immense amount of sedatives con- sumed by the public at the present day. Every man with a large acquaintance numbers among his immediate friends some who...

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B OTH from Yorkshire and Lancashire eagles have been reported as seen on the moors this summer. The latest news of the birds comes from the Clitheroe Fells, in Lancashire, where...

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MR. BALFOUR ON MR. COBDEN. [TO THE EDITOR OF THZ "SPECTAT0R:1 Sin,—In your issue of June 27th you state that "we are always hearing of the false prophecies made by Mr....


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[TO THR EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Since you have opened your columns to a discussion upon the new tariff proposals, perhaps you will permit me, as an old reader and...

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[TO TIM EDITOR OF TIM "SPROTATOR.1 Sin,—To answer in a

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convincing manner your criticisms on the letter of mine which you were so courteous as to print in the Spectator of June 27th, and the statements in your article, "Bleeding to...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—Referring to your editorial

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footnote in the Spectator of June 27th as to the difficulty of comparison with 1872 prices on account of changed money values, the enclosed little table may be of interest. It...


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Snic,—Many years ago, at a Consular Court in the East, I was foreman of a jury in a trial for murder. The Crown prosecutor had concluded his case, and the jury felt that the...


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(To THE EDITOR OW THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—The passages given below appear in Carlyle's "Past and Present," Book IV., "Horoscope," chap. 3. What inference do you draw from (1) the...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—To the " appreciation " of the late W. P. Adam to which you kindly opened your columns on June 27th I might have added a specimen of his...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR."] SIR, —It is only in the columns of a paper like the Spectator where even the prestige of high office must yield to the claims of truth, that...


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"SPECTATOR."] Sur,—The controversy raised by Mr. Chamberlain seems to me to be discussed too exclusively as a question of foreign trade. I fear there are not any available...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."1 SIR,—I have just read your review of Edward FitzGeraM's " Euphranor " (Spectator, June 20th), and think that it may interest some of your...


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cro THE EDITOR OP THE "SrEcrsroz." Sra,—I should be much obliged if persons possessing letters or papers suitable for elucidating the biography of W. Harrison Ainsworth will...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 Sia,—Those who care for the character of officers and gentle- men who hold the King's commission must be grateful to you for your note in the...


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To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—You hold the value of "the free and open market" to be so great that you will not agree to any interference with it even "in the hope of...


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AT THE GRAVE OF THE CORN-LAW RHYMER. FIERCE feeler of a famished nation's pangs,— When Pride and Pelf held up the bread-loaf high, He leap'd upon them with relentless fangs '...


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LT0 THE EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTATOR." Six,—The interest which I felt in your article on "The Cult of the Ungodly" (Spectator, June 20th) tempts me.to offer a word of comment. How...

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THE PRIME MINISTER.* E cannot believe that this biography of Mr. A. J. Balfour is issued with his sanction. The author in his preface seems to suggest that this is the case,...

TRAVELS IN GREECE.* IN the old days, when voyaging was

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costly and travellers were rare, the happy few who were able to see other lands than their • Travels in Southern Europe and the Levant, 1810-1817: the Journal of C. R....

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THE amateur in science has so often been given a bad name by those who are happiest when they talk of "shallow sciolists " that it is pleasant to read the eloquent plea which,...

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WE expect to find in Mr. Mackail's work a high level of merit and many felicities of expression, and we are not disappointed. A scholar of high rank, with a special gift of...

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San ROBERT GIFFEN'S contribution to the Nineteenth Century. on the fiscal controversy will probably be utilised by the champions of both sides. "Even if we disapprove eco-...

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SIR, ANTHONY AND THE EWE LAMB.* Thu date of anovel can generally be determined, on the principle of internal evidence, by the maladies referred to in its pages. For example, in...

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The Annual Report of the British School at Athens. Session

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1901-1902. (For the Hellenic Society by Macmillan and Co. 17s. net.)—The most important part of this volume is, of course, the continuation of the "Palace of Knossos," a...

His Eligible Grace the Duke. By Arabella Kenealy. (Digby, Long,

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and Co. 6s.)—Miss Kenealy has some pretty stories in this collection, the story which gives its name to the book being by no means the best of them. "Mr. l'ounsett's Romantic...

Elizabeth's Children. (John Lane. 6s.)—If the anonymous author of Elizabeth's

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Children had published the book before "Helen's Babies" made its appearance, the novel would have been more striking. In this sort of story the praise goes to the author who has...

Three Glass Eyes. By William Le Queux. (Trehertte and Co.

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6s.)—In spite of every effort on the part of the author, this story. which is of the " shocker " order, does not really hinge on the three glass eyes in the way it ought to do...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of As week as have not been reserved for renew in other forms.] We have to acknowledge a handsome edition of The Holy Bible: Revised...

Coronation of King Edward VII.: Cases and Evidence before the

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Court of Claims. By W. Woods Wollaston. (Harrison and Sons. 25s. net.)—There are some important and many curious things in this volume. Mr. Wollaston deserves well of the...

NEW Enrnons.—Poetical Works of John Milton. Edited, with Critical Notes,

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by W. Aldis Wright, M.A. (Cambridge University Press. 5s. net.)—Mr. Wright gives in his preface a bibliographical account of the poems. These were all published in the author's...