13 JANUARY 1855, Page 3


The Earl Or Elgin arrived-at- Liverpool from Canada . on Tuesday; in the-Pacifier On-Wednesda3i-. he met-the principal. membereof the Ame- rican Chamber of Commerce. and the Liverpool. Chamber of Commerce, thedrawingroontaf the Town-hall; and received from them addresses- congratulating him on his-return, and-expressing-their- satisfaction at his sound commercial policy, andthe treaty which he has negotiated with the United States. In his reply, Lord-Elgin said that he had had. two objects in view as Governer,General of British- North America: The first was to place the colonists-in econdition which left them nothing to envy in the condition of any other people on-earth'; the-second, to place the commercial relations of the -British. Colonies- and- the United States on.suoh.a footing that-they should notrin-future tarnish- occasions of es. trangement between the British and.Antericanpeople thedrawingroontaf the Town-hall; and received from them addresses- congratulating him on his-return, and-expressing-their- satisfaction at his sound commercial policy, andthe treaty which he has negotiated with the United States. In his reply, Lord-Elgin said that he had had. two objects in view as Governer,General of British- North America: The first was to place the colonists-in econdition which left them nothing to envy in the condition of any other people on-earth'; the-second, to place the commercial relations of the -British. Colonies- and- the United States on.suoh.a footing that-they should notrin-future tarnish- occasions of es. trangement between the British and.Antericanpeople "1 think-I may take Rupee myself to say, that nineetenths of tlie people of-Canada are now of' opinion that their condition in connexion with Eng- land contrasts favourably with that of any other. people on the earth: And I believe also, that the intimate commercial relationship which shall spring up between• these two .countries, when the reciprocity treaty comes luny into operation, will render Canada in future not a barrier and a severance, but a link to unite these two kindred peoples III might venture upon such a paradox, I might -say that-in these- our days the greatest-bene- factors of mankind are those who teach the nations and peoples of the earth that they are mutually dependent, and that no one member of that mighty aggregate which constitutes the body corporate of- nations can suffer unless the othersuffer-with_ it. A.mosestriking and instructive illustration of-that fact is beinglifforded even at the present moment. There. can be no doubt whatever but that there are some persons-,-though-I don't suppose they are very numerous—on- the other aide of the water, who, when they heard that the-nations of Europe were going to war; rubbed their hands and said,

Our time is coming. The nations of the -Old World are getting into cen- turion, and the treasures of the earth are to be poured into our hands.' But what is the result ? I believe it is ,an indisputable fact, that those calamities- which are incident to a state of warfare—stagnation of trade, dearth of em- ployment, bankruptcy, and misery of different descriptions—are bearing as severely. upon the United States as upon those nations which are immediately engaged in warfare. Gentlemen, this is a most valuable lesson, and it may be some compensation for the miserable calamities we are now-enduring if that lesson isms?! read to the world in vain."

The Commission, sitting at Clevedon appointer' to inquire -into the prim& facie case-against Mr. Arch-deaeon. Denison, closed' its sittings on Wed- nesday ; when- the Chairman, Bishop Carr, read the following document "The-Commissioners, after-doe consideration of the depositions taken be- fore them, and of certain-printed sermons, numberedl, 2, and 3, and of the documents annexed; declare their unanimous opinion— First, that-as respects( the preaching and publication, or making known and public, the above sermons by-the Venerable the Archdeacon of Taunton, within .the diooese of Bath and Wells, there are sufficient prime facie grounds forinstituting furtherproceedings. "Secondly, the Commissioners, having carefully examined the aforesaid sermons, and the -charges specified in the Commission, declare their unani- mous opinion-thatthe proposition of the venerable the Archdeacon, that to all who come to the-Lord's-table,- to those whe eat and drink worthily and to those who -eat and drink unworthily; the body and blood of Christ are given, and that -by all who come to- the Lord'a tabler by those who eat and drink worthily and by-those who eat and drink unworthily, the body and blood of Christ are received, is directly contrary or repugnant-to the doc- trine of the Church 'of England, and. especially to the Articles of Religion ; and that thedoctrines as setiortleinthe aforesaid. sermons, with reference to the real presence, in the holy encharist; are unsupported by the Articles taken in their literal and grammatical sense, are contrary to the doctrines and- teaching of the-Church of 'England, and have a very dangerous ten- dency.

"The Commissionenrare therefore of opinion, secondly, that. there is suf- ficient pritnalticie- grimed for instituting further proceedings.

"The Commissioners at the same time think it dae_ to the venerable the .......e.hdeacorr to state, that in' the -sermons under consideration-he has ex- nressed his full assent-and-consent to Articles- of Religion ; and thathe ex-animo condemned the doctrines of- the Church-of Rome, and parti- cularly the Romandoctrine of transubstantiation."

The Bishop of Natal; who will leave England for his diocese in a-few. daye, was-entertained on-Tuesday-evening at efarewell: soiree in-St. An drew's Hill; Norwich. Dr. Colorise formerly officiated as a village der- - gyman in Norfolk. -

"Some- of 'his- constituents" have written, to Mi. John Bright, ex- pressing their concurrence in -his views on the war. In reply, dated Ecehdale, January 3, Mr. Bright says that he has preferred the consci- ousness of having, done his duty to "any of the fleeting popularity" which might be gained by subjecting his convictions " to the passion of the day."

"limed hardly say; that nothing but the strongest conviction that I am in the right on this question .of the war could have induced me to oppose myself to the publics feeling with regard to it; and I have a full confidence that before long the views I have propounded will be ranch more readily accepted than they are at present."

The rumour -that a petition is likely to be presented against the return of Sir S. Bignold at the late election for Norwich is repeated, and with an air of greater authority.

At the opening 'of the Birmingham Borough .Sessions, last week, Mr. M. D. Hill, the Recorder, took-fdr the text of his. charge to the Grand Jury, the influence of intemperance upon-the -nation ; and sought a re medy in such a-measure as the Maine Liquor Law: But he did not ad- vocate the immediate and arbitrary prohibitionof intoxicating-liquors.- On the contrary, he showed from the courscrol history, that prohibitions, in the teeth of public opinion, OM' inoperative-and 'miens in their effects ; and he arrived at these conclusions-

" That laws affecting the daily habits of life can -never b3 enforced unless they have the hearty consent of the people at large, as evinced- by the opinions of a-majority vastly preponderating in numbers and in-every-other • element of Power over the dissentients. . . . . We have made the-dis- covery, or rather the troth has been forced upon our attention, that the traffic In alcoholic thinks obey* that great law-of-political economy whioh regulates all other commerce,. namely, that. any interference with the free action of

manufacturer, importer.' vender, or percheser; diminishes cmisemption. Whether the restriction harrevenuo for itis oiliest,- as in the impoeition. of '

duties, or whether it has morals-end goodorder its-purpose, .cerin lotions respecting the number. of venders or. the hens daring which they may exercise their vocation, still the -effect- is found- to be the saine—elione

nution -of the livantity, consumed: But the restrictions must 41ot only-be im- posed by the Legislature; they must be carried int() effect by the ministerspof the law; andthatthey should-be effective,. they- must. not be opposed byes dontinantpablia opinion:" Mr. Hill pointed-but that the Maine Minor- Eawhes bhettadepted'in, sir States -friths American Union ; that inita operatIonithsedlinieished pauperism and emptied prisons; and that no State where-Wham been once- adopted has abandoned the measure. But he also pointedout; that Rwas imposed and enforced by public opinion alone. IniEngtand,not.leu then fifty millions sterling, if not more, is annually expendid-upon intoxicating, drinks ; while only five millions are spent on literature, including news- - papers !

Another body of lids and wounded from the Crimea, 104 in menberi. arrived at Portsmouth on Monday, in the Candle They were -landed, this time, with great care. "The Major-General commanding (pro tem.) Portsmouth garrison, Sir Frederick Smith, Rear-Admiral Superintendent' Merrill, Brigade-Major Dalgetty, Flag-Lieutenant Waddilove; Colonel-Lord Methuen-, of the Royal Wilts Militia, Master-Attendant Underwood; RN:, and small armies of assistants told off in files, with naval cotefitted as hand-stretchers; blankets, bedding. 8tc., and a number of omnibuses or-covered vane, ranged along in baggage-tcem.array, were all in waiting long before the ship wee gashed alongside the dockyard jetty, to render help, each in his allotted position; and each seemed to vie with the others in alacrity when his turn came to

bear a hand.' The mere ' brow ' or unprotected gangboard from the side of the ship to the jetty, which served the Himalaya's unfortunate freight, gave place today to well-stepped and substantial double-railed landing. stages; and carpenters were busy at them as- soon as the ship was hauled alongside, and made them quite secure. Sir Frederick Smith and Colonel Lord Methuen were moat indefatigable in personally directing the move- ments of those under their orderly; and, as a consequence, the work of dis- embarkation was entered upon with propriety, and pursued with care and diligence until the ship was cleared. The medical staff of the garrison was most assiduous with its important aid the wounded were • removed to sick quarters under personal medical superintendence"

At the Bristol Quarter-Sessions, this week, the notable oil-robberies came before the court. J. Davey was tried' for stealing oil from Messrs. Hare; and Mr. John Gilbert junior,, an oil-merchant, Davey's muter, for felo- niously receiving the same. Both were, convicted: Gilbert was sentenced to four:years' penal-servitude, and-Davey to two years' imprisoment.

Mary Blessin, a married woman of Otley, in Yorkshire, has been coin - mitted by the Coroner for the murder-of Francis Blessin, her uncle, an old man of eighty. According to her own statement, the deceased attacked her first ; she retaliated, inflicting-wounds from which he bled to death, The Coroner's inquest into the death of HarrietrArdron; who was shot at Thorpe Healey by a man named Hawksworth, have pronounced- the offence "Manslaughter" only. It is not clear-why-they did not think it murder', but, apparently, they concluded that Hawksworth did not intend to kill the. young woman, but had shot her by most culpable carelessness in handling. his gun. Unfortunately, the dying woman's declaration was not taken : the- stories afloat of her account of the matter. point to Hawksworth's act as murder, and nothing less.

Williams, a sailor of the Himalaya, in a bad state of health, landed from that ship at Portsmouth, last week. Unable to walk, he was carried, first to the Sailors' Home, but refused admission there because he was ill ; next to the Royal Hospital, where he was refused admission because-he brought no "order." The bearers of the dying man next applied to one of Lloyd's agents, and he recommended the Union Workhouse. Thither -Williams was carried,—the precaution.being-now taken twobtain an.'" order" on-the way : here; after six hours' exposure; he was admitted—to die-beforethe morning: The medical officer .of the-union certified; that, the cause- of the sailor's death was "exhaustion and exposure, and having been landed-from-thelfimalaya when unable to walk to proper shelter; he has also been muck neglected during the passage." The-Coroner" saw. no necessity for an inquest," and the body was buried. Stbsequently, the Portaea:Board of Guardians took up" the subject, and-passed an order requesting the Coroner to give his rOMO011, At the second meeting, of the Coroneeielury to inquire. into- the-cause of the two death's on the Eastern Counties Railwey near Thetford, Goldman, the guard of the passenger-train, on whom the blame of the collision has. been thrown, offered himself- as a witness. He stated, that as soon as his train- came to a stand,- and'When the driver told 'him It would take some time to repair the engine he got his coat, which contained the fog-signals, and hastened down-the engine, he attached two fog-signals -to the rails; and. was- still proceeding farther back, when-the cattle-train came up, at a great- rate. According to Coldman's statement, he- had gone back as far as the time would permit, and was therefore blameless inthe matter : the distance he went was 450 yards. The -driver of the cattlegrain deposed, that, after • the crash; in answerto the inquiry, "Why were you not further back-with your signaler?" Goldman said to him, "Why, may I Was sitting onthat -gate,. waiting-for you:" Another witness- corroborated the driver's report. Major Wynne. the Government Inspector, reported the engine- that' broke. down to be an old one, but in fair working -order: thelib which broke was

of 'unexceptionable Material. •

Mrs. Margaret ilurman, occupier of a farm at. Brithdic, near Aberdare, has perished on Gellygaer Mountain. She was attempting to return home at tight over the mountain, when a light she had with her was extinguished, she lost her way; and died by exposure. She was advanced in-years: The body. waonot found for some days.

Mr. Oliver of Liverpool is again not a bankrupt. On.Wednesday, in the Liverpool Bankruptcy Court, the creditor, who had obtained an adjudication- of bankruptcy, withdrew from the • contest against those who opposed the bankroptcy ; and Mr. Commissioner Stevenson declared the adjudication sat aside and the petition void.