26 OCTOBER 1850, Page 2

Glancing abroad at the Colonial world, in the wide sense

of that term, we descry some portents not of a kind to reassure us under European threatenings.

In New South Wales, for example, the first act of the Sydney people to welcome the new " constitution" bestowed on them by Lord Grey, is the election of Lord Grey's denouncer, Dr. Lang, as representative of Sydney. in the Legislative Council. Dr. Lang is not a very popular man in New South Wales : he has numerous, intelligent, and highly partisan followers ; but his sectarian ex- clusiveness, his political turbulence, the violence of his antagoism, and some other personal traits, have proportionately set classes equally numerous and more influential against him. Something must have occurred to counterbalance the personal objections : that something is composed, we believe, of impatience under the rule of the Colonial Office, and of Dr. Lang's outspoken vindication of popular feeling.

In an opposite quarter, the West Indies, we find British Guiana still in hot water; the Colonial Office still debarring the intelligent colonists from proper representative institutions.

Even the excursion-trains from parts of Canada to the cities of the Union, with parties of visiters to 3-many Lind's concerts,— in suggesting the means of easy and intimate communication be- tween the British Colonies and the great Federation, suggest also the further reflection, that political intimacy would not be difficult, and that British allegiance can only be maintained by a truly wise and popular government of the colonies which remain to us in that region.

Far-seeing politicians in the United States, it is said, are specu- lating upon drawing closer the commercial intercourse between China and the new city of the West, the capital of California ; and their speculations have received a fresh impulse from that internal agitation in China which has yet been so little understood, but which is reported to have for its object the subversion of the Man- tle() dynasty and the erection of a Ming dynasty favourable to Christianity. Hopes are rising there. The Yankee Christianity which has established a claim upon Polynesia, and will some day annex those Islands of the Blessed, is turning its religious regard to China.

lieutenant Bailey's dashing letter, boasting of his achievements among the Brazilian slavers, and putting in his claim for promo- tion, is equally open to personal sympathy for personal success and to sharp criticism for personal puffery. The young Lieutenant boasts that his successes have been unprecedented for their rapid succession ; and one test of it is the fact that " the Brazilians are furious—they declare that their only treatment of us shall be the knife and musket; and their threats are not empty ones." We have before heard of riots in the capital of Brazil threatening the lives and property of the British residents, and we now ascertain the cause. Mr. Bailey has been sinking, stealing, driving off, and confiscating Brazilian ships, with or without adjudica- tion, in the most gallant style, and, he avers, strictly in accordance with Admiralty orders. His adventures, in his own narrative at least, are the most striking specimen that we have yet had of success in the armed suppression of the slave-trade. They appear to place this country de facto at war with Brazil— though we are not aware that war has yet been declared : it is quite evident that they place Brazil at war with this country, if not by formal declaration, certainly in spirit, in murderous anger against English residents, in the vindictive determination to re- taliate with that commercial exclusiveness of which we set the example.