14 SEPTEMBER 1850, Page 3

IRELAND. The Lord-Lientenant's visit to the Earl and Countess of

Erne at Crone Castle, and the doings there in his honour, fill a large space in the diffuse columns of the Irish papers. The gentry and peasantry seem to have given him a reception fit for a crowned head. Lord Clarendon left Crone Castle early on Saturday morning, and arrived at the Armagh station of the Ulster Railway at about one ; a military guard of honour and a deputation of railway directors awaiting his arrival. At Belfast, in addition to the military and official reception, although his present visit was only a flying one as he passed through to the Northward, the inhabitants assembled and greeted him with hearty demonstrations. The directors of the company conducted him with state dignity to their board- room, and presented an address of congratulation on his arrival in the North. The Vice-King replied to especial points of the address—

'It is eery gratifying to me to learn that any efforts of mine to advance the welfare of Ireland have merited your approbation. I have endeavoured to invite attention to the means by which the abundant resources of-Ireland might best be turned to account; and if you consider that during the last three years the national industry has been promoted and a healthy stimulus to enterprise has been imparted by the Government, I venture to hope that the objects which I had in view have, to a considerable extent, been accom- plished. I need hardly assure you, that I look upon facility of intercourse between different parts of this country as indispensable to its prosperity and progress; and that, consequently, no exertion shall ever be wanting on my part to extend generally throughout Ireland the important benefits which the Ulster Company took the lead in affording to Belfast and the district's traversed by their railway." The journey was rapidly pursued by railway to Ballymena; and thence by post as fast as good horses could drive, across some fifteen miles of country full of the richest scenery to the coast, and to the Marquis of Londonderry's seat. The Northern Whig describes this picturesque baron- ial strong-hold, and the royal reception given to Lord Clarendon-

" The 'Tower of Garron us a castellated mansion' built after the style of the fifteenth century. The building forms two sides of a quadrangle, with a lofty octanguler tower, the East front Amon the verge of a precipice over,. hanging the sea at a height of 270 feet. The principal entrance to the grand hall and staircase is through a lofty square embattled tower, leaffing through the armoury, which is replete with old armour and trophies, and is adorned with flags. On the first landing of the great staircase is a large Gothic win- dow, filled with stained glass, representing the Marchionesa of Londonderry's illustrious ancestor' Sir Harry Vane, receiving the honour of knighthood on the battle-field at Poictiers, in the fourteenth century. . . . . At the ex- tremity of the South wing, and at right angles with it, is the lofty arched entrance to the court, through the warder's tower, fifty feet in heiglit, with portcullis and matchicoullons battlements. Along the verge of the precipice, overhanging the sea, is an embattled rampart about 1200 feet in length, stretching from Fort Dunmall to Fort Nappan, with embrasures and bas- tions mounted with cannon. The background is filled up with lofty moun- tains, forming a semicircular range from Denman to Nappan, leaving the Tower in the bosom of the amphitheatre below. The scenery is grind anti- majestic beyond description ; the windows of the Tower commanding an ex- tensive view of the Scottish Islands and coast, and a portion of the High- lands, as well as of the headlands and indented bays of the coast of Antrim, as far as Islandmagee on one side and Tor-head on the other ; while, on a clear night, no fewer than seven lighthouses may be counted with the naked eye. The summit of the mountain in the background forms an elevated' plateau, stretching on a level in a semicircular range round the valley be- neath; and the projecting crags, which stretch out here and there along the range, give the mountain a striking resemblance to a regular fortification. A footway has been constructed, at great expense, from the lower road up to the Tower on the face of the cliff, from which access is obtained to the inner court through the postern gate in the battery."

On Lord Clarendon's arrival in the evening, a salute of twenty-one guns boomed from the castellated heights, and from the remarkable power and repetition of the echoes each gun sounded like a broadside. The to- nantry of the noble host took the horses from the carriage of the vice- regal guest, and drew it up the steep approaches with the alacrity of an election-crowd. A distinguished company was assembled by the Marquis of Londonderry to do fitting honour to the viceregal visit.

The ecclesiastical proceedings at Thurles, inaugurated with such deb ceremonial and conducted with such veiled mystery, came to a conclusion on Tuesday : the Prelates and Theologians, Abbots and Friars of all colours, have turned their faces to the respective seats of their local authority. The attendance on the last day, both of clergy and laity, wee- extremely numerous ; and an immense multitude of country-people ess semblcd about the precincts of the Cathedral. The correspondent of the Times describes the scene-

" At half-past ten o'clock, the Bishops, wearing soutanes and rockets, witts pectoral cross, entered the Cathedral in procession from the College. High mass was celebrated by his Grace the Most Reverend Dr. Slattery. 'When the high mass was concluded, the Primate took his seat between his Theo- logians at the Epistle side of the altar; and, it having been announced by the secretaries that the business of the Synod had now concluded, and that it only remained for the Prelates to affix their signatures to the decrees agreed upon, the Reverend Dr. Cooper came forward, and deposited the records on which those decrees were inscribed, on the Gospel side of the altar. The Secretaries—namely, the Reverend Dr. O'Brien of Waterford, the Reverend Dr. Cooper of Dublin, and the Reverend Dr. Leahy of Thurles—then tsok their places close by the altar to witness the signing and final attestation of the decrees of the Synod by all who were qua.Uod by ecelesiastiml rank to take part in its councils and vote at its deliberations. First came the Pri- mate, who signed and declared his adoption of the decrees contained in the record before him; and then followed the other Prelates and procurators of absent Bishops, who each affixed their signatures in like manner. When the signatures of these dignitaries had been duly affixed to the decrees, and the same attested by the Secretaries as witnesses, Primate Cullen proceeded to address his brethren in the episcopacy and the assembled congregation. ills- exhortation was brief, but much more to the purpose than the longer-winded sermons of Drs. Blake and ItPliale."

The final proceedings are more congenially related by the Freeman's 'journal- " The Reverend Mr. Ford, speaking from the altar, said that the proceed- ings were now about to terminate by a solemn procession of the Bishops cud clergy; and it was the wish and command of the Primate that none but the ecclesiastics taking part in the ceremonial should leave the chapel until the procession returned. Their Lordships then went forth from the Cathedral in procession to the College, and in less than half an hour returned and resumed their places. During the procession, the Te Delius as composed and arranged by the Abbe Hari, was chanted by the choir in a style of the richest aud most sublime ecclesiastical harmony, beautifully and impressively conveying the sentiments of praise and adoration which are imparted in the opening verse of this glorious hymn of. jubilation. On the return of the procession, some psalms were sung in plain Gregorian chant; and at the conclusion the choir intoned the psalm • Benedictus,' harmonized for four voices ; the effset of which was truly sublime, and afforded a grand and fitting consummation to the magnificent ceremonials which marked the close of the National Synod of Ireland—the greatest and most auspicious rera in the religious history of our country which has been witnessed for centuries past, or may be for centuries to come. Before the Bishops left the Cathedral, the Reverend Dr. Cooper. ascended the altar, and ennounced, by direction of his Grace the Primate, an indulgence of forty days to all the faithful who had assisted at the ceremonial of the Synod, and offered their prayers to the Almighty to invoke g blessing on its councils."

The Cork Examiner adds some information referring to the Synod and the Collges-

" Thee statement in the Dublin Evening Post of yesterday's date, the 5th- instant,] as to the division in the Synod on the College question, is, as far as I can ascertain, founded on fact. There was only a majority of one Bishop in favour of the proposition for compelling ecclesiastics to retire from them - bat it is confideutly said that the Primate, in virtue of his authority as Papa legate, will make it imperative on all Catholic ecclesiastics to leave them,

and that he will issue such edict immediately after the conclusion of the Synod. On the other hand, the minority seem very confident, and appear as if they had gained a victory ; as I learn, they did not stall expect so large a number. Still, all are unanimous in receiving the Pa- pal men:its. You will be glad to hear, however, that on the day after that division, a unanimous decree was passed for taking immediate stein to found a Catholic University. Every ecclesiastic in Ireland will be called upon to pay an annual tax of two per cent on his income for its support; and a committee has been already named for carrying the project into ef- fect : the Archbishop and Dr. Cantwell, for Ulster ; the Archbishop and Dr. Derry, for Connaught ; the Archbishop and Dr. Healey, for Leinst,er ; the Archbishop and Dr. Foran, for Munster. These Prelates are to associate with themselves as many priests, and a similar number of laymen are to be associated with both, to form a provisional committee for carrying the project into effect. Dr. Cantwell, it is said, commences by a subscription of 11,000/."

The Examiner has since supplied a resume of the subjects which occu- pied the attention of the conclave, and of their supposed determinations ; declaring, with a sort of accredited prudery, that it gleans from "public channels alone," and in nowise officially interprets the mysteries of the "solemn council-chamber."

"It is said, then, that there have been two decisions against the Queen's Colleges,—one against their character and tendency, which was come to by a considerable majority, but not so large a majonty as was anticipated by those adverse to them; the other, for withdrawing ecclesiastics from them, which was affirmed by a majority of one. It is also said, that the plan of establishing a Catholic University met with general acquiescence, or rather with unanimous approval ; that all sacraments are to be administered in fu- ture in churches, country stations being specially condemned ; and that se- veral rules have been laid down with respect to religious ceremonials, so as to establish a perfect uniformity with those in Rome : that the question of mixed marriages has not been discussed at all ; that no material change has been made with respect to the observance of fasts; and that no rule has been made with respect to the stricter discipline of the religious orders. It is also said that on Tuesday night all the decrees passed by the Synod were signed and solemnly approved of by all ; and that the Primate will shortly publish an official address to the Catholic Church of Ireland, in which it is likely that his Grace will take strong ground with respect to the Colleges."

Among the visitors appointed for the Queen's Colleges at Belfast, Cork, and Galway, were the Roman Catholic Primate Dr. Cullen, Roman Ca- tholic Archbishop of Cashel Dr. Slattery, and Roman Catholic Archbishop of Tuam Dr. M`Hale, with three other Romanist Prelates. Dr. M'Hak's protest one would expect, and it comes with implied denunciation of the Colleges as "a system fatal to religion under the specious pretence of affording protection to it." But Dr. Slattery also sends a decorous re-

"I beg beg to say, that having always been of opinion that these Colleges were pregnant with danger to the faith and morals of our Catholic youth—being confirmed in that opinion by the reiterated decisions of the Holy See to the same effect—and being admonished by the same venerated authority not to have any part in carrying them out, it is obviously impossible for me, as a Catholic Bishop, to accept of any situation whatsoever in connexion with those institutions."

And the Freeman's Journal states, on authority, that Dr. Cullen has similarly "declined acceptance of any office or appointment whatever in connexion with the Colleges or the University proposed to be annexed to them."

It was lately reported that a Roman Catholic Member. of Parliament, who had obtained a cadetship for his son in the Navy, on discovering that his son was required to attend church like the Protestant officers of the crew, had remonstrated at the Admiralty, and sought advice of the Ca- tholic Primate Dr. Cullen. Dr. Cullen abetted the scruples of the parent on his .son' behalf, and interdicted the latter from attending the Protest- ant church, "even as a mere matter of discipline in the same way as a muster or parade." The matter was considered by the full Board of Ad- miralty; and the result was, says the Limerick Reporter, that "the re- gulation has been done away with, and this burden on the conscience of Catholics in the British Navy removed."

There is no longer any doubt of the election of Lord Dunsany to the vacancy in the representative Peerage created by the death of the Earl of Dunraven. In politics his Lordship is a strenuous supporter of Conser- vative principles. He sat for a short time in the House of Commons as Member for the borough of Drogheda.—Times Correspondent.

Chief Justice Doherty, of the Irish Court of Common Pleas, died on Sunday evening, at Beaumaris, whither he had gone for the benefit of his health. John Doherty was called to the bar in 1808; he entered Par- liament in 1826, under the patronage of the Ormond family ; became So- licitor-General for Ireland in 1827; and was appointed to the office which he held at his death in 1830. Mr. Doherty's political success was owing more to his fine wit and manners than to his professional distinction. A favourable notice in the Globe recalls the interesting features of his ca- reer—

" The late Chief Justice belonged to a school of Irish barristers now nearly extinct. He was not a mere advocate without legal skill and aptitude, though as an advocate he may be said to have succeeded. The combat be- tween Mr. O'Connell and him on the occasion of the discussion on the Do- neraile conspiracy, on the 12th May 1830, is one of the most memorable in- stances on recent Parliamentary record of high intellectual antagonism ; and it is due to the memory of the deceased Chief Justice to state, that in addi- tion to an overwhelming majority of the House of Commons in his favour, Lord Althorp and other equally exalted judges of the question upon which that discussion arose expressed their strong sense of the injustice of the charge brought against him. As a judge, he was painstaking, calm, and urbane; but his knowledge of law as a science was far from profound. The decisions of the Court of Common Pleas during his time, though generally the result of good sense, will not be cited in the Irish Courts as authorities to in- fluence, or still less determine the abjudication of the other courts of common law. It is said that in 1834 it was the wish of Sir Robert Peel to have him retire from the bench, with a view to his resuming that position in the House of Commons which he had gained by his former triumphs in that as- sembly; and more recently a rumour very generally prevailed of his own 9 ' ye an opportunity of again exhibiting his powers in the

I ((rot ,g his Parliamentary career, his graceful and brilliant 4147 and social attributes, secured an entree into the seldom accorded to members of the forensic profession. tionage, that especially of the Marquis of Anglesey, tration of Ireland he was appointedSolicitor-General; but his elevation was much more attributable to his own consummate tact and unquestionable talents."

The Magistrates of the North Biding of Tipperary resolved, on the 9th instant, to recommend a reduction of one hundred men of the Police force of the riding,. "being the amount of increase which was made to that force when crime and outrage prevailed to a considerable degree."

A frightful tragedy has been enacted by a madman at Mall inagh, near Ca- van. Dr. Creighton, a gentleman rather more than thirty years old, after i practising as a surgeon n Dublin, became the victim of a delusion that his family were in a conspiracy against him. His friends removed him to the country, and settled him in a farm; thinking that the change might tran- quillize his mind. Here he lived with an old maiden aunt and a man-ser- vant; recently Miss Faris, a young. relative, had been staying on a visit before she proceeded to America to )0111 her friends. Dr. Creighton was now afflicted with a notion that his household wished to pois6n him : he would refuse food for days, and would eat grass on the lawn : on other matters he appeared rational, and so he was not placed under restraint. The other morn- ing he went to his aunt's room, said the man was waiting to shave him, and thus got possession of his razors. A little while afterwards, Miss Creighton entered the kitchen, and was horrified by seeing Miss Faris dead on the floor, with her head nearly severed from the body. A train of blood led from the spot to the pantry; and there Dr. Creighton was found just expiring, with a gash in his throat : he seems to have wounded hiniggf while standing by Miss Faris's body, and then walked to the pantry.

A Coroner's Jury sitting at Mallow has returned a verdict of "Manslaughter" against Captain Bushe, of the Fifty-ninth Regiment, for killing a little boy by striking him on the head with a whip. The verdict seems extraordinary. From the evidence it was not very clear that Captain Bushe struck the child at all, though one witness alleged that he did so because a dog belonging to him had yelped and he thought the boy had struck it. On the other hand, surgeons declared that the child died of water on the brain, and that there was no mark of violence on the head or face. The verdict, however, was re- ceived with an ebullition of delight by the crowd.