26 OCTOBER 1850, Page 6


There are now two Vice-Chancellorships vacant ; one occasioned by the death of the late Sir Lancelot Shadwell, the Vice-Chancellor of Eng- land, in August last, and the other by the recent resignation of the Vice- Chancellor Wigram, on account of continued indisposition. It is under- stood that one Vice-Chancellor will only be appointed to supply the places of the two Judges whose offices have thus become vacant It is expected that the Master of the Rolls, together with the Vice-Chancellor Knight Bruce, and the Vice-Chancellor who is to be appointed, will be enabled to keep down the business of the court, even assuming that the Lord- Chancellor will be exclusively engaged in hearing appeals.-7'imett.

We believe we are not premature in announcing that the vacant office of Vice-Chancellor has been conferred on Baron Rolfe. With respect to the two Vice-Chancellorships, it is to be observed that the statute of 6 Viet. c. 5, s. 10, under which the two last Vice-Chancellors were ap- pointed, provides, that upon a vacancy occurring in the office of the Vice- Chancellor first appointed, it shall be filled up ; but that in the case of the one second appointed, it shall not be filled up. Independently, therefore, of the question of any further necessity for two Vice-Chancellors, as the law stands, one appointment only can now be made. The question of continuing three Vice-Chancellors is one altogether for the Legislature ; but The latelabetlieevveieenomprompoe sei alier,tosirthajetmeeffe eewtigram,will beheemardeetirl: thepeenGenovemen.- ment; the pressure of Equity business, which called for an increase in the number of the Judges of the Court of Chancery at the time of the passing of the act, having very materially dlminished.—Globe, Oct 24.

an- nuity of 3500/ ; being the amount to which a Vice-Chancellor, either resigning after a service of fifteen years or disabled by permanent in- firmity from exercising the judicial functions, is, under the 5th Viet. cap. 5, s. 36, entitled. It was the anxious desire of Sir James to continue his services to the public; but the impaired condition of his eyesight pre- vented the gratification of that honourable wish. His case was unhesi- tatingly admitted by the Law Officers to be one within the provision of the statute as to permanent infirmity.—Globe, Oct. 25.

We believe that there is no foundation for a paragraph of a morning contemporary [the Herald] founded on the hypothesis of the resignation of the Master of the Rolls [in favour of Sir John Romilly]. We are happy to hear that Lord Langdale's health has greatly improved, and affords hopes that he will long be able for the performance of his high judicial functions.—Globe.

The Governorship of the East India Company's Military Colleeggee at Addiscombe, near Croydon, has become vacant by the decease of Major- General Sir Ephraim Stannus, C.B. The appointment, which is one of considerable value, is in the gift of the Chairman and Directors of the Company.—Times.

General Sir John Grey is appointed Commander-in-chief of the Bom- bay Presidency. The gallant officer, we believe, does not possess the use of his limbs, and it is supposed be will take the command in his arm- chair. This is the second nomination of a Grey within the last fortnight. It is really wrong to the Elliots.—Dally News.

Advices from St. Helena to the 31st of August announce the death, after some months' illness, of the Governor, Major-General Sir Patrick Ross.

We hear that no Major-General has been found who will take the com- mand of the troops at Hongkong ; the emolument being upon too low a scale, compared with the risk of climate and the expenses attending the command.—United Service Gazette.

Lord Stanley of Alderley died on Tuesday, at Alderley Park in Che- shire, at the advanced age of eighty-four. John Thomas Stanley, first Baron Stanley of Alderley, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Stanley, sixth Baronet, by the only daughter and heiress of Hugh Owen of Pen- hoes, Anglesea ; and was brother of the late Bishop of Norwich. He succeeded to his father's Baronetcy in 1807, and was raised to the Peer- age by his party, the Whigs, in 1839. His eldest son, Edward John Stanley, had already (in 1848) been called to the Upper House, as Baron Eddisbury.

The is a rumour current that Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton has sus- tained a dire calamity, the entire loss of his hearing. For some time one of Sir Edward's ears has been defective, and it is stated that whilst re- cently undergoing an operation at an trarist's in town, Sir Edward sud- denly lost the use of both ears, and has been in a very desponding way ever since.—Lincolnshire Times.

We have learned from a private source, that on Friday last, two of the carrier-pigeons taken by Sir John Ross when he left the port of Ayr, and some of which were to be despatched home in the event of his either finding Sir John Franklin or being frozen in, arrived at Ayr, finding their way at once to the dovecot which they ocoupied previous to being taken away. The birds, we understand, arrived within a short time of each other ; but neither of them, we regret to be informed, conveyed anything in the shape of a letter or note of any kind. One of them, indeed, which may have had some document attached, was found to be considerably mu- tilated—its legs having apparently been shot away. The time they were liberated by Sir John Ross is of course uncertain ; but, taking into con- sideration the well-known powers of flight possessed by the carrier- pigeon, it cannot have been very long since they left our gallant coup man. The arrival of authentic news from the Arctic regions will looked forward to with additional anxiety, from the probability which

has now arisen that some tidings may have been heard of Sir John Frank- lin. Independent, however, of the interest which otherwise attaches to the extraordinary flight of the pigeons, it will be regarded by naturalists as a most remarkable incident. We do not recollect of any parallel to it. The distance the creatures must have traversed cannot be far short of 2000 miles ; and as they travel by sight and not by scent, the fact is the more extraordinary. Sir John Ross, we believe, took five pigeons with him ; which, it may be remembered, were stated, in the last accounts re- ceived of him, to have been at that time all alive : so that there are still three to be accounted for.—Glasgow Mail, Oct. 22. A paragraph in the Ayr Advertiser states more particularly, that the Sight of pigeons taken out consisted of two pairs, a young pair and an old pair ; that the young ones were to be sent home when Sir John Ross went into his winter quarters, and the old ones if he found Sir John Franklin ; and that it is the young ones which have returned. It is thought that they were first seen in the neighbourhood of Arurianhill on the 13th of the month, but their cote was closed. One was caught at Annick last Friday, and the other is still at large.

The lately-announced official resolution to give to the American steam- ships a share of the transatlantic postage, is now formally promulgated by the following Post-office notice issued at the beginning of the week— Henceforward all letters and newspapers for the United States, if not directed to be otherwise sent, will be transmitted by the first packet, whether British or United States, which is despatched after they are posted. Letters specially directed by British packet or by United States' packet, or by any particular vessel named, will be forwarded in accordance with the desire thus expressed by the writers. The postage on letters and newspapers is precisely the same—letters, Is. per half ounce, optional, and newspapers ld. each—the latter must be prepaid—whether they are conveyed by the British or United States' packets."

The Government authorities are now deliberating as to what port shall be selected for landing and embarking the Cape of Good Hope mails, which are about to be conveyed for 30,0001. a year by a screw steam- packet company. There appears not much doubt but what a Southern or South-western port will be selected as the Cape of Good Hope mail-packet station, and that either Plymouth or Southampton will be chosen. The former port would be preferred by the contractors, and the latter by the Government. If Southampton be chosen, it will be owing to the circum- stance that expensive and troublesome Post-office and Admiralty depart- ments for superintending the hinding and embarking of foreign mails are already established there, on account of that port being the packet station for the mails to and from the East and West Indies, China, Brazil, the Pacific, America, the Mediterranean, the Peninsula, and the Channel Jelands.—Daily News.

The Cabinet, which would not otherwise have assembled till the 6th of next month, met yesterday, at a very short notice, on a question of con- siderable urgency. The disgraceful oonchiet of Prussia in helping to pro- tract the Schleswig-Holstein war, not only in spite of a treaty of peace with Denmark, but actually under cover of the treaty and by means of it, has led to a very natural—we might almost say legitimate--consequence. The Governments of Russia and of France have jointly proposed to the Government of this country, that the three Powers shall peremp- torily require Prussia to fulfil her recent engagement with Denmark and withdraw the support she still continues to give to the Schles- wig-Holstein army. In the event of Prussia hesitating to comply with this reasonable demand, Russia and France are prepared to back it, not by an unprofitable march to the territory under dispute, but in a. way more congenial to their tastes—by an invasion of the Sile- sian provinces of Prussia on the one side, and the Rhenish on the other. In the first instance, however, they require the cooperation of England in the remonstrance with Prussia, without which they are not prepared to move at present. The answer of the British Government may perhaps be anti- cipated. It declines to join with Russia and France in such a note as we have described, but proposes that all three Powers shall separately remon- strate with Prussia on her present breach of faith with the Danish Govern- ment. Whether their triple remonstrances will be of more avail than all the rest of the diplomacy that has been lavished on this affair, is a question on which we will not venture to give an opinion Both Russia and France have lately been doing some knighterrantry of a most thankless and disagreeable character, and it is very natural they should begin to think Europe rather in their debt. The two provinces we have men- tioned [Prussian Silesia, and her Rhenish provinces] would be very ap- propriate guerdons for our two great Conservative neighbours at St. Pe- tersburg and Paris.-21nies, Oct. 24.

The Hereford Timm publishes a letter addressed to the late Mr. Bailey, M.P. for Herefordshire, by his brother, Lieutenant John Bailey, R.N., which is at once interesting as a narrative of daring nautical exploits, and somewhat instructive as to the new relations in which we seem to be tacitly placed by the Foreign Office with the Government of Brazil.

Rio, June 28.

4' My dear Joe —I have got much to tell you, and hope it may lead to Wenand therefore this letter is almost, I may say, a business one. When I was ordered out to Brazil, Admiral Dundas wrote to me saying he hoped I should take many slavers, and get my promotion for so doing, as Crofton of the Rifleman has. The Rifleman has been out here eighteen months, and has taken three empty and one half-full slaver. I had only been on the station five days when I captured my third ; the last of which was from within pistol-shot of a battery manned and loaded. We arrived off Rio on the 18th of June, and in sight of the harbour captured a slaver. We then went in to report ourselves to the Admiral, replenish, and provision after our long passage ; but as the Admiral was cruising outside, I was ordered set again immediately to report myself; and at the same time to destroy the slaver, e as not in a fit state to go to sea : we sank her that night. Whilst look-ng for the Admiral on the night of the 20th, we captured a secoit slaver ; and she being a fine sound vessel, despatched her to St. Helena for adjudication. We then returned to Rio ; but being informed where the Admiral was, again went in quest of him immediately, found him that morning, viz. the 22d. It had hitherto been unlawful to take slave-vessels out of Brazilian orts ; but I had brought out despatches for the Admiral, ordering him to take p them out of their ports when it could be done without successful resistance being opposed. Now, it was a strange thing that I had that morning obtained in- formation of a notorious fellow lying in a port about eighty miles off, and at once obtained the Admiral's leave to go and take the first shine off the new order. Mind you, it was ticklish work ; for Mr. Hu 'son, the British Minis- ter at the Brazilian Court, tells use nothing could be better as it has ended ; but that if blood had been drawn between the Brazilian troops and my men, the whole responsibility would be thrown on my shoulders. As we had not been more than half an hour in Rio, we had not had time to revictual, water, or coal, and had therefore only half a day's water, two days' bread, and about fifteen tons of coal remaining ; we therefore went on two pints of water a day, and started on our mission. I arrived off the port of klacalii at half- past three p. en. on the 23d. We observed our friend moored with four stout chain-cables, ready for sea, and within pistol-shot of an eight-gun battery, and lying immediately under the guns. The boats were sent to examine her ; who found no captain or papers, but a regular slave-deck; and the beach was crowded with ruffians, banging off muskets in all directions. Whilst the officer was searching, a body of soldiers marched into the battery and loaded the guns : my young officer not knowing exactly how to act, therefore dropped his prize, and returned for further orders. Iiherefore went away in a four-oared boat to speak to the commandant of the battery, and see if it was practicable to get her out. It was now dusk ; and as I walked up the bank to the office, a fellow let fly a musket close to my head, out of a hedge. I, however, did my business with the officer, and went on board to examine her myself: she was a perfect little beauty, called the Polka, but as palpable a rogue as I ever saw in my life. I therefore wished them good evening, and returned .on board, steamed out a little way to trick them, and having cleared for action and loaded with grape and canister, manned the boats, towed them to within musket-shot of the schooner and fort, then cast them off, as there was not water for the ship to approach any nearer. I gave my men in the boats orders not to fire even it their vessels or boats were struck, but to reserve their fire until some of them had received personal injury, when in self-defence they were to return it ; and as soon as they had done so I had intended to open on the fort, which I suspect would very soon have been cleared, for we were within short musket-range,. loaded as I told you. The boats dashed alongside the slaver on the side opposite to the battery, whilst a perfect blaze of muskets and rockets was going on around them, though at so cautious a distance that no one was touched. Presently, in the moonlight, we saw her sails dropped, the cables were slipped, and out she shot like an arrow. Directly she did so bang went the first gun from the battery, which went far over the mark ; and then a second,—it splashed them from head to foot; a third Sashed in the pan, and by that time she had run across our bows; and directly she loud alone so we steamed in across the line of fire, which immediately ceased, and, giving them three good cheers, as the only return for their shot, dashed off to sea together, at the rate of eight miles an hour. It was the work of ten minutes, and was done with- out our even snapping a cap. We then put all the remaining bread we had on board the prize, borrowing some water from her—for we had not a drop left— and, packing her off to St. Helena, returned to the Admiral, who was pleased beyond measure, and ordered us into Rio, to provision, fuel, and water. This is unprecedented. We had captured two slavers before our reporting ourselves to the Admiral ; and in five days had captured three slavers, and that before her provisioning., and with merely the remnant of fuel we brought out from England. Furthermore, the very first day the new order was issued about taking them out of the its when practicable, we have taken one of their crack craft, from under the very nose of a manned and loaded battery, and that without spilling a drop of blood. Now, Joe, if they have given Crofton his promotion for taking four vessels in eighteen months, I think I


deserve mine for taking three in five days—I assure you it was not from chance, but from right hard work. We had, since coming on the station, examined seventeen vessels ; and when we arrived in Rio this time, I had not been in bed, or had my clothes off; for nine days and nights. I can as- sure you my men were fairly done up. The Brazilians are furious—they de- clare that their only treatment of us shall be the knife and the musket ; and their threats are not empty ones. The Rifleman had a volley poured into one boat's crew, which killed one man dead ; and the whole party would have been murdered, had it not been for their own presence of mind. The Cormorant had three men killed in the street of Rio by being thrown out of a window. We are therefore close prisoners, and never think of going any- where."

Translation of the Apostolic Letter of his Holiness Pope Pius IX, establish- ing an Episcopal Hierarchy in England.

" Ad perpetuam rei memoriam."

" The power of governing the universal Church intrusted by our Lord Jesus Christ to the Roman Pontiff; in the person of St. Peter, Prince of the Apos- tles, has maintained for centuries in the Apostolic see the admirable solicitude with which it watches over the welfare of the Catholic religion in all the earth, and provides with zeal for its progress. Thus has been accomplished the design of its Divine founder ; who, by establishing a chief, has in his profound wisdom insured the safety of the Church unto the uttermost time. The effect of this solicitude has been felt in most nations, and amongst these is the noble kingdom of England. History proves that after the first ages of the Church, the Christian religion was earned into Great Britain, where it flourished until towards the middle of the fifth century : after the invasion of the Angles and Saxons in that island, government as well as religion fell into the most deplorable state. At once our most holy predecessor Gregory the Great sent the monk Augustine and his followers ; then he created a great number of bishops, joined to them a multitude of monks and priests, brought the Anglo-Saxons to religion, and succeeded by his influence in reestablishing and extending theCathohc faith in all that country, which then began to as- sume the name of England. But to recall more recent facts, nothing seems more evident to us in the history of the Anglican schism of the sixteenth cen- tury than the solicitude with which the Roman Pontiffs our predecessors succoured and supported by all the means in their power the Catholic religion then exposed in that kingdom to the greatest dangers and reduced to the last extremities. It is with this object, apart from other means, that so many efforts have been made by the Sovereign Pontiffs, either by their orders or with their approbation, to keep in England men ready and devoted to the support of Catholicism ; also in order that young Catholics endowed by nature might be enabled to come on to the Continent, there to receive an education, and be formed with care in the study of ecclesiastical science, especially in order that, being in sacred orders, they may on their return to their country be able to support their countrymen by the ministry of their word and by the sacrament*, and may defend and propagate the true faith. "But the zeal of our predecessors will perhaps be more clearly admitted as regards what they have done to give the Catholics of England pastors clothed with an episcopal character at a time when a furious and implacable tempest had deprived them of the presence of bishops and their pastoral care. Fire., the Apostolic letter of Gregory XV, commencing with these words, Ecelmia Romans,' and dated the 23d of March 1623, shows that the Sove- reign Pontiff as soon as possible deputed to the government of English and Scotch Catholic Bishops, William Bishop consecrated Bishop of Chaim., with ample faculties and powers. After the death of Bishop, Urban VIII renewed this mission in his Apostolic letter dated the 4th of February 1626, addressed to Richard Smith, and conferring on him the bishopric of Chalcis, and all the powers previously, resting on Bishop. It seemed subsequently at the commencement of the reign of James II that more favourable days were about to dawn upon the Catholic religion. Innocent XI profited at once by

the circumstance ; and in 1685 he deputed John Leyburn, Bishop of .A,dru- mede, as Vicar Apostblic for all the kingdom of England. Subsequently, by another Apostolic letter, dated the 30th of January 1688, and commencing as follows, ` Super eathedram,' he joined with Leyburn three other Vicars A lie, Bishops in partibus ; so that all England, under the care of the Apos- to Nuncio in this country, Ferdinand, Archbishop of Amosia, was divided by that Pontiff into four districts ; those of London, the Welt, the centre, and the North, which at first were governed by Apostolic Vicars furnished with proper faculties and powers. In the accomplishment of so grays a charge,

they received rules and succour either by the -decisions of Benedict %P7, in his constitution of the 30th of May 1753, which commences with the words

'Apostolicum ministerium,' or by those of other Pontiffs our predecessors and our Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. This division of ail England into four Apostolic Vicarages lasted till the time of Gregory XVI ; who, in his Apatolic letter, Muneris Apostolici,' dated the &I of July 1840 considering the increase of the Catholic religion in England, and making a new ecclesiastical division of the country, doubled the number of

vicarages, and confided the spiritual government of England, to the -Vicars

Apostolic of London, the West, the East, the Centre, Lancaster, York, and the North.* The little we have just said proves clearly that our prede- cessors applied themselves strongly to use all the means their authority gave them to console the Church of En land for its immense disgraces, and to work for its resurrection. Having before its eyes, therefore, the good ex- ample of our predecessors, and desirous, by imitating them, of fulfilling the duties of the Supreme Apostolate—pressed, besides, to follow the movements of our heart for that portion of the Lord's vineyard—we proposed to our- selves, from the commencement of our pontificate, to pursue a work that was So well begun, and to apply ourselves in the most serious manner to favour every day the development of the Church in this kingdom. For this reason, considering as a whole the state of Catholicism in England—reflecting on the considerable number of Catholics, which keep still increasing—remarking that every day the obstacles are falling off which stood in the way of the ex- tension of the Catholic religion—we have thought that the time was come when the form of ecclesiastical government should be resumed in England, such as it exists, freely exists in other nations, where no particular cause necessitates the ministry of Vicars Apostolic. We have thought that by the progress of time and things, it was no longer necessary to have the English Catholics governed by Vicars Apostolic, but on the contrary, that the changes which had already been made necessitated the ordinary episcopal form of government. " We have been confirmed in these thoughts by the desires expressed to us by the Vicars Apostolic in England, as well as by numbers of the clergy and laity distinguished by virtue and rank, and by the wishes of the great majority of English Catholics. In maturing this design, we have not failed to implore the aid of the Almighty and most gracious God, and that he would grant us grace in this weighty affair to resolve upon that which should be most suitable to augment the prosperity of the Church. We have further besought the assistance of the blessed Virgin Mary, mother of God, and of the saints whose virtues have made England illustrious, that they would deign to obtain by their intercession with God the happy success of this enterprise. We have since commended the whole business to the grave and serious consideration of our venerable brothers the Cardinals of the holy Roman Church forming our Congregation for Propagating the Faith. These sentiments having been found completely conformable to our own, we have resolved to sanction them, and carry them into execution. It is for this rea- son, after having weighed the whole matter most scrupulously, that of our own proper motion, in our certain knowledge, and in the plenitude of our Apostolic power, we have resolved and do hereby decree the reestablishment in the kingdom of England, and according to the common laws of the Church, of a hierarchy of Bishops deriving their titles from their own sees,.which we constitute by the present letter in the various Apostolic districts. 'To com- mence with the district of London, it will form two sees,—to wit, that of Westminster, which we hereby elevate to the metropolitan or archiepiscopal dignity; and that of Southwark, which we assign to it as suffragan, to- gether with those which we proceed to indicate. The diocese of Westmin- ster will include that portion of the aforesaid district which extends to the banks of the Thames, and comprehends the counties of Middlesex, Essex, and Hertford ; that of Southwark, on the South of the Thames, will include the counties of Bedford, Southampton, Surrey, Sussex, and Kent, with the Isles of Wight, Jersey, Guernsey, and others adjacent. In the district of the North there will be but one episcopal see, which will take its name from the town of Hagglestown, and have for its circumscription that of the existing district. The district of York will also form a diocese, whose capital will be the town of Beverley. In the district of Lancaster there will be two Bishops ; of whom one, the Bishop of Liverpool, will have for his diocese the isle of Mona, the districts of Lonsdale, Amoundernesa, and West Derby ; and the other, the Bishop of Salford, will extend his judo:lic- it= over Salford, Blackburn, and Leyland. The county of Chester, though

belonging to this district, will be united to another diocese. In the district of Wales two episcopal sees will be established,—that of Salop, and that of Merioneth and Newport united. The diocese of Salop will contain the coun- ties of Anglesea, Carnarvon, Denbigh, Flint, Merioneth, and Montgomery ; to which wejoin the county of Chester, detached from the district of Lan- caster, and that of Salop from the Centre. To the diocese of the Bishop of Merioneth and Newport are assigned the counties of Brecknock, Glamorgan, Carmarthen, Pembroke, and Radnor, also the English counties of Hereford and Monmouth. In the district of the West we create two sees, Clifton and Plymouth ; the first comprehending the counties of Gloucester, Somerset, and Wilts; the second those of Devon, Dorset, and Cornwall. The district of the Centre, from which we have detached the county of Salop, will have two epis- copal sees, Nottingham and Birmingham ; to the first we assign the counties of Nottingham, Derby, Leicester, Lincoln, and Rutland ; to the second, the counties of Stafford, Buckingham, Oxford, and Warwick. In the district of the East there will be one see ; which will take its name from the town of Northampton, and retain the present circumscription of the district, except the counties of Lincoln and Rutland, which we have assigned to the diocese of Nottingham.

"Thus, in the very flourishing kingdom of England there will be one single ecclesiastical province, with one Archbishop and twelve Suffragans, whose zeal and pastoral labours will, we hope, by the grace of God, bring new and daily increase to the power of Catholicism. For this reason, we reserve to ourselves and successors the right to divide this province into se- veral, and to increase the number of its bishoprics as new ones may be re- quired, and in general to settle their boundaries as it may appear meet before the Lord.

"Meanwhile, we enjoin the Archbishop and Bishops to furnish at stated sea- sons reports of the state of their churches to our Congregation of the Propagan- da, and not to omit informing us on all points concerning the spiritual good of their flocks. We shall continue to avail ourselves of the aid of the Gongre- gation of the Propaganda in all that concerns the affairs of the Church in England. But in the sacred government of the clergy and people, and all which concerns the pastoral office, the Archbishop and Bishops of England will enjoy all the rights and faculties which Bishops and Archbishops can • [In this enumeration there is wanting ore more district to complete the doubled number of the original four.] luie,afeitnlia3 to theAkisesition of the sacred canons and the Apostolic eon..

stitutions - and they likewise be equally bound by all the obligations*, whicii.oth'er Bishops and Aachbiahops , are held by the common discipline of theReltlAabe "Their nghte undMuti0e will net beiin, any case impaired 'hy. anything that. atmaint.ilklijgoikuirt..whether, origisataug: ln'the ancient tiofrthe. E10,40, ,9141•04,900'lhe falbcomlent nussions nistitnted in-virtue of SPeefid

FansttluTz iffikAteges, P ateme, ttat Abe Mune state of thingalne

101illfr in %NW that me] ideuht lialfyiremainii We ,s'appmesin 'the plenitude_AMVAlmistlifItcf R***.rii'landaeutimilytabrogate,,;i111,the,dbligatery an4 jundleg foiwo, speciaA reonstitutiona, , ansdleges, , and•distaste. however ancient Jiieir„datea The.Archllithopllitni Bishops ettEngland,,,,Fill thus have theii01PftrulteNterAn regulide all thatibelengs to the,executionxt the comparjaw, Aily,cnielsciire left to the authatitbt of llishope by the, gene,-

ral diseaphuadif AsJor..usoneatdaeauredly they (shall never

i4S, tivstotoido not, aulitainitheakby Apostolicalautherity ; iwood1971 alwayistbelappy , toseectid-tlininidetaands alliwhichappeani. e niged lc? proutote Wq1mY‘of',Ged•and the:Teed-of soar., als decreeing thia'reatanitiou of the ordinary hierarchy, of Bishops inEngland,- and, the enjoyment of the common Jaw of the Church, we have had pthicipallyiir

view the prosperity and increase of the Catholic religion in the kingdom of England ; but we have also de 'sired to gratify the desires of so many of our reverend brethren governing in England under the style of Vicars Apostolic,. and also of a great number of our dear children of the Catholic clergy and people. Many of their ancestors presented the same prayer to our

decessors, who had begun to send Vicars Apostolic to England, whore no Catholic Bishop could exercise the common ecclesiastical law in his own church, and who afterwards multiplied the number of Vicars Apostolic, and of districts, not because religion was submitted in this country to an ex- ceptional rule, but rather because they would prepare the foundation for the- future rebuilding of the ordinary hierarchy.

"This is why we, to whom it has been given by the grace of God to ac-

complish this great work, declare here that it is not in any manner in our thoughts or intentions that the Bishops of England, provided with the name and rights of ordinary Bishops, should be destitute of any advantages, of whatever nature they may be, which they formerly enjoyed under the title of Vicars Apostolic. It would be contrary to reason to allow any act of ours performed at the earnest prayer of the English Catholics, and for the benefit of religion, to turn to their damage. Rather we cherish the firm hope that our dear children in Christ, whose alms and largesses have never been wanting to sustain in England religion and the prelates who govern there as Vicars, will exercise a still larger liberality to the Bishops who are now attached by. permanent bonds to the English Church, in order that they may not be deprived of temporal aid, which they will require , to ornament their temples and adorn the divine service, to support the clergy and the poor, and for other ecclesiastical services. Finally, lifting the eyes to the Almighty and gracious God, from whom comes our help, we supplicate him with all instance, obsecration, and action of grace, to confirm by Divine grace all that we have decreed for the good of the Church ; and to give of His grace to those whose it is to execute these decrees, that they may feed the flock of God committed to their care, and that their zeal may be applied to spread the glory of His name. And, in order to obtain the most abund- ant succour of celestial grace, we finally invoke as intercessors with God, the holy Mother of God,_the blessed Apostles St. Peter and St. Paul, with the blessed patrons of England, and especially St. Gregory the Great, in order that the solicitude we have displayed, notwithstanding the insuffi- ciency of our merit, to restore the episcopal sees of England, which he founded in his days with so much advantage to the Church, may likewise redound to the good of the Catholic Church. We decree that this Apostolic letter shall-never be taxed with subreptice or obreptice, nor be protested for default either of intention or any defect whatever, but always be valid and firm, and hold good to all intents and purposes, notwithstanding the general Apostolic edicts which have emanated from Synodal, Provincial, or Universal Councils, the special sanctions, as well as the rights of former sees in Eng- land, missions apostolic, vicarages constituted in the progress of time, not- withstanding—in one word, all things contrary whatsoever. We likewise decree, that all which may be done to the contrary by any one whoever he may be, knowing or ignorant, in the name of any authority whatever, shall be without force. We decree that copies of this letter, signed by a notary public, and sealed with the seal of an ecclesiastic, shall be everywhere re- ceived as the expression of our will.

" Given at St. Peter's, at Rome, under the seal of the Fisherman, the 24th i of September 1850, and in the fifth year of our pontificate.

"A. CARDINAL Leatnnuseunn."

In hopes to mitigate the alarms of Established and Denominational Protestantism in England, and to conciliate the militant anger of the Times, Dr. Ullathonie has addressed to that journal the following letter of explanations-

"Sir—As the only Catholic Bishop now in England who has been imme- diately engaged in negotiating the reestablishment of our episcopal hierarchy, I beg to offer a few remarks bearing reference to your strictures on that mea- sure.

" It is an act solely between the Pope and his, own spiritual subjects, who are recognized as such by the Emancipation Act. It regards only spiritual matters. In all temporal matters we are subject to and are guided by the laws of the land.

"Every communion in the land has its own territorial divisions of the country for religious purposes with reference to its own members. The Episcopalians in Scotland, and the Wesleyan in England, each mark out territorial lines for their own purposes of spiritual jurisdiction, and the ad- ministration of the temporalities of their churches. These are acts of reli- gious jurisdiction ; and- the Catholic community cannot exercise jurisdiction without the Pope. Now, the increase of Catholics in England, not merely by conversions, but far more by the vast influx of Irish subjects, necessarily demanded an increase of Bishops. Bishops cannot be increased amongst us except by the Pope, nor without a new territorial division. In 1688 Eng- land was divided into four vicariates. In 1840 the four were again divided into eight. In 1850 the eight vicariates are again divided and changed into thirteen dioceses. This' last change is the result of frequent and earnest petitions from the Catholics 'of England to the Pope. In 1846 two Bishops proceeded to Rome with a view to this matter, on the ground of the spiritual wants of the Catholics of England. In 1848 another Bishop was delegated to the Holy See with still more earnest petitions for an increase of Bishops and the establishment of the hierarchy. The arrangement was then brought to its conclusion, when the troubles which befel the Roman States put a tem- porary stop to its execution. "In America and in our own Colonies similar new divisions of territory have been continually made with increase in our episcopacy, without ex- citing a clamour at the spiritual wants of our fellow Catholics being thus provided for as their numbers increased. Either the power is in our hands of obtaining all necessary supplies for our spiritual wants as Catholics, or else a real emancipation is not yet granted to us.

" By changing the Vicars Apostolic into Bishops in ordinary, the Pope, instead of increasing, has given up the exercise of a portion of his power over his spiritual subjects in this country ; those not such are in no way affected by his act. It is difficult for the uninitiated to comprehend the technicalities of a Papal document. Hitherto, and for ages past, the Pope has acted not merely as chief pastor but also as immediate Bishop in this country. He has go-

verned through his own Vicars, Bishops holding foreign nominated by Pope as his Vicars, and revocable at his will. By establishing the hie- rarchy, the Pope has divested himself of the office of our immediate Bishop, and has conferred it on Englishmen instead. Catholic Bishops in England are no longer the Pope's Vicars, but English Bishops, having power to form their own constitution of government by express concession, and no longer revocable at will, whilst their successors will be raised to their sees by canonical election. The entire measure has been one of liberality and con- cession on the part of his Holiness; and as such the Catholics of England under- stand it, and receive it with gratitude. We feel that his Holiness has trans- ferred from his own hands, into ours the local episcopaey, and that even as Sovereign Pontiff he bas set limits to his power in regard to us by constitut- ing the canonical order of things, and literally giving us self-government, retaining only his supremacy. It is as unfair to confound this boon of liberty to the Catholic Church in England with ideas of aggression on the

Government and people, as it is to confound the acts of Pius IX as Pope with the notion of his temporal sovereignty. For my part, engaged as I have been in the negotiation throughout, I know that no political objects are contemplated in it. It was an arrangement much needed by the Catho- lics of England for their spiritual concerns ; and I am, with all English Catholics, thankful for it, and I have no fear or alarm for consequences.

tt I am, Sir, your very obedient servant,

"+ W. B. Umarnovece.. "Bishop's House, Birmingham, Oct. 22."

Some days since, an address signed by upwards of a thousand graduates of the University of Oxfcfrd, on the Royal supremacy and the recent judg- ment of the Privy Council, was transmitted to the Archbishop of Canter- bury, by-the Bishop of Oxford, accompanied by a letter from the Bishop, "pointing out the great weight the document receives from the character of the subscriptions to it." The following is the Archbishop's reply.

"Addington, September 26, 1850.

"My Lord—An address has reached me through your Lordship's hands, signed by a large body of Oxford graduates, on the subject of the present constitution of the Court of Appeal in matters ecclesiastical. Such an address is entitled to grave and respectful consideration, both from the names ap- pended to it and from the subject to which it refers. I cannot, however, see grounds for the apprehension expressed by the subscribers, that the doctrines of our Church are exposed to danger either from the constitution of the Judicial Cominittee or from the decision at which they arrived in the ease recently brought before them. It would certainly be desirable that a large proportion of the judges should be taken fromthe ecclesiastical members of the Church if the settlement of doctrine were involved in their decisions. But, happily, this case needs not to be provided for. Our doctrines and our formularies were 'settled at the Reformation • and the agreement or disagreement of these with any opinions which may become matter of inquiry is a question well suited to the habits of the Judicial Committee as now existing. And having as- sisted at their recent deliberations, Ifeel bound to bear witness to the patient investigation which the question received, and the earnest desire of the mem- bers of the Committee to pronounce such a sentence as should be in accord- ance, both in letter and spirit, with our Articles and formularies. "But I beg to assure the subscribers to the address, that they cannot be More anxious than myself to maintain the doctrines of the Church inviolate; and that I shall always, by God's grace, employ any influence which my sta- tion may afford me in promoting such measures as may appear likely to con- tribute to that end.

"I remain, my Lord, your very faithful servant, J. B. CANTUAIS. "The Lord Bishop of Oxford."

The Times continues its notices of the progress of the Hyde Park building for the Show of Industry.

"It is now a month exactly since the actual work of construction com- menced. In that time the foundation-pieces on which the columns rest have nearly all bean fixed upon their beds of concrete, and the earth filled in around them. The columns required for a large section of the Southern and central parts of the building have been put up and connected together by ,;birders. The framework begins to indicate the form of the future structure, just as the 'ribs and bones of the mammoth at the British Museum shadow forth what the animal must have been when alive. The graduated outlines of the structure ascending tier above tier, the cathedral-like effect of the transept, and the long-extended avenues and rows of slender pillars, branch- ing off symmetrically on either side of them, can already be discerned. Sleep- ors and joists for the flooring have been laid in one or two parts, and one small piece of window-framing has been fixed in its place. The external fazing of the ground tier has been commenced ; and while the framework of about one-third of the structure is in a forward state, nearly every detail of the work has been begun. Messrs. Fox and Henderson have already one small crane established on the girders for hoisting up materials, and in a few days they will have several more. The rapidity with which the building progresses may be estimated from the fact that two columns and three gir- ders can be fixed in about fifteen minutes. While the actual labour of ,construction proceeds, a vast amount of preparatory work goes on simulta- neously. Nearly all the wooden arches required to span the transept are completed. Sash-bars, window-frames, intermediate bearers and gut- ters, are got ready by hundreds of 'workmen under sheds, formed hastily of floor-planking. The hydraulic press is at work testing the strength Of 'girders, and a few fires are lighted to prepare the wrought iron bolts bp which the columns are made fast to the connecting pieces between them. Film of material of every kind are collected in every part of the ground ; and it is believed that three-fourths of all that will be required are already deposited within the hoarding. There is a stable for twenty horses, which are employed in drawing. At present about 900 hands are at work within the enclosed space, but it is estimated that the number must yet be raised to 1500. No difficulty is found by the contractors in procuring the requisite supplies either of material or labour. The iron-work is all brought from Birmingham; where it is prepared by Messrs. Fox and Henderson, assisted by two other houses. One firm furnishes the whole amount of glass re- quired. The timber used is from the Baltic, and of excellent quality. A portion of it is prepared at mills taken for the purpose at Chelsea, and the rest on the grounds. When the weather is wet, this part of the work, which as carried on under cover, is pushed forward. When it is dry, the fixing of columns and girders is proceeded with. Gas has been laid on in the grounds, and the toils of the day are continued frequently as late as eleven o'clock at night. Nearly everything is brought on the ground ready to be put up, and the loudest sound that reaches the ear is the occasional clink of a hammer I closing rivets up.' Over so large a space the noise of labour is lost, and the building rises almost as silently as did Solomon's temple. The contractors Still speak with perfect confidence of their ability to construct and roof in the whole before New Year's Day." A notable feature of the building will be the Refreshment Courts ; which, in accordance with the aristocratic spirit of the country, are to be divided into three classes. " Those whose means and tastes incline them to patron- ize the first will discuss the delicacies of the season under the branches of the trees which occupy the North end of the transept ; those whose habits of life are less ambitious, or whose palates are less discriminating, must move Westward ; while for the crowd of humble visitors the requisite accommo- dation will be provided on the North-east side of the building. While from North to South and across the breadth of the structure the flooring will be perfectly level, from West to East it will be slightly inclined, like the stage of a theatre, though not of course to the same extent. This, it is believed, will add much to the effect of the interior, by enabling visitors at the lower end to see almost at a glance over the whole edifice. Though from North to South the flooring will be quite horizontal, the land slopes a little, and this enables the architect to give the building on that side the appearance of a raised foundation, which will be faced with green sod. The advantage of this to the external beauty of the principal facade it is almost unnecessary to point out. A light iron railing will enclose the building at a distance of eight feet from its exterior, and beyond that there will be a footpath. The grand entrance will be nearly opposite the Prince's gateway, and will have seven pairs of doors. Ample arrangements have been made, however, for the entry and exit of visiters at other points."

Results of the Registrar-General's return of mortality in the Metropolis for the week ending on Saturday last : the first column of figures gives the aggregate number of deaths in the corresponding weeks of the ten previews years.

Ten Weeks of 1839-49.

Reek, of 1140.

Zymotic Diseases 2,347 .... 193 Dropsy, Cancer, and other diseases of uncertain or variable seat 526

51 bercular Diseaaes .. 1,682 .... 137 Diseases of the Brain, Spinal Marrow, Nerves, and Senses



Diseases of the Heart and Blood-vessels 255 .... 31 Diseases of the Lungs, and of the other Organs of ReapIration 1,147 .... 119 Diseases of the Stomach, Liver, and other Organs of Digestion 616 .... 33 Diseases of the Kidneys, &e 79

Childbirth, diseases of the Uterus, Sec

I I l

Rheumatism, diseases of the Bones, Joints, Oix 37

Diseases of the Skin, Cellular Tissue, Se..


• . • • • •

Malformations 24

Premature Birth 188

Atrophy 153




Suden 9 0

Violence, Privation, Cold, andlntemperance 210

— Total (Including unspecified causes) 9,033


The deaths were 21 more than in the previous week, yet 125 fewer than the average expectancy. A comparative statement like that of last week shows that the middle-aged population suffered moat, the old bore their average burden of mortality, the young still enjoyed a special immunity— Average of ten

Last week. corresponding weeks (11140-9).

From birth to fifteen years 347 945

From fifteen to sixty years 333 288 From sixty and upwards 168 168

The atmospheric pressure was great ; at Greenwich, above 30 inches of mercury on Sunday, and an average of 29.943 inches through the week. The mean temperature of the week was 49'—about the mean of the same week in seven years ; but it was 7. and 4' below the mean on Sunday and Monday, and about 6' above it on Friday and Saturday. Wind generally South-west.

The Oxford University Commission met on Saturday, at the official resi- dence of the First Lord of the Treasury, in Downing Street. The Bishop of Norwich and other Commissioners attended.— Court Circular.

The Religious Society in Paris has purchased one of the finest houses in the Rue de Grenelle, Faubourg St. Germain, for a double object,—namely, the education of missionaries, and the reception of converts to the Roman Catholic Church. It is also stated that the labours of the society will be particularly devoted to Great Britain.—Paris Correspondent of the limes.

Dr. Wiseman was born at Seville, where his father and mother (natives of Waterford) resided for many years. His father was a wine-merchant, of much repute, in the preeminently beautiful capital of Andalusia.—.Dublin Paper.

Mr. W. E. Gladstone, with Mrs. Gladstone and two of their daughters, sailed by the Boulogne steamer of Friday the 18th, on their way to the South of Italy, for the winter.

The freedom of the burgh of Inverness was presented to Lord Gough, at a large meeting of the burgesses, convened in the Town-hall for that purpose on Thursday last. In reply to a graceful address by Provost Simpson, Lord Gough said that his military successes had been very signally aided by the valour of Scotchmen. His first triumph in the field was us a Lieutenant of light infantry in the Seventy-eighth Highlanders, raised in the immediate vicinity of Inverness. The name of Lord Gough immediately succeeds that of Prince Albert on the burgess-roll of Inverness.

Mrs. Robertson, of Ednam House, has bestowed on the town of Kelso a piece of ground to be set apart for public games and recreations, which has cost no less a sum than above 12001.—Selso Chronicle.

Certain influential gentlemen at the West-end, who have been: for some time past engaged in establishing a bank on the Scotch system for their own accommodation, have at length published their prospectus. The shareholders of the London and Suburban Bank will be incorporated by a charter, to be approved by the Board of Trade. We learn that the parties who have established the bank have shown their interest in the plan as ma- tured, by taking amongst themselves a large portion of the shares a judi- cious mode of imparting confidence in the proposed banking establishment.— Globe.

The steam-ship Hibernia, which was purchased by the Spanish Govern'- ment from the British and North American Steam Company, left Liverpool on Wednesday for Cadiz ; being the second of a line of steamers intended to run between that port and Cuba. An advertisement is issued in the Lima papers calling for tenders from persons desirous of introducing mechanics, labourers, and other immigrants from Europe. As Peru is a slave-holding country, these measures show that the working of the slave system is far from satisfactory ; for notwithstand- ing the demand for rough labour, that for intelligence is still greater, as the price offered by the Government shows.—Correepondent of the Daily News.

It is stated that " orders have been sent from the Home Office, directed to Sir Thomas Le Breton, the Procureur-General at Jersey, command- ing that the captain and mate of the Superb steamer should be put upon their trial, with all necessary despatch consistent with the forms of Jersey jurisprudence, for their culpable conduct."

A shocking murder was committed in the church of the Madeleine, in Paris, about dusk on Monday evening. The victim is the Suisse of the church. It appears he was about to close the doors, and when making his round he discovered three or four men in the corridor or passage between the body of the church and the extreme wall. These men appeared as if they wished to conceal themselves. The Suisse, no doubt, insisted on their quitting the church ; when they refused, and fell on the unfortunate man. The murderers beat his head on the stone steps of the passage. It is pre- sumed that they were hiding in the spot with the intention, as soon as the doors were closed, of robbing the church.—Paris Letter.

A boy of fifteen, who had been committed for trial for picking a gentle- man's pocket, has hanged himself in the Clerkenwell House of Detention. He had been convicted summarily of picking pockets four times; he now feared he should be transported. At the inquest, Mr. Wakley junior, the Deputy Coroner, remarked that this was the third inquiry of the kind he bad held in that prison, and he had held three in the Model Prison : in both, the "solitary " system was acted on ; but he had not had one inquest in the House of Correction, where the solitary system was not employed. Verdict, " Temporary insanity."

At the lifarylebone Workhouse, on Wednesday, an inquest was held on the body of Andrew Riley, an aged crossing-sweeper, who had for many years officiated at the corner of Baker Street, Portman Square, and whose ready wit and quaint replies had gained him many friends among the re- sidents of the neighbourhood. It appeared that upon Thursday week, whilst pursuing his avocations, he was knocked down by a four-wheeled cab, and sustained hurts which in the end proved mortal. Be had succeeded, in his crossing, an old man who had amassed a large fortune. Riley himself re- sided at a lodging-house in Henrietta Street, Manchester Square ; where he occupied the best apartments. He frequently boasted of his wealth, and was wont upon grand occasions to regale his comrades with the best of every- thing. He is stated to have paid a heavy sum for the goodwill of the cross- ing; which, however, remunerated him amply for his outlay. The Coro- ner's verdict was " Accidental death."

A very [singular case of cure of deafness from travelling on the railway has Bst come under our notice. Shortly after the opening of the Oxford and anbury Railway, an elderly lady, who had been perfectly deaf for nearly eight years previously, started by that railway from this city for the purpose of paying a visit to her relatives in Banbury. During her journey, from the noise and the unusual mode of travelling she became nervously excited ; she suddenly felt something in her ear give way with a slight noise; and to her great joy she found, before arriving at Banbury, that her hearing was per- fectly restored to her; and so it has continued, to the no small gratification of herself and her friends. The case has come under our immediate obser- vation, for we saw the lady shortly before she went to Banbury, and we have seen her since she came back ; we can therefore vouch for the facts as we have stated them.—Oxford Journal.

The Jardin des Plantes at present possesses two animals which are alto- gether out of the common pale of zoological classification. One is an her- maphrodite ass, and the other a calf with two heads. The former is a native of Africa, of small stature, grey in colour, and timid of character ; the latter is a stout healthy animal of a black colour, having affixed to its regular neck a long, thin, cord-like appendage, in which an artery is felt to beat, and which terminates in a sort of fleshy ball, divided at the end, and having two- jaws and a sort of tongue, the latter always in motion. Both of these ani- mals may be seen in the large rotunda in which the zebras are placed.--‘ Galignarii's Messenger.