6 AUGUST 1898

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Few things in this world come up to one's expectations,

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but this is never true of the German Emperor's telegrams. The one forwarded from Bergen to Prince Herbert Bismarck immediately on receipt of the news is an aumirable and most...


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T HERE is no war news, and very little but rumour in regard to peace. It seems probable, however, that M. Cambon has been authorised to accept the American terms (i.e., Spain to...

Thursday's and Friday's papers were full of rumours of a

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crisis in the Far East, based on a Renter's telegram from Pekin describing a struggle between Sir Claude Macdonald and M. Pavloff—the Russian Minister—over the negotiations with...

We have dealt with Prince Bismarck's chief characteristics elsewhere, and

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will only say here that though the man was often unscrupulous and tyrannical in his conduct, there was nothing base in him. He never did a wrongful act for petty or personal...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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In the House of Lords on Monday Lord Kimberley asked

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Lord Salisbury what steps the Government propose to take to safe- guard British interests as regards railways in the provinces bordering on the Yangtse. Our original policy of...

Though he does at present not propose to have recourse

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to countervailing bounties, Mr. Chamberlain, we are sorry to say, harked back to the old controversy as to whether counter- vailing duties are, or are not, contrary to...

As we have noticed before, the Westminster Gazette is always

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unearthing the curiosities of politics. It has discovered that in 1733 there was a scare that we were encouraging French trade to the ruin of our own Colonies. Unless Par-...

In the House of Commons on Friday, July 29th, there

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was a long, but on the whole satisfactory, discussion raised by Mr. Tennant in regard to lead-poisoning and " phossy jaw." The two voices—one for protecting the workpeople (and...

In the House of Commons on Tuesday night Mr. Cham-

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berlain unfolded his scheme for assisting the West Indies. In addition to the 2120,000 previously voted, he proposes :- (1) An Agricultural and Botanical Department under the...

Later on Tuesday the House of Commons entered upon heated

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and not very profitable discussion of the Chinese ques- tion. Mr. Curzon, who spoke for the Government, was in earlier part of his speech not only confused in matter, but...

Lord Salisbury met this indictment of his policy, for such,

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in fact, it was, with one of the most statesmanlike and sagacious speeches ever delivered by him on a foreign question. The Government, he said at once, would neither build nor...

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The Pope has addressed a letter to the Roman Catholic

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Archbishops and Bishops of Scotland reviewing the position of the Roman Church in that country, and exhorting the faithful to make every effort for the conversion of "the...

The polling at Grimsby took place on Tuesday. The suit

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was as follows :—Mr. G. Doughty (Liberal Unionist), 940; Mr. T. Wintringham (Radical), 3,189; Mr. R. Mel huish ndependent Conservative), 204; Mr. Doughty's majority, 751. In...

The by-election in the Launceston division of Cornwall has resulted

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in the return of the Home-rule candidate. The figures are :—Mr. F. Moulton (Liberal), 3,951; Sir F. Willa (Unionist), 2,683; majority, 1,088. In 1895 the Home-rule majority was...

Lord Salisbury endorsed Lord Lister's arguments. 'Under certain circumstances and

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in the presence of ertain delusions the action of power does not tend o obedience but to resistance.' He ended by warning he Peers that if they rejected the conscience clause he...

The Vaccination Bill came before the House of Lords on

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Thursday. Contrary to expectation, Lord Lister supported the clause relieving the conscientious objector in a speech which was able and statesmanlike in a high degree. The...

The Cape elections are being prosecuted with a great deal

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of vigonr, not to say acrimony, and sensational accusations are being sown broadcast. It is very difficult to get a clear view of the struggle, but we would most strongly...

Bank Rate, 21 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday, 1101.

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LORD SALISBURY AND THE CHINESE QUESTION. INT EWSPAPERS and Members of Parliament are still in full cry against the Government because they will not try to play the game of dog...

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I T certainly looks as if peace were near, but for all that we are by no means certain that the war is going to end as quickly as some of the foreign correspondents believe....

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TAO the recent victories of the Liberal party at various elections really connote a serious, intelligent revival of honest Liberal or Radical opinion in the country ? Of course,...

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I N the excellent biography of Prince Bismarck which appeared in the Times of Monday we read that he "was pious in his fashion, and might have grown into a Puritan but for the...

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I T is difficult to understand the point of view of the new Italian Ministry, which is supposed to be Liberal and which is also supposed to have a pacifying mission to fulfil....

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to be said for the plan of intro- ducing a Bill dealing with a complicated subject at the end of one Session, with a view to proceeding with it seriously in the next. But while...

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W HILE the civilised world resounds with the news of the death of Bismarck, the passing away almost at the same time of Principal Caird is comparatively unnoticed, and yet it...

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T HE reports of the paradoxical discussion at the Hardwicke Society on the motion that "the criminal should not be punished" are hardly full enough to make it worth while to...

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T O plant a garden is a natural impulse with children. It is the form which their first impulse takes to do their duty on earth, and an unconscious rehearsal of their future...

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MORE "BULLS" FROM IRISH PASTURES. [To THR EDITOR OF THE " SPICCTATOR."] SIR,—The propensity of the Irish people to make " bulls " is undoubtedly a deep-rooted national...

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SACERDOTALISM. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your correspondent, "Old Soldier," is logical and honest in suggesting a revision of the Prayer-book as the proper...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your correspondent, "Old Soldier," declares that sacerdotalism is driving young men into scepticism, ath young ladies into superstition....


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — On the occasion of a visit some time ago to Pontefract Castle, I was surprised to see that nothing is done to locate- the historic...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR...I SIR, — Having been away from Rome, I did not see the Spectator of July 23rd in time to send these few lines for last week's issue. For the...


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THIL EDITOR OD THE "SPECTATOR."] SIB, — In connection with your article in the Spectator of July 30th on "The Past and Future of British Mammals," it is interesting to note...


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THE WORKERS.* THE history and purpose of Mr. Walter Wyckoff's slender little volume may, perhaps, be best explained in Mr. Wyckoff's own words, which we take from the preface...


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[To TES EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." Sin,—The enclosed extract from a letter written by an officer now serving in the Soudan may interest your readers :— " When Major Sidney...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—I send you the enclosed extract from a private letter, thinking that perhaps it may be of interest to your readers :— " Some of our...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TEE "SPECTATOR."] Sin, — You sum up your extremely interesting article on the above subject, in the Spectator of July 23rd, by laying down the law that "the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your correspondent "M. C. S." contends that the South African Republic ceased to exist with the annexation in 1877, and that all...

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Mn. JAMES H. STARK in his series of histories of and guides to the West Indies has assumed the role of a modern Hakluyt to intending voyagers to the islands. He gives a clear...

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BUDDHISM has spread far and wide in Eastern lands since that great day when its founder made the Great Renuncia- tion and entered on the path which led to the Great Peace. In...

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THE TROUT.* The Trout, written by Lord Granby and others,

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is the latest addition to the "Fur, Feather, and Fin" series, edited by Alfred E. T. Watson. Of this series each volume is devoted to one of the birds, beasts, and fishes which...

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Jr is always a good sign when a young writer of talent tries his strength in different directions. Mr. Maugham began with a picture of life in Lambeth, whose repulsive realism...

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THE Nineteenth Century publishes several most readable papers this month, besides Sir Wemyss Reid's eulogium on Mr. Gladstone, which is interesting from its writer's enthu-...

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The Medea of Euripides. Edited, with Introduction and Notes, by Clinton E. S. Headlam. (Cambridge University Press.)—The Prolegomena are brief but sufficient. It is need- less...

King Arthur and the Table Round : Tales chiefly after

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the OlI French of Crestien of Troyes. With an Introduction and Notes. By W. W. Newell. (Houghton, Mifflin, and Co., Boston, U.S.A. 16s.)— We know very little about Crestien...


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The Edinburgh Review opens with one of those papers which give a real value to the quarterlies. The numerous class of people who are not quite sure what a young Czech is, and...

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The Music Dramas of Richard Wagner. By Albert Lavignac. Translated

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from the French by Esther Singleton. (Service and Paton. 10s. 6d.)—This book has the clearness of plan, and con- sistency of aim, which make French works of this kind so satis-...


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What is Good Music ? By W. J. Henderson. (John Murray.)— This little book of American origin should be read by every one who regards music as a great and serious art, but who...

Der Ring des Nibelungen. Described by R. Farquharson Sharp. With

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Illustrations by Reginald Savage. (Marshall, Russell, and Co.)—This description of Wagner's great work, or rather of its plot, is reprinted from Atalanta, and, though slight,...

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Caunca.—On Jane 17th, Richard Arnold, aged 28, and George Edward, aged 26, sons of Alfred John and Charlotte Isabella Church, of The Wilderness, Olevedon, drowned in fording the...

The Fringe of an Art : Appreciations in Music. By

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Vernon Blackburn. (The Unicorn Press.)—The author writes charm- ingly of Berlioz, Rossini, Don Giovanni, Parsifal, and other musical matters. Perhaps the most interesting study...

An Analysis of Mendelssohn's Organ Works. By J. W. G.

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Hathaway. (W. Reeves.)—Though small in size, this book is full of detailed analysis, both of the organ sonatas and of the three preludes and fugues. Organ-players who are...

A Handbook of Bible and Church Music. By the Bev.

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J. Aston Whitlock. (S.P.C.K.)—It is a_ melancholy fact that any attempt to realise ancient music ends in failure. Music, more than the other arts, depends on tradition. Give...

Richard Wagner's Prose Works — Vol. VI.: Religion and Art. Translated by

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W. Ashton Ellis. (Kegan Paul, Trench, and Co. 12s. 6d.)—In this volume of prose fragments, many of which were hardly worth preserving, there are some good things to be found....

Interludes. Seven Lectures delivered between the years 1891 and 1897

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by the late Henry Charles Bannister. (Bell and Sons.) —The author was a musician of great learning and of conserva- tive instincts. He seemed to regard greatness in music as...

The Growth and Influence of Music in Relation to Civilisation.

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By H. Tipper. (Elliot Stock.)—The first half of this book deals with antiquarian music, Greek, Chinese, and Mediceval. The latter half is devoted to the great composers from...

Applications for Copies of the SPECTATOR, and Communizations upon matters

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of business, should NOT be addressed to the EDITOR, but to the PUBLISHER, 1 Wellington Street, Strand, W.C.

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Adventures of a French Sergeant in Italy, Spain, &c., 1805-1823 (Hutohinson) 6/0 Assyrian Deeds and Documents, copied, collated, &D., by C. H. W. Johns, Vol. I., 8vo (Bell) 21/0...

MAGAZINES AND SERIAL PUBLICATIONS. — We have received the following for August

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: — The Century, the Peal Mall Magazine, St. Nicholas, Macmillan's Magazine, the Review of Reviews, the Quarterly Review, the Carnhil/ Magazine, the Church Quarterly Review, the...