28 JULY 1855, Page 7

fortigu anti Colonial.

Faun:B.—The Emperor suddenly left Paris on Wednesday incognito, and set out to join the Empress at Eaux Beanies. It is not anticipated that he will be absent long.

The ifoniteur has caused some sensation in Paris by publishing a re- markable article headed " results of Free Trade, inaugurated but a short time in England," which winds up with this striking passage. "It would be easy to augment the number of similar citations. The diffi- culty is to choose among the immense number of evidences of every kind which accumulate day by day, and prove the incalculable advantages which the country has acquired within the short space of ten years by the practical adoption of the principles of Free Trade, or, to speak more correctly, by act- ing upon precepts of the nature so well expressed by a great Frenchman in these five-little words—' Laissez faire et laisser viler.' " GERMANY.—Two documents have appeared this week relating to the late negotiations, and have excited some additional attention from the fact that although they are issued from St. Petersburg and Berlin they are both dated on the same day—July 5.

Through the agency of M. de Sacy, the Journal des Debate publishes what purports to be the substance of a note, dated July 5, from Count Nmarode to Prince Gortsoliakoff, replying to and commenting on a note from Count Buol to the Austrian Ambassador at St. Petersburg, convey- ing an account of the termination of the Conferences.

Count Nesselrode, says the Derbate, " follows step by step, and in all their details, the despatches and notes of the Austrian Chancery, and approves of them all without reserve. M. de Buol having taken great credit for the course pursued by Austria from the beginning of the quarrel, M. de Nessel- rode outdoes him in praise, and holds up the conduct of Austria as a model of wisdom and foresight. M. de Buol having confided to Count Esterhazy his regrets that the propositions which he had at one time hoped to induce the Western Powers to accgt, had been broken off, M. de Nesselrode ex- presses his sympathy with M. de Buol's regrets, and shares his hopes that negotiations may soon be resumed. M. de Bud cannot possibly desire peace more ardently than M. de Nesselrode does, and M. de Nesselrode deplores equally with M. de Buol the unfortunate differences which can only have occurred in consequence of an unaccountable misunderstanding. According to M. de Nesselrode, the last propositions of Austria offered a very acceptable solution, and Russia would scarcely have asked even for a trivial modifica- tion of them. The moment that Russia was to treat directly with Turkey her dignity was untouched, and she might, without any wound to her honour, have made almost all the concessions indicated by Austria. Austria desires to occupy the Principalities. So much the better for everybody. Russia is even more anxious than Austria can be for the independence of Turkey. If the Court of St. Petersburg has shown itself facile in regard to the first two points, if it has made no serious objection to the arrangements relative to the Principalities and the free navigation of the Danube, the Court of Vienna knows perfectly well that it was, above all things, out of consideration for Austria ; and if the third point was not settled as easily as the first two, the Court of Vienna will admit that it was not the fault of the Court of St. Petersburg In conclusion, M. de Nesselrode renews his protestations against the intention imputed to Russia of making war upon Austria. Such a war, it is declared, is impossible. The Russian armies have been, and may be again, at the service of Austria. They will never fight against her. To assure M. de Buol of this, the Russian Chancellor em- ploys the most solemn expressions—expressions such as bind in the strongest manner the honour and conscience of men."

Count Nesselrode says that the Conferences deliberately separated upon the third point—a Russian question—because they were anxious not to deal with the fourth, lest the opposition of Turkey, on the fourth point, should have placed her in collision with the European Powers.

The second document is from Baron Mantenffel to Count Arnim, the Prussian Minister at Vienna. The gist of this despatch is that Prussia declines to incur any fresh obligations, or to express any approval of the treaty of December 2, as the Austrian note seemed to imply a wish she should do. Prussia cannot, although the chance of active participation in the war on the part of Austria is very remote, approve in any way of the affair of the alliance, concluded without previous deliberation with Prussia and Germany. Beyond this Baron Mantenffel states that neither Prussia nor Germany has resolved to adopt the four points ; that they have adopted and engaged to abide by the first two points only. While praising Austria for her exertions to secure peace, be carefully abstains from deciding who it was that caused the break-up of the Conferences. The propositions entertained by the Conferences form not a definite basis of peace, but only valuable material that, perhaps, may be turned to ac- count.

The whole of the Hanoverian Cabinet, except the Minister of War, have resigned. A new Ministry has been sworn in, as follows—Count Kielmansegge, Finances and Royal Household ; Count Platen Haller- mune, Foreign Affairs; Von Berries, Interior ; Von Der Decken, jus- tice ; and Von Bothner, Public Instruction and Religion. A Ministerial President has not been appointed : the King will preside himself.

Rusm.—The Journal of St. Petersburg has published an article with intent to dear the Russian soldiery at Hango from the charge of massacre. The document is of great length, and purports to be founded on an open letter forwarded by Lieutenant Geneste to Admiral Dundas, and the report of a Captain Tchertkof; Aide-de-camp of General de Berg. It devotes a large space to showing that the narrative of the seaman Brown was false; for, it says, Brown declared that he saw all the boat's crew fall, and here we have three officers and four men unhurt, and four most wounded, in our hands ! The massacre is successively described as an " action," an " engagement," a " skirmish" ; and the alleged advance of the party inland, an " ill-advised expedition," a probable reconnaissance, and a foraging-party. Here is the version of the massacre which is alleged to be founded on the letter of Lieutenant Geneste.

" After having put the Russian prisoners on shore, Lieutenant Geneste, instead of terminating thus the object of his mission, without meeting any opposition, went beyond this. He went, he says towards the houses, in or- der to communicate with the people and with the officer of the telegraph. He then set out with Dr. Easton and several of the crew 'to buy, if possible, fresh provisions . ' Having advanced in this manner in a hostile country, this officer, at a distance of fifty yards from his own boat, according to his own confession, was surprised by our soldiers, of whose presence he was ignorant, as they were in ambush behind the rocks. To defend himself from this unforeseen attack, he endeavoured to shelter himself under the protection of the white flag. But by this stratagem he could not repair the fault he had committed in advancing into a hostile country without having previous- ly, as he ought to have done, made himself certain that his flag of truce was legally recognized and admitted by our authorities. Surrounded on

all sides, he surrendered. Dr. Easton, Mr. Sullivan, and eight of the crew,

shared his captivity. Six persons died in this ill-advised expedition When the report of Lieutenant Geneste comes before Admiral Dundee, we are certain that this document will be sufficient to enlighten him as to the-nature of the facts. The answer to the questions proceed by him- self will show that all the precautions the necessity of which he has asserted were neglected. No signal was made, to give proper warning to our au- thorities of the approach of a flag of truce. N. consent was asked or ob- tained to authorize the disembarkation. The boat approached the shore ; the crew landed ; the officer advanced into a hostile territory with- out explanation, without permission, without any recognition of his flag of truce. In a word, he came at his own risk. He thus fell into our power, exposing his own life and that of his crew to the hazard of a surprise. Such is the pure and simple narration of what passed. This also is the only answer to be made to the false assertions which have obtained currenc7 in England, with relation to what has been called ' the massacre at Range." The story of the "gun of small calibre" which the British sailors had time "during the-engagement" to sink, is revived ; and allusions to sound- ings taken under the white flag, place not specified, and to the outrages at lierteb, are freely reproduced. "The Emperor, in defending his country against universal aggression which he has not provoked, loyally. sustains, sword in hand, the dignity of his crown and the honour of Russia in a fair way, relying on the help of

God. If the enemy resort to artifice, it is for us to destroy its effect by every means in our power, consistent with the law of nations. We have just done

so at Hango. We say this fearlessly. The enemy has a right to regret his want of success, when he sees fail an enterprise which be thought might be attempted with impunity under the white flag. But he has no right to take a revenge by using injurious language, and accusing Russia of having vio- lated the laws of war, which he is the first to transgress."

In future the Russian Government will not receive flags of truce any- where except at Cronstadt, Sweaborg, Revel, Windau Wass, Libau, and Zprnea.

A telegraphic message from Poland states that " an Imperial ukase for- bids the Jews to settle as agriculturists or to purchase land in the Govern- nients of Tchernigeff and Poltawa." • It is reported that the local boards of administration in Poland are to be dissolved and incorporated with the Government offices at St. Peters- burg. Political offenders are subjected to martial-law in Poland.

THE BALTTC.—There are now in the Baltic 85 English vessels of war, mounting 2098 guns; 16 French vessels of war, mounting 408 guns. In the combiimd fleet there are 23 line-of-battle ships, with 1853 guns • 31 frigates and corvettes, with 554 guns ; 29 smaller steamers and gun-bats, with 78 guns 18 mortar-boats and other craft, with 21 guns ; in all, 101 vessels, mounting 2506 guns.

Captain Yelverton has paid another hostile visit to the coast of Finland. During the week ending July 14, he, with the Arrogant, Magicienne, and Ruby gun-boat, dispersed a Cossack encampment in Kounda Bay ; and destroyed a Cossack barrack and stables at the mouth of the river Port- soikoi. Having anchored the ships close to the island of Stralsund, on the 13th, he proceeded with the Ruby, towing ships' boats towards Wiborg.

"Having opened the bay, called Trangsund, we saw a Russian man-of- war steamer, with two large gun-boats in tow, not far off. This most novel and unexpected sight of a Russian man-of-war for once clear of a stone wall, and to all appearanceinclined to give us a fair and honest fight, crested the greatest enthusiasm amongst the men and officers. I directed Mr. Hale, commanding the Ruby, to open fire on her at once ; but she very noon retired out of range, having, I think, received some damage. We had now reached the entrance of the sound. Viborg was in sight, and a fair prospect of at- tacking three large gun-boats, lying with another steamer under an island about one mile off. We were here brought up by a barrier, impeding the passage of the gun-boat and launches. At this moment a masked battery on the left bank, not more that 350 yards off, opened on us a heavy fire of mus- ketry, round, and grape. This was instantly returned and kept in check by a rapid and well-directed fire from the Ruby and all the boats. The enemy's steamer and gun-boats then came from under the island, and also opened fire on us. As it was impossible to get the Ruby through the barrier, I returned towards Stralsund, the enemy's riflemen following us along the banks, but driven from their positions as fast as they took them by the fire from the Ruby and boats. An explosion took place in one of the Arrogant's cutters, which swamped the boat. The men were saved, but I regret to say that Mr. Story, the Midshipman in command of her, was killed. In endeavouring to save the crew, the boat drifted close to the battery, and would have fallen into the hands of the enemy, had not Lieutenant Haggard, of this ship, and Lieutenant Dowell, R.M.A., of the Magicienne, in the Ruby's gig, with a volunteer crew, towed her out under a very heavy fire. "I cannot sufficiently praise the conduct of all the officers and men who were engaged in this affair, where their cool and determined courage enabled them to handle most severely, and keep in check for upwards of one hour, the enemy, far superior in number, with the advantage of local knowledge and a good position."

The loss amounted to Mr. Story, killed, rme seaman who died of his wounds, and eight men wounded. Lieutenant Woollcombe was also wounded.

TILE CRIMEA.—Very little intelligence has arrived this week from the seat of war, and that little is almost without interest. General Simp- son reports the death, from cholera, of Colonel Vico, the French Com- missioner at the British head-quarters throughout the war, and speaks of him in the highest terms of praise as a soldier and a Christian. Mr. Calvert, formerly Consul at Gallipoli, has also died of cholera at the British head-quarters. In other respects there is a concurrence of testi- mony to the effect that the health of both armies is unexpectedly good, and that the summer has not been distinguished, even in a remote degree, by the amount of sickness so confidently anticipated. The military reports may nearly all be summed up in one phrase- " the works progress satisfactorily." From the fuller details we learn that great progress, not without much interruption and loss of life, has been made towards the Malakoff and the Redan, and that the batteries intended to command the harbour approached completion. That the Russians suffer very severely from our fire is evident from the fact that on the 17th and 18th June they lost, according to Prince Gortachakoff, no fewer than 16 officers and 781 soldiers killed ; and 3 generals, 105 officers, and 4826 men wounded. During the partial bombardment of the Redan on the 10th July, our men saw unusual numbers of ambulance- waggons pass and repass by the broad road that leads from the Redan by the back of the Malakoff hill to the lower portion of the Eastern suburb of Sebastopol. There is very good reason for believing that the enemy has greatly increased the strength of his defensive works to the rear of

those that are visible ; and it is conjectured that the Malakoff is far stronger than it was on the 18th June, notwithstanding the proximity of the French.

All goes on well at Yenikale, and the position of the Allies there be- comes stronger every day. Lieuteniiii Hewett reports that, on the .3d

July, he went in the Beagle to examine the communication between Genitchi and the Tongue of Arabat. This he found to consist of two large flats and hawsers forming a ferry ; and he accordingly sent his gig, under Mr. Hayles, Acting Gunner, and the paddlebox-boat, under lidr. Tracey, Midshipman, to destroy the ferry. They accomplished their task under a heavy fire of musketry at eighty yards distance—Mr. Hayles working at the hawsers, while Mr. Tracey and the Beagle kept up a fire on the enemy. Lieutenant Hewett, in his despatch to Sir Edmund' Lyons, says that " Mr. Hayles speaks in the highest terms of the boat's crew, especially of Joseph Trewavas, ordinary seaman, lent from the Agamemnon, who cut the hawsers." .Although the boats were riddled with musket-balls, the only casualties were two contusions, one suffered- by Mr. Hayles, the other by the gallant sailor, Trewavas.

The letters from Kamiesch speak in ambiguous terms of great prepara- tions that are going on among the shipping for some unknown expedition; and concurrently we hear from Odessa that its inhabitants apprehend a visit, and that troops have been thrown into Kherson and Nicoleia

The casualties in the Crimea from the Sth_to the 12th July' inclusive were 2 Officers and 24 men killed, and 4 officers and 155 wounded. The names of the officers were Brevet-Major Harrison, 63d, and Captain E. B. Mannsell, 39th Foot, killed ; and Lieutenant G. Graham, Royal Engineers, Lieutenant E. R. W. Bayley, 19th, Ensign C. Michell, 49th, Ensign A. G. Cattley, 47th Foot, wounded.

TURKEY.—Letters from Trebizonde to the 9th July state that the Russians had not, as reported, abandoned the siege of Kars, but while the- main body remained near that city, 9000 men had been posted on the Erzeroum road so as to cut off as completely as possible all intercourse between the two cities. Troops were on the march to reinforce the gar- risen of Kars. Some less questionable information states that General Mouravieff has passed Kars with the whole of his army, in order that he may seize Erzeroum by a coup-de-main. The late garrison of Anapa has not been added to the active army under Mouravieff, but has been. detained in the Caucasus.

Some of the Bashi-Bazouks, under General Beatson, stationed on the Dardanelles, have become insubordinate. They demanded and obtained the release of a comrade confined for outrages on women ; and then rode off into the country, plundering right and left. Two war-steamers were brought up to protect the town of the Dardanelles. At the latest dates the scoundrels were still at large.

Omar Puha had arrived at Constantinople from the Crimea.

It is stated that a company, formed under the auspices of England, France, and Austria, is in process of formation for the purpose of uniting the Black Sea and the Danube by a canaL

Tnirom.—Gourma, an Arab who represents the native Arab tribes of this government, has rebelled, beaten the Turkish troops sent against him, and was on the 15th marching on Tripoli, at the head of 15,000 men, with 14 guns. Her Majesty's steamer Inflexible is ordered to Tri- poli from Malta, no doubt to protect our subjects there. A French, steamer also has gone thither.

Ausntame.—The Red Jacket, which arrived at Liverpool on Wednes- day, brings advices from Melbourne to the 30th April.

Some facts of interest are reported. The Gold Export Bill had passed into a law, and had caused a considerable addition to the quantity shipped in the last week of free exportation. It is estimated that the duty on gold will not yield so large a revenue as the promoters of tile measure anticipate, because it is supposed that a good deal of the pre- cious metal will be smuggled into South Australia. The Customs Re- gulation Bill contains provisions intended to prevent this, but they are looked upon as likely either to become too obnoxious to be borne or as a dead letter.

The export of wool from Melbourne, from 11th October 1854 to the 21st April 1855, was-13,388,618lb., or 83,816 bales, value 764,1431. Already showing an increase of 2,288,4881b., or 8159 bales, in seven months of this year over the whole twelve months of last. In addition. to this, there has been a large amount of wool shipped by vessels about to sail, which have not cleared at the Customs, and of which we have,. therefore, no official record. On the whole, although there was a deficient supply of breadstuffs, the aspect of trade was highly encouraging.

It is remarked that the reduction of the Police force has proved in- compatible with the public safety ; and that crime has increased at the gold-fields and on the roads thither. The consequence is, that Judge Lynch has made his appearance. As a measure of precaution against future outbreaks a volunteer rifle corps has been organized, and a small artillery corps, with a brigade of guns, is about to be formed. Besides the Police, a considerable body of "specials" might be relied upon in case of a patent necessity, though no very large number responded to Sir Charles Hotham's call.

Some decisions of the bench of Magistrates at Williamstown under the Passengers Act will impose a perfectly justifiable and proper check upon the influx of Chinese. The masters of five ships have been fined in various sums, from 1801. to 4001., for baying more passengers than the act of Parliament allows.