7 JANUARY 1871

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Poor Marshal Prim died, after all. Though struck by eight

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balls, he believed himself only slightly wounded, ascended the stairs of the Ministry of War unassisted, and reassured his wife ; but one of the bullets had gone too deep, and...

Mr. Otway explains through the Daily News that he resigned

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his post on the 27th November because he disagreed with the Government upon an important question of foreign policy,—that is, we presume, because h. -- liked the acceptance of a...

",* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The military news of the week is not, on the

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whole, encourag- ing for France. Around Paris, since the taking of Mont Avron, a very heavy bombardment has been opened against Forts Noisy, Rosny, and Nogent, on the east side,...

The murder being attributed to the Republicans, has of course

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benefited the Monarchy. Topete, though a Montpensierist, con- sented to receive King Amadeus at Carthagena, and his Majesty entered Madrid on January 2, amid acclamations which...


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T HE Cabinet has undergone a small internal spasm of a curious, but hardly important, kind. Mr. Chichester Fortescue has re- signed the Irish Secretaryship, and accepted Mr....

In the North, between Bapaume and Arras, heavy fighting went

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on during the 2nd and 3rd January (Monday and Tuesday), of which the accounts from General Faidherbe's and General Man- teuffel's head-quarters are, as usual, very conflicting....

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Is there not a shoemaker of genius in the world

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who can give the world a shoe which will stand a month or two of hard work ? Are we really limited to leather for our feet.? It is quite clear that one of the main...

Lord Mayo appears to be determined to bring the Public

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Works Department in India into better order. One of the buildings of the gun-carriage factory at Allahabad recently fell in and killed people, and it was discovered on inquiry...

In the East of France the Germans seem retiring rapidly

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on Vesoul, the statement being made yesterday from Berlin that even the siege of Langres (which lies nearly forty-five miles due north of Dijon) had been raised by their forces...

Elsewhere the week has not been remarkable. General Jouffroy, one

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of General Chanzy's subordinates, has gained some outpost successes near Vendome ; and General Roy, in Normandy,, on the left bank of the Seine, has been defeated, and lost two...

Prussia has gained this week one compensation for her losses.

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She is rid of her Minister of Education. Herr Miihler, a man entitled to the distinction of being at once the feeblest and the most obstinate obscurantist that ever lived. A...

Mr. Vernon Harcourt also addressed the Druids. He believed that

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we were entering on that "period of dark eclipse " called foreign policy, a policy of which he had never seen any good come. Mr. Cardwell was the martyr of one of those panics...

Count von Bismarck recently announced to the Austrian Government that

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events had united Germany, notwithstanding the Treaty of Prague, and that his master had been invited to assume the Imperial Crown. The reply of the Emperor, to whom this...

The King of Prussia held a great official reception at

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Versailles on New Year's Day, and told the Princes and officers present that "they had not yet reached the goal, important tasks being still before them, before they arrived at...

The return of Mr. Martin for the county of Meath

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is a signifi- cant event. The premier county of Ireland has chosen, instead of Mr. Plunkett, a Catholic aristocrat of unblemished character, backed by Cardinal Cullen and the...

Mr. Cardwell attended the annual dinner of the Ancient Druids

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at Oxford on Monday, and in answer to the toast of the Army, took the opportunity of defending his administration of his depart- ment. He denied that he had disbanded 20,000...

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Mr. Russell, the Times' correspondent at Versailles, writes, in 'the

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letter published yesterday, " I do not like to say much on what seems to me the inexplicable harshness of Herr von Bran- • chitsch, prefect of the department, towards the mayor...

Mr. Cardwell proves in a letter to Mr. Gladstone, published

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in the Times of Thursday, that he did not make the blunder attri- buted to him by Lord Elcbo, in asserting that the country had in store 300,000 Snider rifles, of which the...

The worst falsehood of the war has, we think, been

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told within ?the week from the German head-quarters at Versailles,—the worst, 'we mean, because the moat deliberate, and the most dishonourable, and the least justified by the...

It is barely possible,—and we sincerely hope it may be

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so,— that the shuffle of Cabinet offices is intended to render it easier for the Government to retrace their false step in inflicting banishment instead of giving the promised...

The female rhinoceros at the Zoological Gardens has had a

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narrow escape of being drowned. Turned out on Wednesday week into the paddock during the frost, after snow had fallen on the frozen pond, the big creature, either blundering on...

The Lon/Ion School Board met again on Thursday, and in-

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dulged in a singularly unbusinesslike and, as it seems to us, unprofitable discussion. Professor Huxley seems to think that before they can do anything in the way of education...

A meeting, respectable as to numbers, but of the "

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miscel- laneous" sort as to persons, was held at the Cannon-Street Hotel on Thursday, to express sympathy with Franoe. The audience were addressed by Mr. Merriman, a solicitor...

Consols were on Friday 92 to 921.

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THE SHUFFLE IN THE MINISTRY. L ORD GRANVILLE has not been shifted to the Poor Law Board and Mr. Goschen to the Foreign Office. We state this at once, to dissipate any feeling of...


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rrit conflict of testimony as to the intentions of France in lation to sending an ambassador to the Conference is so great, that we can hardly doubt but that, unless there is...

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W E do trust that any among our Liberal readers who may think us too severe upon Mr. Cardwell will read and consider his speech to his constituents at Oxford. There stands the...

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I T would be very di ffi cult, perhaps it would be impossible, to state the moral argument against political assassination in a form at once conclusive and short. A man does not...


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T HE week has been one of great depression for the friends of France, depression not unreasonable, although, as we trust and believe, exaggerated. One of those strange vibra-...

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W E drew attention, two months ago, to some effects which might clearly be traced to the War on the Trade of the two belligerents ; and we showed that while Germany, victorious...

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S TUDENTS of Mr. Carlyle will not have been surprised at the outbreak against verse which was published the other day in his letter to Dr. Bennett. Near twenty years ago he...


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N EWSPAPERS have an obstacle to contend with in their daily record of history which very often escapes attention, and that is the difficulty they have both in obtaining and...

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W E have at length the means of forming a general idea of the work accomplished by the several Eclipse Expeditions on December 22 last. We are by no meansdisposed to regard the...

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XLX.—HENRY 1711f. N O English King has experienced greater vicissitudes in popular reputation than Henry VIII. Idolized during a large part of his reign, and retaining to its...

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DICTATORSHIPS AND PARLIAMENTS. (TO THE EDITOR OF THE EPROTAT0R:1 have been much gratified to see that you found my objec- tions to the policy you support in France worthy of...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."' Sin,—Most of your correspondents seem to forget that true reli- gious teaching can be given only by truly religious people, and ought to be...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.. "] SIR,—Rumours of war have long been rife, but the storm has at last burst upon us from an unexpected quarter. While the Eastern question is...


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"SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—Your reviewer of my " Annals of Oxford " remarks:— " Throughout the two volumes he seems systematically to depreciate the University. This, of course, may...

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JOHN WESLEY.* EIGHTY years have passed away since John Wesley died, yet so vital is the influence of this man's mind amongst us that, while reading Miss Wedgwood's thoughtful...

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THE LATE EMPRESS OF RUSSIA.* IT is not altogether without

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surprise that observers and students of recent Russian history have seen the announcement of Herr Grimm's book in an English dress. The gracious lady whose name adorns the...

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are little more than an enlarged re-issue of a memoir which was prefixed to one series of the Ingoldsby Legends. The chief excuse for the present work seems to be that Mr....

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THE REVOLT OF THE CAMISARDS.* Fwry years ago, during a

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tour through Brittany and Normandy, Mrs. Bray, then the wife of Charles Stothard the antiquariarr draughtsman, began her literary career by a series of letters illustrated by...

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Biblical Studies. By E. H. Plumptre, M.A. (Strahan.)—This volume is one of the very highest interest and value to all students of the Bible. It carries out on a larger scale the...

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Miss Sewell and Miss Young give us a second volume

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of their European History. (Macmillan.)—Their plan is to tell their story in "a series of historical selections from the best authorities," an admirable notion, which they carry...

Rich and Rare. By Lucius O'B. Blake. 2 vols. (Newby.)—This

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" Tale of Anglo-Italian Life " is unequal in quality. Some of the cha- racters are drawn naturally and truthfully ; here and there we are met by caricature. Such is Mrs....

Messrs. Novelle publish an edition of Beethoven's opera of Fidelio,

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a. volume which is to be the first of a projected series of standard operas, Anber's Fra Diavolo and Mozart's Don Giovanni being announced as its immediate successors. The...

The Elements of Mechanism, by T. W. Goodeve (Longman), is

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a rewritten and enlarged edition of a work which has already had con- siderable success. It now appears as part of a series (Text-Books of Science), which is being published...

Sundays at School. By S. A. Pears, D.D. (Hatchards.)—This is

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a volume of "Short Sermons preached in Repton School Chapel," by the Head Master, worthy of much praise as sensible, plain-spoken addresses, by one who knows what he means, and...

Kelly's London Directory, 1871. What can we say of Kelly's

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Directory, except that it grows every year more huge and more accurate, that it is marvellously close to time, and that it never by any chance fails to do- what it professes to...