15 JUNE 1850, Page 5

, 64t 31Ittrafulis. In the Court of Common Council, on Thursday,

the report of the Parlia- mentary Committee on the Metropolitan Interments Bill was brought up. It stated that Sir George Grey had given not the least hope that the City of London should be exempted; that the bill contains clauses dangerous to the just rights and liberties of the inhabitants of the City, and that the Committee should be empowered to oppose the progress of the bill in every way. Mr. Low moved that the report be adopted. Mr. Norris expressed an opinion that the Government are justly pushing forward the bill, the Corporation having delayed self-reform so long that further delay would be a public danger. Mr. Elliot objected most strenuously to the clause having reference to the clergy; but be took it willingly, bad as it was, because by bribing the clergy the advocacy of a great power in the state would be secured. He freely earned that the payment in perpetuity of the clergy was an evil, but it was between a choice of evils they were to decide. The question was, should they forego paying a small tribute to the priests, or suffer two millions of people ffdll to remain deprived of the blessings arising from out-of-town interments. The report was carried.

A deputation, consisting of Dr. Copland, Dr. Lankeater, Dr. Tilt, Dr. Woolley, and Mr. John Lilvrall, had an interview with Lord Seymour, President of the Woods and Forests Commission, on Saturday, to urge on- him the necessity of immediate measures to purify the Serpentine. It is not stated by whom the "deputation" was deputed. Dr. Copland re- minded Lord Seymour that the Government had promised that the supply of water should be increased to the extent of 2,000 tons daily ; but he stated that the supply is still less than it was • it is not enough to replace the loss by evaporation, so that in particular atates of the sky and atmo- sphere the effluvia disengaged are disgusting and baneful. Mr. Lilwall had been informed that the Chelsea Waterworks Company are ready to supply four times the quantity at present used, for only twice the money at present expended. Dr. Wilson, Dr. Tilt, and Dr. Woolley, gave opi- nions, the result of observation, on the disease-creating effects of the Ser- pentineexlialatioms- . and Dr. Woolley referred to the dangerousness of the place as a bathing resort—from the holes and entangling weeds. Reference was made to the Show of Industry by All Nations, which will be near to the banks of the Serpentine : discreditable defects should be removed before that time of exposure come round. Lord Seymour „said that the matter had already engaged his especial attention. The artesian wells in Orange Street are out of order : when repaired, they will give the requisite supply—it is hoped. Meanwhile he would inquire con- cerning the proposal of the Chelsea Waterwork; Company. He did not deny the necessity for thoroughly emptying the river of its mud, and also for rendering it more safe ; but it would be impossible to do so before the great exhibition of 1851. However, no time should be lost in affording the necessary increase of water. - The two great flower shows, of the MorticeRural Society at Chiswick on Saturday, and the Royal Botanical Society in the Regent's Park en Wednesday, were unusually attractive and successful. At the Chiswick show, the gigantic Victoria Regia WY, grown in the Ellen House 61n:d.enat was a great source of wonder and pleasure. Among the 6,000 venters were the Dukes and Dutehessee of Northumberland, Bedford, and Devon- Oise, the Mexelsiehiesses of Westmoreland and Waterford, and "the Nepanlese Princes." At the exhibition in the Regent's Park no fewer than 16,000 persons are said to have been present ; the Duke and nuttiness of Cambridge, the Princess Mary and Prince George of Cambridge, the Dukes* a Wellington and Norfolk, the Arehbishop of Canterbury, and the Spanish Ambassador, being among the most distinguished of the company. The inagnificeat eolleetion of American plants was the most marked feature of the exhibition,

The eighth anniversary festival of the Brompton Hospital for Con- eineption was celebrated on Wednesday evening, at the Albion Tavern ; Lord Peyersham presiding. The institution continues to increase in use- fulness.

The report read by the Secretary mentions the number of in-patients /luring the pest veer as 360; being 78 more than in the previous years. Of this weather, 217 were relieved and discharged more or less benefited, 62- died, and there were 81 in the house when the report was drawn up. Sines the opening of the new bidhllng, ie 1846, 1,036 in-patients bad. been ad- spitted ; et whom 760 were relieved and discharged, and 195 died. The nember of oat-patients treated during the pest year has been 3,176; being an increase of 371 over the number treated in the previous year. The re- nert poiuts eet that many of these patients continue under treenneut for months, and that during the year the number of prescriptions to out-patients alone has ameunted to 26,950.

The subscription after dinner amounted to 1,500/.

The new church of St. Barnabaa in Pimlico was consecrated on Tues- day last, by the Bishop of London. The ceremony attracted more than ordinary attention, from the number of High Church Bishops, dignita- vies, sea clergy, who mustered in full eastonicals, 88 well as from the number of aristocratic members of the High Church party; inelnding the Earl of Carlisle, Earl Nelson, Lords Campden, Fielding, Castlere 11, John Manners, Mr. J. B. Hope, M.P. and Mr. Bramston, M.P, The 41)A-ch, which from the style of architecture and the nature of its decora- tions has much the appearance of a Roman Catholic cathedral, is hitended to be entirely, free, without pews or paid seats. There is a college con- nected with the churoh, at which choristers and other youths will be edu- cated. A Sisterhood of Mercy is also to be established, for parochial . Arrangements have been made for holding a greatpublie meeting of the clergy and laity of the Church of England, on the 27th instant, for the adoption of certain resolutions with reference to the late decision of' the. Judicial Committee in the ease of Gorham a. the Bishop of Exeter, and the consequences arising therefrom. The meeting is looked forward to with much interest by what is generally termed the High Church parte,: the principal men connected with which will be present to take part in the proceedings. The promoters are anxious to secure the countenance and support of allwho feel that a tacit acquiescence by the Church of England iii the recent decision of the Privy Council would be an "unspeakable misery. An address to the Throne will be submitted to the meeting, set- ting forth the Church's- rights as to spiritual freedom, reminding her Majesty- of the declaration prefixed to the Articles of Religion, and pray- ing therefore the Royal licence that Convocation may be summoned ibr the express purpose of vindicating or authoritatively declaring the doctrine of the Church of England on Holy Baptism. There will deo be submitted a memorial to the Episcopate of the two Provinces, including the Colonial Bishops, as being technically in the province- of Canterbury, and an ad- dress to the Bishops of Scotland, expressive of thankfulness and confidence. The day is to open with the celebration of the most solemn ecclesiastical (aces in several London churches ; and those who purpose taking part in the meeting will be invited to attend service either at Westminster Abbey or St. Paul's Cathedral. Many of the highest ecclesiastical dignie tildes have expressed approval of the proposed course of proceeding, and have intimated their intentioa of being present at tho meeting.—Times.

The Court of Exchequer, on Tuesday, granted Sir Fitzroy Kelly's aepliea- tion in the Gorham case tbr a rule Mk, to argue whether a prohibition shall be issued against the induction of Mr. borham into the living of Brampford Spoke. The Court seems to have taken this course partly because of the delay which would be occasioned by considering the matter more maturely—if the ease were further considered, it could not be finally deter- mined before next Michaelmas term. Some doubt is also entertained by "several of the Judges" on the point, hitherto much taken for granted, that this is a case whit& "touches the King" in the sense intended by the act of Henry the Eighth. The Court will hear the case on the 29th instant, and from day to day thence till it is-disposed of.

. In the matter of the Queen versus the Bishop of Exeter, regarding the tiorharn induction, the Court of Queen's Bench has ordered the rare form- linty of a writ Inuare impedit ?) to the Archbishop of Canterbury, com- manding him to inquire into and certify the Queen's Court, whether, as the Biahop of Exeter pleads, the Reverend Mr. Gorham cloth entertain unsound Coctrines and (lemons, contrary to the book of Common Prayer and the Thirty-nine Articles. The form is matter of course, and the Attorney-Ge- neral said that he only mentioned it to the Court in courtesy to the persons doncerried.

In the Exchequer Chamber, on Saturday, five Judges sitting as a court of appeal heard arguments in the ease of Walter Watts, who was convicted of stealing a piece of paper—a cancelled check—the property of the Globe In- surance Company. For the prisoner, Mr. Cockburn submitted three points in his favour : there was no larceny, though there might have been ember- element;. there was no proof that the piece of paper ever belonged to the Company ; Watts was a shareholder, and being a partner he could not steal property in which he had a joint interest. lu the course of hia address, Mr.

cliburn remarked on the defective nature of the evidence for the prosecu- tion: as to the erasure in the pass-book, there was no proof who made ; there was no testimony of the drawing of the check, or that it was ever drawn or in existence. Then as to the theft of the "piece of raper," was it the. Company's or the banker's property ? it was a voucher that the bank had pant the money, and several heelers refuse to return cancelled checks with the drawer gives a receipt The cancelled check never came into pos- session of the Company' it was lawfully in Watt's possession until required Of him. As a partner, he could not be convicted of stealing his own. pro- perty. Mr. Justice Patteson—" I recollect a ease where a man was con- victed of stealing his own clothes from his laundress." Mr. Cockburn—

"Yes, because she had a special p pet , in them at the time ; but there

can be no pretence for saying that the Company ever had possession or any property in the check." The Attorney-Geueral argued the wee for the pro- secution, combating the views of Mr. Cockburn : the plea that Watts was a partner and not amenable for his acts was a fallacy—he bad voluntarily become a servant, and must he bound by the incidents 'of that position. Judgment was deferred.

In the Bankruptcy Court, on Tuesday, Commissioner Fano delivered an elaborate judgment on the application of Mr. Thomas Edward Debafield, bankrupt, for his certificate. The affairs of this extraordinary case had been fully inveatigated, the creditors are fully satisfied that the truth has been. told, and the bankrupt passed his last examination without oppoaition: his certificate was now opposed on the public grounds of the reckless personal expenditure, and the unfair makine away with remaining assets shortly before the bankruptcy, and on the-pnvate ground of the circumstances of the loan mede to him in Mareb. 1846 by the college friend who is now the as- signee under hit fiat. Reviewing the circumstances of Mr. Delafield's edu- cation and prospects, and those of his subsequent actual fortune, Mr. Fane did not deem that his personal expenditure had been recklessly extravagant : his income was upwards of 7,0001. a year, his personal expenditure little more than 5,0001. a year. Allusion had been made to a gift of 5,0001. to a musical friend, Mr. Webster, in February 1847; but at this time Mr. Delafield had in reserve, after deducting all the losses sustained up to that time and all his debts, a fortune of at least 80,000/. ; he believed that Mr. Webster was shout to marry his sister; "every person is at liberty to give away-thousands of his own money if lie chooses so far to depart- from the ordinary usages of mankind.' The other public charge is that in April and May 1849, after having been by the end of the season of 1848, inhis own words " a ruinednia" he without legal pressure made away with all his remaining property to Mr: Ileale, Prime facie,, this was an unfair preference ; but the case was special. Seine allowance should be made for Mr. Delafiehrs extreme youth, and for the deception of which he was made the victim ; some for the greatness of the ruin which has befallen him, itself a terrible punishment;. some for the fact that he could hardly be deemed a trader and.some for the fact that Aprilis the very commencement of the Gwent Garden season, and he might. not unnaturally think that by int/wine Beale to go on, he was doing the. beet he could for the creditors, whose immediate subsistence aud ultimate payment depended on the theatre being kept open. H.oweveri the assignee boa closed his own mouth by accepting from Mr. Beale 1,000L m satisfaction. of all claims in respect of this transaction. So much for the peblie grounds:. it remained to consider the private complaint of the assignee. " He was a, college friend, three or four years older than the bankrupt. In. March 1846, being then, it must be presumed, wen acquainted with his young friend's carelessness about money, and his unfitness to be heated with it, he thought proper to lend him 4,6001., to be repaid at the option of either party on. twelve months' notice being given. In February 184$, he or his Seen& commenced an action. to recover the money immediately„ with interest The bankrupt paid the interest; but as to the principal he declined paying at that time, on the ground that he was entitle(' to twain, months' notice. The assignee, knowing that the defence was right in point of law, submitted, gave immediate notice, and then. renewed- his 'action in. February 1849. Meanwhile, the bankrupt had -in./deed himself in the opera speculation, and. was, in fact, utterly ruined." The defence wasiustifiehle at the time. "But then," continued' Mr. Faue, "Itia insisted, that I ought-in. granting the cere tilled° to attach a condition, that the bankrupt shall pay ten &nines in the pound on his debts out or future assets. I confess There no inclination to attach such condition to a certificate in any ease. I refused to do so in. Jnllien's. The world of industry in which we live is one in which every man not living an accumulations is struggling for a subsistence. lit that struggle it As dicult enough for any one to win his way, even with charac- ter dear and something to.begin with. , then, may be expected to be the fate of onewho not only begins with nothing, hut is weighed. down.br the strain of bankruptcy, and- by an unpaid debt of ten shillings in the pound on 33,)00l.? I see, nothing for a person so hardened hut to lie down in hopeless despair ' and abandon all future exertion. Were the faults of this bankrupt far greater than they am, I would not condemn. him to such a fate. It may. be said that this bankrupt has rich relations. Perhaps he has ; but, if it were true, this argument is one which will never weigh with me. I will never be a party to the establishing of any such doe- trine as that rich relations are under any obligation to pay the deists of ex- travagant connexion& A contrary doctrine is a far more wholesome one. It is far better to lay it down that no creditor 'shall have any means of pr. sure, direct or indirect, upon rich relations ; and thus, to cheek the game credit to the young, and foolish: It is. the too great prevalence of this credit -which, in the lone run, leads_ to the establishment of laws which, intended to check the unwholesome credit given to the idle, have a tendency to ime pede that wholesome credit which; by enabling struggling industry to exer- cise its calling, is the source of pubhc wealth. And for whose benefit am to impose this burden ?—for that of the assignee ? or.for that of the general body of creditors?- If for the assignee, I answer, that he knew at the time he lent the money that he was lending to a. spendtb.rift ; that the money was to meet past or provide for future extravagance. Why should the law go out of its way to aid such lenders? They are public enemies. They foster extravagance, encourage idleness, and disturb the happiness of families. Even those who advance- money to enable others to educate themselves or go into business must submit to the, losa of what they have lent if circumstances turn out unfavourable ; and if this he the fate of those who advance motley for praiseworthy purposes, why should it not be the fate of those who advance money to supply extravagance ? Surely the loss of what has been so lent is not inappropriabe punishment for persons who time interfere between the young and their natural advisers and protectors. But it may be said that I ought to impose this condition for the benefit of the other creditors. To that I answer, that I do not believe that there is even one who wishes it. I have , now been engaged twenty-fin years in administering the law of bankruptcy, &ed. in that time I havu observed that the most marked feature in the con- duct of creditors as a body, towards debtors, is an unwillingness to press harshly on the fallen ; and I doubt not that that is the feeling which per- vades the body of creditors in this case. At all events, not one has appeared to make the slightest personal complaint against the bankrupt. But, if a contrary feeling did prevail, I should not yield, to it ; for I look upon the general body of creditors in. this case as co-speculatore with the bankrupt ; and as the speculation bars been a total failure, and he the greatest sufferer, all (dent to bear their share of the misfortune without repining. On the whole, 'I thine upon full consideration of all the circumetaaces, that I shall best discharge my public duty by granting the bankrupt a common certifi- cate, without attaching any condition to it. I hope that the terrible lesson lie has received may be of use to him La after life."

The Central Criminal Court has been occupied by two singular cross-prose- cutions. A short time since, much sympathy was excited for the Wanda) woman, Caroline Pereira, who alleged that a Air. awl Mrs. Smith, fellow passengers with her from India, had robbed her of 100 sovereigns and jewellery worth 9001., carrying the property away on the day the ship entered. the East India Dock., The Smiths were arrested; some articles were found at their lodgings

which were alleged to have belonged to the Hindoo ; and they were committed for trial. Subsequently, a Sage admitted them to bail. The tables have now been turned. On Saturday, Pereira appeared as a prisoner at the Thames Police Office, chard with robbing Dr. Darwood, a surgeon in the Haat India Company's service, of properte valued at 2001. In consequence of the proceedings against the &firths, Dr. Darwood, who had gone to Scot- land, examined his luggage, raid found that a tin box was Missing. On Sa-

turday, he, Mr. and Smith, Frateis the steward of the ship, and other persons, were examined. It appears that Pereira came to England With Dr. Nrwood's family as "apili ' or nurse. She did not appear to have pro- perty; she obtained advances of money from her employer. Shortly before the ship arrived in London, the woman pretended that Mrs. Darwood had given her the tin box and its contents ; she broke it open, and subsequently threw the box into the water; of its contents—jewellery, chessmen, a gold watch, arid divers other artieles—she gave portions to the steward and his wife and to Mr. and Mrs. Smith, pressing them prttinaciously to accept them : the articles given to the Smiths were those she said they had stolen from her. Dr. Darwood recognized all the property produced as having been taken from his tin case ; other articles which had been seen in the woman's possession he declared also to have been his property. Pereira was coal- raided; but bail was taken, in order that she might give evidence at the trial of the Smiths.

On Tuesday, Patrick Smith and Sarah his wife were tried for stealing jewellery worth nearly 2001. and 90 sovereigns from Peteira. This is the case referred to in the paragraph detailing proceedings at the Thames Police Office. Of the property alleged to he stolen, only an oeredrop was found in the possession of tho Smiths. Pereira, who is a Roman Catholic, was examined, She made her statement against the prisoners very fluently ; but when she was cross-examined, she showed great unwillingness to reply, —fencing with the questions answering wide of the matter, and pouring out a torrent of irrelevant words, with much gesticulation. She declared that the ear-drop, and divers articles which were produced, give* by her to other persons, were really her property, not Dr. Darwood's. When asked if Dr. Darwood had not complained of losing a tin box, she would not make a direct answer. The Recorder told her the question was a very plain one, and she ought to answer it. The proseoutrix—" My dear Lord, I declare, before God Almighty, Dr. Darwood had nothing to lose." Mr. Clarkson still pressed the question ; and the prosecutrix at length said that no such coMplaint was ever made by Dr. Darwood. She made various statements about money, &e , subsequently contradicted by Dr. Darwood.

'or the defence, Mr. Clarkson denied the whole charge, as utterly false : the ear-drop was a present from Pereira; and he wanted Dr. Darwood to be examined to prove that the various valuables stated by Pereira to be her property had been stolen from him. But the Recorder decided that he could only be examined as to the ear-drop. Dr. Darwood then proved that the ertr-drop had been stolen from him, and produced the fellow drop : his sis- ter-in-law deposed that she had seen the drops worn by her sister. The Jury gave a verdict of "Not guilte.'

On Wednesday, Pereira was tried for robbing Dr. Dar-wood. Mr. Clarkson

stated that Dr. had no wish to proceed with the charge : consider- ing the woman's unprotected state in a foreign country, he would rather assist her to return to her native land. Dr. Darwood remarked that he had been unwillingly made a prosecutor. The Recorder, in reviewing the features of the case,. said that the woman did not appear to have taken the articles from any. motare of gale, but probably from a revengeful feeling : the evidence agamst her, given by persons who had gifts would be of a sus- picious kind : Pereira appeared to have been the instrriment of more guilty persons : he thought a verdict of acquittal might be taken. This was done, and the woman was liberated.

The same day, Octavius Ityland, a man of fifty, pleaded guilty to a charge of sending a threatening letter to the Reverend ]Jr. Collier, with intent to extort money. The particulars of this case were recently mentioned. Ry- land was sentenced to be transported for life.

Thomas Simpson, porter to a grocer at Islington who keeps a post-office, was convicted of stealing a letter containing money. The letter was posted as a trap, previous delinquencies having been suspected. Sentence, eighteen months' imprisonment.

Bartholomew Keating, a letter-carrier, pleaded guilty to detaining 260 let- ters which had been intrusted to him to deliver. The letters were 'Amply undelivered, not opened, and were mostly tax-circulars the motive of Keat- ing, apparently, was to save himself trouble. He was ordered to be imprisoned for a year.

On Thursday, George Hackett, a thief, was convicted of violently assault- ing Policeman Storey, when he attempted to take him into custody. The case was recently mentioned. Sentence, transportation for fifteen years. Philip Morgan. was tried for stealing a piece of carpet, and James Roach and Rosa Hartley for receiving it. Roach was convicted ; the others were acquitted.

Morgan and Roach were then charged with a burglary in the house of Mr. Hogg, at Hackney, and with assaulting Rli,a Chapman, his servant. This was the case where a robbery was planned by the prisoners and one Myers, the latter betraying his associates. He was the chief witness. Mr. Baron Rolfe held that the burglary had not been made out : Morgan was admitted to the house by the servant on his inquiring for Mr. Hogg ; and she allowed Morgan to open the door by which his associates entered. The Jury, there- fore, could only convict for the assault. Roach was sentenced to be trans- postedfer ten years for receiving the carpet, and Morgan to be imprisoned

i yer for the assault.

Mr. G. W. M. Reynolds applied to the Bow Street Magistrate, on Satur- day, for a summons against the Earl of Harrowby, for assaulting him at the meeting last week. Mr. Henry held that Mr. Reynolds had no right to ad- dress the meeting, nor to attempt to approach the chairman ; and Lord Her- rowby was justified in thrusting him back as an intruder. Mr. Reynolds- " Suppose I found it necessary to approach the chair of this court, should I be driven back in a rude manner ?" Mr. Henry—" Certainly ; and the officer in attendance would have a right to lay hands on you for that purpose. My opi- nionis, that the assault of which you complain was a justifiable assault. But if you like you may take the sense of a grand jury upon the subject." Sum- mons refused.

At 3Iarylebone Police Office, on Monday, Richard liPAllister, a man rather shabbily dressed, was charged with having been near the premises of Miss Bellew, Primrose Will Road, for an unlawful purpose. The man formerly lived in the house as footman - he declared that he was in. love with his mis- tress, and that she returned his passion ; the lady heard this, and discharged him. He has since pestered her, pretending at times that she owes him 21., and talloing about their mutual passion. Two years ago, he was sent to prison, in default of finding sureties, for threats and annoyance. He has since renewed his outrages, going to Miss Bellew's house and alarming her by his presence. The Magistrate was employed for a ginsiderahle time in the investigation, endeavouring to discover if MIAllister had recently used actual threats of violence. Miss Bellew was examined, and was much ex- cited, so that the Magistrate had to beg her to be more calm. The defendant

dethered to Mr. Broughton that Miss Belle* had promised to intiery him, iital no one but him ; with mere to the same prupose. He was held to bail to keep the peace to Miss Bellew and her household for ft Month, end sent to prison in default of sureties. Miss Bellew—" I'm surprised., Sir, that yekt have only secured this 112101 for a month; at the end of that tune we shall be shot !"

Yet another of the mock agency-office gang has b'emi errested. John James, who had officiated in the " office " at Theobald's Road, was brought up at Bow Street Police Office on Thursday. Four young men whom he had victimized, by exacting sums of money as "deposits," gave evidence against him, showing his complieity with the other rogues. Committed.

A fatal accident occurred at the Hampstead Ponds on Saturday aftereetia; Sonic schoolboys were bathing ; there was a cry from a young hid ; Mr. fhb& Icy, the schoolmaster, of Highgate, immediately plunged into the waist He struggled hard to save the boy, but in vain ; and he was ab much ex- hausted by his efforts that he too sank in deep water. Mr. Sibley's body was not recovered for sixteen minutes, and life was extinct. The boy's corpee was not found till the following day. At the inquest, on Tuesday, much was said on the dangerous state of the ponds, which belong to the Hamp- stead Water Company; and the Jury rippedded to their verdict of " Actd- dental death" a strong recommendation that inneediate steps be fermi to prevent similar digesters: