14 SEPTEMBER 1850, Page 7


The Lords of the Admiralty have directed that henceforth the British and North American Royal Mail steam-ships, sailing between Liverpool and New York, shall cease calling at Halifax on their outward and home- ward passage. The company's ships sailing between Liverpool and Bos- ton will continue to call at Halifax, both out and home, as usual.

The Scottish Press states, that Mr. Stuart Wortley has intimated to his constituents in Bute that it is not his intention to renew the measure for legalizing marriages with a deceased wife's sister; and that in the event of another Member of the House taking it up, he will use his endeavours to get Scotland exempted from its operation.

Out of the whole complement of her Majesty's ship Tweed, Commander Lord Francis Russell, which amounts to one hundred and fifty officers and men, no fewer than thirty-four had died from fever, and only thirty-two out of the whole crew escaped attack. Four of the midship- men of the Tweed had fallen victims. When we remember the strong public feeling that was excited when the coast of Africa fever nearly ex- terminated the crew of the ill-fated Eclair steam-sloop, and the official inquiry that took place, we are surprised at the apathy of the public and the Admiralty with respect to the Tweed.—United Service Gazette.

Sir John Ross, in a letter to the Hudson's Bay Company, dated "June," states that he had arrived at Holsteinborg, the Danish settlement on the Greenland coast, about the centre of Davis's Straits. He had en- gaged an Esquimaux who understands the Danish language, and would be able to act as interpreter between Sir John and the Arctic tribes.

We have heard that young Napoleon Bonaparte Wyse, Esq., late of Waterford, will in a short time lead to the hymeneal altar a French lady of great fortime. Mr. Wyse is at present a Colonel in the National Guards at Paris ; a post which was given him by his relative the President.— Waterford News.

General Hayman was confined to Tali hed at Morley's Hotel for the re- mainder of the day (Wednesday the 4th instant) on which he was at- tacked by the mob at Messrs. Barc/ay's brewery ; and was still suffering from the injuries he received on Friday. On Saturday, however, he was well enough to leave this country. It was mentioned last week that Messrs. Barclay had suspended the whole of the men employed by them, in anger at the unseemly demonstration ; but it appears that the fact was very much contrariwise, for it is now stated, that "in order that the ex- citement may be allayei in every possible manner, the signature of General Haynau,' in the visiters' book, has been obliterated, much to the satisfaction of the whole staff" General Henan arrived at Ostend on Saturday morning, and shortly afterwards went on for Cologne.

Major-General William Napier has published, in a letter to the news- papers, the following vindication of Sir Charles Napier with reference to the suicide of Colonel King. "Sir Charles Napier's observations upon the Court-martial which, it is said, caused the melancholy death of Colonel King, of the Fourteenth Dra- goons, need neither apology nor illustration ; but the shameless efforts of writers, evidently tools of more powerful persons, to abuse the public mind as to his speech, made six months before, when inspecting that regiment, shall be exposed in all their malignant relief. "'The Fourteenth Dragoons would go anywhere if properly led.' These are the words put into Sir Charles Napier's mouth—but they never came out of it; and, if they had, would not of necessity imply more than that some officer had failed in judgment, unless something known or surmised had given them force and point. However, Sir Charles Napier never uttered them ; they are the invention of calumniators, who, in their eagerness to lower him in public estimation, do not hesitate thus to forge insults against the unhappy officer they pretend to defend and bewail. "Some of those writers have spoken also of a last letter to the Commander- in-chief, predicting that it will be suppressed. It is as follows-

" Sir—You asked me the weight of men mounted on the 18th of December 1849. I answered 17st. 51b. You said, 'That is three stone lighter than at home '; which I accounted for by saying the men were young, and tall men were not sent out from England to India. When you asked about the swords, I said we could not keep them so sharp as the Natives, who use leather scabbards. Was it judicious in you to repeat my words before the men, perverting their meaning ? You bore testimony to the discipline of the regiment that day under my command. Your remarks before the regiment sowed the seeds of discontent, which have ripened into mutiny. You are the cause of the stripes and parliament which that mutiny has led to, and dis- traction and death to one who once had friends, now disgrace and misery to thing, friends. I have not been an accountable being for this last month. J. W. Hum"

" This letter, the result of insanity as I shall presently show, would have been thus replied to, if the writer had been living when it was received.

"When a General-in-chief is publicly told by a commanding-officer, in the hearing of his men, against whom a cry had gone forth for misbehaviour in action, that they were very small men and not strong—that their swords would not take so Amp an edge as their enemies' swords, and were so heavy the men could not use them—for these were the real expressions used— when such language was employed at such a time, it was not only judicious but necessary that Sir Charles %pier should address the regiment as follows —‘ Soldiers, the Colonel says you are small men, and your swords are too heavy for you, and not so sharp as the Sikhs' swords. I beg the Colonel's pardon : I see before me men with big hearts, and broad shoulders, and strong arms; and if we have another war I would give them an opportunity to show what they are made of.' "That Colonel. King's letter was the result of insanity, is but too easily shown. He says, remarks made six months before caused mutiny and drove him to suicide. But there was no mutiny, nor an idea of mutiny, in the Fourteenth Dragoons : and the following letter to the Commander-in-chief s Secretary, written immediately after the inspection, proves that the writer, Colonel King, was pleased and gratified with Sir Charles Napier's address, and the assertions in Ins last letter are the hallucinations of a distempered mind— "We were not a little gratified by the expression of the approbation this morning of the most discerning, as well as deserving great captain in India ; but I beg of you to believe that it was no friendly veil which the dust threw around us, concealing

good as well as evil." "No more need be said."

On the same subject "A. Z." states to the Daily News, that letters from India inform Colonel King's family,

• • • • "that the men of the whole regiment, on their return from the funeral of their generally beloved and respected commander, made an imme- diate and urgent request to the senior officer then present to be permitted to erect a monument, entirely at their own expense, to the memory of the de- ceased." "To such a petition it is believed Sir Walter Gilbert will not re- fuse his assent ; for, with the tender sympathy with others for which he is eminent, he spent the greater part of both days before the lamentable oc- currence in endeavouring to Booth the mind of Colonel King, wounded be- yond endurance by a taunting correspondence and observations that he could not control."

Results of the Registrar-General's return of mortality in the Metropolis for the week ending on Saturday last : the first column of figures gives the aggregate number of deaths in the corresponding weeks of the ten previous years.

Ten Weeks of 1839-49. Week. of 1850.

Zymotic Diseases

4670 ...• 251

Dropsy, Cancer, and other diseases of uncertain or variable seat

449 .... 46 Tubercular Diseases 1832

180 Diseases of the Brain, Spinal Marrow, Nerves, and Senses 1092 .... 94 Diseases of the Heart and Blood-vessels 212

28 Diseases of the Lungs, and of the other Organs of Respiration 726 • • • • 80 Diseases of the Stomach, Liver, and other Organs of Digestion 787 • • • • 60 Diseases of the Kidneys, Sc 76 • • 12 Childbirth, diseases of the Uterus, tke 106 • •• • 6 Rheumatism, diseases of the Bones, Joints, Sc 72 • • • • 8

Diseases of the Skin, Cellular Tissue, Sc..

14 • • • • 1 Malformations 33 ... • 4 Premature Birth 202 • • • • 24 Atrophy 200 . • • • 26 Age 456 • • • • 29 Sudden 78

9 Violence, Privation, Cold, and Intemperance

24 Total (including unspecified causal) 11,281


The deaths were about equal to the calculated average for the week. The births during the week were 1474, an excess over the deaths of 575. The deaths by cholera were eight ; one case only being malignant cholera, and that the case of an infant three years old. In the two cases of death in the adult, one of the persons died in Marylebone workhouse ; the other person was a woman who had had an attack of English cholera last year. The mortality by diarrhcea fell to the number of 75; 35 persons died of "scar- latina or putrid sore throat," and 48 of typhus.

At Greenwich, the mean atmospheric pressure was 30-196 inches ; tem- perature, in the air 56-5°-2-1° below the average, in the Thames 59'; wind chiefly from the West and North ; rain fell on Sunday and Tuesday—nearly an inch.

A Paris correspondent of the Brussels Independence writes—" Since Louis Philippe's death, the journals have been speaking of the fortune which he has left ; and it has been even said that the legacy-duties would amount to some millions. I find the exaggeration which I suspected in these accounts is greater than I had supposed. The landed property belonging to the late King contains about 86,000 hectares, (the hectare is nearly 2i English acres,) thus divided : 45,000 comprised in the donation made by the King to his children on August 7th 1830, and of which he reserved to himself the life interest ; 13,000 belonging to the King himself; and 28,000 bequeathed to him, for his life only, by Madame Adelaide, his sister. The gross revenue of this pro- perty, calculated on an average of ten years, is 2,989,000 francs. Since 1848, it has been smaller, and for 1851 will not, it is supposed, amount to more than 3,900,000 francs. But from all this it is necessary to deduct the ex- penses of taxes, insurance, management, agency, &c., amounting to 1,611,000 francs. There therefore remains a revenue of 2,378,000 franca; which, at 3 per cent, represents a capital of nearly 79 millions. In this valuation I do not comprise non-productive property, such as chateaus, parks, and gardens, which, it must be admitted, are not without importance. For instance, the park of Monceaux, in the Faubourg du Roulet close to Paris, is altogether unpro- ductive, and contains 19 hectares, worth, say, 2,000,000 francs; also the park of Neuilly, containing nearly 186 hectares, gives no revenue, yet, if sold in lots, it would give at least4,000,000 francs. I ought to mention that I have included in this statement the property of the Duke d'Aumale's do- main, of which the Queen Marie-Amelie has the life use, and which gives about 137,000 francs a year. In fine, to be exact, I ought not to pass over in silence the moveable property of the King, consisting of matters held in common by him and Madame Adelaide, arising from canal shares and ton- tines, which, without any exaggeration, must be worth 325,000 francs a year; also Government securities belonging to Louis Philippe himself; amounting to 100,000 francs a year, including 30,000 francs a year in the Five per Cents, for the chapels of Dreux and Neuilly. But this situation, so brilliant in appearance, is considerably diminished by the enormous debts contracted almost exclusively for the works undertaken at Versailles and in the Royal Palaces. The names of the executors of Louis Philippe are now known ; they are MM. de Montalivet, Dupin senior, de Montmorency, La- plague, Barns, and Scribe, formerly advocate at the Court of Caseation."

The corporation of Berwick have been assured by Sir George Grey, that, for the present at least, the Government will not dispose of the ramparts of the Border city.

A cheap exclusion-train on the Great Western Railway from London to Bath and Bristol, on Sunday last, carried no fewer than 2400 passengers. The electric telegraph, whether ultimately successful or not under sea, ap.. pears likely to be applied extensively to shipping and other purposes along- rivers, and in ports and harbours ; and with this view it is intended to esta- blish one over the Mersey, between Liverpool and Birkenhead. It is also in contemplation to establish a line of wire communicating with the Custom- house and chief shipping stations along the three miles of docks, so that, in foul or foggy weather, the owners of vessels may receive intelligence at the- moment any ship is at the mouth of the river. Arrangements have been made by Mr. Walker, superintendent of telegraphs on the South-eastern Railway, for running a waterproof wire for this purpose under the harbour of Folkestone.

The Boulogne Gazette, quoting the account of the rupture of the marine telegraph, comments on the manner in which it is said to have been broken, and adds—" We confess we are at a loss to rightly comprehend the

merits of this unfortunate affair, in presence of the fact, which we have ascertained, that one of our fishermen is in possession of a certain length of the telegraphic wire and coating, and demands sixty francs for the damage done to his nets in obtaining it. It seems pretty clear that the wire must be broken in at least two places. The circumstance demands every possible- inquiry."

Mr. Charles Robertson, of Mr. Cooper's private observatory, Markree Castle, Ireland, detected a new comet in the constellation Camelopardus, about midnight on the 9th instant. The observations gave, at 13h. 4m. 33s., Greenwich mean time—Cornet's right ascension, 6h. Om. 51.5s. ; North declination, 53 deg. 29m. 22s. The hourly motion in E.A. is 40 seconds of time, increasing, and that in declination about three minutes towards the South.

A regular steam communication between Liverpool and Trieste will com- mence on the 20th instant.—Morning Chronicle.

For the last few weeks a great number of English horses have been ex- ported to France on board the General Steam Navigation Company's and.

Commercial Company's vessels on account of the French Government. There- are several agents at present in this country for the purpose of making some- very large purchases of chargers for the remounting of the French cavalri regiments, both heavy and light. The contract is for 12,000, at the price of 251. per horse for the light cavalry, and 28/. for the heavy troops,—cuiras- siers, carabineers, dragoons, artillery, &c. Before they are sent off, they will be thoroughly examined by experienced regimental veterinary surgeons of the French army, who have come over to this country for that purpose. In consequence of this demand, there is scarcely a vessel that arrives from. Ireland which does not bring over from thirty to fifty horses of the very best breeds for this particular service.—Times.

Lieutenant Gale, the aeronaut, is reported to have lost his life ; but some accounts contradict the fatal part of the story. He ascended on horseback in his balloon from Bordeaux on Monday, and, one account says, reached the ground safely between Merignac and Cestas. He was engaged in exhausting the balloon of the remaining gas, when the peasantry who assisted him suc- ceeded earlier than he seemed to expect in removing his horse. The balloon, disencumbered of the horse's weight, instantly soared aloft, snapping in two like a stick a young fir-tree which held the grapnel. Poor Gale was not in the car, but was lifted up entangled by the ropes, and was presently too far aloft to let go. He held by the ropes while the balloon floated nearly two- miles, and dropped either with it or just before it fell : his body was found in a tree, and the collapsed balloon in an adjacent wood. Mr. Gale has lefty eight children.

The Honourable Amiss Poulett, youngest son of Earl Poulett, while re- turning from a shooting-excursion, fell from his horse, fractured his right leg, and it IS feared, suffered a concussion of the brain. Hopes are still en- tertained that he will recover.

A lad about thirteen years of age was driving his mother Mrs. Humphrey, and five little children, with the nurse ; and when at the lake, this side of Torryburn, the horse rushed into the water, the bank being very steep, and they were all engulfed beyond their depth. The mother, with her infant in , her arms, supported herself for an instant, but sank; when feeling her foot touching sometimes, by exertion she rose to the surface and grasped a branch; held out by some men, who, providentially, by this time were present. The- lad seized two of his sisters, but finding they were too heavy, called for help ; he was dragged on shore, he being the only one who could swim. He again struck out, and seeing another of his misters in the waggon at the bottom of the lake, went down and rescued her, in time (though she was insensible) to preserve life. One more child was still floating on the water' supported by its clothes; the noble brother again dashed in, restoring this fourth one. by his courage and exertions. The nurse was saved by grasping a stick held. out by men on shore. Thus a lad thirteen years of age saved the lives of four children.—St. John's News [New Brunswick.] The sentence of death passed on Hannah Curtis has been commuted to transportation for life. Ronald Macdonald, at -Whiteboy, near Raddery, died. on Friday sennight, at the age of one hundred and five years and two days.

A curious fact—curious if true—is recorded in the Prussian journals. "A man died in the Gips Street of cholera. His dog, probably accustomed to sleep on the bed, remained by the body, where it was found in the morn- ing. Soon after it fell ill, with all the symptoms of cholera, and died; the carcass was removed to the veterinary hospital, and there dissected in the presence of Professors Hertwich and Leubeuscher ; who gave it as their de- cided opinion that the cause of death was Asiatic cholera, thereby establish- ing a novel case."

A young man named Auguste, who was to have been married on Thursdan went with his future father-in-law to the Seine to catch a dish of fish for the marriage-feast. The cable which fastened the boat in which they placed themselves happened to break, and the current carried the boat away. The young man attempted to catch hold of a post with the grapnel, but he fell into the water and was drowned, after struggling for more than a quarter of an hour.—Galignani a Messenger. On Monday last, for two or three hours in the afternoon, liskeard and its neighbourhood were visited by a prodigious multitude of flies ; the atmo- sphere swarmed, and the ground was strewed with them in vast numbers. They appeared to be ant-flies—a few without wings. How far they extend- ed has not been correctly ascertained—it is eight miles to the East, and about sixteen to the West. During their continuance, the sky was beclouded till towards the evening, when the sun shone out, and they nearly all disappeared. —Devonport Telegraph.

A simple and economical contrivance for excluding draughts of air from rooms has been invented by Mr. Helbronner, of 261 Regent Street. It is an elastic roll of fine wool, to be neatly glued in the angle of the frame of the door-jamb in which the door is embedded. It thus presses along the whole edge of the door, and effectually keeps out every breath of air. Buried out of sight, and stained to the colour of the wood, it is, quite imperceptible.