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Non -Intervention If the British Government was right, as it

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is our firm conviction that it was, in doing its utmost from the outset to localise the Spanish conflict, then the Bill to prohibit the carrying of arms to Spain is no more than...


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T HE military aspect of the conflict -in Spain continues to be less important than the diplomatic. Not that there is any lull in the fighting. The insurgents, it is true,...

Foreign Troops in Spain That makes all the more significant

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the story of the land- ing of a contingent of Germans, variously estimated at from 3,000 to 5,000, at Cadiz as reinforcements for General Franco.. First reports gave. the event...

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Minor Mercies Some reference was made in these columns last

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week to Turkey's action in abolishing import quotas. It is satisfactory to observe since then that France has doubled her quota of British coal imports, an action from which it...

Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is generally believed to be the

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region where the danger of war, if danger there be, is greatest ; yet the States there situated have lately shown a remark- able confidence in their strength and unity and a...

Debts to America The assurance which M. Blum has apparently

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given to the American Ambassador in Paris of France's readiness to discuss the resumption of payments on account of war debts is of considerable importance. The reason for the...

America's Isolation President Roosevelt's speech to the Pan-American Conference at

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Buenos Aires on Tuesday can only be read as a re-emphasis of the traditional American policy of isolation. That the States of America should think first of banishing the spectre...

Food Defence Plans The making of a will shortens no

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man's life, and unprovocative preparations against the possible eon- tingency of war do nothing to bring war nearer. In that category fall the Government's new plans for the...

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Sir Archibald Sinclair was on hardly firmer ground when he

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argued that the Bill, if passed, should not be operated until all the countries on the non-intervention Committee had agreed to follow Great Britain's example. A first-class...

It was clear, when Mr. Noel Baker rose to oppose,

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that the Labour Party intended to raise the whole question of intervention, and that what they now wanted was definite support from Great Britain for the Spanish Government. It...

Members of all parties are disturbed at the reported statement

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of the King at the conclusion of his visit to the distressed areas that " something will be done." They argue that the condition of the distressed areas is the burden solely of...

M. Blum and the Press M. Blum's Bill to control

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the French Press, together with the important Labour Arbitration Bill, comes up for consideration by the Chamber this week. The Press Bill has three objects. By forcing...

The Week in Parliament

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Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—After the wide measure of agreement which the Public Order Bill and the Trunk Roads Bill have produced it seemed strange on Tuesday to...

One More Verboten

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By a decree issued last week Dr. Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda and Enlightenment, put an end to one of the last feeble forms of free expression in Germany. In future there is...

Milk and the Consumer

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The report of the Milk Reorganisation Commission, appointed in February, 1935, to examine the working of the Milk Marketing Boards and advise on future policy, shows a welcome...

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N O question, as every experienced journalist knows, is more difficult for a responsible journal to decide than the point at which a loyal reticence becomes a conspiracy of...

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T HE Cinematograph Films Act of 1927, which established a " quota " system for British films, will shortly expire. In March of this year a Committee was appointed by the Board...

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T HE relief in a thousand newspaper offices in this country at the breaking of the silence that has been so scrupulously and so loyally observed for months regarding the King...

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So heredity tells—or history repeats itself. And heredity in this case goes a long way back. John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, whose portrait his - versatile descendant...

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By CAPTAIN LIDDELL HART [If there is one outstanding, and increasing, lesson of modern warfare it is that numbers have less and less meaning. Yet the Governments and Generals...

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By PROFESSOR GILBERT MURRAY The alphabet was an amazing invention : few people realise how amazing. A system of pictograms is easy enough to invent, though far from clear when...

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By DR. C. P. SNOW But, solemnity aside, the remark is very under- standable. Most people have become aware of the idea of the planetary atom as the basic constituent of matter...

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By ALDOUS HUXLEY W ORDS have power to support, to buttress, to hold together. And are at the same time moulds, into which we pour our own thought—and it takes their nobler and...

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By JAMES CURTIS Nowadays, evenings are dark : the flat-racing season is over and the crooks are getting ready for their winter's work. They are prospecting houses , in...

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By E. L. WOODWARD figure ; like John Wilkes, he had his faults. One ought always to judge an Apostle of Liberty by the good hours of his mind ; Petrus de Rupibus at least...

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Commonwealth and Foreign By G. ST. J. ORDE BROWNE THE strictures passed by the Rev. A. G. Fraser in last week's Spectator on Great Britain's attitude to her colonial...

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The Cinema

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Ms. MARC CONNELLY'S black Biblical pageant has conic to us with the best possible advertisement : the Lord Chamberlain's ban. It has lost nothing by being transferred to the...

Ballet at the Mercury Theatre

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STAGE AND SCREEN The Ballet WE saw last week that English ballet in this generation gives promise for the future. It is always possible that the very tradition of the...

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A L'Anglaise !

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[D'un correspondent parisienl. IL ne s'agit pas uniquement de pommes de terre. II s'agit A nouveau de notre incomprehension de l'Angleterre. Pour le Francais moyen rindication...


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A Virtuoso-Musician THERE are two kinds of pianist-the virtuoso and the musician. Or, since that division sounds too derogatory to the first kind, let us say that there are...

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Tree Worshippers About six hundred tree worshippers (if they all did as they were bid) assembled in the Guildhall and listened to a succession of very sentimental—very rightly...

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CHRISTIANITY AND COMMUNISM ' [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Captain Powell's violent attack in your last issue on the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches, with its talk...

Sin,—In reply to Captain Powell's last letter. I have seen

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one photograph of a priest saying Mass on a tank, and it [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In reply to Captain Powell's last letter. I have seen one photograph of a priest...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our News of the Week"...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—I fear that Capt. Powell is becoming irrelevant. Having set out to show that the reason for twentieth-century Communism lies in the Church's failure to grant liberty to her...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In a letter to the Editor of The Spectator a man, calling himself " Expertus," tries to correct " at least three mis- statements " in my...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your criticism of my paper on a World Encyclopaedia, read to the Royal Institution, and available as a pamphlet published by the Hogarth...


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[To the Editor of TUE SPECTATOR.] Sac,—Back from the Mediterranean I see only today Sir Austen Chamberlain's letter concerning a passage of my recent biwk, Europe and...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Gedge's case for the binding character of each Article and every part thereof breaks down on the events of 1865. In that year, as a...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I owe an apology to Mr. Hollings and Messrs. Guest, Keen, Baldwin's Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. The figures for the output and personnel of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR.—Mr. H. Powys Greenwood advocates for the distressed area in South Wales oil from coal plants as a means of relief. One wonders if he has...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Walter Langdon Brown's article in your Christmas number—" Desiderata in Medicine "—will claim the attention of everybody interested...

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f To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Eleven of A. E. Housman 's poems were included by Edwin Markham in his anthology, The Book of Modern English Poetry, 1830 -1934. Another...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Can a woman be a mother, until she has borne her child ? If not, how can a mother be a pregnant woman ? (p. 933, col. 1). —Yours...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Silt,—I wish to thank you for the dignified and emphatic protest which, in reviewing Mr. Lloyd Georges latest volume of War Memories, you utter...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It was amusing to

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read Mr. W.J. Turner's protest against your criticism of The afford Book of Modern Verse. Of course, one realises that a two-column opening review in your Christ- mas Number, by...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I cannot accept as " natural " an interpretation which is a reductio ad absurdum, of all loans of argument the easiest. The appeal of the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The papers at Hawarclen Castle contain abundant evidence in Mr. Wyllie's own writing that the facts of Henry Gladstone's recall from the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sur,—In a review of The Oxford Book of Modern Terse in The .51.oeetator of November 20th Mr. Hayward writes " Kipling and Pound are poorly...

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By PROFESSOR E. N. DA C. ANDRADE, F.R.S. IT is related that a Manchester councillor of other days, dilating on the disadvantages of education, remarked in support of his views,...

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The Evolution of the Cbi - n - et- 2 -

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Cabinet Government. By W. Ivor Jennings, MA., Lt.D. (Cambridge University Press. 211.) IN 1922, when Edwin Montagu was compelled to resign phis office as Secretary of State for...

The Spanish .. Conflict

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Behind the Spanish Barricades. By John Langdon-Davies. (Seeker and Warburg. 12s. ed.) • Tame is easily the most readable book which we have so far had about the Spanish...

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A Subsidized Fourth Estate

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The English Press. By Jane Soames. With a preface by Hilaire Belloe. (Stanley N ott. 3s. -6d.) • Tills is a brave little book, whickurgeS the vital need for a - reform of the...

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Mr. Gladstone Forty Years Later

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The Two Mr. Gladstones. By G. T. Garratt. (Macmillan. 12s. 6d.) Tins book is a shrewd and interesting survey of Mr. Gladstone's political career, though it lacks the depth and...

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" The Man of Mercury

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7> Married to Mercury. A Sketch of Lord Bolingbroke and his Wives. By M. R. Hopkinson. (Constable. 12s. 6d.) ALTHOUGH, with certain reservations, Lady Hopkinson's sketch of...

The Victor of Tsushima

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Togo and the Rise of Japanese Sea-power. By Edwin A. Falk. With a Foreword by Rear _Admiral Bradley A. Fiske, U.S.N. (Longmans. 16s.) AnmutAL TOGO, the victor of Tsushima, died...

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The Man I Knew ; the Intimate Life Story of

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Douglas Haig. By the Countess Haig. (Moray Press. 18s.) Last Words on Lord Haig Mum can be forgiven to a labour of love. That Lady Haig should desire both to vindicate her...

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Mr. Auden's Poems

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r - Look, Stranger! Poems by W. H. Auden. (Faber and Faber. 5s.) Tiffs volume brings out more clearly than anything else he has written the variety and originality of Mr....

The Lawyer at Large

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Life, Law and Letters. By E. S. P. Haynes. (Heinemann. 7s. 6d.) THE anonymity of The Lawyer of The Notebooks is at last discarded, and the authorship is revealed in the per-...

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The Image pl . „ War - Cross Country with Hounds. By

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lc A. Stewart. (Collins. 2 Is,) The Devon and Somerset Staghounds. By Lionel Edwards and E. T. MacDermot. (Collins. 21s.) Sport in War. By Lionel Dawson and Lionel Edwards....

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By WILLIAM PLOMER Song On Your Bugles. By Eric Knight. (Boriswood. 7s. 6d.) Benediction. By Claude Silve. Translated by Robert Norton. Foreword by Edith Wharton....

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AFTER THE NEW DEAL WHAT? By Norman Thomas Mr. Thomas

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has recently been com- plimented by Time (not usually lavish of praise) on his educational presidential campaign, and though the Socialist can- didate did much less well in...


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By Lord Dunsany From the dust-jacket to the last page My Talks With Dean Spanley (Heine- mann, 5s.) is an excellent joke for a win- ter's evening. The author, to obtain proof...

Current Literature

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The frontispiece of this book (Mc- Graw-Hill, 10s. 6d.) is a gruesome picture of soil erosion in Stewart County, Georgia—a picture that is practically a complete sermon in...

What a pleasant, agreeable volume (Longman, 10s. 6d.) Mr. Bryant

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has made with his selection of letters out of the latter part of the seventeenth cen- tury. It was to be expected that he would, since it was in that period, from the...

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L. Aldersey White These memoirs (Lovat Dickson, 10s. 6d.), ably translated, give one of the briefest and clearest accounts of the events which began with the Revolution and...


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All it is necessary to say about this singularly attractive volume (Dent, 7s. 6d.) is that it is as good as anyone familiar with Mr. Prioleau's motoring articles in The...

The December Magazines M. Paul Hymans in the Nineteenth Century

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describes the political situation in " Belgium Today." Frade and in- dustry have revived since the currency was devalued, but the decline of the Catholic Party has been...

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The " 3oo

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5, Class Motoring Tau two ears I have for report this week, the latest 4-cylinder 14-litre Riley, with the " Falcon " saloon, and the 12-h.p. 4- cylinder Humber with the "...

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Australia's Progress

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Finance THE Annual Meeting of the English, Scottish and Austra- lian Bank is always awaited with interest, inasmuch as the speech of the Chairman is usually notable for its...

The Friendship of Nations

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Commerce and Peace THOSE who attended on Friday of last week the annual luncheon of the British Committee of the International Chamber of Commerce—and something over 460 guestS...

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Financial Notes

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CHEERFUL MARKETS. THE moderate setback of a week ago in Stock Exchange securities has proved to be short lived. Once again such factors as cheap money and improving trade have...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," DECEMBER 3/1:6, 1136. - The Foreign intelligence this week is made up principally of rumours and speculations. Beginning with Spain, it is said that the...

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The winner of Crossword No. 218 is Miss E. Paterson, 17 South Oswald Road, Edinburgh, 9."

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 219

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BY ZENO. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossuord...