fortigu nub tutinura.
FRANCE.—Napoleon in the day of his power determined that his "idle" should be celebrated on the 15th of August; wherefore his imita- tive nephew, Louis Napoleon seized the occasion to revive the memory of the Empire, and make a good display of himsraf, on Sunday last. The morning was cloudy, and rain fell until after seven o'clock ; when fleeting bursts of sunshine restored hope to the Parisian breast People thronged the Place de la Madeleine as early as six o'clock, and their num- bers increased as the morning wore on and the weather brightened. The guns of the Invalids opened the ceremony of the day by firing an im- perial salute ; and the National Guards, whose standards were to be blessed and distributed, began to assemble about seven o'clock. They drew up in line, three deep; one wing resting on the Place de la Made- leine, and the other on the Porte Maillot of the Bois de Boulogne. Soon after eight o'clock, the Judges of the Court of Cessation arrivedrattte
in Madelee, and for above an hour there was a succession of visite
diers, diplomatists, officers of state, ministers, and members of the Insti- tute; all decked out in ceremonial trappings. There were several foreign officers present in their national uniform—among them two or three be- longing to the English Foot Guards! The coming of M. Bonaparte was announced by the advanced guard of the Guides,—a handsome regiment, who were loudly cheered. These were followed by Lancers, Carbineers, and cavalry of the National Guard, forming the escort of the President. "Chapeau bas!" screamed the crowd ; and M. Bonaparte replied to the salute by bowing from his carriage-window. Next he was saluted by a body of old soldiers, in new uniforms, the last remains of the armies of Napoleon. On the steps of the church leading up.to the columns, which were swathed in crimson cloth studded with golden bees, M. Bonaparte was received by a body of general officers, who stood bareheaded. The interior of the church was, as usual, showily bedraped with hangings; the ineense sent up its spiral wreaths of perfume ; the masses of per- formers and spectators of the pageant were gorgeously arrayed. M. Bonaparte was led to his place near the altar by the Archbishop of Paris and the Cure of the Madeleine, M. Duguerry ; and this priest took occa- sion to remind him that it was the fete of the Assumption of the Virgin as well as of the Emperor. M. Bonaparte is said to have replied, that he placed himself under the protection of the Virgin and the " Genius " of the Emperor. High mass was celebrated by the Archbishop ; the en- signs of the National Guards were blessed, sprinkled with holy water, and sent out to be distributed to the troops. The clerical ceremonies were over by half-past ten o'clock. M. Bonaparte mounted his horse at the steps of the Madeleine, and rode up the front and down the rear of the Guards, saluting the eagles, which were lowered as he passed. He then placed himself at the Pont Tournant of the garden of the Tuileries, and sat quietly for two hours while the Guards defiled before him. - When this was finished, he galloped off to the Elysee. The colours presented to the National Guards are tricolour flags fringed with silver, having the letters "L. N." inwoven with oak and laurel. leaves, embroidered on the four corners, and surmounted by an eagle with its wings half-spread. M. Bonaparte was not present at the mock naval fight on the Seine. This was a performance very agreeable to the Parisians ; but it was not a
spectacle, as the smoke from the guns every now and again concealed the river and the ships, the bridges and the shores. There was of course a great deal of firing and manceuvering ; hut the upshot was that the frigate, the Ville de Paris, successfully defended itself against the repeated attacks of two steamers, two shore-batteries, and a flotilla of gun-boats ; finally compelling the steamers to strike their flags. An immense crowd were present on both banks, on house-tops, and on the heights of Chaillot, to see and hear what they could.
Paris was indeed quite full of people ; numbers had come from the de- partments and foreign countries. Many were walking about all night, and hundreds slept under the trees on the boulevards. The ball at the Marche des Innocens was put off, in consequence, as it was alleged in the proclamation by the Prefect of Police, of the damage done on Sunday to the roof of the temporary ball-room, by the wind. But as the prepara- tions for the illumination and the fireworks of the evening were left in- complete, a rumour got abroad that the workmen had struck at the last
moment for higher wages. Be this as it may, the illuminations were very imperfect, and except on the boulevards and other sheltered localities they were shabby failures. The column on the Place Vendome was to have been blazing with -wreaths of gas, but the wind blew out the lights ; the square was to have been lighted by jets of gas describing the names of the great battles of the Empire, but the wind made the fiery writing illegible. The same result followed the attempt to illuminate the Place de la Concorde ; and the only success was in festooning the chief foun- tains with lights. In the Champs Elysee, the profusion of crowns, eagles, and the letter "N," which were to have served for the ordinary lamps, burned but dimly ; while some eagles would not light up a feather. The boulevards were well lighted by a great number of the ordinary lamps being fashioned into palm-frees and bung with lamps of various- coloured paper. It was remarked, that, although invited to illuminate by the Prefect, there was a very general disregard of the invitation on the part of private citizens.
The point of attraction in the fireworks was the representation of the passage of St. Bernard by Napoleon. The frame of the works was built up between the Place de la Concorde and the National Assembly. It re- presented the citadel of Bard, the valley of Aosta, and the chain of moun- tains, with the rock of Albaredo. M. Bonaparte, who occupied a place in the balcony of the Ministry of Marine, gave the signal for commencing the display, by firing a rocket, about nine o'clock. This was followed by a discharge of cannon and rockets from the opposite bank of the Seine. The chief point in the firework was the recurring revelation of a statue of Napoleon as represented by David the painter, seated, with outstand- ing arm, on a white horse, and careering up the Alps : this figure was surrounded by lights of all kinds and colours. At one moment a balloon, bearing an illuminated letter " N " of enormous size, rose into the air, and flashed itself out in successive showers of fire.
Determined to mark the day with an Imperial stamp, M. Bonaparte, paraded, in the Moniteur of Sunday morning, his intention to grant a partial amnesty ; and accordingly, 1200 persons have been pardoned . a great part of these, however, were not political but civil offenders.
St. Cloud was the scene of the next festivity, on Monday. M. Bona- parte entertained two thousand guests, selected from official and fashion- able society. The soiree was not characterized by any unusual incident. The most prominent guest, 'we are told, was an Englishmen named Beat- son, who appeared in the full dress of a Brigadier of the Nizam's cavalry: his head was covered by a turban of cloth of gold ; he wore a tunic of dark blue embroidered with gold, a scarlet vest, a scarf of scarlet em- broidered with gold round his waist : and this display of finery seems to have made him the lion of the evening.
The ball in the Halles took place on Tuesday night; but, like the other rejoicings, it was a failure. Formerly the space occupied by the Covent Garden Market of Paris was the site of a church and a graveyard. The fountain in the centre is famous in the annals of Paris, not only for its beauty, but because the sculptor who executed the decorations, Jean Goujon, was shot, at his work, during the massacre of St. Bartholo- mew. In 1786 the church was demolished, the churchyard paved, and the vast space converted into a market.
The ball-room was constructed in the form of a parallelogram ; hav- ing the fountain in the centre, and being divided into three compart- ments by pillars of white and gold, which supported the canvass roo£ Festoons of gas were strung from pillar to pillar, and from the roof de- pended large chandeliers. Gas-lights were disposed in tiers round the fountain, and all over its interior ; so that the waters as they fell looked like flowing light. Flower-wreaths stretched from its pinnacles to the pillars, and flowers and evergreens were grouped in the intervals between pillar and pillar. Seats, tribunes, and galleries for the spectators and the orchestras, were fittingly disposed round the fountain and along the sides of the ball-room. The tribune, intended for the President, was fitted up with crimson velvet and gold, and relieved by tricolor flags and gilded eagles. The whole scene was magnificent in point of decoration. At nine o'clock the doors were opened, and by ten the room was thronged far beyond the bounds of the comfortable. And here began the failures of the evening. First came down the rain in torrents, penetrating the canvas roof, and pouring through the spaces left for purposes of ven- tilation. Umbrellas were expanded ; some of the lights were extinguished ; the guests were crushed together in the dry places ; and there were no refreshments ! Eye-witnesses mention only two trays of cakes" carried to a select band of "dames," under military escort ; and "muddy water, served in flower-pots." Besides, the President did not come. It was true that M. de Persigny, General Magnan, M. Casabianca, and M. Ro- micu, were present ; but the ladies of the market did not care a jot for these ; and complaints of the incivility of M. Bonaparte were both loud and deep. And no wonder ; so many fishwomen, flower and fruit sellers, and others, had expended large sums in handsome ball dresses,determined as they were to be up to the mark in point of elegance. The gay mob waited until nearly one o'clock, still hoping that the President would come ; but as he did not, in bitter disappointment they left the ball-room to the young and lusty, who danced until the dawn.
Rumours of a plot for the destruction of M. Bonaparte, either by firing the ball-room, or shooting him by infernal machine, or by pistol, or killing him with a knife, were widely circulated to account for his ab- sence. The only fact affording any grounds for these stories was that a number of arrests had been made in the course of the evening.
• A bronze equestrian statue of Napoleon, in the usual costume, by M.
Nieuwerkerke, was finally erected at the Road Point in the Champs Elysee, on Saturday.
Scarcely have the municipal bodies newly elected under the eyes and hands of the Prefects been assembled, when some have obeyed the impulse from above and expressed their desires for " the Empire ": in the Cher, the Haute Garonne, Maine-et-Loire, the Pas de Calais, the Somme, and in the Councils of Doulens and hfontdidier, wishes have been broadly uttered that the power of Louis Napoleon may be consolidated and rendered firm, and that the Senate may initiate measures tending to produce that happy end. Indre et Loire congratulates the Prince President upon his "having saved France and its civilization from the frightful anarchy which would have caused her to disappear from the rank of nations." Deux Sevres mani- fests its entire devotedness to the person of the Prince President of the French Republic. The departments of Moselle and Ariege, as well as some of the Councils of the Pas de Calais, are still more explicit ; and we find it openly required that a Senatus Consultum, in conformity with the Constitution of January 1852, should propose to the suffrage of the nation the reestablishment of the hereditary empire in the person of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte.
ITALY. —According to the Corriere Mercantile of Genoa, M. Pernati will resign ; differences having arisen in the Cabinet upon his conduct in re- ference to the circular which he issued respecting petitions. The Civil Marriage Bill is at the bottom of this Ministerial crisis. Pernati, it would seem, wishes to make a more vigorous resistance to the opponents of the bill than his colleagues are willing to sanction. In the Court of Appeal at Turin, on the 12th instant, Count Carta della Torre, a Counsellor of the Court of Caseation was found guilty of publishing libellous assertions in a pamphlet attacking the Siccardi laws, and fined 2000 francs.
Signora Maria Mazzini, the mother of Joseph Mazzini, died at Genoa on the 6th instant. She was buried on the 11th, and great honours were paid to her memory by the people of Genoa. A correspondent of the Daily News reports the ceremony. The ladies mentioned, we believe, are daughters of the Signora Mazzini. "Yesterday morning, the funeral service of the mother of Mazzini took place in the church of the Carmine. The Signora Nina, although ill and scarcely able to stand, insisted on placing herself at the head of the ladies ; amongst whom were Fanny Balbi di Negro and Maria Quarters Passone. The Signora Carolina Celesia could not, unfortunately, be of the number; as the incessant filial cares which she rendered to the deceased had brought on an attack of fever, which confined her to her bed.
"The church was crowded, in spite of the numerous disguised spies. A more sublime and moving scene than the accompaniment of the corpse to the Cemeter7 Staglieno, Genoa has never witnessed. It may be said that the entire city was there. In the morning, all the English and American, with some Dutch, Swedish, and Danish vessels, in the harbour, heisted their flags half-mast high, and lowered their pennants in the form of a cross, in sign of mourning. At six in the evening. the cortege started from the Church of the Carmine, followed by all the emigration, all the associations of work- ing men of Genoa St. Pier d'Arena, and the suburbs. Every class took part. All the naval captains of Genoa and the Riviera were present, thirty or more being from the Gulph and Lerici; and the immense body of sailors, with the associations of the boatmen of the port.
"Many Genoese and foreign ladies, besides those above-named, except the Signora Nina, who could not bear the trial of her strength and was forced to withdraw, carried the funeral palls and surrounded the coffin ; upon which were deposited numberless wreaths, woven by them, and presented by the association. Tricoloured banners, and ribands, and flowers without end. Eng- lish and American, the Swedish, Dutch, and Danish captains, were present in -deep mourning ; each in their turn seeking the honour of bearing the coffin ; which was alike claimed by the working men, the emigration, and those of all classes who were present. The bands [of the National Guards] led the procession, playing religious music. The procession numbered at least fifteen thousand, walking in two columns of four abreast. The entire population lined the streets, and the most perfect order reigned amid mani- festations of the sincerest grief. When the cortege reached Staglieno, the night was far advanced ; and the whole valley of the Bisagno was illumined on every side. There was not a peasant's hut or a nobleman's palace without a light m every window, illuminating the cortege on its darksome way." The Italia e Popolo, a journal conducted by the friends of M. Mazzini, adds some interesting remarks on the known affection which existed be- tween the mother and son.
"All present, and most of all the working classes, vied with each other in rendering the solemn cortege as imposing as possible. If the heart of our exiled and illustrious fellow-citizen, who has ever loved his mother with such heroic affection and filial devotion, can receive comfort under this heavy blow—if any consolation can temper the bitterness of this terrible misfortune—it will be the knowledge of the extreme sympathy and reverence shown by the Genoese people around the bier of his mother."
AIISTRIA.—The Emperor has returned from his tour in Hungary. On the 13th instant he arrived at Presburg, accompanied, it is said, by a band of eight hundred mounted Slavamans. Reports say he was well received by the people ; but the reports are derived mainly from the police-ridden journals. Next day he entered Vienna, coming thither by the railway. Here again, on similar authority, we are informed he was received with loud demonstrations of attachment on the part of the peo- ple. Nevertheless, the streets from the railway station to the Cathedral were thickly lined by soldiers. At the Cathedral a Te Detun was per- formed ; and thence the Emperor went to the Palace. In the evening, he drove through the streets, to see the illuminations which had been or- dered by a circular from the Police ; and agents from the chief office were known to be scattered through the crowd, to see that the order was obeyed. It was expected that the Emperor would leave Vienna on the 16th, for Ischl.
Pol./a.m.—Cholera was increasing in Russian Poland last week. Prince Paskiewitch has quitted Warsaw, and ordered the closing of the schools in that city, as well as in Sieradz and Kalisch. Out of 277 per- sons attacked at Warsaw in one. day, 103 died.
INDIA.—We published in our Postscript last week telegraphic despatches from Trieste containing the pith of the news from Burmah. Some interest- ing particulars are furnished by the fuller accounts which followed the telegraphic despatches.
The Burmese attacked Martaban on the 26th May, with great spirit ; driving in the pickets, and compelling a reconnoitering party to give way. But when they came within the range of our artillery, a few rounds sent them flying in disorder. They rallied again, and made a stand on the Pagoda hill, where they set up a flag. From this position they were driven with round shot. It appears that they came from a fortified post
called Shea), Gyn ; which, it is said, General Godwin ought to have occu- pied instead of Manahan. Pegu, although captured, was not occupied by the British forces. Some time since, the Peguese drove out the Burmese garrison ; but the ex-Go- vernor of Rangoon marched on Pegu, recaptured it, put the leaders of the revolt to death, and barbarously treated the inhabitants. The Peguese called for help from General Godwin; and he sent a body of 250 men, on the 4th June, to drive out the Burmese. These troops, when near Pegu, were joined by about 3000 " Talians," the cultivating class in Burnish, who guided and aided our soldiers. As usual, the Burmese showed no lack of courage, but advanced within gunshot of our troops ; when they were routed by a volley, pursued, and driven in and through their works. Shortly afterwards, the British forces returned to the main body.
It is not a little remarkable that the natives are reported as "every- where friendly." An officer writing from Rangoon specifies several indi- cations of this feeling. The people, he says, have returned to Rangoon and rebuilt it-; the nvers are lined with provision-boats ; troops which have fought against us have come in and laid down their arms, professing that they fought against us because their wives and children were held as hostages by the enemy ; our steam-ships find stacks of fuel on the river- banks set purposely for them ; and in every expedition volunteers are plentiful. Without disputing the accuracy of these reports, which we have no means of testing, we may remark that the cry of " Annexation " has gone forth, and it is represented that the Governor-General has no other course loft him.
Another curious feature of the war is that the Burmese have attacked Assam ; while they decline to make any general attack upon our positions at Rangoon, Martaban, and Bassein.
The East India Company are said to have determined to establish elec- tric telegraphs connecting Calcutta, Agra, Lahore, Bombay, and Madras The distance traversed will be three thousand miles, and the whole. rang. will be complete in three years.
CHINA.—No important intelligence has been received from Canton. The rebellion still continues; but whether the Rebel or the Imperial army have been generally successful is not accurately known; the reports being so contradictory. By the accounts dated June 23, the chief of the rebels, Tien Teh, was reported to have been captured : but he has been reported dead so many times that the story of his capture was not believed at Hongkong.
.1tErSTEALIA.—The Crown revenues have enormously increased since the gold-discoveries. The colonists appear jealous of the money power thus placed at the disposal of the Executive ; for the latest accounts from Sydney, April 26th, brought by the Prince of Wales, state that a motion would be made early in the ensuing session of the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales, with the view of obtaining the control of this revenue. The supplies were to be voted this year; but notice was to be given that next year not a farthing would be granted until the coveted revenues were surrendered. Victoria, it was expected, would adopt a similar course. In Van Diemen's Land they had threatened to stop the supplies, by way of reprisal; the Colonial Office continuing to send undesired supplies of convicts. The immigration had not as yet materially lessened the rate of wages in the Colonies.
UNITED STATES.—Papers from New York to the 3d August, and from Boston to the 4th, were brought by the America, which anchored in the Mersey about noon on Monday.
The Senate at Washington received a message from the President on the 241 August, in reply to Mr. Mason's resolutions, stating that the Mis- sissippi had been despatched to the fishing-grounds; and transmitting copies of correspondence respecting the treaty and the fishery question, which had passed between 1818 and 1852 inclusive. Mr. Cass moved that the message be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations ; and a debate arose thereon ; but the subject was postponed. The speakers were Mr. Cass, Mr. Davis, and Mr. Hamlin. The tone of their speeches was not warlike ; but they all maintained that the British con- struction of the treaty was erroneous. The Mississippi steamed from New York bay on the 31st July ; and the frigates Savannah and Columbia were to follow.
By the Arctic, which arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday, we have news of three days later date. The debate of the 2d in the Senate was again adjourned on the 6th, in order that the Senators might have ample time for perusing the corre- spondence supplied by the President. Meanwhile, a letter from Commo- dore Perry, on board the Mississippi, dated off Eastport, Maine, August 2d, had been published. The Commodore intimates, that "everything indicated a favourable issue " ; but whether for the Americans, or in the interest of peace, he leaves doubtfaL It was rumoured in Washington that Mr. Crampton and Mr. Webster had settled the dispute ; and that, at all events, for the present, seizures by the British would not be made except within three miles of the coasts.
It had been ascertained that seventy-two persons lost their lives in the dreadful burning of the Henry Clay steamer on the Hudson. Mr. Tho- mas Collyer, a part owner of the Henry Clay, has been arrested and held to bail.
The New York Herald publishes a list of steam-boat accidents which have happened since the beginning of this year, January 1852; they amount to twenty ; the killed reach the frightful number of 488, and the wounded of 100 !
Thomas Keine has been remanded to the custody of the United States Marshal, under the commitment of the Commissioners, by a decision of Judge Betts, of the United States Circuit Court. The Supreme Court has still to aot in this tedious affair.
WEST INDIES.—The most striking news brought by the Magdalena, which arrived at Southampton on Tuesday, having steamed from St. Thomas's on the 31st of July, is the prevalence of smallpox in Jamaica, and of fever through the islands generally. No measures had been taken to send away the Coolies who had fulfilled their labour-contracts and de- sired to return home.
Serious disturbances had broken out at Guadeloupe. The President of the French Republic appointed M. Charles Dain, a notorious and violent member of the Mountain, to an office in the Appeal Court of the island. The local authorities resigned their poste in a body ; t :e bar and the at- tornies refused to plead in the court ; and the mob rioted in the streets. Nevertheless, M. Dain was installed.
"THE BAY Isnuins."—Such is the title given to a new British " co- lony " established in the Bay of Honduras. This event is announced to the world by the following proclamation. "This is to give notice, that her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen has been pleased to constitute and make the islands of Beaten, -Menaces, Utilla, Barbarat, Helene, and Morat, to be a colony, to be known and designated as The Colony of the Bay Islands.'
"By command of her Majesty's Superintendent,
" AUGUSTUS YEZDERICH GORE, Acting Colonial Sec.
"God save the Queen.
"Colonial Secretary's Office, June 17, 1852, Belize, British Honduras." The journals of the United States look upon this proceeding with sus- picion. They affect to consider it an infraction of the Monroe doctrine ; and they point out that this new station will serve for similar uses in the Carribean Sea which Gibraltar and Malta serve in the Mediterranean.