21 DECEMBER 1867

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Mr. Gladstone made three great speeches at Oldham on Wed-

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nesday, on the most important points of which we have com- mented elsewhere. In addition to what we have there said, we may remark that with relation to Ireland he condemned...

The idea of a Conference on the Italian question has

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been formally given up in Paris. It appears that Napoleon accepts a situation he did not intend, for on 16th October S. Nigra saw M. Rouher, and told him that if French troops...

In opening a mechanics' institute on Wednesday afternoon Mr. Gladstone

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appealed, in " conclusive proof " of the vitality of the English nation, to the number of really considerable poets in the last fifty years,—a phenomenon which he considered...


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T HE topic of the week has been the gigantic crime which we were just able to mention in our last issue, the massacre in Clerkenwell. The history of the affair is not clear to...

The Railway world was thunderstruck on Tuesday by the appearance

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of a circular from the Directors of the Midland demanding five millions sterling. Their capital is already 25,000,0001., debts and shares together, but they are building a line...

These desperate i crimes have roused all England. In London an appeal

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of the Home Secretary for special constables has been instantly answered, the whole population is alert, and all classes, Irish Catholics included, are determined to put the...

The latest telegrams from Abyssinia are up to the 7th

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December. Before that date King Theodore had destroyed Debra Tabor by fire, and was marching through bands of native insurgents on Magdala, while the advanced brigade of the...

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Clerical etiquette in London seems to be somewhat strict. Mr.

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A. S. Herring, Incumbent of St. Paul's, Clerkenwell, in the ex- citement produced by the suffering in Clerkenwell, appealed to the public through the Times, and obtained a large...

On Thursday, Mr. Gladstone addressed his constituents at Ortnskirk, in

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a speech mainly consisting of a spirited history of the Reform Bill of 1867. He accepted the result of that Bill most cordially as "an enormous advance in the political growth...

Parisians must by this time recognize the truth that civiliza-

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tion is costly. M. Hausamaun's Budget for 1868 has just been published, and it appears that the expenditure for that year, " ordinary," " extraordinary," " supplemental," and "...

In his evening speech at Oldham Mr. Gladstone declared for

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an education measure more or less founded on Mr. Austin Bruce's Bill of last session, with necessary extensions and enlargements. He was entirely in favour of retaining all the...

The Prussian Premier has announced to his Parliament that all

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Prussian Envoys will speedilybe recalled, to be replaced by Envoys from the North German Confederation. They will, of course, be usually the same men, and will always be...

In a speech delivered at Southport on the same evening,

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Mr. Gladstone referred rather to the future. The report of this speech, received by telegraph, is execrably bad, in places quite unintel- ligible, but Mr. Gladstone made Ireland...

For next year, founding his calculations on the quarter already

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elapsed, Mr. M'Culloch estimates as follows :— REVENUE. £ ENTENDITUBE. x Customs 32,676,000 Civil Service 10,080,000 Lands 197,000 Pensions & Indiana 6,496,000 Direct Tax...

The following is a comparison between Mr. MiCulloch's last year's

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estimate of the Revenue and Expenditure of the United States for the financial year ended 30th June last, and the actual amounts realized. We assume five dollars—the nominal...

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Yesterday there was fresh news of disaster at Newcastle—a terrible

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fire, which had raged from 7 a.m., and had not been got tinder at 11. It commenced at a ship chandler's, and the destruc- tion of property was immense. Take this with Tuesday's...

The Bishop of London and the Secretary of the recent

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Episcopal Synod have explained that the reports of committees on which we commented last week, recommending all sorts of revolutionary and silly proceedings, were not adopted by...

It seems as if—through the fault, we imagine, of the

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Duke of Buckingham—Sir Charles Darling would have his 20,0001., for serving the Parliament of Victoria better than Her Majesty's Government, after all. The new Governor has...

On Tuesday afternoon there was a terrible explosion of nitro-

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glycerine near Newcastle. This most explosive of all blasting -substances had been for some months, it seems, kept in the cellars of a public-house at Newcastle, without any of...

The Directors of the Great Eastern report that Lord Cranborne

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has consented to accept a seat at their new Board. Is he to be Chairman, or only a Director? In either case he would be the most valuable acquisition, next perhaps to Mr. Lowe,...

A great earthquake occurred at St. Thomas's on the afternoon

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of the 18th November at about twenty minutes to three. The earthquake only lasted about two minutes, but the shock to the town was frightful, many houses being half ruined by...

Great Northern ....

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Great Western Lancashire and Yorkshire ... London and Brighton ... London and North-Western London and South-Western London, Chatham, and Dover Metropolitan ... North-Eastern,...

On Monday, Consols opened at 92k, f. Yesterday, they closed

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at 92f, f, for money, and 92k, f, for the account ; Reduced and New Three per Cents., 926, I ; Exchequer Bills, 25s. to 28s. prem. ; India Bonds, 53a. to 58s. pram. ; and India...

Yesterday and on Friday week the leading Foreign Bonds left

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off at the annexed quotations :— Friday, DoR 13. Mexican... 144 Spanish Passives 23( Do. CertiIicates 19 Turkish 6 per Cents., 1858 62( , 1862 ... 62( United States 3.20's...

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THE FENIAN - OUTRAGE. T HERE is one compensation for this Clerkenwell outrage. It has reunited the British people, and rebraced the nerves of authority. A feeling had begun to...

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T HERE was a striking sort of scornful article in Thursday's Pall Mall Gazette on the melancholy nature of the neces- sity for such speeches as Mr. Gladstone delivered at Oldham...

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O T.Tht wisest statesmen are probably beginning at last to. recognize that the greatest difficulty in dealing with Ireland consists in the absoluteness of our Parliamentary...

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P ROPHETIC politics are rarely worthy even of the very slight attention they usually receive. So much depends on individual lives, on latent but irresistible popular opinions,...

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T ' grand difference between the President's Message as reported by Reuter's agents, and the same Message as transmitted to Congress, seems to be this. The report, like all...

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THE great Railway incident which has occurred this week reveals in the most perfect manner the gross imperfections of our Railway organization. On Monday last the shares of the...

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T HE strange and marvellous performances do not give the Aissa-Ouahs the least pain, but is [sic] a pleasure and a delight to them." This statement, which is quoted verbatim...


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Ar findouraIvesinaptonnotsupficially easy to define, a risen in t h columns and elsewhere with respect to the proposal to found a Free Christian Union, the basis of which shall...

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T HE accession of the House of Lancaster was signalized in London by the public burning at the Standard in West Cheap, by command of the new King, of the blank grants or...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The readers of your powerful remarks on the injustice of the course recommended by the Committee of the Pan-Anglican Synod towards the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The statement made by the Bishop of Capetown at the meeting of the English Church Union, on the 13th inst., that " about two-thirds of...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In writing to you on this movement, I am full of respect for the earnestness and good motives of its promoters. Only the con-...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,-I shall be much obliged to you if you will permit me to answer an article on my History of the Commonwealth of England, in the Spectator...

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LIFE OF SIR PHILIP FRANCIS.* Sin Pcrtury FRANCIS came into contact, friendly or hostile, with many great men, and took a part in great events. A proof, stronger at least than...

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ARISTOCRATIC crime is a telling subject for the novelist, and the Author of Lady _Maria, Lord Lynn's Wife, and Lord Ulswater wields the aristocratic element in guilt with a...

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NOT long ago, in the pages of the Revue des Deux Mondes, M. Guizot gave to the French public the history of a friend's life. That friend was M. Prosper de Barante, for more than...

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WE are grateful to any one who reminds us of the favourites of our boyhood. Yet gratitude must not disarm justice, and while the reader is pleased, the critic may be severe. The...

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Cousin Trix, and her Welcome Tales. By Georgians M. Craik.

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(Griffith and Farran.)—The two best stories in this book are the first and third, which tell us the history of a dog in search of its little master, and of a newly married...


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Post- (Vice London Directory for 1868. Sixty-ninth annual publica- tion. (Kelly, London.)—This invaluable directory, consisting of about 2,700 of the most closely printed pages...

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Gutch's Literary and Scientific Register and Abnanack for the Year

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1868. (Stevens.) Punch's Pocket - Book for 1868. (Punch Office.) The Boy's Own Pocket - Book for 1868 (Routledge.)—Here is a choice of pocket-books for different readers—the...

Sea Fights, from Slays to Navarino. By Mrs. R. Valentine.

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(F. lVarne and Co.)—It is only necessary to give the name of this book in order to excite the curiosity of every boy who is old enough to plague his parents with visions of the...

The History of a Pin. By E. M. S. (Nelson

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and Sons.)—We expected to find in this story a translation of St. Gormain's charming story Pour une .Epingle. But it is quite an independent history, in fact, the auto-...

Every Boy's Book. Edited by Edmund Routledge. (Routledge.)— This is

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not only a book which every boy will want, but one which will teach every boy everything. It gives the rules of every game, and hints for succeeding in it ; an account of all...

By the Sea Shore : Reveries of a Traveller. By

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the Countess de Gasparin. Authorized Translation. (Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas.)—A pleasant, often a picturesque, but not always a genuine record of Italian travel. What we...

Among the new editions which have insinuated themselves into our

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pile of new books since our last clearance, we may mention the sixth edition of The History of the Microscope, by Jabez Hogg (Routledge), a sixpenny issue of Sterne's...

Counsel and Cheer for the Battle of Life. By William

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G. Blaikie, D.D. (Stralian.)—We can commend this book, but we cannot analyze it. Each separate chapter has its appropriate heading, and would claim to be criticized in turn....

We have also received Partridge and Cooper's Folio Scribbling Diary

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for 1868, a large diary, with a good folio page for each week, and conveniently interleaved with blotting-paper, and containing also an almanack. Also, Partridge and Cooper's...


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Alford (Dean), How to Study the New Testament. The Epistles, pt. 1 (Strahan) 8 Anderdon (W. H.), In the Snow, Tales of Mount St. Bernard, rep 8vo(Burns) 3 Anderson (G.), The...

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.111. Jevtets—Tsmort—On the 19th, at Shaw's IAneChapel, Altrineham, by the Rev. A. Creery, B.A., W. Stanley Jevons, Esq., M.A., of Owens College, „Manchester, to Harriet Ann,...

NOTICE to CORRESPONDENTS and CONTRIBUTORS.—The Editor cannot under- take the

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responsibility of returning MS. of which he cannot avail himself. It is suggested that Cor- respondents and Contributors should keep Copies of such Documents as they value.

It is particular k p requested that a ll applications for copses of

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the .ECTATOR, and communi- cations upon matters of business, should not be addressed to the Editor, but to the Publisher, 1 Wellington Street, Strand W.C. TERMS os•...