7 JANUARY 1865

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TOPICS OF THE DAY. Academy Dinner, the .. .. .. .• • . 491 Africa, West, and the Squadron .. .. .. 1141 Albany, the, D 4, Admiral Murray .... .. 241 Algeria, Napoleon's Plan of...

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The American war news is nil. General Sherman was still

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before Savannah and General Thomas still pursuing Hood towards the Ten- nessee River at Decatur at the last advices. On the 22nd Decem- ber Thomas had crossed the Duck River in...

Lord Palmerston spoke again at Romsey on Wednesday, this- time

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on reading, writing, and arithmetic. Children, he said, " know the value in childhood of amusement and idleness." But they ought to learn " reading, writing, and arithmetic."...

The Richmond Enquirer of the 15th of December quotes the

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high authority of General R. E. Lee (who has written a letter to Mr. W. Percher Miles, Chairman of the Home Committee on Mili- tary Affairs) in favour of arming the slaves,...

We have reason to believe that negotiations are now in

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progress for a commercial treaty with Austria which, if concluded, will confer very great benefits on Austria and not inconsiderable ones on England. The difficulty of course '...


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—40— M R. BRIGHT attended the opening of the new Exchange Hall at Birmingham on Monday, and made an eloquent but exagge- rated speech on manufactureni, chambers of commerce,...

Messrs. Baines, Baring, and Buxton have all been addressing meetings,

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and all upon Reform'. Mr. Baines only said that the 61. franchise in boroughs would not "swamp" the middle class, would indeed only gain one-fourth of the borough constituencies...

New Year's Day passed off in Paris without any incident

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of note.. The Emperor received the diplomatic body, but only declared their good wishes " an expression of that concord which ought to obtain among nations, and of which your...

The rumoured marriage between the Princess Mary of Cam- bridge

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and an English Viscount has been demi-officially denied. The exact operation of the Royal Marriage Act is so entirely mis- conceived by the public, that we have given elsewhere...

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The difficulty created by the " raiders " of Canada

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seems likely to produce good. Mr. Lincoln has recalled the imprudent order issued by General Dix ordering troops to continue pursuit beyond the frontier, and the Canadian...

The Admiralty have received a report from Shanghai of the

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total loss of Her Majesty's ship Racehorse on the 4th Novem- ber. The account, which is written by Lieutenant Nicholas of the Insolent, is almost unintelligible, but it appears...

The Revenue Returns are good. Comparing them with three quarters

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of the Chancellor's reduced estimate, when he had allowed for his changes, we find,— Three quarters Actual yield for of Chancellor's three quarters up to Estimates. 31st...

Mr. T. G. Baring, Under Secretary for the Home Department,

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and formerly Under Secretary for India, addressed his constituents at Falmouth on Thursday, the 29th December. His topic was India, and his speech in the highest vein of...

A horrible accident has occurred on the Grand Trunk Railway

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of Canada near Detroit. On the evening of the 15th December a passenger express ran at full speed into a goods train, the engines meeting point-blank. The baggage car of the...

said that he should die peacefully after " witnessing the

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destruction of the enemies of the Holy See," a wish which includes the exter- mination of three-fourths of the human race. On New Year's Day he told General Montebello that he...

Mr. Buxton also gave us one important piece of information

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concerning the Commission which was appointed last session to revise and simplify, if possible, the subscriptions by which the clergy are at present legally bound. " I was...

A horrible catastrophe has occurred at Dundee. A man named

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Springthorpe promised on 2nd January a musical entertain- ment in a hall excavated under a local church. The approach to this place is down a staircase of thirteen steps, at the...

We are happy to perceive that M. Reuter's monopoly is

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at last menaced with overthrow. A limited company has at last been started, which professes to sell bulletins of public news upon the plan which he first made popular, and some...

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M. Baroche, Minister of Public Worship, has refused to allow

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the Bishops of France to circulate the Encyclical Letter. It contains, he says, " propositions contrary to the principles on which the Con- stitution of the Empire is basel."...

The summaries of news received from India by the mail

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of the 14th December repeat the statement of a mutiny at Bellary, and in a still more extraordinary form. They affirm that the Madras Artillery, which is, we presume, a local...

The Times has started the often discussed subject of human

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longevity. It allowed a correspondent to re-affirm the well-known opinion of Sir Cornewall Lewis, that stories of longevity beyond the century were usually apocryphal. A number...

The despatch forwarded by Herr von Biimark to Munich on

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the 13th of December, complaining of the conduct of the Diet in as- suming to regulate the occupation of the Duchies, has been pub- lished in extenso. In it the Prussian Premier...

Mr. Foote has uttered a remarkable philippic against the Con-

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federate Government in the Confederate Congress. He admitted the terrible disaster to Hood, denouncing his appointment in General Johnston's place, prophesied the fall of...

A fight for the Championship came off on Wednesday at

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Cop- thorne, on the borders of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, between Andrew Marsden and Joe Wormald. The latter won from the first, and the fight seems to have been brutal beyond...

The following figures show the closing prices of the leading

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Foreign Securities yesterday and on Friday week :- Friday, Dec. 30. Friday, Jan. C. G reek •• • • • • •• .. 231 23} Do. Coupons .. .. • • •• — — Mexioan .. .. .. .....

Yesterday and on Friday week the leading British Railways left

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off at the following prices :— Friday, Dee. 91. Caledonian .. , 1321 183 Great Eastern .. 40 48 Great Northern .. 135 137 Great Western.. .. 79 79i West...

The Times correspondent at Richmond, writing under date of the

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27th November and the 5th December, enlarges on very hypo- thetical data on General Sherman's atrocities in Georgia. He " presumes" that " the State House and other public...

Consols, which left off on Saturday last at 89i for

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money, and 891 1 for account, closed yesterday at 891 for delivery, and 90 to 901 for February. The stock of bullion in the Bank of England is now 13,933,5921. The supply in the...

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• MR. BRIGHT ON THE GRANDEUR OF COMMERCE. M R. BRIGHT'S political power is greatly diminished by the over-cultivation of his mind. Of those who read that remark at least...

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Tr HE very curious document called the "Protocol of the twenty-second sitting of. the Estates of the Duchy of Lauenburg," just published in the Gazette of Ratzeburg, tells the...

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M R. C. BUXTON and Mr. T. Baring are just now on a very important point, representative men. Mr. Buxton represents the courage of the thinking class on the subject of Reform,...

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11 - R. CARDWELL has had a great opportunity, perhaps 1,1 the greatest of his political life, and he has used it well. The " Resolutions " of the Canadian Delegates appointed to...

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Bill "For the protection and improvement of Wimbledon Common, and the appropria- tion of a portion thereof as a park or place for the enjoyment and recreation of the inhabitants...

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W HETHER people who choose their own spouses enjoy any greater degree of wedded happiness than those who dutifully accept the choice of their parents is, to say the least of it,...

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I F any English sportsman should happen to know a little French, and have in him a little of the spirit of Charles Lamb, we recommend him by all means to spend a few of his...

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[FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.] Naples, November, 1864. THERE is, or rather was, a thing at Naples, I really do not know whether to term it institution or corporation, with...


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HAMILTON ILLEGITIMATE? [We have been favoured with the following statement of the claim of Lord Torphichen to be heir general of the House of Douglas.] " W E have lately had...

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To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." SIR,—Will you allow me to offer a few observations respecting your article on workhouses in the Spectator of the 31st of December? The...

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OF THE "SPECTATOR." SIR,—You will, I trust, allow me as a clergyman of the Church of England, deeply interested in the result of the recent hearing of the Bishop of Natal's...


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OF THE " SPECTATOR." January 6, 1865. see that your American Correspondent devoted a large portion of his last letter to answering one which I wrote you some weeks since with...

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" Nescis, mi fill, quantula sapientia gubernatur mundus I" was the remark of Oxenstiern to his son. It has been taken to heart by M. Philip Mathieu, alias Mathieu de la Drome,...

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LIKE all the stories of this author which we have read, The Three Watches is a story of a very considerable strength ; indeed, if we may so express it, cruel in execution. We do...

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IT is a long stretch from the earliest Egyptian painting to that of England in the present century, but it is over no less a space that Mr. Woruum undertakes to conduct his...

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IT is perhaps very natural for M. Eugene Rimmel to affirm that his History of Peifurnes is not a puff for his establishment in the Strand, but it is surely very unnecessary. If...

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Tales at the Outspan. By Captain A. W. Drayson. (Saunders

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and Otley.)—We are happy to see that this oddly named volume has reached a second edition. It is a boy's book of the very best kind, a book of adventure, and peril, and...


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Colton's Atlas of America. Illustrating the Physical and Political Geography of North and South America and the West India Islands. By George W. Colton. Accompanied by...

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Tales of Filial Love. By T. H. Barran. (Darton and

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Hodge.) — Very good tales, a trifle overstrained in language and sentiment, but with a good moral, and of some interest. Some of them read like trans- lations from the French,...

The Autumn Holidays of "A Country Parson." (Longman and Co.)—

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This author is really so very prolific that he quite exhausts criticism. These are the essays which he has contributed to Good Words during the past year, bound up into a...

'loyal Children. By Julia Luard. (Groombridge and Sons.)—Miss Luard is

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dreadfully puzzled every now and then how to bring her in- formation down to the level of little girls' minds, but she has succeeded very well, and has given a series of very...

Love's Strife with the Convent. 3 vols. By Edward Massey.

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(Ward and Lock.)—This is as laughable a novel as has often issued from the press. The author's system is to set his characters conversing, say about fox-hounds, and then to give...

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Lord Lynn's Wife. 2 vols. (Richard Bentley.)—This story is an

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imitation, we imagine a conscious imitation, of Miss Braddon's style, and if it is to be regarded as the work of a beginner it gives promise of considerable future success. As...

The Stealing of the Princes. (Ward and Lock.)—A pleasantly told

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version of a middle-age narrative, which describes how two princely lads, ancestors of all the Saxe-Somethings, and therefore of a third of the Princes of Europe, were stolen...

The Holiday Keepsake. By Peter Parley. (Darton and Hodge.)— A

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aeries of pleasant stories, generally in "Peter Parley's" usual style, information being conveyed through a narrative usually fictitious. Peter Parley's success has placed his...

Clerical Elocution. A Natural, Practical, and Original System of Delivery.

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By Charles W. Smith, Professor of Elocution. (Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.)—This is a sensible and practical treatise, evidently the work of a cultivated man. His main principle...